WorldCat Identities

Autrum, Hansjochem

Overview
Works: 292 works in 750 publications in 4 languages and 4,487 library holdings
Genres: Biography  Handbooks and manuals  History  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Creator
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Hansjochem Autrum
 
Most widely held works by Hansjochem Autrum
Man and animal; studies in behaviour by Heinz Friedrich( Book )

9 editions published between 1968 and 1972 in English and German and held by 492 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Foundations of sensory science by Hansjochem Autrum( Book )

10 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 338 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When seen from an outsider's vantage point, the development of knowledge in the sensory sciences must appear massive and the result of some carefully followed master plan. In reality, it is the result of numerous relatively independent human endeavors shaped by application of the scientific method. The comprehensive construction of quantitative theories of sense organ function has occurred only recently -but at an explosive rate prefaced by centuries of expansion in the physical sciences. Predicated on this growth, the twentieth century may become known as the age of the biological sciences. With the exception of a modest number of intellectual giants, there were few contributors to the foundations of the sensory sciences before the dawn of this century. At least 90% of existing knowledge has been produced by scientists working in laboratories founded since 1920. If any single scientist and his laboratory may be identified with the growth in the sensory sciences, it is EDGAR DOUGLAS ADRIAN, First Baron of Cambridge and leader of the Physiological Laboratory at Cambridge University, England. Lord ADRIAN'S influence upon the sensory sciences was great, not only in terms of his contribution to knowledge itself but also through the influence which he exerted upon numerous young scientists who spent weeks or years at the Cambridge laboratory and who later returned to their homelands and colleagues with the seeds of vigorous research and quantitative inquiry firmly implanted
Comparative physiology and evolution of vision in invertebrates( Book )

6 editions published in 1981 in English and Undetermined and held by 336 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Integrative functions and comparative data by Hansjochem Autrum( Book )

18 editions published in 1973 in English and held by 249 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The present volume covers the physiology of the visual system beyond the optic nerve. It is a continuation of the two preceding parts on the photochemistry and the physiology of the eye, and forms a bridge from them to the fourth part on visual psychophysics. These fields have all developed as independent speciali ties and need integrating with each other. The processing of visual information in the brain cannot be understood without some knowledge of the preceding mechanisms in the photoreceptor organs. There are two fundamental reasons, ontogenetic and functional, why this is so: 1) the retina of the vertebrate eye has developed from a specialized part of the brain; 2) in processing their data the eyes follow physiological principles similar to the visual brain centres. Peripheral and central functions should also be discussed in context with their final synthesis in subjective experience, i. e. visual perception. Microphysiology and ultramicroscopy have brought new insights into the neuronal basis of vision. These investigations began in the periphery: HARTLINE'S pioneering experiments on single visual elements of Limulus in 1932 started a successful period of neuronal recordings which ascended from the retina to the highest centres in the visual brain. In the last two decades modern electron microscopic techniques and photochemical investigations of single photoreceptors further contributed to vision research
Progress in sensory physiology by Hansjochem Autrum( Book )

9 editions published between 1987 and 1992 in English and Undetermined and held by 176 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Humanbiologie by Hansjochem Autrum( Book )

14 editions published between 1973 and 1983 in German and held by 156 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Handbook of sensory physiology( Book )

34 editions published between 1971 and 1981 in 3 languages and held by 130 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Invertebrate photoreceptors by Hansjochem Autrum( )

12 editions published between 1979 and 1981 in English and Undetermined and held by 121 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the comparative physiology of photoreception by the Protista and the invertebrates two aspects are emphasized: (1) the diversity of visual processes in these groups and (2) their bearing upon general mechanisms of photoreception. Invertebrates have evolved a far greater variety of adaptations than vertebrates modifications aiding survival in the remarkably different biotopes they occupy. The number of species in itself suggests this multiformity; each of them has peculiarities of its own, in morphology as well as in physiology and behavior. But these special adaptations are variations on a few great themes. Although the catalogue of invertebrate species is immense, the literature concerning them nearly rivals it in extent-even if one considers only that fraction dealing with visual physiology. Taxonomy proceeds by grouping the species, categorizing them in genera, families, orders, and progressively larger units. Similarly, comparative physiology aims at an analogous, more or less compre hensive, classification. This Part A of Volume VII/6, like Part B that follows it, emphasizes the broad questions that concern groups larger than the individual species; in some cases these questions have general applicability. The middle course between approaches that are too specialized and those that are too general is often elusive, but here we attempt to follow it. The vast number of special adaptations-probably, as we have said, as large as the number of species-is beyond the range even of a handbook
Von der Naturforschung zur Naturwissenschaft : Vorträge gehalten auf Versammlungen der Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte (1822-1958) by Hansjochem Autrum( Book )

8 editions published in 1987 in German and held by 87 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Die Entwicklung der Naturwissenschaften in Deutschland ist von keiner Institution so nachhaltig beeinflußt worden wie von der "Gesellschaft deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte". Den Aufbruch der Naturforschung im letzten Jahrhundert hat sie wesentlich stimuliert, und von ihr als Muttergesellschaft sind zahlreiche weitere wissenschaftliche Gesellschaften ausgegangen. Nahezu alle großen deutschen Forscher fanden in dieser Vereinigung das Forum für die Darstellung ihrer Ideen. Das Buch enthält eine Auswahl bedeutender Reden von Carl Gustav Carus (1822) bis hin zu Otto Hahn (1958), in denen sich die Entwicklung von der romantisch bestimmten Naturforschung zur modernen Naturwissenschaft ablesen läßt
Traité de zoologie : anatomie, systématique, biologie by Pierre-Paul Grassé( Book )

6 editions published in 1975 in French and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Biologie, Entdeckung einer Ordnung by Hansjochem Autrum( Book )

6 editions published in 1970 in German and held by 75 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Progress in sensory physiology by David Ottoson( )

6 editions published in 1983 in English and held by 60 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The study of the functional organization of the first synapse of the centripetal visual pathway at the outer plexiform layer level (OPL) ought to be made through the application of combined histological, electrophysiological, and neurochemical techniques. A large amount of new evidence has been accumu­ lated in the past 20 years on the structure of the retina and on the electrical responses of retinal cells to light stimulus. Also, recently, many substances considered as neurotransmitters in the brain have been found in the retina. The goal of the study of retinal function is to integrate the data obtained by structural and electrophysiological techniques and to identify and determine the role played by neurotransmitters or neuromodulators in the function of the retina. In this study it is important to realize the morphological and biochemical diversi­ ty displayed by the visual cells in the vertebrate retina which, according to Cresci­ telli (1972), has been produced "through the interaction of natural selection with diversity in the photic environment." The evidence obtained shows that bipolar and especially horizontal cells, closely related to visual cells, display morphologi­ cal and probably biochemical differences among classes, genus, and even species according to the photic environment. These differences give peculiarities to the organization of the OPL, which must be taken into account when studying a par­ ticular retina with electrophysiological or neurochemical techniques
Progress in sensory physiology by Hansjochem Autrum( )

6 editions published in 1981 in English and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

I fancy that many of you, like myself, have woken up in the night with a "sleeping" arm or leg. It is a very peculiar feeling to have that arm or leg, cold and lifeless, hanging there at your side as if it were something which does not belong to you. In such situations you recover some of the motor functions before the sensory functions, which en­ ables you to move the limb like a pendulum. For a few sec­ onds the arm functions as an artificial limb - a prosthesis without sensors. In general we are not aware of the importance of our sensory organs until we lose them. You do not feel the pressure of your clothes on the skin or the ring on your finger. In the nineteenth century such phenomena generally named adaptation, were studied to a great extent, partic­ ularly in vision, as well as in the so-called lower senses. The question whether sensory adaptation was due to changes in the peripheral sensory receptors or in the central nervous structure remained in general open until the 1920s. Then the development of the electronic arsenal gave us the means to attack the problem by direct observations of the electrical events in the peripheral as well as the central nervous system. But even today there are still some blank areas in our knowledge of adaptation
Tier und Mensch in der Masse. Festrede gehalten in der öffentlichen Sitzung der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in München am 4. Dezember 1965 by Hansjochem Autrum( Book )

13 editions published in 1966 in German and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Orientierung der Tiere : symposium in Garmisch-Partenkirchen 17- 21.9.1962 = Animal orientation by Hansjochem Autrum( )

5 editions published in 1963 in English and Multiple languages and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Der Natur die Zunge lösen; Leben und Leistung grosser Forscher by Walther Gerlach( Book )

4 editions published between 1967 and 1969 in German and held by 55 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sprechen und Verstehen im Tierreich : Festvortrag ... by Hansjochem Autrum( Book )

9 editions published in 1955 in German and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Progress in sensory physiology by David Ottoson( )

2 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The objective of this series is to provide concise and critical information on current advances in the different domains of sensory physiology. It will be of interest to all who want to keep abreast of the latest developments in the field - from the level of the receptor to that of the cortex, including neuropsychological and psychophysical aspects
Progress in sensory physiology by Hansjochem Autrum( )

3 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 50 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Progress in sensory physiology, 9 by Hansjochem Autrum( )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The objective of this series is to provide concise and critical information on current advances in the different domains of sensory physiology. It will be of interest to all who want to keep abreast of the latest developments in the field - from the level of the receptor to that of the cortex, including neuropsychological and psychophysical aspects
 
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Alternative Names
Autrum, H.

Autrum, H. 1907-2003

Autrum, H. (Hansjochem)

Autrum, Hansjochen 1907-2003

Hansjochem Autrum Duits zoöloog (1907-2003)

Hansjochem Autrum German zoologist

Hansjochem Autrum niemiecki zoolog

Hansjochem Autrum zoologue allemand

Hansjohems Autrums

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