WorldCat Identities

Slovic, Paul 1938-

Overview
Works: 185 works in 406 publications in 1 language and 6,825 library holdings
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: BF441, 153.46
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Paul Slovic
 
Most widely held works by Paul Slovic
Judgment under uncertainty : heuristics and biases by Amos Tversky( Book )

40 editions published between 1982 and 2008 in English and held by 1,215 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The thirty-five chapters in this book describe various judgmental heuristics and the biases they produce, not only in laboratory experiments but in important social, medical, and political situations as well. Individual chapters discuss the representativeness and availability heuristics, problems in judging covariation and control, overconfidence, multistage inference, social perception, medical diagnosis, risk perception, and methods for correcting and improving judgments under uncertainty. About half of the chapters are edited versions of classic articles; the remaining chapters are newly written for this book. Most review multiple studies or entire subareas of research and application rather than describing single experimental studies. This book will be useful to a wide range of students and researchers, as well as to decision makers seeking to gain insight into their judgments and to improve them
Smoking : risk, perception & policy( Book )

14 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 793 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

From the publisher: This book presents a counter-view, based on a survey of several thousand young persons and adults, probing attitudes, beliefs, feelings, and perceptions of risk associated with smoking. The authors agree that young smokers give little or no thought to health risks or the problems of addiction. The survey data contradicts the model of informed, rational choice and underscores the need for aggressive policies to counter tobacco firms' marketing and promotional efforts and to restrict youth access to tobacco
The perception of risk by Paul Slovic( Book )

44 editions published between 1987 and 2016 in English and held by 557 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The concept of risk is an outgrowth of our society's great concern about coping with the dangers of modern life. "The Perception of Risk" brings together the work of Paul Slovic, one of the world's leading analysts of risk, risk perception and risk management, to examine the gap between expert views of risk and public perceptions. Ordered chronologically, it allows the reader to see the evolution of our understanding of such perceptions, from early studies identifying public misconceptions of risk to recent work that recognizes the importance and legitimacy of equity, trust, power and other value-laden issues underlying public concern
The irrational economist : making decisions in a dangerous world by Erwann Michel-Kerjan( Book )

13 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 433 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Explores how discoveries in decision sciences will enhance traditional ideas about economics and challenges the conventional wisdom about how to make the right decisions
Challenges in risk assessment and risk management( Book )

10 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 428 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The social amplification of risk by Nick F Pidgeon( Book )

17 editions published between 1988 and 2011 in English and held by 370 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The management of and communication about risks has become a major question of public policy and intellectual debate in the modern world. The social amplification of risk framework describes how both social and individual factors act to amplify or dampen perceptions of risk and through this create secondary effects such as stigmatisation of technologies, economic losses or regulatory impacts. This volume, edited by three of the world's leading analysts of risk and its communication, brings together contributions from a group of international experts working in the field of risk perception and risk communication. Key conceptual issues are discussed as well as a range of recent case studies (spanning BSE and food safety, AIDS/HIV, nuclear power, child protection, Y2K, electromagnetic fields, and waste incineration) that take forward the state-of-the-art in risk amplification theory. The volume also draws attention to lessons for public policy, risk management and risk communication practice
The construction of preference by Sarah Lichtenstein( Book )

15 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 333 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When asked to make a decision, people often don't really know what they want; they must construct their preferences 'on the spot'. Too often, this construction is unduly influenced by irrelevant features such as the way the question is asked. The 38 papers in this book describe the concept of preference construction, tracing the blossoming of this idea within psychology, economics, marketing, law, and environmental policy
Risk, media, and stigma : understanding public challenges to modern science and technology by Paul Slovic( Book )

13 editions published between 2000 and 2013 in English and held by 264 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

For all the benefits of modern technology, there is often great public suspicion of, and aversion to, innovations. This work presents an examination of how and why stigmatization occurs, exploring appropriate responses and looking at the roles of the media, government and business
The feeling of risk : new perspectives on risk perception by Paul Slovic( Book )

12 editions published between 2010 and 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 218 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Explores the conception of 'risk as feelings' and examines the interaction of feeling and cognition in the perception of risk. This book highlights perspectives on risk arising from cultural worldviews and concerns about specific hazards pertaining to blood transfusion, biotechnology, prescription drugs, smoking, terrorism, and nanotechnology
Numbers and nerves : information, emotion, and meaning in a world of data( Book )

4 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 98 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"We live in the age of Big Data, awash in a sea of ever-expanding information--a constant deluge of facts, statistics, models, and projections. The human mind is quickly desensitized by information presented in the form of numbers, and yet many important social and environmental phenomena, ranging from genocide to global climate change, require quantitative description. The essays and interviews in Numbers and Nerves explore the quandary of our cognitive responses to quantitative information, while also offering compelling strategies for overcoming insensitivity to the meaning of such information. With contributions by journalists, literary critics, psychologists, naturalists, activists, and others, this book represents a unique convergence of psychological research, discourse analysis, and visual and narrative communication. At a time of unprecedented access to information, our society is frequently stymied in its efforts to react to the world's massive problems. Many of these problems are systemic, deeply rooted in seemingly intransigent cultural patterns and lifestyles. In order to sense the significance of these issues and begin to confront them, we must first understand the psychological tendencies that enable and restrict our processing of numerical information. Numbers and Nerves explores a wide range of psychological phenomena and communication strategies--fast and slow thinking, psychic numbing, pseudoinefficacy, the prominence effect, the asymmetry of trust, contextualized anecdotes, multifaceted mosaics of prose, and experimental digital compositions, among others--and places these in real-world contexts. In the past two decades, cognitive science has increasingly come to understand that we, as a species, think best when we allow numbers and nerves, abstract information and experiential discourse, to work together. This book provides a roadmap to guide that collaboration. It will be invaluable to scholars, educators, professional communicators, and anyone who struggles to grasp the meaning behind the numbers."--
Intuitive Toxicology [United States] : a Comparison of Expert and Lay Judgments in Chemical Risk Assessments, 1988( )

4 editions published between 1993 and 1995 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study explores the psychology of decision-making by examining the subjective and intuitive elements of expert and lay risk assessments. For the study, members of the United States Society of Toxicology and the lay public were surveyed about basic toxicological concepts, assumptions, and interpretations regarding risk of chemical toxicology. Chemicals were defined as including all chemical elements and compounds, including pesticides, food additives, industrial chemicals, household cleaning agents, and prescription and nonprescription drugs. The researchers began by identifying several fundamental principles and judgmental components within the science of risk assessment. Questions were developed based on these fundamentals in order to determine the extent to which lay people and experts share the same beliefs and conceptual framework. Questions addressed the following four topics: (1) dose-response sensitivity, (2) trust in animal and bacterial studies, (3) attitudes toward chemicals, and (4) attitudes toward reducing chemical risks. Demographic information for Demographic information for expert data include highest academic degree earned, fields of study, age, sex, race, health, organizational affiliation, and current position at work. Demographic information for lay public data include education, age, sex, marital status, race, children, health, present employment status, career, and annual household income.... Cf.: http://webapp.icpsr.umich.edu/cocoon/ICPSR-STUDY/06354.xml
Reference Point Effects in Eliciting Values of Environmental Goods, 1988-1990 by Robin Gregory( )

2 editions published in 1993 in No Linguistic content and English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of an individual's reference point in making a decision concerning the values of environmental goods. Empirical research in behavioral decision-making has revealed that economic prospects are valued in terms of their departure from a reference point adopted when a decision is made. Three central questions guided the research: (1) Under what conditions will a reference point be adopted? (2) How important, in terms of its overall influence on decision-making, is the reference point effect likely to be? and (3) What signals or indicators might a decision-maker look for as cues to the presence and strength of the effect? Six problems were used in this study. Each problem presented the possibility of an improvement, at some cost, over the status quo and asked the subject to indicate the desirability of the improvement on a seven-point scale. Each problem consisted of a present form and a past form. In each pair, the past form was the same as the present form except that additional information was given concerning some earlier status of the measure in question. Thus, for all problems, the present form offered an improvement whereas the past form reframed the improvements as the restoration of a previous loss. Three of the problem pairs (River Quality, Air Quality, and Auto Emissions) were realistic in the sense that the extra information included in the past form was a true statement about previous conditions, a fact known to the subjects before the experiment started. Three fictional problem pairs were used to test the hypothesis that the change in reference position would be largest when subjects had no prior knowledge of the past status. The fictional problems posed were: Detergent (atmospheric pollutants released during their manufacture), Public Health (whether a vaccination program should ... Cf.: http://dx.doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06042
Risk communication, risk statistics, and risk comparisons : a manual for plant managers by Vincent T Covello( Book )

2 editions published between 1988 and 1989 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Intuitive Toxicology II : Studies of Expert and Lay Judgments of Chemical Risk, 1994 by Paul Slovic( )

2 editions published in 2005 in No Linguistic content and English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this survey was to examine the subjective and intuitive elements of lay risk assessments of chemical risk. Members of the British Toxicology Society were asked to complete questionnaires that included a variety of question types and formats, including ratings of perceived risk, attitude and opinion questions, and questions pertaining to the technical evaluation of several chemicals. Those surveyed were asked to rate the perceived risk of items relating to health, including alcoholic beverages, asbestos, breast implants, burning fossil fuels, cigarette smoking, contraceptive pills, crime and violence, depletion of the ozone layer, dioxins, food additives, medical X-rays, nuclear waste, pesticides, and sun tanning. Attitudes and opinions were also sought on topics such as animal testing, cancer, and pollution. Background information on respondents includes education, age, sex, and occupational affiliation
Relative importance of probabilities and payoffs in risk taking, by Paul Slovic and Sarah Lichtenstein by Paul Slovic( Book )

5 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Violence risk assessment and risk communication, 1996-1998( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This data collection is designed to examine factors influencing the validity of violence risk assessment and risk communication, and it covers three surveys: (1) 1996 Clinical Judgements Survey, (2) 1997 Dangerousness Survey, and (3) 1998 Survey. In all three surveys, forensic psychologists and psychiatrists were shown case summaries of patients hospitalized with mental disorders and were asked to judge the likelihood that the patient would harm someone within six months after discharge from the hospital. The respondents also judged whether the patients posed a high risk, medium risk, or low risk of harming someone after discharge, how closely the mental health center is recommended to monitor the patient's condition, and the likelihood of rehospitalization. Other background information were collected regarding the respondents' assessments distribution, average number of patients per week, and opinions on survey formats. Demographic on respondents includes age, gender, year receiving the doctor's degree, and whether they work for forensic facility full-time or consult for courts
Sociopolitical determinants of perceived risk, 1998( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Sociopolitical Determinants of Perceived Risk project is an extensive national survey designed to assess the influence of sociopolitical constructs on perceived risk. This research project designed an extensive survey instrument to assess the influence of sociopolitical constructs on perceived risk. The survey was administered to 1,204 randomly selected adults by telephone between September, 1997 and February, 1998. Minority groups (African-American, Hispanic-American, and Asian-American persons) were oversampled. This national survey revealed that men rate a wide range of hazards as lower in risk than women and that whites rate risks lower than non-whites. Non-white females often gave the highest risk ratings. The group with the consistently lowest risk perceptions across a range of hazards was white males. A few exceptions were found: compared with white males, Asian males gave lower risk ratings to six items. Compared with the rest of the sample, white males were more sympathetic with hierarchical, individualistic, and anti-egalitarian views, more trusting of technology managers, less trusting of government, and less sensitive to potential stigmatization of communities from hazards. Although the data showed that white males stood apart from others, the data also revealed substantial heterogeneity in risk perceptions among the race and gender groups that comprised the 'other' category. That is, risk perceptions varied considerably across African-Americans, Asian, and Hispanic males and females. The heterogeneity implies that risk perceptions depend importantly on characteristics of the individuals facing the risk. The sociopolitical constructions included power, control influence, alienation, social class, trust and worldviews. Demographic information pertaining to race, gender, age, education and income was also obtained
The causes of preference reversal by Amos Tversky( Book )

1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Worry, risk perceptions, and the willingness to act to reduce medical errors( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study examined the role of worry and risk perception on action taken to prevent medical errors. The research used psychometric scaling methods to produce 11 different measures on which patients judged perceived risk. All participants completed a two-part questionnaire, where the parts were completed in random order based upon eight versions of the questionnaire. Part 1 of the questionnaire examined whether worry was associated with fatality estimates of various causes of death including medical errors. Participants were given as a guide the number of deaths per year in the United States of a less common cause of death (appendicitis), or a more common cause of death (kidney disease). Respondents were then asked to estimate the number of deaths due to other health conditions and diseases based upon the guides they had been given. They were then asked how worried or concerned they were about each cause of death. In Part 2 of the questionnaire participants rated how likely they were to take different actions to prevent medical errors, and then evaluated specific medical errors a patient could experience in the hospital on different measures of risk. Participants also rated behavioral intention items and an item pertaining to government regulation. Finally, participants responded to a number of items assessing their reactivity to negative events. Demographic information includes age, marital status, gender, race, exposure to and knowledge of medical errors, current health status, education, hospital stay information, number of children living in the home, and three scale variables, the Behavioral Inhibition scale, Extraversion scale, and Stability scale
Health-risk perception in Canada : a research report to the Department of National Health and Welfare( Book )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Attitudes and perceptions about health risk have important effects on individuals and society. This report describes the results of a national survey designed to address such objectives as: to describe people's attitudes, perceptions, values, knowledge, and beliefs pertaining to environmental health issues; to place those perceptions within a broader context of perceptions of risks from other domains such as lifestyle risks; to compare perceptions across different socio-demotraphic groups; and to provide insight into the kinds of information that the public needs about environmental health. The results presented include information on respondents' reactions to certain words such as chemicals and risk; perceived risks from 33 hazards including technological, lifestyle, and pollution hazards; perceived risks by individual characteristics such as age, gender, and educational level; and degree of confidence in information sources
 
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Judgment under uncertainty : heuristics and biases
Alternative Names
Paul Slovic American psychologist

Paul Slovic Amerikaans psycholoog

Paul Slovic psicologo statunitense

Paul Slovic psychologue américain

Paul Slovic US-amerikanischer Psychologe

Slovic, P. 1938-

Slovic, Paul

Slovic, Stewart Paul 1938-

슬로빅, 폴

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Languages
English (199)

Covers
Smoking : risk, perception & policyThe perception of riskThe irrational economist : making decisions in a dangerous worldThe social amplification of riskThe construction of preferenceRisk, media, and stigma : understanding public challenges to modern science and technologyThe feeling of risk : new perspectives on risk perception