WorldCat Identities

Aelian active 3rd century

Works: 710 works in 2,093 publications in 10 languages and 10,726 library holdings
Genres: Anecdotes  History  Terminology  Sources 
Roles: Author, Other, Singer, Performer
Classifications: PA3821, 886.2
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Aelian
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Most widely held works by Aelian
On the characteristics of animals by Aelian( Book )

127 editions published between 1533 and 2011 in 9 languages and held by 1,607 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

AELIAN (Claudius Aelianus), a Roman born c. A.D. 170 at Praeneste (where he held a religious office), was a pupil of the rhetorician Pausanias of Caesarea, and taught and practised rhetoric. Expert in good Attic Greek, he became a serious scholar and studied history under the patronage of the Roman Empress Julia Domna. He apparently spent all his life in Italy where he died after A.D. 230. In three volumes we present his On the Characteristics of Animals, in 17 books, which is a mixed collection of facts and beliefs concerning the habits of animals taken from Greek authors with some personal observation, and having as their chief object entertainment. Fact, fancy, legend, stories and gossip all play their part in a narrative which has, of set purpose, no arrangement. If there is any ethical motive, it is that the virtues of untaught yet reasoning animals can be a lesson to thoughtless and selfish mankind. Aelian's philosophy is an easy stoicism. Another surviving work is 'Varied History' in 14 books, consisting mainly of historical, biographical, and antiquarian anecdotes and short narratives, many of them taken from authors whose works are lost. Here also Aelian follows no scheme of arrangement. We have also fragments of a work on 'Providence' and one on 'Divine Manifestations' and these also were apparently collections of stories. Some Letters, by fictitious persons, on husbandry and other country matters survive -- these are rhetorical
Claudius Ælianus his various history by Aelian( Book )

250 editions published between 1533 and 2012 in 11 languages and held by 908 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Historical miscellany by Aelian( Book )

58 editions published between 1555 and 2015 in 8 languages and held by 827 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Aelian's Historical Miscellany is a pleasurable example of light reading for Romans of the early third century. Offering engaging anecdotes about historical figures, retellings of legendary events, and enjoyable descriptive pieces, Aelian's collection of nuggets and narratives appealed to a wide reading public. Here then are anecdotes about the famous Greek philosophers, poets, historians, and playwrights; myths instructively retold; moralizing tales about heroes and rulers, athletes and wise men; reports about food and drink, different styles in dress, lovers, gift giving, entertainments, religious beliefs, and death customs; and comments on Greek painting. Some of the information is not preserved in any other source. Underlying it all are Aelian's Stoic ideals as well as this Roman's great admiration for the culture of the Greeks (whose language he borrowed for his writings)
Claudii Aeliani Varia historia by Aelian( Book )

40 editions published between 1667 and 1981 in 7 languages and held by 322 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The letters of Alciphron, Aelian and Philostratus by Alciphron( Book )

40 editions published between 1759 and 2015 in 4 languages and held by 153 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The fictitious, highly literary Letters of Alciphron (second century CE) are mostly to invented characters. Letters of Farmers by Aelian (c. 170-235 CE) portray the country ways of their imagined writers. The Erotic Epistles of Philostratus (perhaps born c. 170 CE) resemble and may have been influenced by those of Alciphron. The Letters of Alciphron (second century CE) constitute one of the most attractive products of the Second Sophistic. They are fictitious compositions based on an astonishingly wide variety of circumstances, though the theme of erotic love is constantly sounded. The imagination shown by the author and his convincing realism win him a place of distinction in the early development of romantic prose. The letters, which are highly literary, owing much to the New Comedy of Menander, purport to give us a sketch of the social life of Athens in the fourth century BCE. The collection is arranged in four divisions: Letters of Fishermen; Farmers; Parasites; Courtesans. Senders and addressees are mostly invented characters, but in the last section Alciphron presents us with several attempts at historical fiction, the most engaging being an exchange of letters between Menander and Glycera. This volume also includes twenty Letters of Farmers ascribed to Aelian (c.170-235 CE) and a collection of seventy-three Erotic Epistles of Philostratus (probably Flavius of that name, also born c. 170 CE). In style and subject matter these resemble those of Alciphron, by whom they may have been influenced
Epistulae et fragmenta by Aelian( Book )

6 editions published in 1994 in Greek, Ancient and held by 149 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Claudii Aeliani Epistulae et fragmenta by Aelian( Book )

20 editions published between 1993 and 2012 in 5 languages and held by 130 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Claudii Aeliani De natura animalium libri XVII, Varia historia, Epistolae fragmenta, ex recognitione Rudolphi Hercheri by Aelian( Book )

in Greek, Modern and Greek, Ancient and held by 127 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Epistulae rusticae by Aelian( Book )

17 editions published between 1974 and 2000 in 5 languages and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Æliani De historia animalium libri XVII : quos ex integro ac veteri exemplari Graeco, Petrus Gillius vertit by Aelian( Book )

38 editions published between 1562 and 1974 in 3 languages and held by 113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Histoire variée by Aelian( Book )

6 editions published between 1991 and 2004 in French and held by 109 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ailianou peri zōōn idiotētos biblia 17 = Aeliani de natura animalium libri XVII by Aelian( Book )

38 editions published between 1744 and 1784 in 4 languages and held by 105 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Excerptorum Constantini De natura animalium libri duo : Aristophanis Historiae animalium epitome : subiunctis Aeliani, Timothei aliorumque eclogis by Constantine( Book )

9 editions published between 1885 and 1961 in 3 languages and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Claudius Aelianus Werke by Aelian( Book )

10 editions published between 1839 and 1842 in German and held by 90 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On the characteristics of animals by Aelian( Book )

15 editions published between 1959 and 1972 in 3 languages and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Aeliani Varia historia, Heraclidis Pontici et Nicolai Damasceni quae supersunt. Ad optimorum librorum fidem accurata edita by Aelian( Book )

38 editions published between 1647 and 1886 in 4 languages and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Aeliani De natura animalium, varia historia, epistolae et fragmenta. Porphyrii philosophi de abstinenta et de antro nympharum. Philonis Byzantii de septem orbis spectaculis by Aelian( Book )

13 editions published in 1858 in Latin and Greek, Ancient and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
Audience Level
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.57 (from 0.28 for On the cha ... to 0.95 for Claudius A ...)

WorldCat IdentitiesRelated Identities
On the characteristics of animals
Alternative Names


Aelian 0170?-0235?

Aelian 170-240

Aelian 3rd cent

Aelian ca.175-ca.235

Aelian, Claudius

Aelian, Claudius 170-240

Aelian, Claudius 3rd cent

Aelian, Claudius active 3rd century

Aelian, Claudius c. 175-c. 235

Aelian, Claudius ca 170-ca 235


Aelianus, .. 170-240

Aelianus 170-240 Praenestinus

Aelianus 170-240 Sophista

Aelianus 170-240 Sophistes

Aelianus ca.175-ca.235

Aelianus, Cl.

Aelianus, Claudius

Aelianus Claudius 0170?-0235?

Aelianus, Claudius 170-240 Praenestinus

Aelianus, Claudius 170-240 Sophista

Aelianus, Claudius 3rd cent

Aelianus, Claudius active 3rd century

Aelianus Claudius asi 175-235

Aelianus Claudius ca 175-235

Aelianus, Claudius Praenestinus

Aelianus, Claudius Praenestinus 170-240

Aelianus, Claudius Sophista 170-240

Aelianus Praenestinus 170-240

Aelianus Sophista 170-240

Aelianus sophistes 0170?-0235?

Aelianus Sophistes 170-240

Ailianos 170-240

Ailianos 170-240 Romaios

Ailianos 170-240 Sophist

Ailianos, Kl.

Ailiános Klaudios

A̓ilianòs, Klaúdios 0170?-0235?

Ailianos, Klaudios 170-240

Ailianos, Klaudios 3rd cent

Ailianos, Klaudios active 3rd century

Ailianos Klaudios c. 175-c. 235

Ailianos, Klaudios ca 170-ca 235

Ailianos, Klaudios ca.175-ca.235

Ailianos Romaios 170-240

Ailianos Sophist 170-240

Ailianos, Taktikos


Ailianus 170-240

Älian 170-240

Claude Élien professeur de rhétorique, historien et philosophe auteur et orateur latin de langue grecques

Claudi Elià

Claudio 170-240 Eliano

Claudio Eliano

Claudio Eliano 170-240

Claudio Eliano 3rd cent

Cláudio Eliano filósofo e escritor romano em língua grega

Claudio Eliano filosofo e scrittore romano in lingua greca

Claudius 170-240 Aelianus

Claudius Aelianus

Claudius Aelianus 0170?-0235?

Claudius Aelianus 170-240

Claudius Aelianus Author and teacher

Claudius Aelianus filosoof uit Oude Rome (200-235)

Claudius Aelianus pisarz rzymski

Claudius Aelianus römischer Sophist und Lehrer der Rhetorik

Claudius Aeliianus

Claudius Ailianos 2. Jh


Elian, Klaudiusz

Elian, Klavdii

Ėlian, Klavdiĭ 3rd cent

Ėlian, Klavdiĭ active 3rd century


Eliano 170-240

Eliano 3rd cent

Eliano active 3rd century

Eliano, Claudio

Eliano, Claudio 170-240

Eliano, Claudio 3rd cent

Eliano, Claudio active 3rd century

Eliano, Claudio c. 175-c. 235

Eliano, Claudio ca 170-ca 235

Eliano, Claudio ca.175-ca.235


Élien 170-240

Elien 3rd cent

Elien active 3rd century

Elien ca.175-ca.235

Élien, Claude

Élien, Claude 0170?-0235?

Elien, Claude 170-240

Élien de Préneste

Elien le sophiste

Élien le Sophiste auteur latin

Elijan, Klaudije

Klaudije, Elijan

Klaŭdio Eliano

Klaudios Ailianos 170-240

Tacticus, Aelianus

z Praeneste, Claudius Aelianus asi 175-235

z Praeneste, Claudius Aelianus ca 175-235

Αἰλιανός, Κλαύδιος

Αἰλιανὸς, Κλαύδιος 0170?-0235?

Αἰλιανός, Κλαύδιος 3rd cent

Αἰλιανός, Κλαύδιος active 3rd century

Κλαύδιος Αἰλιανός

Κλαύδιος Αιλιανός συγγραφέας και διδάσκαλος ρητορικής


Клавдий Элиан древнеримский писатель и философ

Клавдиј Елијан

Клаудије Елијан

קלאודיוס איליאנוס סופר רומי

آلیان نویسنده و فیلسوف در روم باستان

ক্লাউদিয়ুস আইলিয়ানুস

ელიანუს, კლავდიუს.


アイリアノス, クラウディオス


Claudius Ælianus his various historyHistorical miscellanyThe letters of Alciphron, Aelian and PhilostratusOn the characteristics of animals