WorldCat Identities

United States Department of Energy Chicago Operations Office

Works: 7,856 works in 8,767 publications in 1 language and 32,495 library holdings
Genres: Directories  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Researcher, Sponsor
Classifications: QC911, 697.78
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by United States
Solar radiation data forecast and interpolation analysis by John Woo( Book )

3 editions published in 1979 in English and held by 70 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Final technical report for heat pipe central solar receiver by Walter B Bienert( Book )

in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The passive and hybrid solar energy program( Book )

2 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Studies of yrast and continuum states in A = 100--200 nuclei. Progress report for 1992( )

4 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report summarizes progress in nuclear structure research for the year 1991. The highlights include new spectroscopic results for neutron excessive nuclei (around ¹²⁴Sn and ³⁶S) formed in deep inelastic heavy ion reactions
The Radiological Research Accelerator Facility. Progress report, December 1, 1992--November 30, 1993( )

5 editions published between 1992 and 1994 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Radiological Research Accelerator Facility (RARAF) is based on a 4-MV Van de Graaff accelerator, which is used to generate a variety of well-characterized radiation beams for research in radiobiology, radiological physics, and radiation chemistry. It is part of the Center for Radiological Research (CRR) - formerly the Radiological Research Laboratory of Columbia University, and its operation is supported as a National Facility by the US Department of Energy (DOE). As such, RARAF is available to all potential users on an equal basis and scientists outside the CRR are encouraged to submit proposals for experiments at RARAF. The operation of the Van de Graaff is supported by the DOE, but the research projects themselves must be supported separately. This report provides a listing and brief description of experiments performed at RARAF during the May 1, 1992 through April 30, 1993
In vivo mutagenicity and clastogenicity of ionizing radiation in nuclear medicine( )

6 editions published between 1989 and 1991 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The overall goals of our research remains to investigate the mutagenic and clastogenic effects of exposure to low levels of ionizing radiation in human lymphocytes. We are studying hospital patients referred to a nuclear medicine department for diagnostic cardiac imaging and nuclear medicine technologists who administer radionuclides
Mechanisms and controlling characteristics of the catalytic oxidation of methane. Technical progress report, June 15, 1990--December 14, 1992( )

4 editions published between 1990 and 1992 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Progress has included (1) construction and installation of an ultraviolet photoelectron spectrometer (UPS) with power supply and pumping system that has been added as an attachment to the SCIENTA ESCA-300 instrument, (2) modification of the high resolution electron energy loss spectrometer (HREELS) to produce a stable ultra high vacuum (UHV) environment for initial experiments with a Pd(311) single crystal, (3) construction of a separate high vacuum system for preparation of surface doped model catalysts by chemical vapor deposition and pretreatment of a Pd(100) single crystal in this system, (4) carried out detailed experiments of methane activation and oxidation on Pd(679) using a high pressure reaction cell contained in a third ultra high vacuum system, (5) completion of adsorption/desorption studies of H₂, CO, and O₂ on Pd(679), (6) utilized angle-resolved XPS to probe the diffraction characteristics and structure of the Pd(100) surface, (7) determination of the electronic surface structure of Pd(100) using angle-resolved UPS, and (8) computational analysis of oxygen overlayers on the PD(100) surface. Each of these is discussed in further detail below
Study of intermediates from transition metal excited-state electron-transfer reactions( )

4 editions published between 1991 and 1992 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

During this period, conventional and fast-kinetics techniques of photochemistry, photophysics, radiation chemistry, and electrochemistry were used for the characterization of the intermediates that are involved in transition metal excited-state electron-transfer reactions. The intermediates of interest were the excited states of Ru(II) and Cr(III) photosensitizers, their reduced forms, and the species formed in the reactions of redox quenchers and electron-transfer agents. Of particular concern has been the back electron-transfer reaction between the geminate pair formed in the redox quenching of the photosensitizers, and the dependence of its rate on solution medium and temperature in competition with transformation and cage escape processes
Final report by Yale University( )

38 editions published between 1991 and 2011 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Using current methods, oil and gas in the subsurface cannot be reliably predicted from seismic data. This causes domestic oil and gas fields to go undiscovered and unexploited, thereby increasing the need to import energy. The general objective of this study was to demonstrate a simple and effective methodology for estimating reservoir properties (gas saturation in particular, but also including lithology, net to gross ratios, and porosity) from seismic attenuation and other attributes using P and S-waves. Phase I specific technical objectives: Develop Empirical or Theoretical Rock Physics Relations for Qp and Qs Create P-wave and S-wave Synthetic Seismic Modeling Algorithms with Q Compute P-wave and S-wave Q Attributes from Multi-component Seismic Data All objectives defined in the Phase I proposal were accomplished. During the course of this project, a new class of seismic analysis was developed based on compressional and shear wave inelastic rock properties (attenuation). This method provides a better link between seismic data and the presence of hydrocarbons. The technique employs both P and S-wave data to better discriminate between attenuation due to hydrocarbons versus energy loss due to other factors such as scattering and geometric spreading. It was demonstrated that P and S attenuation can be computed from well log data and used to generate synthetic seismograms. Rock physics models for P and S attenuation were tested on a well from the Gulf of Mexico. The P and S-wave Q attributes were computed on multi-component 2D seismic data intersecting this well. These methods generated reasonable results, and most importantly, the Q attributes indicated gas saturation
Studies in premixed combustion. [Benjamin Levich Inst. for Physico-Chemical Hydrodynamics, City College of CUNY, New York, New York]( )

4 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report discusses the following topics on premixed combustion: theory of turbulent flame propagation; pattern formation in premixed flames and related problems; and pattern formation in extended systems. (LSP)
Supported organometallic complexes : Surface chemistry, spectroscopy, and catalysis. Progress report, February 1, 1991--January 31, 1992( )

4 editions published between 1990 and 1992 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The long-range goal of this project is to elucidate and understand the surface chemistry and catalytic properties of well-defined, highly-reactive organometallic molecules (principally based upon abundant actinide, lanthanide, and early transition elements) adsorbed on metal oxides and halides. The nature of the adsorbed species is probed by a battery of chemical and physicochemical techniques, to understand the nature of the molecular-surface coordination chemistry and how this can give rise to extremely high catalytic activity. A complementary objective is to delineate the scope and mechanisms of the heterogeneous catalytic reactions, as well as to relate them both conceptually and functionally to model systems generated in solution
Optimization of film synthesized rare earth transition metal permanent magnet systems( )

4 editions published between 1990 and 1992 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Progress is reported in three areas: high coercivity Sm-Fe-Ti-V, Sm-Fe-Zr, and two element Sm-Fe Sm₅(Fe, T)₁-- type crystalline phases; ThMn₁₂ type pseudobinary SmFe{sub 12-x}T(subscript x)(0(less-than or equal to) x (less-than or equal to)1.5); and sputter process control for the synthesis of precisely textured rare earth-transition metal magnetic films. (DLC)
Macrostatistical hydrodynamics( )

5 editions published between 1992 and 1994 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This research aims to correlate the macroscopic rheological behavior of suspensions with their statistical microstructure. This fundamental knowledge will benefit a host of technologies, including geothermal energy production, petroleum production and refining, and synfuels processing. The approach involves a novel combination of experiments, numerics, and theory. Experiments primarily involve tracking small balls as they fall slowly through otherwise quiescent suspensions of neutrally buoyant particles. Detailed trajectories of the balls, obtained either with new experimental techniques or by numerical simulation, are statistically interpreted in terms of the mean settling velocity and the dispersion about the mean. Determining the mean settling velocity of balls that are small relative to the suspended particles is a means of measuring the macroscopic zero-shear-rate viscosity without significantly disturbing the original microstructure; therefore, falling-ball rheometry is a powerful tool for use in studying the effects of microstructure on the macroscopic properties of suspensions. The dispersion about the mean yields information about the particle interactions. To date, the mean and dispersivity of a falling sphere's velocity has been determined as a function of the tracer sphere size and the suspended particle size, shape, and concentration. Currently, the pressure drop caused by the falling ball is being measured also. This will provide a much needed benchmark problem for numerical studies, as well as provide another measure of the macroscopic response of a suspension as a function of its microstructure. Also begun recently are two studies of boundary effects in two-phase fluids: the determination of the torque on a small ball spinning in a suspension and the determination of the velocity of a small ball rolling down the wall of a container holding a suspension
Research in heavy-ion nuclear physics. Annual progress report, May 1, 1992--April 30, 1993( )

4 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report discusses the following topics: Fusion-fission in light nuclear systems; High-resolution Q-value measurement for the ²⁴Mg+²⁴Mg reaction; Heavy-ion reactions and limits to fusion; and Hybrid MWPC-Bragg curve detector development
Reactions of metal ions and their clusters in the gas phase using laser ionization--Fourier transform mass spectrometry. Progress report, February 1, 1990--January 31, 1991( )

4 editions published between 1990 and 1992 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Carbon clusters of the form C{sub N}⁻ are observed at least out to N = 30 confirming that cluster formation is occurring in the high pressure ''waiting room'' of the supersonic cluster source. This can be stated unequivocally, since only up to N = 13 is observed by direct laser desorption of a carbon target in the absence of supersonic expansion. Currently underway is a systematic investigation of a wide variety of M-C{sub n}H{sub 2n} species with n = 2--10 and M = first and second row transition metal ions. In addition we will shortly apply this methodology to doubly charged ions and metal cluster ions. All indications are that this area will be highly productive
Final Report( )

12 editions published between 1998 and 2006 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Final report for program on the study of structure and properties of epitaxial oxide films. The defect structure of epitaxial oxide thin films was investigated. Both binary and complex oxides were studied. Epitaxial oxides were synthesized by organometallic chemical vapor deposition (OMCVD). This technique has been found to be highly versatile for the synthesis of a wide range of epitaxial oxide including dielectrics, ferroelectrics and high T{sub c} superconductors. Systems investigated include the binary oxides ZnO and TiO₂ and ferroelectric oxides BaTiO₃, BaSrTiO₃ and KNbO₃. Techniques used to evaluate the defect structure included deep level transient spectroscopy (DLTS), photocapacitance spectroscopy, and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. High purity, stoichiometric oxide films were deposited and their defect structure evaluated. Epitaxial ZnO was deposited at temperatures as low as 250 C. PL indicated only near band edge ultraviolet emission showing that both extrinsic and intrinsic point defects could be significantly lowered in OMCVD derived thin films compared to that of the bulk. This presumably was a result of low deposition temperatures and high purity starting materials. Ferroelectric oxides epitaxial thin films of BaTiO₃ and the solid solution BaSrTiO₃ were synthesized and the defect structure determined. Photocapacitance spectroscopy was developed to quantify electrically active defects in the oxides. Defects with concentrations as low as 10¹⁴ cm⁻³ were observed and their properties determined. A new model was developed for the electronic transport properties of intrinsic and extrinsic BaTiO₃. A transport model was proposed whereby conduction in La doped films occurs via hopping in localized states within a pseudogap formed between a lower Hubbard band and the conduction band edge. The influence of the size effect on the ferroelectric phase transition in the thin films was investigated. The Curie temperature shifted more than 100 C as a result of strain stabilization of the low symmetry phase. The dielectric properties of BaTiO₃ showed a strong thickness dependence for films ranging from 15 to 320 nm. The dynamic dielectric and non-linear optical relaxation response of the ferroelectric thin films was studied over nine orders of magnitude in time from 1 nsec to 1 sec. A power law dependence of the relaxation response on time was observed and a model developed. The dynamic response was analyzed in terms of relaxation of ferroelectric domains with a continuous size distribution. Domain size ranged from nanometers to microns. This continuous size distribution also leads to a diffuse phase transition as observed for the thin films
A remote telepresence robotic system for inspection and maintenance of a nuclear power plant. Annual research status report( )

3 editions published between 1991 and 1993 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This annual report details the activities of the University of Florida research on the robotic system for inspection and maintenance of nuclear power plants. (FI)
Sensitivity of climate models : Comparison of simulated and observed patterns for past climates. Progress report, February 1, 1994--January 31, 1995( )

5 editions published between 1991 and 1994 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Predicting the potential climatic effects of increased concentrations of atmospheric carbon dioxide requires the continuing development of climate models. Confidence in the predictions will be much enhanced once the models are thoroughly tested in terms of their ability to simulate climates that differ significantly from today's climate. As one index of the magnitude of past climate change, the global mean temperature increase during the past 18,000 years is similar to that predicted for carbon dioxide--doubling. Simulating the climatic changes of the past 18,000 years, as well as the warmer-than-present climate of 6000 years ago and the climate of the last interglacial, around 126,000 years ago, provides an excellent opportunity to test the models that are being used in global climate change research. During the past several years, we have used paleoclimatic data to test the accuracy of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, Community Climate Model, Version 0, after changing its boundary conditions to those appropriate for past climates. We have assembled regional and near-global paleoclimatic data sets of pollen, lake level, and marine plankton data and calibrated many of the data in terms of climatic variables. We have also developed methods that permit direct quantitative comparisons between the data and model results. Our research has shown that comparing the model results with the data is an evolutionary process, because the models, the data, and the methods for comparison are continually being improved. During 1992, we have completed new modeling experiments, further analyzed previous model experiments, compiled new paleodata, made new comparisons between data and model results, and participated in workshops on paleoclimatic modeling
Progress report : sexism in education by University of Pittsburgh( )

65 editions published between 1989 and 1995 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Progress is reported on high resolution x-ray techniques to image wet biological specimens. The minimization of radiation damage to the specimens and holographic imaging are described. (CBS)
Configuration space Faddeev calculations( )

4 editions published between 1989 and 1994 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The detailed study of few-body systems provides one of the most effective means for studying nuclear physics at subnucleon distance scales. For few-body systems the model equations can be solved numerically with errors less than the experimental uncertainties. We have used such systems to investigate the size of relativistic effects, the role of meson-exchange currents, and the importance of quark degrees of freedom in the nucleus. Complete calculations for momentum-dependent potentials have been performed, and the properties of the three-body bound state for these potentials have been studied. Few-body calculations of the electromagnetic form factors of the deuteron and pion have been carried out using a front-form formulation of relativistic quantum mechanics. The decomposition of the operators transforming convariantly under the Poincare group into kinematical and dynamical parts has been studies. New ways for constructing interactions between particles, as well as interactions which lead to the production of particles, have been constructed in the context of a relativistic quantum mechanics. To compute scattering amplitudes in a nonperturbative way, classes of operators have been generated out of which the phase operator may be constructed. Finally, we have worked out procedures for computing Clebsch-Gordan and Racah coefficients on a computer, as well as giving procedures for dealing with the multiplicity problem
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Alternative Names

controlled identityUnited States. Department of Energy

United States. Department of Energy. Chicago Operations and Regional Office

United States. Dept. of Energy. Chicago Operations Office

English (186)