WorldCat Identities

U.S. Coast Guard Research & Development Center

Works: 518 works in 780 publications in 1 language and 4,975 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Maps  Handbooks and manuals 
Classifications: TD427.P4, 628.1683
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by U.S. Coast Guard Research & Development Center
U.S. Coast Guard 1994 oil pollution research grants publications : final report( Book )

4 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 138 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Proceedings by Workshop on Pattern Recognition Applied to Oil Identification( Book )

2 editions published between 1977 and 1980 in English and held by 75 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Clearing ice-clogged shipping channels by Paul J Vance( Book )

2 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report investigates the feasibility of clearing ice from the shipping channel of the St. Marys River. Four basic concepts are investigated: disposal under the ice, disposal on top of the ice, slurring, and rafting. Each technique was found to have application in limited portions of the river with the exception of disposal on top of the adjacent ice sheet, which is deemed feasible throughout the river system. Disposal onto the adjacent ice sheet will increase the free stream velocity less than 1.0 ft/s (30.5 cm/s) and raise the water level less than 1.0 ft (0.30 m). Further model and field tests are recommended to validate the findings of this report. (Author)
Shipping study : the role of shipping in the introduction of nonindigenous aquatic organisms to the coastal waters of the United States (other than the Great Lakes) and an analysis of control options by James T Carlton( Book )

4 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study investigated the extent to which shipping contributes to the introduction of nonindigenous species into U.S. waters; potential options for controlling such introductions; and the issue of whether this problem is of regional or national concern. Data on shipping traffic patterns and ballast water management practices were collected, and estimates were made of the amount and sources of ballast water released in or near U.S. waters. The feasibilities of various options for controlling ballast water-mediated invasions were examined via consultations with experts in various fields and investigation into capabilities of products on the market. Recommendations include potential strategies for managing/reducing the risk of nonindigenous species invasions
Atlas of the Beaufort Sea by Ivan M Lissauer( Book )

2 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This is a reference document on oceanography, meteorology, ice and climatology. The oceanography section contains information for circulation, tides, riverine input, ice conditions, storm surges and bathymetry of the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. From review of information on meteorology, climate, ice conditions, and oceanography, maps have been generated showing circulation in two typical wind conditions: ENE wind at 10 knots and NW storm wind at 30 knots. These maps show tides, storm surges, bathymetry and river discharges as well as charts of mean ice drift over time. The meteorology section contains information on winds, storm surges and waves. Included is a rapid manual forecast system for estimating the height of a storm surge. The ice section gives information on the ice zones, including the annual ice cycle within the nearshore area, the freezing and breakup of nearshore ice, and the movement of the pack ice. The climatology section includes information on the arctic climate, temperature information (including wind chill charts), visibility, and precipitation
Waterway design manual by M. W Smith( Book )

3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This manual supplements the short range aid (SRA) system design guidelines presented in Chapter 4 of the Aids to Navigation Manual - Administration (COMDTINST M16500.7) and provides an additional tool for the Waterway Analysis and Management System (WAMS). The software, Automated Relative Risk Factor (ARRF) Computation Program, Release 2.1B, is available upon request from Commandant (G-NSR-1), U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters, Washington, D.C. 20593. The manual and the software guide the user through an evaluation process for a subject waterway. The general approach is, first, to select a 'design vessel' to represent the traffic in a waterway and to divide the waterway into 'regions' that will enclose the distance needed by this vessel to perform each of the maneuvers that comprise a transit. Conditions of the transit, including the configurations of the waterway, the SRAs, and the environmental conditions, are specified as inputs to the program. Based on the input, the program provides a 'relative risk factor' (RRF) for each region of the waterway. These values can be used to compare risk in regions along a waterway, or to compare risk under alternative SRA systems or under alternative conditions. Waterway system; Short range aid system; Aids to navigation system; Restricted waterway; Relative risk factor; Risk assessment; Risk management
An Interactive test of mariner competence( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This exploratory study demonstrated the feasibility of interactive testing of mariner competence in the knowledge and application of the Rules of the Road. A desk-top simulator system provides an interactive test that is potentially more accessible and affordable than use of a full-mission simulator. The study also demonstrated the feasibility of automatic scoring of an interactive test. Computerized automatic scoring eliminates the need for an expert examiner and provides objective, repeatable scoring. Administration of the test to sample candidates and analysis of the results demonstrated that multiple-choice items assess classroom knowledge while interactive responses assess the mariner's competence for potential application to bridge operations. Further development of both the test and scoring approaches is required. Recommendations for further development based on experience during the study are provided
Analysis of the causes of chemical spills from marine transportation or related facilities by Danny Whitaker-Sheppard( Book )

4 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes the results of a study of the causes of chemical spills from vessels and facilities for the U.S. Coast Guard. The purpose of the report is to identify the chain of events that lead to spills and the frequency of these spills in order to identify potential methods of preventing spills. The data for this study were collected through visits to six U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety Offices, review of Federal and State databases, and review of literature sources. The potential causes that were considered included human error, equipment failure, structural failure, and weather. Other characteristics of spills examined included time of day, location, and substance. The Management Oversight and Risk Tree (MORT) analysis technique was used to complete the analysis. The results of the analysis led to a number of conclusions and recommendations for the prevention and mitigation of marine chemical spills in the future
Arctic drifting buoy data, 1979-1985 by Joseph W St. Martin( Book )

2 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of an investigation into the fate of potential Arctic oil spills, the U.S. Coast Guard Research and Development and Canadian Marine Drilling, Ltd. (CANMAR) released satellite-tracked drifting buoys at two sites in the southern Beaufort Sea during six years (1979-1983, 1985). The sites were near Canadian offshore drilling locations off the Tuktoyaktuk Peninsula, Northwest Territories and near Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. An analysis of the trajectories of these buoys indicated that the majority of buoy drift was in an alongshore (east/west) direction. When buoys did move in a north/south direction, their speeds were generally lower and the length of excursions shorter. A comparison of the drift of these buoys to the calculated geostrophic wind (east/west component only) revealed that, over a long term, the buoys drifted, on average, with the mean wind. Buoys had average drift speeds which varied from 1% to 5.5% of the mean wind. When cumulative drift was compared to the cumulative wind, high correlations were noted for those buoys with spar type hulls. This indicates that the cumulative large-scale geostrophic wind plays an important role in the cumulative movement of the upper 1-2 meter of the water column. A comparison of the trajectories of buoys which were released in close spacial and time proximity was conducted. In general, their drifts were variable enough to indicate that the total forcing function on separate buoys was different. (Author)
Proceedings of Federal Waterways Management Research and Development Coordination Conference by Federal Waterways Management Research and Development Coordination Conference( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Human factors evaluation of electronics chart display and information systems (ECDIS)( Book )

3 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes a study done to examine the contributions that ECDlS might make to the operational practices on the commercial bridge. Issues examined were: the contribution to the safety of navigation, the effect on the navigational workload, the features required during route monitoring, and the potential contribution of integration with radar. Two commercially-available ECDlS devices were installed on the simulator bridge at MSl/CAORF. Expert mariners made repeated port arrivals and departures. A variety of ship and mariner performance measures were collected and extensive debriefings were conducted. EODlS demonstrated the potential to increase safety, primarily by decreasing the cross track distance from a planned track, and the potential to decrease the workload of route monitoring, primarily by replacing time-consuming plotting on the paper chart. For route monitoring, mariners required only a simple display outlining safe water, but recommended access to a larger set of chart features as reference. Radar integration, as implemented on the devices used, did not provide the ARPA information mariners required
U.S. Coast Guard marine casualty investigation and reporting : analysis and recommendations for improvement by James C Byers( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of its mission to prevent and mitigate marine accidents, the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) investigates the causes of marine casualties and analyzes investigation data in an effort to identify measures that will improve marine safety. It is estimated that 60-80% of marine casualties have human-related causes; therefore, it is important to record and analyze human errors in order to identify measures that will reduce these errors. In 1992 the USCG introduced a new casualty database, the Marine Investigations Module (MINMOD), which provided taxonomies for reporting human factors causes. The purpose of this project was to study the USCG casualty investigation process particularly with reference to the identification and reporting of human factors causes, analyze the data entry process, and make recommendations for improvements to the current computer system and the casualty investigation process. Six Marine Safety Offices (MSOs) were visited. Twenty-four Investigating Officers (lOs) and nine Senior Investigating Officers (S lOs) were interviewed. The data analysis revealed a number of problems with the collection and entry of marine casualty data in general, and human factors data in particular. The problems were discussed in terms of the requirements for an accurate and reliable database, and suggestions were made for addressing these problems
Spill response system configuration study by Roberto V Desimone( Book )

2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes the development of a prototype decision support system for oil spill response configuration planning that will help U.S. Coast Guard planners to determine the appropriate response equipment and personnel for major spills. The report discusses the application of advanced artificial intelligence planning techniques, as well as other software tools for spill trajectory modeling, plan evaluation and map display. The implementation of the prototype system is discussed in the context of two specific major spill scenarios in the San Francisco Bay
Fire safety analysis of the USCGC Vindicator (WMEC 3)( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Ship Fire Safety Engineering Methodology (SFSEM) was utilized as an analytical tool to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the baseline fire safety of the VINDICATOR compared to pre-established fire safety objectives. Results indicate that all compartments in the VINDICATOR exceed the fire safety objectives by a substantial margin with their existing passive and active fire protection features in effect. Various alternatives to the proposed design were studied to gain insight into the relative effect of certain design features on the baseline fire safety. The SFSEM has been shown to be a valuable tool to evaluate heretofore incomparable entities such as a better barrier or a more effective firefighting system and quantify their effectiveness. The VINDICATOR is an ex-USNS Ocean Surveillance Ship (T-AGOS) conversion to a Coast Guard Medium Endurance Cutter (WMEC). In addition. this report includes a detailed fire protection doctrine tailored for VINDICATOR. This doctrine provides: information pertinent to fire science in part A, firefighting policy and guidance provided by the Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard for large cutters in part B, and procedures for combating all classes of fires in all conceivable compartments in part C
A field guide for Arctic oil spill behavior by Robert H Schulze( Book )

2 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A Field Guide for Oil Spill Behavior was developed to provide the On-Scene Coordinator with the spill behavior information needed to assess whether timely and adequate containment and removal actions are taken. The field guide describes arctic ice conditions, the physical properties of oil as it weathers, oil spill behavior in cold water and ice conditions, and spill retention potential for the Alaskan shore line. The guide then uses six spill scenarios to show the user how to apply spill behavior information to solve real world problems. Addition keywords: Beaufort Sea, Oil weathering blowouts, Evaporation, Viscosity, Density, Solubility, Dispersions, Combustibility, Emulsification, Biodegradation, Oxidation, Shores, and Interactions. (Author)
Crew endurance management practices : a guide for maritime operations by Carlos A Comperatore( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This guide presents a formal program of practices (the Crew Endurance Management System) for controlling risk factors that affect crewmember performance and shipboard safety in the commercial maritime industry
Arctic oil spill response guide for the Alaskan Beaufort Sea by Robert J. Meyers & Associates( Book )

4 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Describes equipment, techniques and logistics for responding to oil spills or oil well blowouts in the Beaufort Sea off the north coast of Alaska
Research methods to develop measures of effectiveness of the United States Coast Guard's vessel inspection and boarding program( Book )

2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effectiveness of a color/saturation beacon as a navigational range indicator by Kevin Laxar( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We evaluated the effectiveness as an aid to navigation a single- station beacon which was white when viewed from the centerline of a channel and became increasingly red or green when viewed from off center to the right and left. First we measured the observers' ability to determine whether a light was white, reddish, or greenish. A wide range of colors, from 575 nm to 585 nm, were judged to be white, making it difficult to specify a beacon that would adequately signal center of channel. Second, we measured the ability of the observers to detect a change in color for slowly changing stimuli. There were seven just noticeable differences in the range of color investigated. This would provide a sensitivity of 21.8 m (71.4 ft) over a 152 m (500 ft) wide channel. Measurements were taken with and without a 'white' reference light. Under no condition did the reference light improve performance. For changing stimuli, however, those that were brighter or larger provided better sensitivity than those that were small or dim
A comparison of simulated parallax and single-station range aids to navigation : final report by Kevin Laxar( )

1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An appropriately designed parallax (two-station) range allows a mariner to accurately determine a range line--the correct path to steer his vessel--at great distances. Less expensive alternatives to parallax ranges are desirable, and many ideas, principally single-station ranges, have been proposed. However, the mariners' abilities to establish range lines with them have not been measured. The present work has quantified the navigational sensitivity afforded by parallax ranges and three different types of single- station range display systems. The single-station ranges used (a) temporal characteristics, (b) spatial representation, or (c) color changes of signal to represent changes in lateral position. Range systems were simulated either opto- mechanically or on a high resolution computer display system. The mariners' ability to determine both lateral position in a channel and direction of motion across a channel was assessed psychophysically for each range system. Performance with single-station range systems was compared with that obtained with parallax ranges. This allowed us to evaluate the implications of replacing parallax ranges with single-station ranges
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Alternative Names
U.S. Coast Guard Research and Development Center

United States. Coast Guard. Research & Development Center

English (60)