WorldCat Identities

United States Office of Science and Technology Policy

Overview
Works: 346 works in 627 publications in 1 language and 30,449 library holdings
Genres: Periodicals  Case studies 
Roles: Sponsor
Classifications: GE350, 363.707
Publication Timeline
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Publications about United States Publications about United States
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Most widely held works by United States
Technology forces at work profiles of environmental research and development at Dupont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox by Susan A Resetar ( )
4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1,551 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Not too long ago industry almost monolithically viewed environmental considerations as an expense--sometimes as a nuisance. That is beginning to change. Industry leaders now see the advantage of going beyond complying with environmental regulations, as had been their wont, and incorporating the search for environmentally sound business practices into their research and development. This report features case studies of four industry leaders--DuPont, Intel, Monsanto, and Xerox--and discusses how these companies view environmental technology investments. The information is based on a series of interviews with senior R & D managers and environment, health, and safety personnel along with the relevant literature. At the request of the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President, the authors have provided the views of a subset of one of the key stakeholders in environmental policy, industry, which have heretofore not received a lot of emphasis. The case studies and the findings are summarized here
Challenges and choices for crime-fighting technology federal support of state and local law enforcement by William Schwabe ( )
5 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 1,497 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Under the American federal system, most law is cast as state statutes and local ordinances; accordingly, most law enforcement is the responsibility of state and local agencies. Federal law and federal law enforcement come into play only where there is rationale for it, consistent with the Constitution. Within this framework, a clear role has been identified for federal support of state and local agencies. This report provides findings of a study of technology in use or needed by law enforcement agencies at the state and local level, for the purpose of informing federal policymakers as they consider technology-related support for these agencies. In addition, it seeks to characterize the obstacles that exist to technology adoption by law enforcement agencies and to characterize the perceived effects of federal assistance programs intended to facilitate the process. The study findings are based on a nationwide Law Enforcement Technology Survey and a similar Forensics Technology Survey (FTS) conducted in late spring and early summer 2000, interviews conducted throughout the year, focus groups conducted in autumn 2000, and review of an extensive, largely nonacademic literature. Companion reports: Schwabe, William, Needs and Prospects for Crime-Fighting Technology: The Federal Role in Assisting State and Local Law Enforcement, Santa Monica, Calif. : RAND, 1999. Davis, Lois M., William Schwabe, and Ronald Fricker, Challenges and Choices for Crime-Fighting Technology: Results from Two Nationwide Surveys, Santa Monica, Calif. : RAND, 2001
New forces at work industry views critical technologies by Steven W Popper ( )
4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1,217 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
For the fourth in a series of inquiries into the state of critical technologies in the United States, the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President asked a RAND Critical Technologies Institute research team to engage business and industry leaders explicitly in a discussion of the issue of critical technologies by gathering private-sector views on what technologies are appropriate to consider under this rubric--and why. The primary substantive input was elicited through extended, detailed interviews conducted individually, usually with one firm's senior executive per session, on-site in most cases. This report presents an analysis of the information gained during the course of those interviews. The report presents and analyzes interviewees' responses to what technologies they consider to be critical to their firm or industry; explores the question of what "critical technology" means; reports interviewees' assessments of the status of U.S. efforts and performance in the areas of technology they deemed critical; considers the respective roles of industry, universities, and government in contributing to and sustaining the U.S. technology base; suggests a process whereby the dialogue between government and industry on the public policy issues relating to technology might be made more integral and informative to the activities of both. The responses of many of the interviewees emphasized the aspect of technology as process over technology as product. In line with this vision, the authors propose a critical-technologies review process that would enable wider, more meaningful, and ongoing communication among industry, government, and universities on technology issues. The research reported here should be of interest to government policymakers concerned with a wide range of issues touching on U.S. technology performance, to members of industry and the academic community who follow issues of technology in general or concentrate on specific areas, and to members of the public who have an interest in the public policy of science and technology in this country
The cosmos on a shoestring small spacecraft for space and earth science by Liam Sarsfield ( )
4 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 1,162 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Small spacecraft have become popular for a number of reasons, most prominently the needs to reduce overall cost, be built more quickly, and spread mission risks. NASA has been challenged with crafting a program that continues to produce meaningful science within the constraints of the available budget. Still, pound for pound, small spacecraft are not precisely inexpensive, given the effects of complexity, launch costs, and a greater degree of risk. Historically, science spacecraft have demonstrated increasing reliability, but this trend might not continue, given the shift to managed risk. There is generally less money available to smaller programs to test spacecraft functions and operational procedures prior to launch. Small spacecraft are also generally less robust. Efforts to reduce failure potentials through the application of more reliable components, better testing, and advanced design techniques should receive greater attention. Despite the risks, however, small spacecraft fulfill important roles in earth science, astrophysics, space physics, and planetary science. NASA's current generation of small spacecraft is capable of impressive levels of performance
Monitoring and controlling the international transfer of technology ( )
3 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 919 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The United States is a net exporter of technology and technical knowledge. Despite fears that this outflow of technology is costly to U.S. taxpayers, it would be impractical to institute a government-wide system for monitoring and restricting overseas technology transfers. First, a review of the economic effects of technology transfer showed that it is not possible to estimate accurately the financial effect on the United States of the international transfer of government-sponsored technology. Moreover, the methods of transfer that might be monitored or restricted are also sources of the valuable, high domestic societal return to government investments in research and development. Finally, government agencies do not see international technology transfer issues as central to their missions and are likely to see new requirements as constraints on their ability to carry out their missions. The authors thus recommend no major policy shifts but do suggest some changes in existing policy that would enhance the U.S. government's ability to trace and to capture the benefits of certain technical innovations
Science and technology : a report to the Congress by United States ( Book )
3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 565 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
National aeronautical R&D goals technology for America's future ( )
2 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 392 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Science and technology : a report to the Congress by United States ( )
in English and held by 317 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The global positioning system : assessing national policies by Scott Pace ( Book )
5 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and held by 297 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a military space system operated by the U.S. Air Force that continuously broadcasts precise time signals. These signals can be used worldwide to aid position location, navigation, and timing. GPS is an information resource that supports a wide range of civil, scientific, and commercial functions as well as U.S. forces. National policy toward GPS has not, however, kept pace with the system's rapidly expanding international uses. This study identifies major opportunities and vulnerabilities created by GPS for U.S. defense, commercial, and foreign policy interests, and makes recommendations for U.S. policy toward GPS, including future governance and funding. If the United States promotes GPS as a global standard, it should address the dual-use nature of the technology through international agreements. If the United States becomes an unreliable steward for GPS, it risks losing the economic and diplomatic benefits from past investments in this technology
Report of the FCCSET Committee on Education and Human Resources by FCCSET Committee on Education and Human Resources ( )
in English and held by 288 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Biotechnology risk assessment : issues and methods for environmental introductions by Joseph R Fiksel ( Book )
3 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 280 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Science in the national interest by Bill Clinton ( Book )
3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 272 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Science and technology, shaping the twenty-first century : a report to the Congress ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 271 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Climate change : state of knowledge ( Book )
3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 269 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Investing in our future : a national research initiative for America's children for the 21st century ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 265 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Scaffolding the new Web : standards and standards policy for the digital economy ( Book )
2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 245 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Publisher Provided Annotation
Science and technology report by National Science Foundation (U.S.) ( )
in English and held by 243 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
U.S. national space policy ( )
3 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 237 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This policy supersedes Presidential Decision Directive/NSC-49/NSTC-8, National Space Policy, dated September 14, 1996."--Introduction
Second to none : preserving America's military advantage through dual-use technology ( Book )
3 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 234 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
 
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Audience Level
1
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.61 (from 0.33 for Technology ... to 0.86 for The global ...)
Associated Subjects
Amtrak.--Board of Directors Astronautics--Technology transfer Blank, Rebecca M China Corporation for Public Broadcasting.--Board of Directors Corporations--Environmental aspects Electronic commerce--Standards Expenditures, Public Federal aid to law enforcement agencies Federal aid to research Forensic sciences Green technology--Research Holdren, John P Human rights International relations International relations--Law and legislation Law enforcement--Administration Law enforcement--Technological innovations Lubchenco, Jane Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority.--Board of Directors Microspacecraft National Science Foundation (U.S.) Pryor, David, Research, Industrial Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation Science Science and state Science--International cooperation Science--Study and teaching Snelling, Charles Darwin, Technology Technology and state Technology assessment Technology--International cooperation Technology transfer Technology transfer--International cooperation United States United States.--Department of Commerce United States.--Department of Justice United States.--Department of Transportation United States.--Department of Transportation.--Office of Inspector General United States.--Department of Transportation.--Office of the Secretary United States.--Federal Aviation Administration United States.--National Aeronautics and Space Administration United States.--National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration United States.--National Transportation Safety Board United States.--Office of Science and Technology Policy United States.--Surface Transportation Board Web sites--Standards Wieman, C. E.--(Carl Edwin)
Alternative Names
Amerika Gasshukoku Daitoryofu Kagaku Gijutsu Seisakukyoku
États-Unis. Executive office of the President. Office of science and technology policy
O.S.T.P.
Office of Science and Technology Policy
Office of science and technology policy États-Unis
Office of Science and Technology Policy (U.S.)
Office of Science and Technology Policy United States
OSTP
OSTP Abkuerzung
United States. Executive Office of the President. Office of Science and Technology Policy
United States. Office of Science and Technology Policy
United States. Science and Technology Policy, Office of
USA President Executive Office Office of Science and Technology Policy
White House Office of science and technology policy
アメリカ ガッシュウコク ダイトウリョウフ カガク ギジュツ セイサクキョク
Languages
English (137)
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