WorldCat Identities

Ribot, Th (Théodule) 1839-1916

Overview
Works: 237 works in 2,186 publications in 10 languages and 11,390 library holdings
Genres: Periodicals  History  Criticism, interpretation, etc 
Roles: Author, Translator, Author of introduction, Editor, Collector, Publishing director, Other, fon, Speaker
Classifications: BF408, 105
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Th Ribot
 
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Most widely held works by Th Ribot
The psychology of the emotions by Th Ribot( Book )

158 editions published between 1896 and 2011 in 4 languages and held by 752 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book consists of two parts: The first studies the more general manifestations of feeling: pleasure and pain, the characteristic signs of this form of psychic life, everywhere diffused under manifold aspects; then the nature of emotion, a complex state which in the order of feelings corresponds to perception in the order of knowledge. The second deals with the special emotions. This detailed study is of great importance for reasons which will be explained later on, especially because we must not rest in generalities; it furnishes a means of control and verification. The nature of the emotional life cannot be understood unless we follow it in its incessant transformations--that is to say, in its history. To separate it from social, moral, and religious institutions, from the aesthetic and intellectual movements which translate it and incarnate it, is to reduce it to a dead and empty abstraction. Thus an attempt has been made to follow all the emotions one after the other in the progress of their development, noting the successive movements of their evolution or their retrogression. The pathology of each emotion has been sketched to complete and throw light on the study. I have tried to show that beneath an appearance of confusion, incoherence, and promiscuity, there is, from the morbid to the normal, from the complex to the simple, a conducting thread which will always bring us back to the point of origin. A work which has for its aim to set forth the present situation of the psychology of feeling and emotion might have been made very long. By eliminating every digression and all historical exposition, it has been made as short as possible"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
The Psychology of attention by Th Ribot( Book )

153 editions published between 1889 and 2012 in 4 languages and held by 729 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Psychologists have given much study to the effects of attention, but very little to its mechanism. The latter point is the only one that I propose to investigate in the following work. Yet even within these limits the question is important, for it is, as we shall later see, the counterpart, the necessary complement of the theory of association. If the present treatise contributes, be it ever so little, to point out clearly this want of contemporaneous psychology, and to induce others to supply it, it will have accomplished its purpose. The purpose of this series of essays is to establish and prove the following propositions: There are two well-defined forms of attention: the one spontaneous, natural; the other voluntary, artificial. The former--neglected by most psychologists--is the true, primitive, and fundamental form of attention. The second--the only one studied by most psychologists--is but an imitation, a result of education, of training, and of impulsion. Precarious and vacillating in nature, it derives its whole being from spontaneous attention, and finds only in the latter a point of support. It is merely an apparatus formed by cultivation, and a product of civilization. Attention, in these two forms, is not an indeterminate activity, a kind of "pure act" of spirit, acting by mysterious and undiscoverable means. Its mechanism is essentially motor, that is, it always acts upon the muscles, and through the muscles, mainly under the form of inhibition; and as epigraph of this study we might choose the words of Maudsley, that "the person who is unable to control his own muscles, is incapable of attention." Attention, under these two forms, is an exceptional, abnormal state, which cannot last a long time, for the reason that it is in contradiction to the basic condition of psychic life; namely, change. Attention is a state that is fixed. If it is prolonged beyond a reasonable time, particularly under unfavorable conditions, everybody knows from individual experience, that there results a constantly increasing cloudiness of the mind, finally a kind of intellectual vacuity, frequently accompanied by vertigo. These light, transient perturbations denote the radical antagonism of attention and the normal psychical life. The progress toward unity of consciousness, which is the very basis of attention, manifests itself still better in clearly morbid cases, which we shall study later under their chronic form, namely, the 'fixed idea, ' and in their acute form, which is ecstasy"--Introduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved)
Diseases of memory: an essay in the positive psychology by Th Ribot( Book )

203 editions published between 1880 and 2012 in 4 languages and held by 687 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"My purpose in this work is to provide a psychological monograph upon the diseases of memory, and, so far as the present state of our knowledge will permit, to derive from them certain deductions. The phenomena of memory have often been investigated, but never from a pathological stand-point. It has seemed to me that it might be profitable to consider the subject in this form. I have endeavored to limit myself to that, and have said nothing of the normal phases of memory, save so far as was necessary to make my meaning clear. I have cited many illustrations; this method, not in keeping with a purely literary study, is alone adapted to instruction"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
Essay on the creative imagination by Th Ribot( Book )

95 editions published between 1900 and 2012 in 4 languages and held by 644 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The present work is offered to the reader as an essay or first attempt only. It is not our intention here to undertake a complete monograph that would require a thick volume, but only to seek the underlying conditions of the creative imagination, showing that it has its beginning and principal source in the natural tendency of images to become objectified (or, more simply, in the motor elements inherent in the image), and then following it in its development under its manifold forms, whatever they may be. For I cannot but maintain that, at present, the psychology of the imagination is concerned almost wholly with its part in esthetic creation and in the sciences. We scarcely get beyond that; its other manifestations have been occasionally mentioned--never investigated. Yet invention in the fine arts and in the sciences is only a special case, and possibly not the principal one. We hope to show that in practical life, in mechanical, military, industrial, and commercial inventions, in religious, social, and political institutions, the human mind has expended and made permanent as much imagination as in all other fields. The constructive imagination is a faculty that in the course of ages has undergone a reduction--or at least, some profound changes. So, for reasons indicated later on, the mythic activity has been taken in this work as the central point of our topic, as the primitive and typical form out of which the greater number of the others have arisen. The creative power is there shown entirely unconfined, freed from all hindrance, careless of the possible and the impossible; in a pure state, unadulterated by the opposing influence of imitation, of ratiocination, of the knowledge of natural laws and their uniformity. In the first or analytical part, we shall try to resolve the constructive imagination into its constitutive factors, and study each of them singly. The second or genetic part will follow the imagination in its development as a whole from the dimmest to the most complex forms. Finally, the third or concrete part, will be no longer devoted to the imagination, but to imaginative beings, to the principal types of imagination that observation shows us"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
The diseases of personality by Th Ribot( Book )

155 editions published between 1885 and 2011 in 6 languages and held by 614 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"At the risk of increasing the already extant confusion, I propose to investigate what teratological, morbid, or simply rare, cases can teach us concerning the formation and disorganisation of personality, though without the pretension of treating the subject in its entirety, deeming such an undertaking at present premature. Personality being the highest form of psychic individuality, the preliminary question arises: What is the individual? There are few problems that have been more debated in our time among naturalists, or that remain more obscure for the lower stages of animal life. This is not the place to go into the details of the problem. At the close of our work, after we have studied the constituent elements of personality, we shall consider this question as a whole. It will then be time to compare personality with the lower forms through which nature has essayed to produce it, and to show, that the psychic individual is the expression of an organism, being, as that is, low, simple, incoherent, or unified and complex. For the present, it will be sufficient to recall to readers at all familiar with the subject, that in descending the animal scale we always see the psychic individual formed of a more or less complete fusion of simpler individuals, as also "a colonial consciousness" created by the co-operation of local consciousnesses. The human personality-the only one of which we can speak with any fitness in a pathological study-is a concrete whole, a complexus. To know it, we must analyse it. But analysis here is disastrously artificial, since it disjoins groups of phenomena which are not juxtaposed, but co-ordinated, their relation being that of mutual dependence, not of simple simultaneousness. Still, the work is indispensable. Adopting a division both clear and, as I trust, self-justified, I shall study successively the organic, affective, and intellectual conditions of personality, chiefly emphasising their anomalies and disorders. Our final study of the subject will permit us to group anew these disjoined elements"--Introduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
The diseases of the will by Th Ribot( Book )

177 editions published between 1883 and 2011 in 3 languages and held by 613 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In recent years several authors, especially in foreign countries, have given a detailed exposition of certain branches of psychology according to the principle of evolution. It has seemed to me that there would be some profit in treating these questions in the same spirit, but under another form, that of dissolution. I propose, then, in this work to attempt for the will what I have formerly done for the memory; to study its anomalies, and to draw from this study conclusions regarding its normal state. Whether one considers memory as a function, a property, or a faculty, it remains none the less a stable mode of being, a psychic disposition, regarding which all the world can come to an agreement. The will, on the contrary, resolves itself into volitions, each one of which is an element, an unstable form of activity, a resultant varying according to the causes that produce it. Beyond this first difficulty there is another which may appear greater still, but of which we will not hesitate to summarily disembarrass ourselves. Can the pathology of the will be studied without touching upon the inextricable problem of free will? The problem of free will is of this order. The problem of liberty reduces itself to the question whether one can go outside the chain of effects and causes so as to posit an absolute beginning. That power "which calls up, suspends, or banishes," as it is defined by a contemporary who has studied it profoundly, can be affirmed only on the condition of entering into metaphysics. Here we have nothing of the sort to attempt. Experience, internal and external, is our sole object; its limits are our limits. We take the volitions as facts, with their immediate causes, that is to say, the motives which produce them, without investigating whether these causes suppose other causes ad infinitum, or whether there is added to them some degree of spontaneity. The question is thus placed in a form equally acceptable to the determinists and their adversaries, and reconcilable with either hypothesis. I shall try to show at the conclusion of this study that in every voluntary act there are two entirely distinct elements: the state of consciousness, the "I will," which indicates a situation, but which has in itself no efficacy; and a very complex psycho-physiological mechanism, in which alone resides the power to act or to restrain. As this general conclusion can only be the result of partial conclusions furnished by pathology, I will avoid provisionally in this introduction any systematic view; I shall limit myself to studying the will in its double mechanism of impulse and inhibition, and in its source--the individual character--neglecting all the details which do not concern our subject. We will see that from the lowest reflex to the highest will, the transition is insensible, and that it is impossible to say exactly at what moment there commences the volition proper, that is to say, the personal reaction. From one extreme of the series to the other, the difference is reduced to two points: on one hand, an extreme simplicity; on the other, an extreme complexity; on one hand, a reaction always the same in all the individuals of the same species; on the other, a reaction which varies according to the individual, that is to say, according to a particular organism limited in time and space. Simplicity and permanence, complexity and mutation, go together. It is clear that, from the point of view of evolution, all reactions have been in their origin individual. They have become organic, specific, by numberless repetitions in the individual and the race. The origin of will is in the property which living matter has of reacting, its end is in the property which living matter has of acquiring habits; and it is that involuntary activity forever fixed which serves as support and instrument to the individual activity"--Introduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)
Revue philosophique de la France et de l'étranger by Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (Paris)( )

in 3 languages and held by 577 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Heredity : a psychological study of its phenomena, laws, causes, and consequences by Th Ribot( Book )

128 editions published between 1873 and 1977 in 3 languages and held by 549 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Heredity is that biological law by which all beings endowed with life tend to repeat themselves in their descendants: it is for the species what personal identity is for the individual. By it a groundwork remains unchanged amid incessant variation; by it Nature ever copies and imitates herself. Ideally considered, heredity would simply be the reproduction of like by like. But this conception is purely theoretical, for the phenomena of life do not lend themselves to such mathematical precision: the conditions of their occurrence grow more and more complex in proportion as we ascend from the vegetable world to the higher animals, and thence to man. Man may be regarded either in his organism or in his dynamism: in the functions which constitute his physical life, or in the operations which constitute his mental life. Are both of these forms of life subject to the law of heredity? are they subject to it wholly, or only in part? and, in the latter case, to what extent are they so subject? The physiological side of this question has been diligently studied, but not so its psychological side. We propose to supply this deficiency in the present work"--Introduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)
German psychology of to-day; the empirical school by Th Ribot( Book )

104 editions published between 1835 and 2015 in 4 languages and held by 519 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"American and English students will be grateful to have M. Ribot's valuable work in their own tongue by a competent translator. It contains the combined result of careful observations, experiments, and calculations which can not be obtained otherwise, except by reading innumerable books and monographs most difficult to collect. His interpretations and criticisms also are original and profound. If we would properly estimate the exact nature and functions of what is called Physiological Psychology, we must adhere resolutely to two positions, which to some may seem opposed, but are really confirmatory of each other. We have now a clear and comprehensive account of the German observations, experiments, and discussions in this work of M. Ribot, with which every student of psychology should be acquainted. I am not sure that he has set a sufficiently high value on the observations of consciousness; but just here another of his excellencies is seen: he has carefully separated psychology, which is a science of observation, external and internal, throughout from all metaphysical speculation"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
The evolution of general ideas by Th Ribot( Book )

61 editions published between 1897 and 2010 in 3 languages and held by 377 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The principal aim of this work is to study the development of the mind as it abstracts and generalises, and to show that these two operations exhibit a perfect evolution: that is to say, they exist already in perception, and advance by successive and easily determined stages to the more elevated forms of pure symbolism, accessible only to the minority. It is a commonplace to say that abstraction has its degrees, as number its powers. Yet it is not sufficient to enunciate this truism; the degrees must be fixed by clear, objective signs, and these must not be arbitrary. Thus we shall obtain precise knowledge of the various stages in this ascending evolution, and stand in less danger of confounding abstractions highly distinct by nature. Moreover, we avoid certain equivocal questions and discussions that are based entirely upon the very extended sense of the terms to abstract and to generalise. Accordingly we have sought to establish three main periods in the progressive development of these operations: (1) inferior abstraction, prior to the appearance of speech, independent of words (though not of all signs); (2) intermediate abstraction, accompanied by words, which though at first accessory, increase in importance little by little; (3) superior abstraction, where words alone exist in consciousness, and correspond to a complete substitution. These three periods again include subdivisions, transitional forms which we shall endeavor to determine. This is a study of pure psychology, from which we have rigorously to eliminate all that relates to logic, to the theory of knowledge, to first principles of philosophy. We are concerned with genesis, with embryology, with evolution only. We are thus thrown upon observation, upon the facts wherein mental processes are enunciated, and discovered. Our material, and principal sources of information, lie therefore: (1) for inferior abstracts, in the acts of animals, of children, of uneducated deaf-mutes; (2) for intermediate abstracts, in the development of languages, and the ethnographical documents of primitive or half-civilised peoples; (3) for superior abstracts, in the progressive constitution of scientific ideas and theories, and of classifications. This volume is a ršum ̌of lectures given at the Collg̈e de France in 1895"--Pref. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved)
La philosophie de Schopenhauer by Th Ribot( Book )

90 editions published between 1870 and 2010 in 4 languages and held by 265 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La logique des sentiments by Th Ribot( Book )

53 editions published between 1889 and 1998 in 3 languages and held by 243 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La psychologie anglaise contemporaine ; (École experimentale) by Th Ribot( Book )

76 editions published between 1870 and 2003 in 4 languages and held by 211 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Essai sur les passions by Th Ribot( Book )

47 editions published between 1907 and 2015 in 3 languages and held by 205 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Leidenschaft(en)
English psychology by Th Ribot( Book )

41 editions published between 1873 and 2012 in English and held by 199 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Problèmes de psychologie affective by Th Ribot( Book )

45 editions published between 1910 and 2013 in 4 languages and held by 174 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Subconscious phenomena by Pierre Janet( Book )

4 editions published between 1910 and 2007 in English and held by 150 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Diseases of memory ; Diseases of personality ; Diseases of the will by Th Ribot( Book )

8 editions published in 1977 in English and held by 144 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La vie inconsciente et les mouvements by Th Ribot( Book )

13 editions published between 1904 and 2013 in French and English and held by 99 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'Hérédité : étude psychologique sur ses phénomènes, ses lois, ses causes, ses conséquences by Th Ribot( Book )

19 editions published between 1872 and 2005 in French and German and held by 94 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Vererbung / Psychologie / Soziologie
 
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German psychology of to-day; the empirical school
Alternative Names
Ribo, T.

Ribo, T. 1839-1916

Ribo, Teodor".

Ribot, T.

Ribot, T. 1839-1916

Ribot, T. (Théodule), 1839-1916

Ribot Teódulo

Ribot Th

Ribot, Th 1839-1916

Ribot, Th. A.

Ribot, Th. A. 1839-1916

Ribot, Th. A. (Théodule A.), 1839-1916

Ribot, Th. (Théodule Armand)

Ribot, Th. (Théodule Armand), 1839-1916

Ribot, The 1839-1916

Ribot, Theodule

Ribot, Théodule 1839-1916

Ribot, Theodule A.

Ribot, Théodule A. 1839-1916

Ribot Theodule Armand

Ribot, Théodule Armand 1839-1916

Ribot, Thodule 1839-1916

Théodule-Armand Ribot French psychologist

Théodule-Armand Ribot psicologo francese

Théodule Ribot Frans psycholoog en filosoof

Théodule Ribot französischer Psychologe und Philosoph

Théodule Ribot philosophe et psychologue français

Рибо, Т 1839-1916

Рибо Т. А

Рибо Т. А. 1839-1916

Рибо, Т. (Теодюль), 1839-1916

Рибо, Теодюль

Рибо, Теодюль 1839-1916

Рибо, Теодюль Арманд 1839-1916

Теодюл Рибо

Теодюль Арман Рібо

Թեոդյուլ Արման Ռիբո

רבו, ת 1839־1916

ריבו, תיאודול ארמן

תאודול ריבו

تهéۆدولە-ئارماند ربۆت

ريبو، تئودول ارمان

리보, Th. 1839-1916

리보, 테오뒬 1839-1916

리보, 테오뒬 아르망 1839-1916

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The Psychology of attentionDiseases of memory: an essay in the positive psychologyGerman psychology of to-day; the empirical schoolEnglish psychology