WorldCat Identities

Carpenter, William Benjamin 1813-1885

Overview
Works: 315 works in 1,205 publications in 1 language and 7,587 library holdings
Genres: Bibliography  Guidebooks  Biography  Classification  Terminology 
Roles: Scientific advisor, Editor
Classifications: QH205, 578
Publication Timeline
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Publications about  William Benjamin Carpenter Publications about William Benjamin Carpenter
Publications by  William Benjamin Carpenter Publications by William Benjamin Carpenter
posthumous Publications by William Benjamin Carpenter, published posthumously.
Most widely held works about William Benjamin Carpenter
 
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Most widely held works by William Benjamin Carpenter
The microscope and its revelations by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
89 editions published between 1848 and 1983 in English and Undetermined and held by 914 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Principles of human physiology, with their chief applications to psychology, pathology, therapeutics, hygiène, and forensic medicine by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
93 editions published between 1842 and 2009 in English and held by 784 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This book presents principles of human physiology. Distinctive characteristics of humans and the general view of functions of the human body are addressed. Specific bodily functions and systems such as the digestive process, circulation, respiration, and the cerebro-spinal system are explored. Nutrition, heat, light, electricity, sensation, movement, voice, and speech are discussed. The influence of the nervous system on the organic functions is considered. Generation, family, and developmental stages are also examined." (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
On the use and abuse of alcoholic liquors, in health and disease prize essay by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
76 editions published between 1850 and 1988 in English and held by 714 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"The opinion that Alcoholic Liquors afford to the human system a stimulus, which, if not absolutely necessary to its well-being, is. nevertheless, beneficial, by promoting in the several organs a vigorous and healthful exercise of their respective functions, and by enabling them, thus, to resist more effectually the various disturbing agencies to which they are daily subjected, is one that has been long entertained, and of the correctness of which a large portion of the public still entertains a firm conviction. To the influence of this opinion may be ascribed much of the intemperance that has prevailed in the world, and it even now presents a formidable barrier to the success of every effort at reform in respect to the use of intoxicating liquors as a beverage. All are agreed as to the baneful influence upon health and morals resulting from the excessive use of alcoholic drinks, and of the importance of guarding against this abuse of them by every means within our power. But so long as the opinion prevails, that in moderate quantities the use of these drinks is both proper and salutary, it will scarcely be possible to guard the masses against Indulgence in them to excess--every effort to stay the progress of intemperance, with its attendant evils, disease, poverty, insanity and crime, will be unavailing. To teat the truth of the opinion referred to, by an examination of the effects produced upon the human frame by the use of alcoholic drinks, whether in moderate or excessive doses, is the object of the present Essay. And we know of nothing that has been written upon this important question better calculated to eradicate the prejudices which still exist in respect to intoxicating liquors, and to prevent the habitual abuse of them, by showing that their occasional moderate use, so far from promoting the health and vigour of the human frame, or increasing its capacity to sustain bodily or mental labour, or to resist the extremes of cold and heat, and other depressing agencies, is, on the contrary, under all circumstances, rather injurious than beneficial"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
Principles of mental physiology with their applications to the training and discipline of the mind and the study of its morbid conditions by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
104 editions published between 1874 and 2009 in English and Undetermined and held by 665 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Since the first issue of the following Treatise, the question of "Human Automatism" has largely engaged the attention of that increasing portion of the public mind which interests itself in scientific enquiry. The Address of the eminent Physicist who occupied the Presidential chair at the Belfast Meeting of the British Association, embodied a philosophical creed of which it seems a necessary corollary, that all Mental as well as bodily activity, being the outcome of the "potentialities" of Matter, is subject to Physical conditions alone. -The distinguished Biologist who brilliantly expounded at the same Meeting the Cartesian doctrine that "Animals are Automata," explicitly maintained (in direct opposition to Descartes himself) that Man is only a more complicated and variously-endowed Automaton: his bodily actions being determined solely by Physical causes; the succession of his Mental states depending entirely upon the molecular activities of his Cerebrum; and the movements he is accustomed to regard as expressing his feelings, or as executing his intentions, having their real origin in Brain-changes, of which those feelings and intentions are the mere concomitant "symbols in consciousness." (1874)-Professor Huxley's pronunciamento was soon followed by that of an able Mathematician, who brought to that profoundly difficult problem of "Body and Mind" which has exercised the greatest intellects from Aristotle to J. S. Mill, the training of a skilled athlete, who knocks down with one vigorous blow any opponent unprepared for his peculiar mode of attack. Relying exclusively upon Physical experiences, Professor Clifford affirmed without the smallest hesitation, (1874) that as the only thing which can possibly be conceived to influence Matter is either the position or the motion of surrounding matter, the statement "that the Will influences Matter" is simply "nonsense;" an affirmation which assumes that Professor Clifford knows all about matter and its dynamical relations, and therefore has an unquestionable right to say that Mankind at large are wrong in the conviction that the movements of their Bodies are in any way directed by their Minds. From the confidence with which what are asserted to be the inevitable conclusions of Physiological science, are now advanced in proof of the doctrine of Human Automatism, it might be supposed that some new facts of peculiar importance had been discovered, or some more cogent deductions drawn from the facts previously known. But after an attentive re-examination of the whole question, I find nothing in the results of more recent researches to shake the conviction at which I arrived nearly forty years ago (1837), of the existence of a fundamental distinction, not only between the Rational actions of sentient beings guided by experience, and the Automatic movements of creatures whose whole life is obviously but the working of a mechanism,-but also between those actions (common to Man and intelligent brutes) which are determined by a preponderating attraction towards an object present to the consciousness, and those (peculiar, as I believe, to Man) in which there is, at one stage or another, that distinct purposive intervention of the self-conscious Ego which we designate Will, whereby the direction of the activity is modified"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
The correlation and conservation of forces a series of expositions by Edward Livingston Youmans ( Book )
28 editions published between 1865 and 1885 in English and held by 485 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The animal kingdom, arranged after its organization; forming a natural history of animals, and an introduction to comparative anatomy by Georges Cuvier ( Book )
36 editions published between 1849 and 1969 in English and held by 405 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Principles of comparative physiology by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
41 editions published between 1839 and 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 328 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"It is now generally acknowledged that Physiology can only be properly studied by a constant reference to the comparative structure and functions of many different classes of Animals; and in most of the recent works on this Science, an outline of the development and actions of each system in the inferior tribes is prefixed to the details relating to its condition in man. This outline is filled up in the present volume, not only by amplifying the portion of it which relates to the Animal Kingdom, but also by the introduction of a similar view of the comparative structure and functions of Vegetables, which is here shown to be governed by the same laws. It is this which constitutes the peculiar feature of the work; as the author believes it to be the first attempt, in this country at least, to form anything like a systematic Comparative Physiology of Vegetables. Although his work is especially intended as an Introduction to the study of Human Physiology for the use of the Medical Student, the author has kept in view the wants of the General Reader, to whom he hopes to make intelligible some of the highest doctrines in this most interesting science. For this purpose he has given explanations of most of the scientific terms employed, in the situations where they could be most appropriately introduced; and reference to them is facilitated by the copiousness of the Index, which thus serves the purpose of a Glossary. He has also expressed himself in general terms in some instances where more detail might otherwise have been admitted; but he trusts that he has, by this means, avoided all chance of offending the true delicacy even of the female reader"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved)
Introduction to the study of the Foraminifera by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
26 editions published between 1862 and 1984 in English and held by 302 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Nature and man : essays scientific and philosophical by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
23 editions published between 1888 and 2007 in English and Undetermined and held by 245 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This book is divided into two parts. The first part of the book provides a memoir of William B. Carpenter beginning with his early life. The second half of the book presents the W.B. Carpenter's essays on the problems concerned with the interpretation of nature and man." (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
Animal physiology by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
30 editions published between 1843 and 2009 in English and Undetermined and held by 244 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"The issue of the present volume may be considered as an attempt to supply what the author has long considered to be a deficiency in the literature of this country, -that, namely, of an educational treatise on animal physiology, which should at the same time communicate to its readers the facts of greatest importance as regards to their practical bearing, and present these in such a form as to place the learner in possession of the essential principles of physiological science. The importance of the study of animal physiology, as a branch of general education, can scarcely be over-estimated; and it is remarkable that it is not more generally appreciated. It might have been supposed that curiosity alone would have led the mind of man to the eager study of those wonderful actions by which his body is constructed and maintained; and that a knowledge of those laws, the observance of which is necessary for the due performance of these actions, -in other words, for the maintenance of his health, -would have been an object of universal pursuit. The author's aim is to disseminate knowledge to aid in this pursuit"--Préface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
Vegetable physiology and systematic botany: by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
23 editions published between 1844 and 1890 in English and held by 171 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Mesmerism, spiritualism, &c., historically & scientifically considered : being two lectures delivered at the London Institution : with preface and appendix by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
29 editions published between 1876 and 2007 in English and held by 167 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Zoology; being a systematic account of the general structure, habits, instincts, and uses of the principal families of the animal kingdom, as well as of the chief forms of fossil remains by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
17 editions published between 1845 and 1876 in English and held by 140 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Mechanical philosophy, horology, and astronomy by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
18 editions published between 1843 and 1877 in English and Undetermined and held by 117 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Address of William B. Carpenter, M.D., LL. D., F.R.S., Registrar of the University of London, President by William Benjamin Carpenter ( )
in English and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A manual of physiology : including physiological anatomy by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
17 editions published between 1846 and 1865 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Elements of physiology : including physiological anatomy by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
4 editions published in 1851 in English and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Histologie
A monograph of the British fossil Brachiopoda by Thomas Davidson ( Book )
in English and held by 69 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Elements of physiology : including physiological anatomy : for the use of the medical student by William Benjamin Carpenter ( Book )
2 editions published in 1846 in English and held by 68 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
 
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Alternative Names
Carpenter, W. B.
Carpenter, W. B. (William Benjamin), 1813-1885
Carpenter, William Benj... 1813-1885
Karpenter, Villjam, 1813-1885
William Benjamin Carpenter
Languages
English (705)
Covers