WorldCat Identities

Berwick, Robert C.

Overview
Works: 26 works in 178 publications in 3 languages and 5,588 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Author of introduction
Classifications: Q335, 415
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Robert C Berwick
The grammatical basis of linguistic performance : language use and acquisition by Robert C Berwick( Book )

23 editions published between 1984 and 1989 in English and held by 572 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The acquisition of syntactic knowledge by Robert C Berwick( Book )

21 editions published between 1985 and 1986 in English and held by 569 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This landmark work in computational linguistics is of great importance both theoretically and practically because it shows that much of English grammar can be learned by a simple program. The Acquisition of Syntactic Knowledge investigates the central questions of human and machine cognition: How do people learn language? How can we get a machine to learn language? It first presents an explicit computational model of language acquisition which can actually learn rules of English syntax given a sequence of grammatical, but otherwise unprepared, sentences. It shows that natural languages are designed to be easily learned and easily processed-an exciting breakthrough from the point of view of artificial intelligence and the design of expert systems because it shows how extensive knowledge might be acquired automatically, without outside intervention. Computationally, the book demonstrates how constraints that may be reasonably assumed to aid sentence processing also aid language acquisition. Chapters in the book's second part apply computational methods to the general problem of developmental growth, particularly the thorny problem of the interaction between innate genetic endowment and environmental input, with the intent of uncovering the constraints on the acquisition of syntactic knowledge. A number of "mini-theories" of learning are incorporated in this study of syntax with results that should appeal to a wide range of scholarly interests. These include how lexical categories, phonological rule systems, and phrase structure rules are learned; the role of semantic-syntactic interaction in language acquisition; how a "parameter setting" model may be formalized as a learning procedure; how multiple constraints (from syntax, thematic knowledge, or phrase structure) interact to aid acquisition; how transformational-type rules may be learned; and, the role of lexical ambiguity in language acquisition. Robert Berwick is an assistant professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT. The Acquisition of Syntactic Knowledge is sixteenth in the Artificial Intelligence Series, edited by Patrick Winston and Michael Brady."
Computational models of discourse by Michael Brady( Book )

30 editions published between 1982 and 1989 in English and held by 525 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Computational aspects of discourse; Recognizing intentions from natural language utterances; Cooperative responses from a portable natural language database query system; Natural language generation as a computational problem: an introduction; Focusing in the comprehension of definite anaphora; So what can we talk about now?
Computational complexity and natural language by G. Edward Barton( Book )

13 editions published between 1987 and 1988 in English and held by 476 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Why only us : language and evolution by Robert C Berwick( Book )

15 editions published in 2016 in 3 languages and held by 361 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We are born crying, but those cries signal the first stirring of language. Within a year or so, infants master the sound system of their language; a few years after that, they are engaging in conversations. This remarkable, species-specific ability to acquire any human language -- "the language faculty"--Raises important biological questions about language, including how it has evolved. This book by two distinguished scholars -- a computer scientist and a linguist -- addresses the enduring question of the evolution of language. Robert Berwick and Noam Chomsky explain that until recently the evolutionary question could not be properly posed, because we did not have a clear idea of how to define "language" and therefore what it was that had evolved. But since the Minimalist Program, developed by Chomsky and others, we know the key ingredients of language and can put together an account of the evolution of human language and what distinguishes us from all other animals. Berwick and Chomsky discuss the biolinguistic perspective on language, which views language as a particular object of the biological world; the computational efficiency of language as a system of thought and understanding; the tension between Darwin's idea of gradual change and our contemporary understanding about evolutionary change and language; and evidence from nonhuman animals, in particular vocal learning in songbirds
Principle-based parsing : computation and psycholinguistics by Robert C Berwick( Book )

19 editions published between 1987 and 1992 in English and held by 263 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Rich languages from poor inputs by Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini( Book )

20 editions published between 2012 and 2015 in English and held by 135 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This text addresses one of the most famous and controversial arguments in the study of language and mind, the poverty of the stimulus. Internationally recognised scholars consider afresh the issues surrounding this argument and discuss its relation to the process of language acquisition
Studies in the acquisition of anaphora( Book )

1 edition published in 1987 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Locality principles and the acquisition of syntactic knowledge by Robert C Berwick( )

5 editions published in 1982 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Deterministic parsing and linguistic explanation by Robert C Berwick( Book )

2 editions published between 1984 and 1985 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Validation in language testing by Richard Berwick( Book )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The validation of language tests is widely discussed and expected, but only in recent years have researchers adopted a variety of innovative techniques for developing, assessing and validating specific tests of second or foreign language proficiency and their impact on education and society. Indeed, as the present volume clearly demonstrates, many different techniques for empirical analysis and types of evidence may be used to assess and interpret the validity of diverse aspects of language tests as well as the consequences they may have for language students, educators and society."--Jacket
Learning structural descriptions of grammar rules from examples by Robert C Berwick( Book )

3 editions published in 1980 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Computational consequences of agreement and ambiguity in natural language by Eric Sven Ristad( Book )

3 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We argue that the modern computer science technique of computational complexity analysis can provide powerful insights into the algorithm-neutral analysis of information-processing tasks. In particular, we show that a simple, theory-neutral linguistic model of syntactic agreement and lexical ambiguity demonstrates that natural language parsing may be computationally intractable, extending the classic work of Chomsky and Miller (1963). Significantly, we show that it may be syntactic features rather than complex rules that can cause this difficulty. Informally, human languages and the computationally intractable satisfiability problem (SAT) share two costly computational mechanisms: both enforce agreement among terminal symbols across unbounded distances and both allow terminal symbol ambiguity. In natural languages, lexical elements may be required to agree (or disagree) on such features as person, number and gender (e.g., subject/verb agreement in English); in SAT, agreement ensures the consistency of variable truth assignments. (kr)
Birdsong, speech, and language : exploring the evolution of mind and brain( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Proceedings of the 28th annual Meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania), June 6-9, 1990 by Association for Computational Linguistics( Book )

1 edition published in 1990 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

On the evaluation of grammars as components of models of language use by Robert C Berwick( Book )

1 edition published in 1981 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Formalizing Triggers: A Learning Model for Finite Spaces( )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In a recent seminal paper, Gibson and Wexler (1993) take important steps to formalizing the notion of language teaming in a (finite) space whose grammars are characterized by a finite number of parameters. They introduce the Triggering Learning Algorithm (TLA) and show that even in finite space convergence may be a problem due to local maxima. In this paper we explicitly formalize learning in finite parameter space as a Markov structure whose states are parameter settings. We show that this captures the dynamics of TLA completely and allows us to explicitly compute the rates of convergence for TLA and other variants of TLA e.g. random walk. Also included in the paper are a corrected version of GW's central convergence proof, a list of 'problem states' in addition to local maxima, and batch and PAC-style learning bounds for the model
A Dynamical Systems Model for Language Change( )

1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Formalizing linguists' intuitions of language change as a dynamical system, we quantify the time course of language change including sudden vs. gradual changes in languages. We apply the computer model to the historical loss of Verb Second from Old French to modern French, showing that otherwise adequate grammatical theories can fail our new evolutionary criterion
Proceedings of the 12th IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Informatics & Cognitive Computing : ICCI*CC 2013 : July 16-18, 2013, Fordham University, New York, USA by IEEE International Conference on Cognitive Informatics & Cognitive Computing( )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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The acquisition of syntactic knowledge
Alternative Names
Berwick, Robert C.

Berwick, Robert Cregar.

Berwick, Robert Cregar, 1951-

Languages
English (161)

Spanish (1)

Italian (1)

Covers
Computational models of discoursePrinciple-based parsing : computation and psycholinguisticsValidation in language testing