WorldCat Identities
Thu Oct 16 18:01:04 2014 UTClccn-n790474510.00Summers, Lawrence H0.701.00Summers' personal as political : reasoning without effort from stereotypes /51751591Lawrence_Summersn 79047451280804Summers, LarrySummers, Larry 1954-Summers, Lawrence 1954-Summers, Lawrence Henry 1954-lccn-n79139286National Bureau of Economic Researchlccn-n78096864United StatesDepartment of the Treasurylccn-n78088975United StatesCongressSenateCommittee on Financelccn-n83825884M.I.T. Presspbllccn-n84025014Poterba, James M.lccn-n81033403United StatesCongressSenateCommittee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairslccn-n50045330Kenen, Peter B.1932-2012edtlccn-n81052755International Monetary Fundlccn-n79043403World Banklccn-no95058622De Long, J. BradfordSummers, Lawrence H.PeriodicalsConference proceedingsTrials, litigation, etcUnited StatesTaxationTaxation--Law and legislation--Economic aspectsSummers, Lawrence HUnited States.--Department of the TreasuryDeveloping countriesUnemploymentWomen--EducationEducational equalizationEducation--Economic aspectsSecurity, InternationalInternational relationsNorth Atlantic Treaty OrganizationEuropeDiplomatic relationsInternational Monetary FundInternational financeHalifax SummitDuvernay, Terrence Roger,Nolan, Regina,United States.--Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentRelationsUnited States.--Department of Health and Human ServicesCallahan, John JSchloss, Howard Monroe,Environmental policyEconomic development--Environmental aspectsSpeculationProfit--ForecastingBalance of paymentsInternational economic relationsEconomic development--Econometric modelsPrices--Econometric modelsUnemployment insurance--Econometric modelsError analysis (Mathematics)Labor market--Econometric modelsStocks--Prices--Mathematical modelsEconomic developmentSaving and investmentJapanCapital investments--Econometric modelsInvestments--Decision making--Econometric modelsCorporations--FinanceTime-series analysisStock exchangesAutocorrelation (Statistics)Public welfarePovertyWages--Mathematical modelsCommercial policy19541954195519571959196919771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102012201320147599298965336.200973HJ10.3ocn246621652ocn246232985ocn246586377ocn246237711ocn246586249ocn246588063ocn753244023ocn753034252ocn883154163ocn847871350ocn847871392ocn847871405ocn465344266ocn610459181ocn613433716ocn465344260ocn464247246ocn88738871372413ocn015487448book19870.63Summers, Lawrence HUnderstanding unemploymentThis book contains a number of articles that have changed the way economists think about unemployment. THese examine the burden of unemployment, the extent to which normal measures understate its consequences, its relationship to supply and demand factors, and the role of unions. Substantial introductory and concluding chapters present new and original material on the crucial facts that any theory of unemployment must grapple with, and the types of theories needed to accommodate the empirical facts of today's unemployment+-+920641717532468113ocn015274143serial0.63National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) (Cambridge)Tax policy and the economyPeriodicals63324ocn045730902file19920.53Summers, Lawrence HInvesting in all the people educating women in developing countriesConference proceedings39310ocn035566378book19940.70Kenen, PFrom Halifax to Lyons : what has been done about crisis management?2154ocn026146265book19920.53World BankWorld development report 1992 : Development and the environmentPeriodicalsThe World Development Report 1992 explores the links between economic development and the environment. The 1990 report on poverty, 1991 report on development strategies, and this report constitute a trilogy on the goals and means of development. The main message of this year's report is the need to integrate environmental considerations into development policy making. The report argues that continued, and even accelerated, economic and human development is sustainable and can be consistent with improving environmental conditions, but that this will require major policy, program, and institutional shifts. A twofold strategy is required. First, the positive links between efficient income growth and the environment need to be aggressively exploited. Second, strong policies and institutions need to be put in place which cause decision makers to adopt less damaging forms of behavior. Where trade offs exist between income growth and environmental quality, the report argues for a careful assessment of the costs and benefits of alternative policies. This approach will result in much less environmental damage+-+91235704653241634ocn055110672book20040.70Renewing the Atlantic partnership report of an independent task force sponsored by the Council on Foreign RelationsIn the year that has passed since the war in Iraq, the United States and its European allies have done much to repair their relations. Nonetheless, the end of the Cold War, Europe's continuing integration, and the new array of threats confronting the West continue to test the strength of the Atlantic partnership. To revitalize the Atlantic alliance, Europe and America must forge new "rules of the road" governing the use of force, adapt the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to meet today's threats coming from outside Europe, and launch a major initiative to bring about political and economic reform in the greater Middle East. These are the conclusions of an independent Task Force chaired by former secretary of state Henry A. Kissinger and former secretary of the treasury Lawrence H. Summers. This report argues that the current rift in transatlantic relations is not solely a product of the war in Iraq, but that the war "brought these strains to a point of crisis. ... What is surprising is the extent to which the terrorist attacks on the United States, and the reactions of Europeans to America's response to those attacks, have transformed these differences into active confrontation." The report sets out priorities for the transatlantic community, such as establishing new guidelines for the use of military force and developing a common policy toward irresponsible states that seek or possess weapons of mass destruction or that harbor or support terrorists. It also lays out guidelines for restoring and deepening transatlantic cooperation+-+K7984512358813ocn021275782book19900.95Cutler, David MSpeculative dynamicsAbstract: small sample biases. The pervasive nature of these patterns suggests that they may be645ocn057480466file20040.93Summers, Lawrence HThe U.S. current account deficit and the global economy608ocn029201976book19930.93Poterba, James MUnemployment benefits, labor market transitions, and spurious flows : a multinomial logit model with errors in classification594ocn029169057book19930.93Easterly, WilliamGood policy or good luck? : country growth performance and temporary shocksAbstract: Much of the new growth literature stresses country characteristics, such as education levels or political stability, as the dominant determinant of growth. However, growth rates are highly unstable over time, with a correlation across decades of .1 to .3, while country characteristics are stable, with cross-decade correlations of .6 to .9. Shocks, especially those to terms of trade, play a large role in explaining variance in growth. These findings suggest either that shocks are important relative to country characteristics in determining long-run growth, or that worldwide technological change determines long-run growth while country characteristics determine relative income levels5810ocn026165841book19920.93Summers, Lawrence HTaxation and the structure of labor markets : the case of corporatismWe propose an explanation for the wide variation in rates of taxation across developed economies, based on differences in labor market institutions. In "corporatist" economies, which feature centralized labor markets, taxes on labor input will be less distortionary than when labor supply is determined individually. Since the level of labor supply is set by a small group of decision-makers, these individuals will recognize the linkage between the taxes that workers pay and the benefits that they receive. Labor tax burdens are indeed higher in more corporatist nations, and non-labor taxes are lower, which is consistent with this theory. There is also some evidence that the distortionary effects of labor taxes are lower in more corporatist economies5711ocn018077877file19880.94Cutler, David MWhat moves stock prices?These data and/or computer programs are part of ICPSR's Publication-Related Archive and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the INVESTIGATOR(S) if further information is desired517ocn023018611book19900.95De Long, J. BradfordEquipment investment and economic growthUsing data from the United Nations Comparison Project and the Penn World Table, we find that machinery and equipment investment has a strong association with growth: over l9 &)?l95 each percent of GDP invested in equipment is associated with an increase in GDP growth of 1/3 a percentage point per year. This is a much stronger association than found between growth and any of the other components of investment. A variety of considerations suggest that this association is causal, that higher equipment investment drives faster growth, and that the social return to equipment investment in well functioning market economies is on the order of 30 percent per year495ocn023890733book19910.94Dekle, RobertJapan's high saving rate reaffirmedCompared to the U.S. national accounts, the Japanese accounts understate consumption and government spending, and therefore overstate the national saving rate. Recently, Hayashi has recalculated Japan's national saving according to the American Department of Commerce definition and found that from the mid-1970s until today, Japan's national saving rate is nearly halved. In this paper, we argue that Hayashi's adjustments to the Japanese income accounts are exaggerated, and present measures of Japanese and U.S. private saving that are immune from national income accounting biases. Our saving measures are constructed from the balance sheets of the household sectors in the United States and Japan. Far from being equal, we find that the two country gap in saving rates in the early 1980s has averaged between 15 and 30 percentage points, depending on the measure488ocn018844843book19880.95Katz, Lawrence FCan inter-industry wage differentials justify strategic trade policy?This paper examines the relationship between labor market imperfections and trade policies. The available evidence suggests that pervasive industry wage differentials of up to 20 percent remain even after controlling for differences in observed measures of workers' skill and the effects of unions. Theoretical analysis indicates that given non-competitive wage differentials of this magnitude policies directed at encouraging employment in high-wage sectors could significantly enhance allocative efficiency. For the United States and other developed countries, such policies are more likely to involve export promotion than import substitution. Increased international trade flows (at least through 1984) have been associated with increased employment in high-wage U.S. manufacturing industries relative to low-wage U.S. manufacturing industries489ocn022160985book19900.95Blanchard, OlivierThe stock market, profit and investmentAbstract: assessments of fundamental value? This paper reviews the theoretical arguments4715ocn013017430book19850.94Poterba, James MA tax-based test for nominal rigiditiesIn classical macroeconomic models with flexible wages and prices, whether a tax is levied on producers or consumers does not affect its incidence. However, if wages or prices are rigid in the short run, as they are in Keynesian macroeconomic models, then shifting a tax from one side ofthe market to the other may have real effects. Tax changes therefore provide potential tests for the presence of nominal rigidities. This paper examines the price and output effects of revenue-neutral shifts between direct and indirect taxation. The results, based on post-war data from both Great Britain and the United States, reject the view that wages and prices are completely flexible in the short run469ocn756572945book19850.94Ellwood, David TPoverty in America Is Welfare the Answer or the Problem?This paper reviews the current policies for fighting poverty and explores the impact they have had. We begin by reviewing trends in poverty, poverty spending and economic performance. It is immediately apparent that economic performance is the dominant determinant of the measured poverty rate over the past two decades. Government assistance programs expanded greatly over this period, but the growth in cash assistance was too modest to have major effects, and the large growth in in-kind benefits could not reduce measured poverty since such benefits are not counted as income. Next we focus on three groups: the disabled, female family heads, and unemployed black youth. We find little evidence that government deserves the blame for the problems of each group, and suggest that the broad outlines of current policies are defensible on economic grounds468ocn019468109book19880.92Fischer, StanleyShould nations learn to live with inflation?It is often argued that the most important costs of inflation can be substantially mitigated by indexing reforms. Yet governments in moderate inflation countries have generally been very reluctant to promote institutional changes that would reduce the costs of inflation. Capital income continues to be taxed on a nominal basis, indexed bonds are a rarity, typical mortgage contracts keep nominal rather than real payments constant, and interest is not paid on required reserves. This paper examines the welfare consequences of inflation mitigation measures in the context of dynamic consistency theories of the determination of the inflation rate. Our general conclusion is that recognizing the effects of inflation mitigation measures on the choice of the inflation rate substantially undercuts the welfare case in their favor. It is easy to construct examples in which such measures actually reduce welfare. The case for indexing measures is strongest in settings where governments already have strong anti-inflation reputations, cannot precisely control the inflation rate, and can offset the effects of unanticipated inflation without reducing the costs of anticipated inflation. Conversely, the case for inflation mitigation measures is weakest where governments lack strong reputations, can control the inflation rate, and where indexing makes it easier to live with anticipated inflation469ocn017415532book19870.93Cutler, David MThe costs of conflict resolution and financial distress : evidence from the Texaco-Pennzoil litigationTrials, litigation, etcThis paper uses data on the abnormal returns earned by the shareholders of Texaco and Pennzoil to examine whether resources were "lost" in the course of the litigation. We find that the leakage involved in the forced transfer is enormous: each dollar of value lost by Texaco's shareholders has been matched by only about 30 cents gain to the owners of Pennzoil. Our estimates suggest that the Texaco-Pennzoil conflict has reduced the combined equity value of the two companies by about $2 billion. Further losses have been suffered by Texaco's bondholders, though these may be offset by the tax collections that would result if Texaco made a large payment to Pennzoil2583ocn044813027book20000.74United StatesNomination of Lawrence H. Summers : hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Sixth Congress, first session, on nomination of Lawrence H. Summers, of Maryland, to be Secretary of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, June 22, 19992513ocn043599475book20000.77United StatesNomination of Lawrence H. Summers : hearing before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, One Hundred Sixth Congress, first session, on the nomination of Lawrence H. Summers to be Secretary of the Treasury, June 17, 19992283ocn028276443book19930.77United StatesNomination of Lawrence H. Summers : hearing before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, first session, on the nomination of Lawrence H. Summers, to be Under Secretary of the Treasury for the International Affairs, March 18, 19932273ocn028655828book19930.77United StatesNominations of Terrence R. Duvernay, Sr., Jean Nolan, and Lawrence Summers : hearing before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, first session, on nominations of Terrence R. Duvernay, Sr. to be Duputy Secretary for HUD ; Jean Nolan to be Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs at HUD ; and Lawrence Summers to be Treasury Department Under Secretary for International Affairs, March 26, 19932223ocn033344563book19950.77United StatesNominations of Hon. Lawrence Summers, John Joseph Callahan, and Howard M. Schloss : hearing before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, One Hundred Fourth Congress, first session, on nominations of Hon. Lawrence Summers, to be Deputy Secretary of the Treasury ; John Joseph Callahan, to be an Assistant Secretary of Health and Human Services ; and Howard M. Schloss, to be an Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, July 21, 199521ocn457179878visu20090.47NightlineCriticism, interpretation, etcBiographyIn a speech on January 14, 2005, Harvard University President Lawrence Summers asserted that issues of intrinsic aptitude may explain why more women aren't rising in scientific and math careers. This statement sparked a controversy about sexism, sloppy science, and academic freedom. In this recording, correspondent John Donvan reports on the speech and its aftermath, then host George Stephanopoulos engages Alan Dershowitz and Johnnetta Cole in a debate about the issues21ocn064574669book20051.00Bublick, Ellen MSummers' personal as political : reasoning without effort from stereotypes11ocn074495560com20051.00Silverglate, Harvey ALarry Summers, the death of parody, and other academic freedom catastrophes at HarvardA presentation on academic freedom at Harvard University11ocn255966416visu19991.00Dodd, Christopher JSen. Christopher Dodd statement [on Secretary of the Treasury, Lawrence H. Summers]BiographyIntroductory statement taped by Senator Christopher Dodd for showing on the occasion of Secretary of the Treasury, Lawrence Summers' address as part of the RBS Greenwich Capital Economic Lecture series. Sentor Dodd praises Summers' long and distinguished career in economics11ocn077070433book20031.00Taub, JamesHarvard radicalThis article features interviews with Lawrence H. Summers and others regarding his presidency11ocn050239281book20011.00Harvard UniversityA service of thanksgiving on the occasion of the installation of the twenty-seventh president of Harvard University11ocn052544340art2002Summers, Lawrence HBiography11ocn792761351visu20011.00Harvard UniversityPresidential robes worn by Lawrence SummersPresidential robes worn by Lawrence Summers, consisting of a full gown with full sleeves and a close-fitting cassock intended to be worn under the gown. Both black garments were made by E.R. Moore, Chicago, Illinois, and are trimmed with black velvet and black braid11ocn228511200book20061.00Alberts, Hana RachelOn Lawrence Summers, women, and science : changing debates about the biology of sex differences at Harvard since 196911ocn122386880mix20051.00Senior Faculty Caucus for Gender EqualityCollection consists of emails, articles and clippings about the controversy, and printed minutes of Harvard faculty meetings11ocn225861960art19690.10National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in the State of DelawareLawrence Summers11ocn077067444mix20011.00Inauguration of Lawrence H. Summers, twenty-seventh President of Harvard University, October 11-12, 2001+-+9123570465324+-+9123570465324Thu Oct 16 15:39:27 EDT 2014batch42301