WorldCat Identities

Mason, Haydn Trevor

Overview
Works: 515 works in 1,228 publications in 6 languages and 10,463 library holdings
Genres: Fiction  Biography  Criticism, interpretation, etc  History  Satire  Illustrated works  Satirical literature  Records and correspondence  Novels  Utopian fiction 
Roles: Author, Editor, Honoree, Author of introduction, Other, Publishing director
Classifications: PQ2082.C3, 843.5
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Haydn Trevor Mason
Voltaire : a biography by Haydn Trevor Mason( Book )

35 editions published between 1975 and 1988 in 4 languages and held by 1,960 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Candide : optimism demolished by Haydn Trevor Mason( Book )

6 editions published in 1992 in English and Undetermined and held by 762 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Candide came into being largely because of Voltaire's great dissatisfaction with the explanation for the problem of evil and human suffering provided by the philosophers of his day. Published in 1759 when Voltaire was 65, Candide was a direct attack on the school of optimism championed by German philosopher Gottfried Leibniz and English poet Alexander Pope and popularized in the adventure and romance novels of the period. Optimism, Voltaire's young hero, Candide, asserts, is "the mania for asserting that all is well when one is not." The danger of optimism, Voltaire believed, lies in its essentially passive response to life. If God has given human beings "the best of all possible worlds," as Leibniz claimed, and if everything that happens is somehow for the best, then to what point is human choice and action?
Pierre Bayle and Voltaire by Haydn Trevor Mason( Book )

14 editions published between 1960 and 1963 in English and held by 517 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The complete works of Voltaire by Voltaire( Book )

in English and held by 467 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Darnton debate : books and revolution in the eighteenth century by GB) Voltaire Foundation (Oxford( Book )

18 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and French and held by 345 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The impact of the French Revolution on European consciousness by Haydn Trevor Mason( Book )

9 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 302 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pour encourager les autres : studies for the tercentenary of Voltaire's birth, 1694-1994 by Haydn Trevor Mason( Book )

9 editions published in 1994 in French and English and held by 225 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Zadig and other stories by Voltaire( Book )

7 editions published between 1971 and 1974 in French and English and held by 217 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The secular city : studies in the Enlightenment : presented to Haydn Mason( Book )

5 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 197 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Central to the Enlightenment is the ideal of the Secular City, in militant reply to the "Civitas Dei" of St Augustine. The essays in this volume, all by distinguished specialists on the 18th century, illustrate the elaboration of that vision, both in the planning and depiction of actual cities and in the speculation on social justice to which Voltaire in particular devoted himself. Yet even in him, secularization is never total, and the persistence of a displaced religious, even messianic strain in the Enlightenment is also illustrated in a variety of writers, culminating in the contradictions of the French Revolution
Voltaire's Micromégas : a study in the fusion of science, myth, and art by Voltaire( Book )

3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 190 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Somewhere between tales and polemics, these funny, ribald, and inventive pieces show Voltaire doing what he does best: brilliantly challenging received wisdom, religious intolerance, and naïve optimism. Traveling through strange environments, Voltaire's protagonists are educated, often by surprise, into the complexities and contradictions of their world. Arriving on Earth from the star Sirius, the gigantic explorer Micromégas discovers a diminutive people with an inflated idea of their own importance in the universe. Babouc in "The World as It Is" learns that humanity is equally capable of barbarism and remarkable altruism. Other characters include a little-known god of infidelity, a pretentious graduate who invites a savage to dinner, and an Indian fakir who puts up with a bed of nails to gain the adoration of his female disciples. These "fables of reason" challenge the assumptions of reader and protagonist alike
Cyrano de Bergerac, L'autre monde by Haydn Trevor Mason( Book )

7 editions published in 1984 in English and held by 175 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

False admissions, Successful strategies, La dispute by Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de Marivaux( Book )

16 editions published between 1963 and 1973 in French and English and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Texte intégral de l'ouvrage de Marivaux, accompagné d'une réflexion sur l'auteur et son oeuvre
Candide : or, Optimism by Voltaire( Book )

3 editions published in 1995 in French and held by 86 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It was the indifferent shrug and callous inertia that this 'optimism' concealed which so angered Voltaire, who found the 'all for the best' approach a patently inadequate response to suffering, to natural disasters - such as the recent earthquakes in Lima and Lisbon - not to mention the questions of illness and man-made war. Moreover, as the rebel whose satiric genius had earned him not only international acclaim, but two stays in the Bastille, flogging and exile, Voltaire knew personally what suffering involved. In Candide he whisks his young hero and friends through a ludicrous variety of tortures, tragedies and reversals of fortune, in the company of Pangloss, a 'metaphysico-theologo-cosmolo-nigologist' of unflinching optimism. The result is one of the glories of eighteenth-century satire
Les oeuvres complètes de Voltaire. he complete works of Voltaire by Voltaire( Book )

25 editions published between 2001 and 2013 in 4 languages and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Edition critique des oeuvres de Voltaire de 1711 à 1722. Avec une introduction
Studies on Voltaire and the eighteenth century( Book )

3 editions published between 1982 and 1991 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Oeuvres completes de Voltaire by Voltaire( Book )

30 editions published between 1983 and 2015 in 3 languages and held by 63 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Edition critique anglaise d'essais et de poèmes de circonstances de l'écrivain
Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century( Book )

25 editions published between 1977 and 1995 in 4 languages and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Studies on Voltaire and the eighteenth century( Book )

3 editions published in 1981 in English and French and held by 53 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Studies on Voltaire and the eighteenth century by Anglo-french colloquium( Book )

2 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les oeuvres complètes de Voltaire by Voltaire( Book )

22 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in 3 languages and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Edition critique des oeuvres de Voltaire de 1746 à 1748
 
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Audience level: 0.48 (from 0.28 for Candide : ... to 0.93 for Les oeuvre ...)

Candide : optimism demolished
Alternative Names
Mason, H.T.

Mason, H. T. 1929-

Mason, H. T. (Haydn Trevor)

Mason, Haydn

Mason, Haydn T.

Mason, Haydn T. 1929-

Mason Haydn Trevor

Mason, Haydn Trevor 1929-

Languages
Covers
The secular city : studies in the Enlightenment : presented to Haydn MasonVoltaire's Micromégas : a study in the fusion of science, myth, and artCandide : or, Optimism