WorldCat Identities

Landais, Camille

Overview
Works: 20 works in 81 publications in 4 languages and 543 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Camille Landais
Charitable giving and tax policy : a historical and comparative perspective by Gabrielle Fack( )

8 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 188 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Over the past couple of decades, differentials in the level of private contributions to charitable organizations have become a central matter of public policy. Because private charitable contributions finance many socially valuable activities (for example, education and the arts), many governments have tried to boost private philanthropy through various active policy interventions. Furthermore, the temptation to rely on private contributions to finance the provision of public goods has increased substantially in recent years as fiscal constraints have become tighter. Yet there is little robust quantitative evidence regarding the differentials in private charitable giving across countries, and more importantly very little consensus on why these differentials may exist. This volume provides an original, comparative, and historical analysis of charitable giving and of tax policies towards private philanthropy across different countries. It sheds new light on the determinants of private philanthropy and offers interesting practical insights for improving tax policies towards charitable giving
Pour une révolution fiscale : un impôt sur le revenu pour le XXIe siècle by Camille Landais( Book )

7 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 138 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Taxation and international migration of superstars : evidence from the European football market by Henrik Jacobsen Kleven( )

14 editions published between 2010 and 2012 in English and held by 73 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper analyzes the effects of top earnings tax rates on the international migration of top football players in Europe. We construct a panel data set of top earnings tax rates, football player careers, and club performances in the first leagues of 14 European countries since 1980. We identify the effects of top earnings tax rates on migration using a number of tax and institutional changes: (a) the 1995 Bosman ruling which liberalized the European football market, (b) top tax rate reforms within countries, and (c) special tax schemes offering preferential tax rates to immigrant football players. We start by presenting reduced-form graphical evidence showing large and compelling migration responses to country-specific tax reforms and labor market regulation. We then set out a theoretical model of taxation and migration, which is structurally estimated using all sources of tax variation simultaneously. Our results show that (i) the overall location elasticity with respect to the net-of-tax rate is positive and large, (ii) location elasticities are extremely large at the top of the ability distribution but negative at the bottom due to ability sorting effects, and (iii) cross-tax effects of foreign players on domestic players (and vice versa) are negative and quite strong due to displacement effects. Finally, we estimate tax revenue maximizing rates and draw policy conclusions
Optimal unemployment insurance over the business cycle by Camille Landais( )

12 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper analyzes optimal unemployment insurance over the business cycle in a search model in which unemployment stems from matching frictions (in booms) and job rationing (in recessions). Job rationing during recessions introduces two novel effects ignored in previous studies of optimal unemployment insurance. First, job-search efforts have little effect on aggregate unemployment because the number of jobs available is limited, independently of matching frictions. Second, while job-search efforts increase the individual probability of finding a job, they create a negative externality by reducing other jobseekers' probability of finding one of the few available jobs. Both effects are captured by the positive and countercyclical wedge between micro-elasticity and macro-elasticity of unemployment with respect to net rewards from work. We derive a simple optimal unemployment insurance formula expressed in terms of those two elasticities and risk aversion. The formula coincides with the classical Baily-Chetty formula only when unemployment is low, and macro- and micro-elasticity are (almost) equal. The formula implies that the generosity of unemployment insurance should be countercyclical. We illustrate this result by simulating the optimal unemployment insurance over the business cycle in a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model calibrated with US data
Market externalities of large unemployment insurance extension programs by Rafael Lalive( )

14 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper offers quasi experimental evidence of the existence of spillover effects of UI extensions using a unique program that extended unemployment benefits drastically for a subset of workers in selected regions of Austria. We use non-eligible unemployed in treated regions, and a difference-in-difference identification strategy to control for preexisting differences across treated and untreated regions. We uncover the presence of important spillover effects: in treated regions, as the search effort of treated workers plummets, the job finding probability of untreated workers increases, and their average unemployment duration and probability of long term unemployment decrease. These effects are the largest when the program intensity reaches its highest level, then decrease and disappear as the program is scaled down and finally interrupted. We use this evidence to assess the relevance of different assumptions on technology and the wage setting process in equilibrium search and matching models and discuss the policy implications of our results for the EUC extensions in the US
Children and Gender Inequality: Evidence from Denmark by Henrik Jacobsen Kleven( )

4 editions published in 2018 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Despite considerable gender convergence over time, substantial gender inequality persists in all countries. Using Danish administrative data from 1980-2013 and an event study approach, we show that most of the remaining gender inequality in earnings is due to children. The arrival of children creates a gender gap in earnings of around 20% in the long run, driven in roughly equal proportions by labor force participation, hours of work, and wage rates. Underlying these "child penalties", we find clear dynamic impacts on occupation, promotion to manager, sector, and the family friendliness of the firm for women relative to men. Based on a dynamic decomposition framework, we show that the fraction of gender inequality caused by child penalties has increased dramatically over time, from about 40% in 1980 to about 80% in 2013. As a possible explanation for the persistence of child penalties, we show that they are transmitted through generations, from parents to daughters (but not sons), consistent with an influence of childhood environment in the formation of women's preferences over family and career
Migration and wage effects of taxing top earners : evidence from the foreigners' tax scheme in Denmark by Henrik Jacobsen Kleven( Book )

4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper analyzes the effects of income taxation on the international migration and earnings of top earners using a Danish preferential foreigner tax scheme and population-wide Danish administrative data. This scheme, introduced in 1991, allows new immigrants with high earnings to be taxed at a preferential flat rate for a duration of three years. We obtain three main results. First, the scheme has doubled the number of highly paid foreigners in Denmark relative to slightly less paid ineligible foreigners, which translates into a very large elasticity of migration with respect to the net-of-tax rate on foreigners, between 1.5 and 2. Hence, preferential tax schemes for highly paid foreign workers could create severe tax competition between countries. Second, we find compelling evidence of a negative effect of scheme-induced increases in the net-of-tax rate on pre-tax earnings at the individual level. This finding cannot be explained by the standard labor supply model where pay equals marginal productivity, but it can be rationalized by a matching frictions model with wage bargaining where there is a gap between pay and marginal productivity. Third, we find no evidence of positive or negative spillovers of the scheme-induced influx of high-skilled foreigners on the earnings of highly paid natives
The optimal timing of UI benefits : theory and evidence from Sweden by Jonas Kolsrud( Book )

4 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper provides a simple, yet general framework to analyze the optimal time profile of benefits during the unemployment spell. We derive simple sufficient-statistics formulae capturing the insurance value and incentive costs of unemployment benefits paid at different times during the unemployment spell. Our general approach allows to revisit and evaluate in a transparent way the separate arguments for inclining or declining profiles put forward in the theoretical literature. We then estimate our sufficient statistics using administrative data on unemployment, income and wealth in Sweden. First, we exploit duration-dependent kinks in the replacement rate and find that the moral hazard cost of benefits is larger when paid earlier in the spell. Second, we find that the drop in consumption determining the insurance value of benefits is large from the start of the spell, but further increases throughout the spell. On average, savings and credit play a limited role in smoothing consumption. Our evidence therefore indicate that the recent change from a flat to a declining benefit profile in Sweden has decreased welfare. In fact, the local welfare gains push towards an increasing rather than decreasing benefit profile over the spell
Per una rivoluzione fiscale : un'imposta sul reddito per il XXI secolo by Camille Landais( Book )

1 edition published in 2011 in Italian and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Studying consumption patterns : using registry data : lessons from Swedish administrative data by Jonas Kolsrud( Book )

2 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper measures consumption expenditures using registry data on income and asset holdings in Sweden and illustrates how a registry-based measure can alleviate some critical limitations of traditional survey measures in capturing changes in consumption inequality and consumption responses to shocks. In the construction of our measure, we build on previous work exploiting the identity coming from the household budget constraint between consumption expenditures and income net of savings. We try to improve this measure using more registry information to account for the contribution of both financial and real assets to consumption flows. We demonstrate the power of the registry-based measure to study the relationship between income and consumption inequality, especially at the top of the income distribution. We also exploit the longitudinal dimension to study consumption responses to important life-time events and the different means used to smooth consumption
Essais en économie publique fiscalité, hauts revenus, familles by Camille Landais( Book )

2 editions published between 2008 and 2014 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette thèse analyse les effets de la fiscalité et de l'imposition sur les inégalités de revenus, sur la fourniture de biens publics et sur les comportements familiaux. Nous montrons tout d'abord que les inégalités de revenus ont crû au cours de la période récente en France. Cet accroissement est essentiellement concentré au niveau des hauts revenus et imputable à l'explosion des hauts salaires en France Nous proposons ensuite des estimations de l'élasticité du revenu imposable â la taxation en France. Nos résultats montrent que l'élasticité de court terme des revenus imposables à la taxation via l'IR est faible, de l'ordre de .05 pour l'ensemble de la population et 15 pour les plus hauts revenus. Ces résultats suggèrent que la perte sèche de la taxation des hauts revenus en France est sans doute beaucoup plus faible que ce qu'on l'on tend à admettre communément. Nous présentons ensuite des estimations inédites de l'élasticité-prix et de l'élasticité-revenu des dons aux associations, qui démontrent que l'impact des incitations fiscales sur les dons est faible et en dessous du niveau qui garantirait l'optimalité du dispositif actuel de soutien au financement privé des associations, Dans la dernière partie, nous proposons le premier calcul global par microsimulation de la dépense publique de politique familiale en France et montrons que la politique familiale française finance, pour près d'un quart des dépenses, des avantages retraites. Enfin, à partir de données fiscales historiques inédites sur les structures familiales des hauts revenus, puis par l'utilisation de fichiers micro pour la période récente, nous proposons des estimations de l'impact du quotient familial sur la fécondité
Parenthood and the Gender Gap: Evidence from Denmark( Book )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Are fiscal incentives towards charitable giving efficient? : Evidence from France( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Biens publics, charité privée : comment l'état peut-il réguler le "charity business" ? by Gabrielle Fack( Book )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The optimal timing of unemployment benefits theory and evidence from Sweden( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This paper provides a simple, yet general framework to analyze the optimal time profile of benefits during the unemployment spell. We derive simple sufficient-statistics formulae capturing the insurance value and incentive costs of unemployment benefits paid at different times during the unemployment spell. Our general approach allows to revisit and evaluate in a transparent way the separate arguments for inclining or declining profiles put forward in the theoretical literature. We then estimate our sufficient statistics using administrative data on unemployment, income and wealth in Sweden. First, we exploit duration-dependent kinks in the replacement rate and find that the moral hazard cost of benefits is larger when paid earlier in the spell. Second, we find that the drop in consumption determining the insurance value of benefits is large from the start of the spell, but further increases throughout the spell. On average, savings and credit play a limited role in smoothing consumption. Our evidence therefore indicates that the recent change from a flat to a declining benefit profile in Sweden has decreased welfare. In fact, the local welfare gains push towards an increasing rather than decreasing benefit profile over the spell
Risk-based selection in unemployment insurance : evidence and implications by Camille Landais( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This paper studies whether adverse selection can rationalize a universal mandate for unemployment insurance (UI). Building on a unique feature of the unemployment policy in Sweden, where workers can opt for supplemental UI coverage above a minimum mandate, we provide the first direct evidence for adverse selection in UI and derive its implications for UI design. We find that the unemployment risk is more than twice as high for workers who buy supplemental coverage, even when controlling for a rich set of observables. Exploiting variation in risk and prices to control for moral hazard, we show how this correlation is driven by substantial risk-based selection. Despite the severe adverse selection, we find that mandating the supplemental coverage is dominated by a design leaving the choice to workers. In this design, a large subsidy for supplemental coverage is optimal and complementary to the use of a minimum mandate. Our findings raise questions about the desirability of the universal mandate of generous UI in other countries, which has not been tested before
Assessing the welfare effects of unemployment benefits using the regression kink design by Camille Landais( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The effect of tax enforcement on tax elasticities evidence from charitable contributions in France by Gabrielle Fack( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Assessing the welfare effects of unemployment benefits using the regression kink design by Camille Landais( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

I investigate in this paper partial equilibrium labor supply responses to unemployment insurance (UI) in the US. I use administrative data on the universe of unemployment spells in five states from the late 1970s to 1984, and non-parametrically identify the effect of both benefit level and potential duration in the regression kink (RK) design using kinks in the schedule of UI benefits. I provide many tests for the robustness of the RK design, and demonstrate its validity to overcome the traditional issue of endogeneity in UI benefit variations on US data. I also show how, in the tradition of the dynamic labor supply literature, one can identify the purely distortionary effects of UI using variations along the returns-to-employment profile brought about by exogenous variations in the benefit level as well as in the benefit duration. I then use these estimates to calibrate the welfare effects of an increase in UI benefit level and in UI potential duration
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1 edition published in 2016 in Korean and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

 
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Alternative Names
Camille Landais économiste français

Camille Landais fransk ekonom

Camille Landais fransk økonom

Camille Landais French economist

랑데, 카미유

Languages
English (69)

French (10)

Italian (1)

Korean (1)