WorldCat Identities

Fogel, Robert William

Overview
Works: 190 works in 609 publications in 4 languages and 10,897 library holdings
Genres: History  Conference proceedings  Biography  Bibliography 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Speaker, Honoree
Classifications: E449, 331.117340973
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Robert William Fogel
Railroads and American economic growth : essays in econometric history by Robert William Fogel( Book )
33 editions published between 1963 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 1,386 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The fourth great awakening & the future of egalitarianism by Robert William Fogel( Book )
10 editions published between 2000 and 2002 in English and held by 978 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Fogel contends that the ethical and political crises that currently beset the nation are the most recent manifestations of the recurring effort to bring human institutions into balance with the massive technological changes that drastically transform the economy and periodically destabilize the prevailing culture. Today, as in the past, that process of adjustment involves the rise of powerful religious/political movements which historians refer to as "Great Awakenings.""--Jacket
The escape from hunger and premature death, 1700-2100 : Europe, America, and the Third World by Robert William Fogel( Book )
23 editions published between 2003 and 2010 in English and held by 952 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Nobel laureate Robert Fogel's compelling new study examines health, nutrition and technology over the last three centuries and beyond. Throughout most of human history, chronic malnutrition has been the norm. During the past three centuries, however, a synergy between improvements in productive technology and in human physiology has enabled humans to more than double their average longevity and to increase their average body size by over 50 per cent. Larger, healthier humans have contributed to the acceleration of economic growth and technological change, resulting in reduced economic inequality, declining hours of work and a corresponding increase in leisure time. Increased longevity has also brought increased demand for health care. Professor Fogel argues that health care should be viewed as the growth industry of the twenty-first century and systems of financing it should be reformed. His book will be essential reading for all those interested in economics, demography, history and health care policy
Which road to the past? : two views of history by Robert William Fogel( Book )
17 editions published between 1983 and 1990 in English and Hebrew and held by 945 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Compares statistical and traditional approaches to the study of history and discusses categories of evidence, standards of proof, and the proper subject matter for history
The Dimensions of quantitative research in history by William Osgood Aydelotte( Book )
23 editions published between 1972 and 1978 in English and German and held by 893 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Strategic factors in nineteenth century American economic history : a volume to honor Robert W. Fogel by Claudia Dale Goldin( Book )
9 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 802 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"The volume also includes two appreciations of Fogel written by Stanley L. Engerman and Donald N. McCloskey, and a bibliography of Fogel's writings. Economic historians will find the volume indispensable because of its wealth of new findings and conjectures about the nature of economic development in the nineteenth century; it also provides a basis for appreciating the contribution of the new economic history and Fogel's central role within it."--BOOK JACKET
The Union Pacific Railroad : a case in premature enterprise by Robert William Fogel( Book )
18 editions published between 1960 and 1991 in English and Undetermined and held by 739 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The reinterpretation of American economic history by Robert William Fogel( Book )
11 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 734 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Aging--stability and change in the family ( Book )
4 editions published in 1981 in English and held by 597 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Political arithmetic : Simon Kuznets and the empirical tradition in economics by Robert William Fogel( Book )
10 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 452 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"We take for granted today that the assessments, measurements, and forecasts of economists are crucial to the decision-making of governments and businesses alike. But less than a century ago that wasn't the case - economists simply didn't have the necessary information or statistical tools to understand the ever more complicated modern economy. With Political Arithmetic, Nobel Prize-winning economist Robert Fogel and his collaborators tell the story of economist Simon Kuznets, the founding of the National Bureau of Economic Research, and the creation of the concept of GNP, which for the first time enabled us to measure the performance of entire economies. The book weaves together the many strands of political and economic thought and historical pressures that together created the demand for more detailed economic thinking - Progressive-era hopes for activist government, the production demands of World War I, Herbert Hoover's interest in business cycles as President Harding's commerce secretary, and the catastrophic economic failures of the Great Depression - and shows how, through trial and error, measurement and analysis, economists such as Kuznets rose to the occasion and in the process built a discipline whose knowledge could be put to practical use in everyday decision-making. The product of a lifetime of studying the workings of economies and skillfully employing the tools of economics, Political Arithmetic is simultaneously a history of a key period of economic thought and a testament to the power of applied ideas." -- Publisher's description
Simon S. Kuznets : April 30, 1901-July 9, 1985 by Robert William Fogel( Book )
13 editions published between 2000 and 2001 in English and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Abstract: This paper, prepared for the Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences, presents an account of the scholarly career of Simon S. Kuznets. Among the issues considered are his contribution to the development of the empirical tradition in economics, his transformation of the field of national income accounting, his use of national income accounting during World War II to set production targets for both the military and civilian sectors of the economy, and to guide the implementation of those targets; his development of a theory of economic growth, his investigation of the interrelationship between economic growth and population growth, his contribution to methods of measurement in economics, and his legacy to the economics profession
Changes in the disparities in chronic disease during the course of the twentieth century by Robert William Fogel( Book )
7 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 73 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Longitudinal studies support the proposition that the extent and severity of chronic conditions in middle and late ages are to a large extent the outcome of environmental insults at early ages, including in utero. Data from the Early Indicators program project undertaken at the Center for Population Economics suggest that the range of differences in exposure to disease has narrowed greatly over the course of the twentieth century, that age-specific prevalence rates of chronic diseases were much lower at the end of the twentieth century than they were at the beginning of the last century or during the last half of the nineteenth century, and that there has been a significant delay in the onset of chronic diseases over the course of the twentieth century. These trends appear to be related to changes in levels of environmental hazards and in body size. These findings have led investigators to posit a synergism between technological and physiological improvements. This synergism has contributed to reductions in inequality in real income, body size, and life expectancy during the twentieth century"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Insect mycophagy : a preliminary bibliography by Robert William Fogel( Book )
2 editions published in 1975 in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Changes in the process of aging during the twentieth century : findings and procedures of the early indicators project by Robert William Fogel( Book )
10 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Abstract: The program project Early Indicators of Later Work Levels, Disease and Death investigates how socioeconomic and environmental factors in early life can shape health and work levels in later life. Project researchers have approached this problem by creating a life-cycle sample that permits a longitudinal study of the aging of Union Army veterans, the first cohort to reach age 65 during the twentieth century. Comparing Union Army data with data from NHANES and NHIS has shown that age-specific prevalence rates of specific chronic diseases and disabilities were much higher in the century before World War II among both young and old than today. Moreover, the number of comorbidities at each age has fallen sharply. Also, the average age at onset of chronic diseases was more than a decade later at the end of the twentieth century than at the beginning. The implications of these findings for several issues in health economics are discussed
Who gets health care? by Robert William Fogel( Book )
9 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Abstract: Around the world, as in the United States, concern is growing about who gets health care. Individuals from different socioeconomic backgrounds face distressingly different prospects of living a healthy life. Disparities in various measures of health between the privileged and the deprived still remain wide, despite the long-term tendency toward a healthier society. Some investigators believe the shift in the health care system in industrial countries from the principle of universal access to a more market-oriented system may be one cause of the growing disparities; rising income inequality is another potential culprit. Policy makers worldwide speak of more efficiently delivering essential' health care--but disagree on what counts as essential and on the optimal mix of private and government components of service. After reviewing the economic and epidemiological literature on disparities in health and health care systems, the question of how to define essential' health care is considered. The paper concludes with a discussion of the policy implications of the analysis
Secular trends in physiological capital : implications for equity in health care by Robert William Fogel( Book )
9 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Abstract: Over the past three centuries there has been a rapid accumulation of physiological capital in OECD countries. Enhanced physiological capital is tied to long-term reduction in environmental hazards and to the conquest of chronic malnutrition. Data on heights and birth weights suggests that physiological capital has become more equally distributed, thereby reducing socioeconomic disparities in the burden of disease. Implications for health care policy are: (1) enhanced physiological capital has done more to reduce inequities in health status than has wider access to health care; (2) the main contribution of more advanced medical treatment so far has been to retard depreciation in individuals' physiological capital; (3) prenatal and early childhood care and environmental issues are key for interventions aimed at enhancing physiological capital and at affecting its rate of depreciation; (4) lifestyle change is the most important issue affecting health equity in rich countries; and (5) greater access to clinical care should be promoted through aggressive outreach, since expanded insurance coverage by itself is inadequate
High performing Asian economies by Robert William Fogel( Book )
8 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 68 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"To American and European economists in 1945, the countries of Asia were unpromising candidates for high economic growth. In 1950 even the most prosperous of these countries had a per capita income less than 25 percent of that of the United States. Between the mid-1960s and the end of the twentieth century, however, many of the countries of South and Southeast Asia experienced vigorous economic growth, some with growth rates far exceeding the previous growth rates of the industrialized countries. Forecasts that the region's population growth would outstrip its capacity to feed itself, and that its economic growth would falter, proved to be incorrect. Growth rates will probably continue at high levels in Southeast Asia for at least another generation. This forecast is based on 4 factors: the trend toward rising labor force participation rates, the shift from low to high productivity sectors, continued increases in the educational level of the labor force, and other improvements in the quality of output that are at present not accurately measured in national income accounts"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Time on the cross : the economics of American Negro slavery by Robert William Fogel( Book )
18 editions published between 1974 and 1995 in 3 languages and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Nutrition and the Decline in Mortality Since 1700 Some Preliminary Findings by Robert William Fogel( )
11 editions published between 1984 and 1986 in English and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper uses the data in the NBER/CPE pilot sample of genealogies to create a new time series on life expectation in the U.S. since 1720. After attaining remarkably high levels toward the end of the eighteenth century, life expectation as measured by e0(10) began a decline that lasted about 80 years before beginning the new rise with which we have long been familiar. Second, time series on the average adult stature of national populations in North America and Europe are used as a measure of nutritional status. The properties of this measure in the analysis of labor welfare and an explanation for the high correlation between stature and the Cini ratio are discussed. The time series on stature is strongly correlated with the series on e0(10) and other measures of mortality. Third, these correlations are used to estimate the contribution of improvements in nutritional status (not diet alone but diet net of prior claims) to the decline in mortality in Europe and America since 1800. Improvements in nutritional status may have accounted for as ifiuch as four tenths of the decline in mortality rates, but nearly all of this effect was concentrated in the reduction of infant mortality. The new findings are used to resolve several paradoxes and the implication of the findings for the standard-of-living controversy are considered
Changes in the physiology of aging during the twentieth century by Robert William Fogel( )
9 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"One way to demonstrate how remarkable changes in the process of aging have been is to compare health over the life cycles of 3 cohorts. For the first cohort, born between 1835 and 1845 (the Civil War cohort), life was short and disabilities were common even at young ages. Other factors contributing to lifelong poor health were widespread exposure to severely debilitating diseases and chronic malnutrition. Fewer of the World War II cohort, born between 1920 and 1930, died in infancy and most of the survivors have lived past age 60 without developing severe chronic diseases. Members of this cohort have experienced better health throughout their lives largely due to their lower exposure to environmental hazards before birth and throughout their infancy and early childhood. Members of the cohort born between 1980 and 1990 have a 50-50 chance of living to age 100. The average age at onset of disabilities has continued to rise, so members of this cohort can expect to remain healthy at later ages. Adopting a healthy life style early can help to prevent or postpone disability at older ages"--NBER website
 
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Alternative Names
Fogel, Robert W.
Fogel, Robert W. 1926-
Fogel, Robert W. 1926-2013
Fogel, Robert W. (Robert William)
Fogel, Robert W. (Robert William), 1926-2013
Fuge'er, Luobote
Fuge'er, Luobote 1926-2013
フォーゲル, R. W
フォーゲル, ロバート W
Languages
English (256)
German (1)
Japanese (1)
Hebrew (1)
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