WorldCat Identities

Gustafsson, Björn

Works: 91 works in 227 publications in 3 languages and 3,025 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  History  Cross-cultural studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Actor, Honoree
Classifications: HC430.I5, 330.951
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Björn Gustafsson
Inequality and public policy in China( Book )

15 editions published between 2007 and 2010 in English and held by 378 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book provides new analysis of inequality in China, with an emphasis on public policy considerations. Several chapters focus on inequality of income; others analyze poverty and inequality in wealth and wages. Topics covered include migrants, women, the elderly, the relationship between income and health funding, and the impact of the rural tax reform. A distinguishing feature of this book is its database. All contributors to the volume make use of a large, nationwide survey of Chinese households, which permits consistent survey analysis spanning nearly fifteen years of China's transition era."--Publisher's note
Changing patterns in the distribution of economic welfare : an international perspective by Peter Gottschalk( Book )

15 editions published between 1997 and 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 357 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This 1997 book examines the income distributional experience of fifteen developed economies - representing a wide range of social and economic strategies - over the past two decades. Experts from each of the countries have carefully documented the pattern of distributional change in individual earnings and household income in their countries and analysed the driving forces behind these changes. Separate chapters are devoted to the experiences of Australia, Canada, the Czech Republic, Finland, France, West and former East Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. The authors examine the effects on the inequality of household income of the development of individual earnings, unemployment, inflation, public sector transfers and taxes, and demographic changes
The Political economy of social security by Björn Gustafsson( Book )

17 editions published between 1987 and 1989 in English and Spanish and held by 331 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In many western countries with slow economic growth and population growth the increasing cost of the social security system is a concern. The contributions in this volume address this issue from various angles, theoretically as well as empirically and also taking into account institutional conditions. This book discusses current social security policy issues and related research from a number of western countries. Papers include the following subjects: - Recent policy changes in the UK and the Federal Public of Germany - Distributional effects of social security - Public choice models of soc
Poverty and low income in Nordic countries( Book )

4 editions published between 1999 and 2000 in English and held by 108 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The Nordic Council and the Nordic Council of Ministers decided in 1994 to initiate and finance a comparative study to understand better the structure and development of poverty in five Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden). The main question posed is how the number of people living with low incomes has changed over time, and what characterizes such households? Since no official poverty line has been defined in the Nordic countries, the comparative study examines a set of different definitions of poverty and analyses the change in poverty rates and poverty composition in light of those different definitions."--Jacket
Intergenerational influences on the receipt of unemployment insurance in Canada and Sweden by Miles Corak( Book )

10 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The objective of this paper is to examine the extent to which an individual’s use of unemployment insurance (UI) as a young adult is influenced by past experience with the program, and by having had a parent who also collected UI. A major methodological challenge is to determine the extent to which the intergenerational correlation of UI status is spuriousʺ or causal. Both the time to a first UI claim and the entire sequence of claims over an extended period are examined using two alternative ways of controlling for unobserved heterogeneity. The analysis is based upon longitudinal data on a cohort of young Canadian and Swedish men. It is found that parental use of UI shortens the time to a first UI claim in Canada, but not in Sweden. Subsequent participation in the Canadian program is influenced by parental UI history. In Sweden individual learning through past participation in UI-not family background-is the dominant avenue determining repeated participation
Poverty and low income in the Nordic countries by Björn Gustafsson( Book )

7 editions published between 1999 and 2017 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This text results from an initiative by the Nordic Council and Nordic Council of Ministers to better understand the structure and development of poverty and low-income in the five Nordic countries: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Norway; and Sweden
Immigrant child poverty in Scandinavia: a panel data study( )

2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Immigrant and native child poverty in Denmark, Norway and Sweden 1993 to 2001 is investigated using large sets of panel data. While native children face yearly poverty risks of less than 10 percent in all three countries and for all years investigated the increasing proportion of immigrant children with an origin in middle and low income countries have poverty risks that varies from 38 and up to as much as 58 percent. At the end of the observation period one third of the poor children in Norway have an immigrant origin, and that corresponding proportion is as high as about a half in Denmark as well as in Sweden. The strong overrepresentation of immigrant children from low and middle income countries when measured in yearly data is also found when applying a longer accounting period. We find that child poverty rates are generally high shortly after arrival to the new country, and typically decreases with years since immigration. Multivariate analysis shows that parents years since immigration and education affect risks of the number of periods in persistent poverty. While a native child is very unlikely to spend nine years in poverty, the corresponding risk for a child to a newly arrived immigrant from Turkey was found to be far from negligible. Much of the pattern is similar across the three countries but there are also some differences. -- Child poverty ; immigration ; Denmark ; Norway ; Sweden
Temporary and persistent poverty among ethnic minorities and the majority in rural China by Björn Gustafsson( )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Poverty among ethnic minorities and the majority in rural China for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002 is investigated taking a dynamic view and using a large sample covering 22 provinces. Based on the National Bureau of Statistics' low income line, almost one-third of the ethnic minorities experienced poverty during the three years studied while the corresponding proportion among the ethnic majority was only about half as high. Still, by far most of the poor in rural China belong to the ethnic majority. The relatively high poverty rates for ethnic minorities in rural China are found to be due to higher rates of entry than for the majority, while differences in exit rates across ethnicities are few. To a large extent, ethnic poverty differences can be attributed to differences in location together with temporary and persistent poverty in rural China having a very clear spatial character. Poverty is concentrated to the western region and villages with low average income. Determinants of persistent and temporary poverty in rural China differ due to location as well as household characteristics. -- China ; poverty ; ethnic minorities
Neighbourhood child poverty in sweden by Björn Gustafsson( )

2 editions published in 2010 in German and English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper takes a fresh look at child poverty at the neighbourhood level in the three metropolitan regions of Sweden using unique data for 1990, 1996 and 2002. We find that the number of neighbourhoods with high child poverty rates is much larger in 2002 than in 1990, but also that most poor children in the three regions live outside poor neighbourhoods. A disproportionally large fraction of children with backgrounds from low- and middle-income countries live in poor neighbourhoods. Regression analysis shows that high neighbourhood poverty rates are mainly due to parents' low employment and to low parental education. -- Child poverty ; neighbourhood ; Sweden
Top incomes in Sweden during three-quarters of a century a micro data approach by Björn Gustafsson( )

3 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This paper aims to throw light on the development of top incomes in Sweden as well as the causes for change. Using household income data we show that since the first half of the 1980s, real income at the top of the distribution has developed more favourably than for other groups. This contrasts with the changes which occurred prior to the 1980s. Reasons for the rise in the top income share are several: the development of stock prices, the tax reform which made income taxes not progressive at the top of the scale, and the labour market change of top wages increasing more rapidly than others"--Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit web site
Rural people's perception of poverty in China by Björn Gustafsson( )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Social assistance receipt and its importance for combating poverty in urban China by Björn Gustafsson( )

2 editions published in 2007 in Undetermined and English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Quadrature domains and their applications : the Harold S. Shapiro anniversary volume by Peter Ebenfelt( )

9 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Quadrature domains were singled out about 30 years ago by D. Aharonov and H.S. Shapiro in connection with an extremal problem in function theory. Since then, a series of coincidental discoveries put this class of planar domains at the center of crossroads of several quite independent mathematical theories, e.g., potential theory, Riemann surfaces, inverse problems, holomorphic partial differential equations, fluid mechanics, operator theory. The volume is devoted to recent advances in the theory of quadrature domains, illustrating well the multi-facet aspects of their nature. The book contains a large collection of open problems pertaining to the general theme of quadrature domains
Rank, income and income inequality in urban China by Björn Gustafsson( )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

While some workers in China attain senior professional level and senior cadre level status (Chuzhang and above), others attain middle rank including middle rank of professional and cadre (Kezhang). This aspect of the Chinese labor force has attracted surprisingly little attention in the literature, a fact which this paper aims to rectify. We define various segments of the urban population in work-active ages and use data from the Chinese Income Project (CHIP) covering eastern, central and western China for 1995 and 2002. For 2002, persons of high rank make up 3 percent and persons of middle rank make up 14 percent of persons in work-active ages. Factors that affect a person's likelihood of having high or middle rank are investigated by estimating a multinomial probit model. We find that education, age and gender strongly affect the probability of being employed as a worker of high rank. There is relatively little income inequality among workers of high rank as well as among workers of middle rank. Mean income and household wealth per capita of highly-ranked workers developed more favorably than for other segments of the population studied, and personal income is more polarized by segment in 2002 than in 1995. Workers of high rank, and to a lesser degree, workers of middle rank, are among the winners in economic terms while the increasingly large category of non-workers are the losers. Rates of return to education have increased but income function analysis indicates that this provides only a partial explanation for the increased favorable income situation for workers of high and middle ranks. -- China ; rank ; income ; income inequality
Sweden's pensioners: how they have fared in the roller coaster ride through the past decade and a half of deep recession and economic exuberance by Björn Gustafsson( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Villages where China's ethnic minorities live( )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper investigates how ethnic minorities in rural China are faring compared with the ethnic majority. The village is the unit of analysis and large surveys for 2002 are used. Minority villages in northeast China are found to have a somewhat better economic situation than the average majority village, but minority villages in the southwest are clearly faring worse. Industrialisation, inputs in agricultural production, stock of human capital of the labour force, wage level on the local labour market as well as indicators of path dependency are all found to affect the economic situation of a village. Location is the single most important circumstance working against a favourable economic situation for minority villages in the north- and particularly the southwest. Low village income results in long-distance migration for many ethnic minorities, but for some minorities their ethnicity hinders migration
Income effects from labor market training programs in Sweden during the 80's and 90's by Thomas Andrén( Book )

8 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Swedish labor market programs appear large from an international perspective, yet their consequences are not fully investigated and understood. In this paper we estimate a switching regression model with training effect modeled as a random coefficient, partitioned in an observed and unobserved component. We investigate labor market training for three cohorts during the 80s and the beginning of the 90s on its effect on earnings. We separate the analysis between Swedish-born and foreign-born individuals to identify differences in their responses to training. The results indicate that there is positive sorting into training. We find that the proportion of trainees having positive rewards from training was not very different from the proportion having negative rewards. This means that the results do not support the view that from efficiency considerations, too few persons were enrolled in labor market training during this period. Differences in results across cohorts can be interpreted as being caused by rapid changes in the labor market. Further, consistent with results from several previous studies we find that being young often means no positive pay-off from training, and the same is found for persons with only primary education. In conflict with what earlier studies have shown, we found that males have a better pay-off from training than females. Rewards from training were higher for foreign-born than for natives and rewards among the former vary by place of birth
Disparities in social assistance receipt between immigrants and natives in Sweden by Björn Gustafsson( )

2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Social assistance receipt among immigrants in relation to receipt among natives in Sweden is investigated. A background of how the system is constructed is provided, statistical information reported, the literature surveyed and key results interpreted. Most out-payment for social assistance in Sweden refers to foreign born persons although the category makes up 14 percent of the population. While some part of the high costs can be attributed to needs to maintaining recent refugees, this is not the entire story. Immigrants tend to assimilate out of social assistance receipt. However, receipt continues to be higher than among in several characteristics identical natives many years after immigration among immigrants from not rich countries. The elevated probabilities of social assistance receipt among immigrants from not rich countries are mainly due to failures of integrating into the labor market at the destination. -- social assistance ; immigrants ; Sweden
Why are household incomes more unequally distributed in China than in Russia? by Björn Gustafsson( )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and German and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Harmonised microdata show a Gini coefficient for per capita total income of 45.3 percent in China 2002 and 33.6 percent in Russia 2003. A much larger urban to rural income gap in combination with a much smaller proportion of people living in urban areas in China are important reasons for this cross-country difference in inequality. Wage is a more non-equalising income source in China than in Russia. While Russian public transfers reduce income inequality, Chinese public transfers increase income inequality. Cross-country differences in the process of transition are also found to be significant. A relatively large non-agriculture self-employment sector is non-equalising in rural China, but is also narrowing the urban to rural income gap. In contrast to the many cross-country differences revealed, we report income inequality among urban residents in China and in urban Russia to be very similar
Economic growth and child poverty reduction in Bangladesh and China by Syeda Shahanara Begum( )

2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This paper analyzes child poverty in Bangladesh and China during periods of rapid economic growth in both countries. It compares the extent as well as profile of child poverty in both countries. Comparisons on the extent of child poverty, over time and across countries, are made using a decomposition framework attributing child poverty differences to differences in the three components mean child income, demographic circumstances and the distribution of child income. Child poverty is found to be more extensive in Bangladesh than in China, and is very much a problem for rural children in both countries. The results show that economic growth can reduce child poverty but does not do so always. For understanding changes over time and across countries in the extent of child poverty, it can be necessary to also consider changes/differences in the distribution of child income as well as in the demographic composition. -- child poverty ; economic growth ; Bangladesh ; China
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Inequality and public policy in China
Alternative Names
Gustaffson, Bjorn 1948-

Gustafsson, B. 1948-

Gustafsson, B.A.

Gustafsson, B. A. 1948-

Gustafsson, B.A. (Björn A.)

Gustafsson, B. A. (Björn A.), 1948-

Gustafsson, Björn

Gustafsson, Bjorn 1948-

Gustafsson, Björn A.

Gustafsson, Björn A. 1948-

Gustafsson, Björn Anders 1948-

English (108)

German (2)

Spanish (1)

Changing patterns in the distribution of economic welfare : an international perspectivePoverty and low income in Nordic countriesPoverty and low income in the Nordic countriesQuadrature domains and their applications : the Harold S. Shapiro anniversary volume