WorldCat Identities

Herschel, John F. W. (John Frederick William) 1792-1871

Overview
Works: 823 works in 2,183 publications in 6 languages and 18,465 library holdings
Genres: History  Records and correspondence  Diaries  Catalogs  Handbooks and manuals  Observations  Exhibition catalogs  Bibliography‡vCatalogs  Biography  Autographs 
Roles: Author, Editor, Translator, Former owner, Honoree, Other, Dedicatee, Correspondent, wpr, Illustrator, Photographer, Recipient
Classifications: QB43, 520
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Most widely held works about John F. W Herschel
 
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Most widely held works by John F. W Herschel
A preliminary discourse on the study of natural philosophy. A facsim. of the 1830 ed by John F. W Herschel( )

129 editions published between 1830 and 2016 in 3 languages and held by 2,571 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Astronomer and philosopher J. F. W. Herschel's A Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy, originally published in 1830, can be regarded as the first modern work on the philosophy of science. In this book, Herschel carefully sets out what he regards as the principles and methods of scientific investigation, both at a theoretical level and at the level of experiment or observation. He describes nature as being governed by laws which are difficult to discern by mere observation and so deduces that theoretical science requires analogical reasoning. In the Discourses, written as the first in a series called Cabinet Cyclopaedia, he covers a wide range of methodological, scientific and philosophical subjects that include discussions of contemporary astronomy, atomism and chemistry. His writing on light is heavily influenced by Newton. Herschel also ponders the differences between human beings and animals and the relationship between religious faith and scientific enquiry
Outlines of astronomy by John F. W Herschel( Book )

243 editions published between 1837 and 2012 in 5 languages and held by 2,148 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sir John Frederick William Herschel (1792–1871) – astronomer, mathematician, chemist – was one of the most important English scientists of the nineteenth century. Son of the famous astronomer William Herschel and nephew of Caroline, he was persuaded by his father to pursue the astronomical investigations William could no longer undertake; John's subsequent career resulted in a knighthood and a lifetime of accolades. Outlines of Astronomy (1849), an updated and expanded version of his 1833 Treatise on Astronomy, went through eleven editions in two decades and was translated into several languages. Outlines examines terrestrial and celestial phenomena, providing the reader with a wide range of knowledge about the physical world as a whole. The work is an important textbook, the object of which 'is not to convince or refute opponents, nor to inquire … for principles of which we are all the time in full possession – but simply to teach what is known'
A treatise on astronomy by John F. W Herschel( Book )

113 editions published between 1824 and 2012 in 5 languages and held by 892 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Astronomer and philosopher Sir John Herschel (1792–1871), the son of William and the nephew of Caroline, published his 1833 Treatise on Astronomy in the 'Cabinet Cyclopaedia' series of which the first volume had been his enormously successful Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy. He is regarded as the founder of the philosophy of science, and made contributions in many fields including mathematics, the newly discovered process of photography, and the botany of southern Africa, which he studied while making astronomical observations of the southern hemisphere, and where he was visited by Darwin and Fitzroy on the Beagle voyage. It was however as the natural successor to his father's astronomical studies that he is best remembered, and this book, which is written for the interested lay person, places strong emphasis on the importance of accurate observation and on avoiding preconceptions or hypotheses not based on such observation
Journal of a tour in unsettled parts of North America, in 1796 & 1797 by Francis Baily( Book )

19 editions published between 1856 and 1975 in English and Undetermined and held by 463 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Familiar lectures on scientific subjects by John F. W Herschel( Book )

35 editions published between 1866 and 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 395 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A manual of scientific enquiry; prepared for the use of officers in Her Majesty's navy; and travellers in general by John F. W Herschel( Book )

30 editions published between 1849 and 2009 in English and held by 387 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Essays from the Edinburgh and Quarterly reviews : with addresses and other pieces by John F. W Herschel( Book )

16 editions published between 1857 and 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 213 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

First published in 1857, this work comprises assorted noteworthy writings by the mathematician and astronomer Sir John Herschel (1792-1871), reflecting his diverse scientific and literary interests. It includes a piece on terrestrial magnetism, a review of William Whewell's writings on the history and philosophy of science, and several addresses to the Royal Astronomical Society. Of particular interest is Herschel's commentary on Adolphe Quetelet's work on probability, which advocated applying statistics and probability calculus to social and political questions. Herschel's article not only influenced the growth of social science in Britain, but also played an important role in James Clerk Maxwell's development of a statistical treatment of heat phenomena. Also included in this collection are Herschel's translations of poems by Schiller (accompanied by the original German) as well as examples of his own verse. In an intriguing appendix, Herschel outlines a method for compiling vocabularies of indigenous peoples
Results of astronomical observations made during the years 1834, 5, 6, 7, 8, at the Cape of Good Hope; being the completion of a telescopic survey of the whole surface of the visible heavens, commenced in 1825 by John F. W Herschel( Book )

15 editions published between 1847 and 1969 in English and Undetermined and held by 203 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Light. by John F. W Herschel( )

17 editions published between 1820 and 1849 in English and held by 199 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

John Herschel's Cape voyage : private science, public imagination, and the ambitions of empire by Steven Ruskin( Book )

4 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 168 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Herschel's decision to journey to the Cape for the purpose of surveying the southern heavens was of great significance to almost all of Britain and much of the continent. It is the purpose of this book to make a case for the scientific, cultural, and political significance of Herschel's Cape voyage and astronomical observations, as a means of demonstrating the relationship of scientific practice to broader aspects of imperial culture and politics in the nineteenth century."--Jacket
A manual of scientific enquiry : prepared for the use of Her Majesty's navy : and adapted for travellers in general( Book )

17 editions published between 1849 and 2011 in English and held by 161 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

John Frederick William Herschel (1792-1871) played a key role in the creation of the Astronomical Society, and during the 1820's he began to emerge as Britain's first modern physical scientist and wrote many important books. He spent the years 1833 to 1838 at the Cape of Good Hope where he made significant discoveries at Britain's Royal Observatory on the Cape. On his return to England aboard the Windsor Castle, a dinner was given in his honour attended by 400 fellow-scientists and other notables. Within two weeks he had been elevated to the baronetcy at the coronation of Queen Victoria and was hailed as the most eminent scientist in Britain. In 1849 he had published the first edition of this Admiralty Manual of Scientific Enquiry for naval officers, followed by the second edition in 1851. Further editions followed. Here he deals with Astronomy, Botany, Geography and Hydrography, Geology, Mineralogy, Magnetism, Meteorology, Statistics, Tides and Zoology. At time of publication the Admiralty were sending a surveying vessel to New Zealand, and others were already employed in the Torres Straight and in other parts of the world. A new establishment was under consideration for Borneo, and expeditions proposed to go in search of Sir John Franklin. The Navy had cruisers in every sea, and merchantmen were in some cases assisting in the gathering of intelligence and in scientific observations
On the chemical action of the rays of the solar spectrum on preparations of silver and other substances, both metallic and non-metallic, and on some photographic processes by John F. W Herschel( Book )

10 editions published in 1840 in English and held by 160 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Herschel's classic paper contains the first use of the terms "positive" and "negative" in connection with photography, as well as a detailed account of the use of hyposulfite of soda as a fixative, his observation of the superior light-sensitivity of bromide of silver, a description of his first experiments with photography in solar spectroscopy, his process (anticipating Bayard) for obtaining direct positive proofs on paper, the necessity of using achromatic lenses for correct delineation, etc. Herschel's paper represents "a densely packed comprehensive summary" (Schaaf, Out of the shadows, p. 94) of the intensive researches in photography that had occupied him during 1839 and 1840, when he and his friend Henry Fox Talbot were striving to steal a march on Daguerre and the French by perfecting the process of making and fixing photographic images on paper that Talbot had begun developing some seven years before
On the action of the rays of the solar spectrum on the Daguerreotype plate by John F. W Herschel( Book )

7 editions published in 1843 in English and held by 158 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On certain improvements on photographic processes described in a former communication : and the parathermic rays of the solar spectrum by John F. W Herschel( Book )

7 editions published in 1843 in English and held by 152 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Meteorology from the Encyclopædia britannica by John F. W Herschel( Book )

24 editions published between 1861 and 2015 in English and Undetermined and held by 135 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Traité de la lumière by John F. W Herschel( Book )

14 editions published between 1829 and 1833 in French and Undetermined and held by 105 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An elementary treatise on the differential and integral calculus by S. F Lacroix( Book )

2 editions published in 1816 in English and held by 99 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of their campaign to introduce the continental notation into Great Britain, Babbage and his friends Herschel and Peacock translated and published S. F. Lacroix's Sur le calcul differentiel et integral (1802). Babbage had begun the task of translation while still at Cambridge, but for one reason or another set it aside uncompleted. "A few years later Peacock called on me in Devonshire Street, and stated that both Herschel and himself were convinced that the change from the dots to the d's would not be accomplished until some foreign work of eminence should be translated into English. Peacock then proposed that I should either finish the translation which I had commenced, or that Herschel and himself should complete the remainder of my translation. I suggested that we should toss up which alternative to take. It was determined by lot that we should make a joint translation." Some months after, the translation of the small work of Lacroix was published (Babbage 1864, 39). Part I of Lacroix's work, on differential calculus, was translated by Babbage; Part II, on integral calculus, was translated jointly by Peacock and Herschel. The "Appendix" was written by Herschel, and he and Peacock collaborated on the notes. Acceptance of the new notation was slow at first, but by 1820 the d-notation had triumphed at Cambridge, largely due to the support and influence of William Whewell, the future dean of Trinity College
Astronomy by John F. W Herschel( Book )

21 editions published between 1833 and 1934 in English and held by 98 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A collection of examples of the applications of the calculus of finite differences by John F. W Herschel( Book )

13 editions published between 1820 and 1920 in English and held by 92 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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A preliminary discourse on the study of natural philosophy. A facsim. of the 1830 ed
Covers
Outlines of astronomyA treatise on astronomyA manual of scientific enquiry; prepared for the use of officers in Her Majesty's navy; and travellers in generalJohn Herschel's Cape voyage : private science, public imagination, and the ambitions of empireA manual of scientific enquiry : prepared for the use of Her Majesty's navy : and adapted for travellers in generalThe shadow of the telescope; a biography of John HerschelThe moon hoax ; or, A discovery that the moon has a vast population of human beings
Alternative Names
Džons Heršels

Džons Heršels Britu astronoms un matemātiķis

Geršel, Džon.

Gershelʹ, Dzhon Frederik Uilʹi︠a︡m

Gershelʹ, Dzhon Frederik Uilʹi︠a︡m 1792-1871

Gershelʹ, Dzhon Frederik Uilʹi︠a︡m 1792-1871 Sir

Gershelʹ, Dzhon Frederik Uilʹi︠a︡m, Sir, 1792-1871

Gershel', Zhin Sir

Gershelʹ, Zhon

Gershelʹ, Zhon 1792-1871

Gershelʹ, Zhon 1792-1871 Sir

Gershelʹ, Zhon, Sir, 1792-1871

Herschel, Frederick William

Herschel J.F.W.

Herschel, J.F.W., 1792-1871

Herschel, J. F. W. 1792-1871 Sir

Herschel, J. F. W. (John Frederick William), 1792-1871

Herschel, J. F. W. (John Frederick William), Sir, 1792-1871

Herschel J.F.W. Sir

Herschel, Johann F. 1792-1871

Herschel, John

Herschel, John 1792-1871

Herschel, John 1792-1871 Sir

Herschel, John F. 1792-1871

Herschel John F.W.

Herschel, John F.W. 1792-1871

Herschel, John F. W. 1792-1871 Sir

Herschel, John F. W. (John Frederick William), Sir, 1792-1871

Herschel John F.W. Sir

Herschel, John Frederick

Herschel, John Frederick 1791-1871

Herschel, John Frederick 1791-1871 Sir

Herschel, John-Frederick 1792-1871

Herschel, John Frederick 1792-1871 Sir

Herschel John Frederick Sir

Herschel, John Frederick, Sir, 1791-1871

Herschel, John Frederick, Sir, 1792-1871

Herschel John Frederick William

Herschel John Frederick William 1792-1871

Herschel, John Frederick William 1792-1871 Sir

Herschel, John Frederick William 1792-1871 Sir, bart

Herschel, John Frederick William Sir

Herschel, John Frederick William, Sir, 1792-1871

Herschel John Frederick William Sir 1st Baronet

Herschel John Frederick William Sir bart.

Herschel, John Frederick William, Sir, bart., 1792-1871

Herschel, John Friedrich Wilhelm 1792-1871

Herschel John Sir

Herschel, John, Sir, 1792-1871

Herschel John Sir 1st Baronet

Herschel John Sir 1st bart.

Herschel, Sir John

Herschel, Sir John Frederick William

Herschel, Sir John Frederick William 1792-1871

Herschel, Sir John Frederick William 1792-1871 1st Bart

Herschel, Sir John Frederick William, 1st Bart, 1792-1871

Herschel, W. 1792-1871

Herschell John Frederick William 1792-1871

Hexiao, 1792-1871

John Frederick William Herschel britisk fotograf og astronom

John Frederick William Herschel English mathematician, astronomer, chemist and photographer

John Herschel

John Herschel Ahli sains British

John Herschel angla matematikisto kaj astronomo

John Herschel anglický astronóm a matematik

John Herschel anglický astronom, matematik, chemik a fotograf

John Herschel astronom angielski

John Herschel astronomo, matematico e chimico britannico

John Herschel britisk fotograf og astronom

John Herschel Brits astronoom

John Herschel científico inglés

John Herschel John Frederick William Herschel (7. März 1792-11. Mai 1871) britischer Astronom

John Herschel matemático, astrónomo, químico y fotógrafo inglés

John Herschel scientifique et astronome britannique

Τζον Χέρσελ Άγγλος αστρονόμος και μαθηματικός

Гершель, Джон Фредерик Уильям, 1792-1871

Гершель, Жон, 1792-1871

Джон Гершель

Джон Гершель английский астроном и физик

Джон Гершэль

Джон Хершел

Џон Хершел

Ջոն Հերշել

ג'ון הרשל

ג'ון הרשל סופר בריטי

הרשל, ג'ון פרדריק ויליאם 1792-1871

הרשל, ג'ון פרידריך וילהלם 1792-1871

جان هرشل ستاره‌شناس و عکاس بریتانیایی

جان ہرشل

جون هيرشل

जॉन हर्षल

জন হার্শেল

ஜான் எர்ழ்செல்

ജോൺ ഹെർഷെൽ

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ဂျွန် ဟာရှယ်

ჯონ ფრედერიკ უილიამ ჰერშელი ინგლისელი მათემატიკოსი, ასტრონომი, ქიმიკოსი და ფოტოგრაფი

존 허셜

ジョン・ハーシェル イギリスの天文学者、数学者

ハーシェル, ジョン

ヘルセル

約翰·赫歇爾

赫孝, 1792-1871

Languages
English (747)

French (58)

German (17)

Chinese (6)

Spanish (6)

Latin (2)