WorldCat Identities

U.S. Coast Guard Research & Development Center

Works: 526 works in 808 publications in 1 language and 5,117 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Maps  Handbooks and manuals  Scientific atlases  Periodicals 
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by U.S. Coast Guard Research & Development Center
U.S. Coast Guard 1994 oil pollution research grants publications : final report( Book )

4 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 135 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Proceedings by Workshop on Pattern Recognition Applied to Oil Identification( Book )

2 editions published between 1977 and 1980 in English and held by 74 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Clearing ice-clogged shipping channels by George P Vance( Book )

2 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report investigates the feasibility of clearing ice from the shipping channel of the St. Marys River. Four basic concepts are investigated: disposal under the ice, disposal on top of the ice, slurring, and rafting. Each technique was found to have application in limited portions of the river with the exception of disposal on top of the adjacent ice sheet, which is deemed feasible throughout the river system. Disposal onto the adjacent ice sheet will increase the free stream velocity less than 1.0 ft/s (30.5 cm/s) and raise the water level less than 1.0 ft (0.30 m). Further model and field tests are recommended to validate the findings of this report. (Author)
Shipping study : the role of shipping in the introduction of nonindigenous aquatic organisms to the coastal waters of the United States (other than the Great Lakes) and an analysis of control options by James T Carlton( Book )

4 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study investigated the extent to which shipping contributes to the introduction of nonindigenous species into U.S. waters; potential options for controlling such introductions; and the issue of whether this problem is of regional or national concern. Data on shipping traffic patterns and ballast water management practices were collected, and estimates were made of the amount and sources of ballast water released in or near U.S. waters. The feasibilities of various options for controlling ballast water-mediated invasions were examined via consultations with experts in various fields and investigation into capabilities of products on the market. Recommendations include potential strategies for managing/reducing the risk of nonindigenous species invasions
Atlas of the Beaufort Sea by Ivan M Lissauer( Book )

2 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This is a reference document on oceanography, meteorology, ice and climatology. The oceanography section contains information for circulation, tides, riverine input, ice conditions, storm surges and bathymetry of the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. From review of information on meteorology, climate, ice conditions, and oceanography, maps have been generated showing circulation in two typical wind conditions: ENE wind at 10 knots and NW storm wind at 30 knots. These maps show tides, storm surges, bathymetry and river discharges as well as charts of mean ice drift over time. The meteorology section contains information on winds, storm surges and waves. Included is a rapid manual forecast system for estimating the height of a storm surge. The ice section gives information on the ice zones, including the annual ice cycle within the nearshore area, the freezing and breakup of nearshore ice, and the movement of the pack ice. The climatology section includes information on the arctic climate, temperature information (including wind chill charts), visibility, and precipitation
Waterway design manual by M. W Smith( Book )

3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This manual supplements the short range aid (SRA) system design guidelines presented in Chapter 4 of the Aids to Navigation Manual - Administration (COMDTINST M16500.7) and provides an additional tool for the Waterway Analysis and Management System (WAMS). The software, Automated Relative Risk Factor (ARRF) Computation Program, Release 2.1B, is available upon request from Commandant (G-NSR-1), U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters, Washington, D.C. 20593. The manual and the software guide the user through an evaluation process for a subject waterway. The general approach is, first, to select a 'design vessel' to represent the traffic in a waterway and to divide the waterway into 'regions' that will enclose the distance needed by this vessel to perform each of the maneuvers that comprise a transit. Conditions of the transit, including the configurations of the waterway, the SRAs, and the environmental conditions, are specified as inputs to the program. Based on the input, the program provides a 'relative risk factor' (RRF) for each region of the waterway. These values can be used to compare risk in regions along a waterway, or to compare risk under alternative SRA systems or under alternative conditions. Waterway system; Short range aid system; Aids to navigation system; Restricted waterway; Relative risk factor; Risk assessment; Risk management
Visual sweep width determination for three visual distress signalling devices by R. Q Robe( Book )

3 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

During April/May 1986, the U.S. Coast Guard R & D Center conducted a 4-week experiment to study the detectability of three visual distress signalling devices (VDSDs). These devices were hand-held orange smoke flares (HHOS), hand-held red flares (HHRF). and white life-ring strobes. All three VDSDs are available to the boating public. Realistic searches for these devices were conducted at sea by Coast Guard utility boats (UTBs), patrol boats (WPBs), and HH-52A helicopters. Searcher and target positions were recorded by a precision microwave tracking system, and target detections and environmental conditions were recorded by observers onboard encountered during data collection, with good visibility and light wind/seas prevailing. Analysis of the data indicated that sweep widths for the signal devices varied with search craft type and time on task. Few environment effects were identified due to the limited range of values represented in the data. Sweep widths for the three devices are compared to values currently promulgated in the National SAR, Manual, with some significant difference indentified. A study of lookouts' ability to estimate VDSD distance is also presented. (Author)
An Interactive test of mariner competence( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This exploratory study demonstrated the feasibility of interactive testing of mariner competence in the knowledge and application of the Rules of the Road. A desk-top simulator system provides an interactive test that is potentially more accessible and affordable than use of a full-mission simulator. The study also demonstrated the feasibility of automatic scoring of an interactive test. Computerized automatic scoring eliminates the need for an expert examiner and provides objective, repeatable scoring. Administration of the test to sample candidates and analysis of the results demonstrated that multiple-choice items assess classroom knowledge while interactive responses assess the mariner's competence for potential application to bridge operations. Further development of both the test and scoring approaches is required. Recommendations for further development based on experience during the study are provided
Arctic drifting buoy data, 1979-1985 by Joseph W St. Martin( Book )

2 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of an investigation into the fate of potential Arctic oil spills, the U.S. Coast Guard Research and Development and Canadian Marine Drilling, Ltd. (CANMAR) released satellite-tracked drifting buoys at two sites in the southern Beaufort Sea during six years (1979-1983, 1985). The sites were near Canadian offshore drilling locations off the Tuktoyaktuk Peninsula, Northwest Territories and near Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. An analysis of the trajectories of these buoys indicated that the majority of buoy drift was in an alongshore (east/west) direction. When buoys did move in a north/south direction, their speeds were generally lower and the length of excursions shorter. A comparison of the drift of these buoys to the calculated geostrophic wind (east/west component only) revealed that, over a long term, the buoys drifted, on average, with the mean wind. Buoys had average drift speeds which varied from 1% to 5.5% of the mean wind. When cumulative drift was compared to the cumulative wind, high correlations were noted for those buoys with spar type hulls. This indicates that the cumulative large-scale geostrophic wind plays an important role in the cumulative movement of the upper 1-2 meter of the water column. A comparison of the trajectories of buoys which were released in close spacial and time proximity was conducted. In general, their drifts were variable enough to indicate that the total forcing function on separate buoys was different. (Author)
Crew endurance management practices : a guide for maritime operations by Carlos A Comperatore( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This guide presents a formal program of practices (the Crew Endurance Management System) for controlling risk factors that affect crewmember performance and shipboard safety in the commercial maritime industry
Analysis of the causes of chemical spills from marine transportation or related facilities by Danny Whitaker-Sheppard( Book )

4 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes the results of a study of the causes of chemical spills from vessels and facilities for the U.S. Coast Guard. The purpose of the report is to identify the chain of events that lead to spills and the frequency of these spills in order to identify potential methods of preventing spills. The data for this study were collected through visits to six U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety Offices, review of Federal and State databases, and review of literature sources. The potential causes that were considered included human error, equipment failure, structural failure, and weather. Other characteristics of spills examined included time of day, location, and substance. The Management Oversight and Risk Tree (MORT) analysis technique was used to complete the analysis. The results of the analysis led to a number of conclusions and recommendations for the prevention and mitigation of marine chemical spills in the future
Proceedings of Federal Waterways Management Research and Development Coordination Conference by Federal Waterways Management Research and Development Coordination Conference( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Human factors evaluation of electronics chart display and information systems (ECDIS)( Book )

3 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report describes a study done to examine the contributions that ECDlS might make to the operational practices on the commercial bridge. Issues examined were: the contribution to the safety of navigation, the effect on the navigational workload, the features required during route monitoring, and the potential contribution of integration with radar. Two commercially-available ECDlS devices were installed on the simulator bridge at MSl/CAORF. Expert mariners made repeated port arrivals and departures. A variety of ship and mariner performance measures were collected and extensive debriefings were conducted. EODlS demonstrated the potential to increase safety, primarily by decreasing the cross track distance from a planned track, and the potential to decrease the workload of route monitoring, primarily by replacing time-consuming plotting on the paper chart. For route monitoring, mariners required only a simple display outlining safe water, but recommended access to a larger set of chart features as reference. Radar integration, as implemented on the devices used, did not provide the ARPA information mariners required
Arctic oil spill response guide for the Alaskan Beaufort Sea by Robert J. Meyers & Associates( Book )

4 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Describes equipment, techniques and logistics for responding to oil spills or oil well blowouts in the Beaufort Sea off the north coast of Alaska
Fire safety analysis of the USCGC Vindicator (WMEC 3)( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Ship Fire Safety Engineering Methodology (SFSEM) was utilized as an analytical tool to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the baseline fire safety of the VINDICATOR compared to pre-established fire safety objectives. Results indicate that all compartments in the VINDICATOR exceed the fire safety objectives by a substantial margin with their existing passive and active fire protection features in effect. Various alternatives to the proposed design were studied to gain insight into the relative effect of certain design features on the baseline fire safety. The SFSEM has been shown to be a valuable tool to evaluate heretofore incomparable entities such as a better barrier or a more effective firefighting system and quantify their effectiveness. The VINDICATOR is an ex-USNS Ocean Surveillance Ship (T-AGOS) conversion to a Coast Guard Medium Endurance Cutter (WMEC). In addition. this report includes a detailed fire protection doctrine tailored for VINDICATOR. This doctrine provides: information pertinent to fire science in part A, firefighting policy and guidance provided by the Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard for large cutters in part B, and procedures for combating all classes of fires in all conceivable compartments in part C
Investigation of the use of drogues to improve the safety of sailing yachts and life rafts by Donald J Jordan( Book )

2 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Model tests were conducted to investigate the use of drogues to improve the safety of sailing yachts and life rafts. The tests investigated the hazard of capsize by a breaking wave. The boats were assumed to be in a survival type storm with all sail off and not being controlled by the crew. The models were built to a scale of 1 to 32 and were weighted to give the proper dynamic characteristics. Two methods of breaking wave simulation were used: (1) A horizontal jet of water discharged at the model; (2) A breaking wave formed by the wake of a towed boat. A mathematical model was prepared which first simulated the motion of the boat-drogue system in non-breaking waves and then simulated a breaking wave strike. The tests indicated that the hazard of breaking wave capsize could be greatly reduced by the use of a properly engineered drogue. However, a systematic investigation of the parameters affecting the boat/drogue system, i.e. loads on the boat and drogue, line elasticity, wind and wave forces, has yet to be undertaken. More study and testing is required before a specific design can be recommended. (Author)
A field guide for Arctic oil spill behavior by Robert H Schulze( Book )

2 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A Field Guide for Oil Spill Behavior was developed to provide the On-Scene Coordinator with the spill behavior information needed to assess whether timely and adequate containment and removal actions are taken. The field guide describes arctic ice conditions, the physical properties of oil as it weathers, oil spill behavior in cold water and ice conditions, and spill retention potential for the Alaskan shore line. The guide then uses six spill scenarios to show the user how to apply spill behavior information to solve real world problems. Addition keywords: Beaufort Sea, Oil weathering blowouts, Evaporation, Viscosity, Density, Solubility, Dispersions, Combustibility, Emulsification, Biodegradation, Oxidation, Shores, and Interactions. (Author)
U.S. Coast Guard marine casualty investigation and reporting : analysis and recommendations for improvement by James C Byers( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As part of its mission to prevent and mitigate marine accidents, the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) investigates the causes of marine casualties and analyzes investigation data in an effort to identify measures that will improve marine safety. It is estimated that 60-80% of marine casualties have human-related causes; therefore, it is important to record and analyze human errors in order to identify measures that will reduce these errors. In 1992 the USCG introduced a new casualty database, the Marine Investigations Module (MINMOD), which provided taxonomies for reporting human factors causes. The purpose of this project was to study the USCG casualty investigation process particularly with reference to the identification and reporting of human factors causes, analyze the data entry process, and make recommendations for improvements to the current computer system and the casualty investigation process. Six Marine Safety Offices (MSOs) were visited. Twenty-four Investigating Officers (lOs) and nine Senior Investigating Officers (S lOs) were interviewed. The data analysis revealed a number of problems with the collection and entry of marine casualty data in general, and human factors data in particular. The problems were discussed in terms of the requirements for an accurate and reliable database, and suggestions were made for addressing these problems
U.S. Coast Guard Research & Development Center published reports by United States( Book )

7 editions published between 2008 and 2014 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This disk contains 8 RDC deliverables published in 2014
The effectiveness of a color/saturation beacon as a navigational range indicator by Kevin Laxar( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

We evaluated the effectiveness as an aid to navigation a single- station beacon which was white when viewed from the centerline of a channel and became increasingly red or green when viewed from off center to the right and left. First we measured the observers' ability to determine whether a light was white, reddish, or greenish. A wide range of colors, from 575 nm to 585 nm, were judged to be white, making it difficult to specify a beacon that would adequately signal center of channel. Second, we measured the ability of the observers to detect a change in color for slowly changing stimuli. There were seven just noticeable differences in the range of color investigated. This would provide a sensitivity of 21.8 m (71.4 ft) over a 152 m (500 ft) wide channel. Measurements were taken with and without a 'white' reference light. Under no condition did the reference light improve performance. For changing stimuli, however, those that were brighter or larger provided better sensitivity than those that were small or dim
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Alternative Names
U.S. Coast Guard Research and Development Center

United States. Coast Guard. Research & Development Center

English (69)