WorldCat Identities

Greenfield, Victoria A. 1964-

Works: 22 works in 65 publications in 1 language and 1,774 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Military history  Conference proceedings 
Roles: Author
Classifications: HD9711.5.A2, 338.476291
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Victoria A Greenfield
The world heroin market : can supply be cut? by Letizia Paoli( Book )
13 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 742 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Draws on a five-year-long research project consisting of fieldwork in six Asian countries, Columbia, and Turkey to analyze the world heroin market in the twenty-first century and explain why many believe there is little chance of shrinking the global supply of heroin
The role of the Office of Homeland Security in the federal budget process : recommendations for effective long-term engagement by Victoria A Greenfield( Book )
8 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 207 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
How can the newly created Office of Homeland Security (OHS) engage effectively in the federal budget process? This report finds that OHS is uniquely poised to bring strategy and funding decisions together across departments and agencies; however, it must build on the foundation of its presidential imprimatur to do so. With the president's support, OHS can leverage its position in the administration by cultivating and managing its relationships with other homeland security institutions and their proponents. This report addresses key relationships within the executive branch and proposes a strategy for congressional outreach that identifies a core group of active committees. It also yields a road map with specific recommendations for OHS's budgetary role, highlighting the importance of establishing policy priorities and objectives early and formulating strategy and developing funding requests through a tightly coordinated interagency process. The report suggests that OHS focus on issues along the "seams" of homeland security policy, where departments' and agencies' jurisdictions gap or overlap. These findings are based on an analysis of expert opinion, institutional analogy, and congressional interest and involvement, as reflected in funding streams, committee hearings, and other legislative activity prior to and following September 11, 2001. The research for this report was initiated in December 2001 and completed in February 2002
How should the Army use contractors on the battlefield? : assessing comparative risk in sourcing decisions by Frank A Camm( Book )
4 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 182 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This report shows how planners can create courses of action and assess the risks associated with them to improve how the Army uses contractors on the battlefield. It shows how to assess risks relevant to mission success, contractor safety, cost, and such other factors as administrative law and force management. It addresses risk assessment relevant to decisions that affect Army use of contractors, whether they are made inside or outside the Army
An economic framework for evaluating military aircraft replacement by Victoria A Greenfield( Book )
8 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 174 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Aging aircraft, burdensome operating and support costs, and maintenance uncertainties have led the United States Air Force to ask when and how to replace its fleets. In response, RAND has developed an economic framework to aid in identifying optimal replacement strategies that recognize tradeoffs among costs and explicitly incorporate the effects of age and uncertainty. In their discussion of the framework, the authors suggest that age may contribute to higher and less-predictable costs, as may workforce reductions, depot closures, and spare parts shortages. But when is it time to replace aircraft? The replacement problem lends itself well to economic modeling, and an economic framework can help the military develop a systematic approach to replacement decisionmaking. The authors identify an optimal replacement strategy for a generic fleet, comparing the least-cost solutions with and without uncertainty and testing the sensitivity of the results to key parametric assumptions. They also evaluate policy implications and suggest opportunities for future research."--Rand abstracts
Risk management and performance in the Balkans support contract by Victoria A Greenfield( Book )
7 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 173 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Is the Army getting what it needs and managing risks appropriately in its combat service support contracts? This report uses the Army's Balkans Support Contract and a continuous risk-management framework to answer these questions. On the basis of this case study, the authors conclude that the Army has been getting what it needs, though it might, at times, be bearing too much cost-related risk, and that few risks arise directly from the use of contractors. They also see a need for more training for the Army's contracting personnel to better plan, coordinate, and manage contracts
Design of the Qatar National Research Fund : an overview of the study approach and key recommendations ( Book )
4 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 124 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This report documents the RAND-Qatar Policy Institute's recommendations in 2004 to the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science, and Community Development for the design and business and implementation plans for its Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF). For the design and plans, the authors tailored the best practices of various institutions to the foundation's vision for QNRF and to Qatar's needs, challenges, and opportunities
Assessing the benefits of U.S. Customs and Border Protection regulatory actions to reduce terrorism risks ( Book )
2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 98 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Agriculture in the North American Free Trade Agreement by Victoria A Greenfield( Book )
2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 27 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Installation mapping enables many missions : the benefits of and barriers to sharing geospatial data assets ( )
2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This report assesses the effects of using and sharing installations and environment geospatial data assets within and across the business, warfighting, and intelligence mission areas of the Department of Defense (DoD) Global Information Grid. The authors found that the assets have diverse beneficial effects and support a wide range of missions, including installation and environmental management, training, homeland security, military health, and warfighting operations and planning. Common benefits include time savings, cost savings, cost avoidance, improved situational awareness, more effective communications, and improved operations, planning, and decisionmaking. The authors also developed a methodology for assessing the effects of sharing these assets. Despite the many benefits of sharing these assets, significant barriers exist to doing so. These barriers include security concerns, different information technology systems, lack of communication between diverse functional organizations, and insufficient data sharing policies and standards. A comprehensive appendix presents more than 130 examples of how geospatial data assets enable missions at different organizational levels. Finally, the authors offer recommendations for ways to help DoD overcome barriers to geospatial data asset use and sharing
Economically targeted terrorism a review of the literature and a framework for considering defensive approaches by Brian A Jackson( Book )
2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Recent acts of terrorism and statements by terrorist organizations have focused attention on the economic damages that can be produced by terrorist activities and the desire of some terrorists to inflict economic harm in pursuit of their goals. Based on a review of the relevant literature, this report describes the range of economic effects of terrorist activities. It examines in detail the September 11, 2001, attacks and the extended terrorist campaign waged by the Provisional Irish Republican Army as examples of two extremes of terrorist economic targeting: high-impact, episodic terrorism and lower-level, but extended, campaign terrorism. From these examples, the authors develop a framework capturing the full range of costs that may result from economic targeting and use it to explore the range of defensive measures that might be used to respond to this threat
The World Heroin Market Can Supply Be Cut? Studies in Crime and Public Policy ( )
1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
During 2000-1 in Afghanistan, the Taliban achieved a longtime goal of national and international drug policy agencies: a large, sudden, and unanticipated reduction in world opium production. This cutback provides an unprecedented opportunity to study the dynamics of the world opiate market and ask whether further interventions could effectively reduce the flows of drugs. Based on an extended, multi-national study, the authors construct a new model for the trafficking of drugs and revenues and offer the first account of the world market in heroin and other illicit opiates during and after the 2001 ban. The authors' broader findings demonstrate how robust production, trafficking, and consumption combine to make successful long-term interventions on the supply-side rare exceedingly difficult, though specific policies can impact the organization and behavior of markets. For reductions in both production and consumption, where the cultivation of opium is entrenched in the normal life and legitimate economy of millions of people, international agencies and foreign governments must provide adequate and long-term support to foster both alternative development policies and law enforcement programs
Going global? U.S. government policy and the defense aerospace industry by Mark A Lorell( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Since the end of the Cold War, a dramatic decline in overall defense authorizations has led both the U.S. aerospace industry and that of Europe to undergo extensive consolidation -- a trend that has led in turn to a significant growth in cross-border business relationships. Yet while globalization has the potential to increase competition, foster innovation, encourage fair pricing, and promote interoperability among NATO allies, it also poses potential challenges, particularly with regard to the proliferation of advanced U.S.-developed military technologies. Accordingly, this report examines a
Police department investments in information technology systems : challenges assessing their payoff by Brian A Jackson( )
1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The potential effects of information technology (IT) systems on police productivity will be driven, in part, by the match between the technology and police activities. In modern policing, how information is used for reactive response to incidents is significantly different from proactive and community-policing activities, so we expect the effects of IT to be quite different. The authors developed a logic model of police functions to guide examination of the different expected effects of IT on productivity. The logic model helped guide a statistical analysis in an effort to identify productivity and budgetary effects of different IT investments in police departments. However, even the best available data were insufficient to break down police agencies' use of the technology at a sufficient level of granularity to provide meaningful results. Future efforts to assess the effects of IT systems on law enforcement performance can benefit from the results of the logic modeling and exploratory analysis. Specifically, it is important to collect data not just on department acquisition of IT systems, but also on how the systems are used and the activities that the use is intended to support. In considering potential productivity improvement from IT use, analysts need ways to measure relative levels of effort devoted to different police functions because the role of IT as a force multiplier means that its benefits will be driven, in part, by the force available to multiply
If supply-oriented drug policy is broken, can harm reduction help fix it? : Melding disciplines and methods to advance international drug control policy by Victoria A Greenfield( )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Benefits and barriers : using and sharing geospatial information in the Department of Defense ( Book )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
This research brief summarizes the benefits of and barriers to sharing geospatial data among both private and government organizations and discusses a three-step methodology used to assess the outcomes and benefits of sharing
Using Logic Models for Strategic Planning and Evaluation Application to the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control by Victoria A Greenfield( )
1 edition published in 2006 in Undetermined and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Using logic models for strategic planning and evaluation by Victoria A Greenfield( Book )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Like all federal programs, the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) must carry out regular reviews using the Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART). PART provides a basis for evaluating programs's performance through a series of questions devoted to purpose and design, strategic planning, management, and results and accountability. NCIPC will commence its PART review in spring 2006. This report is the result of RAND's effort to assist NCIPC in developing its strategic plan, including goals and measures, and in preparation for its PART review. The analysis will also provide assistance to other federal agencies and programs with similar needs. Drawing on previous RAND analyses, this report shows how NCIPC can use logic modeling to meet its immediate needs (i.e., to develop goals and measures for its strategic plan and prepare for the PART review) and to implement sustainable, ongoing strategic planning and evaluation processes. Drawing on the prior analyses, this report emphasizes the use of a "logic model template" that incorporates operations and strategy. It presents three general approaches to conceptualizing strategic goals and a somewhat detailed approach for generating goals and measures from the template and operational path. Taken together, the depiction of operations and strategy constitutes the complete logic model and the foundation for strategic planning
Contractors on the Battlefield: When and How? Using the US Military's Risk Management Framework to Learn from the Balkans Support Contract ( Book )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
For centuries, the US military has wrestled with decisions about when and how to use private contractors, especially "Contradors on the Battlefield." Reports of mixed performance, inexperienced contracting officers, miscommunication, and profiteering date back to the Revolutionary War. History may be "living history," in part, because decision-makers have lacked adequate means of systematically anticipating future outcomes and harvesting lessons from the past. The US military's risk-management framework, a familiar tool in other operational settings, may fill that void. To illustrate, this paper applies the framework to the Army's Balkans Support Contract (BSC); the contract covers a variety of life support, transportation, and maintenance services and has registered a substantial track record in deployment. The application demonstrates the utility of the risk-management framework and draws general lessons from the BSC experience for selecting service providers and for contract development, management, and oversight. Four deceptively simple lessons emerge from the analysis: first, not all risks are inherently contractual; most are environmental or activity-based. Second, risk is dynamic; appropriate responses change over time. Third, a contract is only as good as its customer; design and execution determine outcomes. And fourth, risk management is not risk elimination; not all risk can or should be eliminated
Promoting worker rights in developing countries U.S. policies and their rationale by Victoria A Greenfield( )
1 edition published in 1997 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
The Changing Shape of the Defense Industry and Implications for Defense Acquisitions and Policy ( Book )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
In the mid-1990s, the US defense industry experienced a dramatic wave of consolidation. This paper seeks to establish the statistical facts of defense industry consolidation, including the ways in which it reshaped the industry in the 1990s; the ways in which it may continue to reshape the industry; and the forces that promote or discourage it. It also seeks to consider the implications of consolidation for defense acquisitions and policy. The paper places the events of the 1990s in the broad context of economic and industrial activity spanning almost five decades: 1958-2006. It draws primarily -- and in new ways -- from a contracting data set known as the DD35O and applies standard economic models and tools. The paper finds that consolidation has had its most pronounced effects at the highest levels of the industry; that the process of consolidation has abated, if not reversed itself, in recent years; and that larger domestic and international economic force have been at least as important as DoD budget decisions and policy in promoting consolidation. The DoD has a significant say in what happens in the defense industry but cannot control it
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Audience level: 0.79 (from 0.00 for Contractor ... to 0.96 for Design of ...)
Alternative Names
Greenfield, Victoria 1964-
English (62)