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United States Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate

Overview
Works: 107 works in 186 publications in 1 language and 17,562 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Handbooks and manuals 
Roles: Sponsor
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Most widely held works about United States
 
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Most widely held works by United States
Heralding unheard voices : the role of faith-based organizations and nongovernmental organizations during disasters : final report, December 18, 2006 by United States( Book )

4 editions published between 2006 and 2009 in English and held by 840 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Institute examines the roles of faith-based organizations (FBOs) and non-government organizations (NGOs) in the aftermath of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Data collected via telephone interviews, in person interviews, a survey, and a conference documents the fact FBOs and NGOs make a significant contribution in ten service areas (shelter, food, medical, personal hygiene, transportation, logistics, children, case management, physical reconstruction, and mental health and spiritual support). One of its several recommendations is that the public sector reconsider the appropriate balance between government and non-government responsibilities and between local and higher levels, to provide good, quick, and flexible responses to disasters. The report highlights the best practices developed by these smaller organizations in the ten service areas
A case study of interference between public safety Long Term Evolution (LTE) and public safety 700 MHz land mobile radio( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 299 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Proceedings : Cybersecurity Appliications and Technology Conference for Homeland Security, Washington, D.C. March 3-4, 2009 by Cybersecurity Applications and Technology Conference for Homeland Security( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 193 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Proceedings : Cybersecurity Appliications and Technology Conference for Homeland Security : CATCH by Cybersecurity Applications and Technology Conference for Homeland Security( )

in English and held by 134 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Vaccines and diagnostics for transboundary animal diseases : Ames, Iowa, 17-19 September 2012 by Vaccines and Diagnostics for Transboundary Animal Diseases Workshop( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Emergency management training and exercises for transportation agency operations by Frances L Edwards( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Supplement to MTI study on selective passenger screening in the mass transit rail environment by Brian Michael Jenkins( Book )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This supplement updates and adds to MTI's 2007 report on Selective Screening of Rail Passengers (Jenkins and Butterworth MTI 06-07: Selective Screening of Rail Passengers). The report reviews current screening programs implemented (or planned) by nine transit agencies, identifying best practices. The authors also discuss why three other transit agencies decided not to implement passenger screening at this time. The supplement reconfirms earlier conclusions that selective screening is a viable security option, but that effective screening must be based on clear policies and carefully managed to avoid perceptions of racial or ethnic profiling, and that screening must have public support. The supplement also addresses new developments, such as vapor-wake detection canines, continuing challenges, and areas of debate. Those interested should also read MTI S-09-01 Rail Passenger Selective Screening Summit
Potential terrorist uses of highway-borne hazardous materials( Book )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has requested that the Mineta Transportation Institute's National Transportation Security Center of Excellence (MTI NTSCOE) provide any research it has or insights it can provide on the security risks created by the highway transportation of hazardous materials. This request was submitted to MTI/NSTC as a National Transportation Security Center of Excellence. In response, MTI/NTSC reviewed and revised research performed in 2007 and 2008 and assembled a small team of terrorism and emergency-response experts, led by Center Director Brian Michael Jenkins, to report on the risks of terrorists using highway shipments of flammable liquids (e.g., gasoline tankers) to cause casualties anywhere, and ways to reduce those risks. This report has been provided to DHS. The team's first focus was on surface transportation targets, including highway infrastructure, and also public transportation stations. As a full understanding of these materials, and their use against various targets became revealed, the team shifted with urgency to the far more plentiful targets outside of surface transportation where people gather and can be killed or injured. However, the team is concerned to return to the top of the use of these materials against public transit stations and recommends it as a separate subject for urgent research
Handbook of emergency management for state-level transportation agencies by Frances Edwards( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Department of Homeland Security has mandated specific systems and techniques for the management of emergencies in the United States, including the Incident Command System, the National Incident Management System, Emergency Operations Plans, Emergency Operations Centers, Continuity of Government Plans and Continuity of Operations Plans. These plans and systems may be applied to the state-level transportation agency's disaster response systems to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. Specific guidance and management techniques are provided to aid emergency planning staff to create DHS-compliant systems
The 1995 attempted derailing of the French TGV (high-speed train) and a qualitative analysis of 181 rail sabotage attempts by Brian Michael Jenkins( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On August 26, 1995, the Saturday of the final and busiest weekend of France's summer holiday season, terrorists attempted to derail the TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse) between Lyon and Paris by planting a bomb. Fortunately, their crude triggering mechanism failed to detonate the bomb, and subsequent analysis indicates that even had the bomb gone off, the explosion would not have derailed the train. The TGV episode, one of a continuing series of case studies by the Mineta Transportation Institute, points to a continuing problem: Since 1995, terrorists have attempted to derail trains on at least 144 occasions. Because of the expansion of high-speed rail systems in Europe, Asia, and North America, where 15 high-speed rail projects are in preparation or under way in the United States alone, this case study has been expanded to include a chronology and statistical analysis of attempted derailments worldwide. This analysis examines the geographic distribution of the attempts, the methods used by the saboteurs, and the outcomes. Although based on a small universe of events, it underscores both the attractiveness to terrorists of attacking transportation systems--a successful attack can result in high body counts, significant disruption, dramatic images, and enormous publicity, all things sought by terrorist--and the difficulties of achieving success
Explosives and incendiaries used in terrorist attacks on public surface transportation : a preliminary empirical analysis by Brian Michael Jenkins( Book )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Generic continuity of operations/continuity of government plan for state-level transportation agencies by Frances Edwards( )

3 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Security awareness for public bus transportation : case studies of attacks against the Israeli public bus system by Bruce R Butterworth( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report presents 16 case studies of attacks planned or carried out against Israeli bus targets, along with statistical data on the number, frequency, and lethality of attacks against bus targets that have taken place in Israel since 1970 and during the Second Intifada, which occurred between September 2000 and the end of 2006. The statistical data come from MTI's Database on Terrorist and Serious Criminal Attacks Against Public Surface Transportation. The report also includes an analysis of the effectiveness of different improvised explosive devices and methods of delivering them and raises questions for future discussion. The case studies of bus attacks were selected not because they are statistically representative, but because they provide a variety of interesting observations. They include both lethal and nonlethal attacks, attacks in which security measures were effective or were not followed or were ineffective, and attacks in which the attackers' tactics and/or devices were lethal or failed or reduced the lethality of the attack
Continuity of operations/continuity of government for state-level transportation organization by Frances Edwards( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Homeland Security Presidential Directive 20 (HSPD-20) requires all local, state, tribal and territorial government agencies, and private sector owners of critical infrastructure and key resources (CI/KR) to create a Continuity of Operations/Continuity of Government Plan (COOP/COG). There is planning and training guidance for generic transportation agency COOP/COG work, and the Transportation Research Board has offered guidance for transportation organizations. However, the special concerns of the state-level transportation agency's (State DOT's) plan development are not included, notably the responsibilities for the entire State Highway System and the responsibility to support specific essential functions related to the State DOT Director's role in the Governor's cabinet. There is also no guidance on where the COOP/COG planning and organizing fits into the National Incident Management System (NIMS) at the local or state-level department or agency. This report covers the research conducted to determine how to integrate COOP/COG into the overall NIMS approach to emergency management, including a connection between the emergency operations center (EOC) and the COOP/COG activity. The first section is a presentation of the research and its findings and analysis. The second section provides training for the EOC staff of a state-level transportation agency, using a hybrid model of FEMA's ICS and ESF approaches, including a complete set of EOC position checklists, and other training support material. The third section provides training for the COOP/COG Branch staff of a state-level transportation agency, including a set of personnel position descriptions for the COOP/COG Branch members
Sheltering in buildings from large-scale outdoor releases( )

1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Intentional or accidental large-scale airborne toxic release (e.g. terrorist attacks or industrial accidents) can cause severe harm to nearby communities. Under these circumstances, taking shelter in buildings can be an effective emergency response strategy. Some examples where shelter-in-place was successful at preventing injuries and casualties have been documented [1, 2]. As public education and preparedness are vital to ensure the success of an emergency response, many agencies have prepared documents advising the public on what to do during and after sheltering [3, 4, 5]. In this document, we will focus on the role buildings play in providing protection to occupants. The conclusions to this article are: (1) Under most circumstances, shelter-in-place is an effective response against large-scale outdoor releases. This is particularly true for release of short duration (a few hours or less) and chemicals that exhibit non-linear dose-response characteristics. (2) The building envelope not only restricts the outdoor-indoor air exchange, but can also filter some biological or even chemical agents. Once indoors, the toxic materials can deposit or sorb onto indoor surfaces. All these processes contribute to the effectiveness of shelter-in-place. (3) Tightening of building envelope and improved filtration can enhance the protection offered by buildings. Common mechanical ventilation system present in most commercial buildings, however, should be turned off and dampers closed when sheltering from an outdoor release. (4) After the passing of the outdoor plume, some residuals will remain indoors. It is therefore important to terminate shelter-in-place to minimize exposure to the toxic materials
Formulating a strategy for securing high-speed rail in the United States by Brian Michael Jenkins( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A Canada-U.S. resiliency experiment (CAUSE RESILIENCY II) on enhancing trans-border resilience in emergency and crisis management through situational awareness interoperability : addressing the Beyond the Border (BTB) Action Plan : a joint report by Defence R & D Canada - CSS & the U.S. Department of Homeland Security Science & Technology Directorate First Responders Group( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"On December 7, 2011, President Obama and Prime Minister Harper released the Beyond the Border (BTB) Action Plan, which set out joint priorities and specific initiatives for cross-border collaboration. A common goal within this partnership focused on enhancing the coordination of responses during binational disasters ... To this end, the Canada-U.S. Resiliency II Experiment (CAUSE II) addressed this common goal in addition to several other initiatives ... This report provides an overview of the CAUSE II experimental methodology, a summary of the key findings and a number of recommendations for advancing the development and implementation of integrated SA tools"--Abstract
Statistical Analyses of Second Indoor Bio-Release Field Evaluation Study at Idaho National Laboratory( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In September 2008 a large-scale testing operation (referred to as the INL-2 test) was performed within a two-story building (PBF-632) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). The report ?Operational Observations on the INL-2 Experiment? defines the seven objectives for this test and discusses the results and conclusions. This is further discussed in the introduction of this report. The INL-2 test consisted of five tests (events) in which a floor (level) of the building was contaminated with the harmless biological warfare agent simulant Bg and samples were taken in most, if not all, of the rooms on the contaminated floor. After the sampling, the building was decontaminated, and the next test performed. Judgmental samples and probabilistic samples were determined and taken during each test. Vacuum, wipe, and swab samples were taken within each room. The purpose of this report is to study an additional four topics that were not within the scope of the original report. These topics are: 1) assess the quantitative assumptions about the data being normally or log-normally distributed; 2) evaluate differences and quantify the sample to sample variability within a room and across the rooms; 3) perform geostatistical types of analyses to study spatial correlations; and 4) quantify the differences observed between surface types and sampling methods for each scenario and study the consistency across the scenarios. The following four paragraphs summarize the results of each of the four additional analyses. All samples after decontamination came back negative. Because of this, it was not appropriate to determine if these clearance samples were normally distributed. As Table 1 shows, the characterization data consists of values between and inclusive of 0 and 100 CFU/cm2 (100 was the value assigned when the number is too numerous to count). The 100 values are generally much bigger than the rest of the data, causing the data to be right skewed. There are also a significant number of zeros. Using QQ plots these data characteristics show a lack of normality from the data after contamination. Normality is improved when looking at log(CFU/cm2). Variance component analysis (VCA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to estimate the amount of variance due to each source and to determine which sources of variability were statistically significant. In general, the sampling methods interacted with the across event variability and with the across room variability. For this reason, it was decided to do analyses for each sampling method, individually. The between event variability and between room variability were significant for each method, except for the between event variability for the swabs. For both the wipes and vacuums, the within room standard deviation was much larger (26.9 for wipes and 7.086 for vacuums) than the between event standard deviation (6.552 for wipes and 1.348 for vacuums) and the between room standard deviation (6.783 for wipes and 1.040 for vacuums). Swabs between room standard deviation was 0.151, while both the within room and between event standard deviations are less than 0.10 (all measurements in CFU/cm2)
Federal implementation and development of vehicle tracking and immobilization technologies by Brian Michael Jenkins( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Reference manual to mitigate potential terrorist attacks against buildings by Robert Smilowitz( Book )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Associated Subjects
Armed Forces--Procurement Cohen, Jay M.--(Jay Martin), Communicable diseases in animals--Diagnosis Computer networks--Security measures Computer security Connaughton, Sean T.--(Sean Thomas), Cyberterrorism Disaster relief Emergency management Emergency management--Research Evaluation Expenditures, Public Federal aid to research Interagency coordination Internet--Security measures Laboratories--Management Management National security National security--Law and legislation National security--Research Non-governmental organizations Nottingham, Charles D., O'Toole, Tara, Organizational effectiveness Planning--Evaluation Public-private sector cooperation Religious institutions Research Research and development contracts, Government Research and development projects Science and state Sumwalt, Robert L Technology and state Technology transfer--Government policy United States United States.--Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs United States.--Department of Energy United States.--Department of Homeland Security United States.--Department of Homeland Security.--Directorate for Management United States.--Department of Homeland Security.--Domestic Nuclear Detection Office United States.--Department of Homeland Security.--Office of Health Affairs United States.--Department of Homeland Security.--Science and Technology Directorate United States.--Maritime Administration United States.--National Transportation Safety Board United States.--Office of Management and Budget United States.--Surface Transportation Board United States.--Transportation Security Administration Veterinary public health Wienecke, Nathaniel Frederick, Zients, Jeffrey Dunston,
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Alternative Names

controlled identityUnited States. Department of Homeland Security

Dyrekcja Nauki i Technologii Departamentu Bezpieczeństwa Krajowego

United States. Department of Homeland Security. Directorate for Science and Technology

United States. Department of Homeland Security. S & T Directorate

United States. Dept. of Homeland Security. Science and Technology Directorate

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English (99)