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Thu Oct 16 17:50:44 2014 UTClccn-n822454550.00Pinker, Steven A0.331.00A critical review of three theories for music's origin108149508Steven_Pinkern 82245455890096Pinker, S. 1954-Pinker, Stephen 1954-Pinker, Stephen A. 1954-Pinker, Steven 1954-Pinker, Steven A. 1954-Pinker, Steven Arthur 1954-פינקר, סטיבן 1954-ピンカー, スティーヴンピンカー, スティーブンlccn-n82053254Mehler, Jacquesedtlccn-n89644592Morey, Arthurnrtnp-searchinger, geneSearchinger, Genelccn-n79104267Chomsky, Noamlccn-n79018403Slobin, Dan Isaac1939-lccn-n79006602Bellugi, Ursula1931-lccn-n86039450Lasnik, Howardlccn-n50003606Fodor, Jerry A.lccn-n80149991South Carolina Educational Television Networklccn-n82052421Gleitman, Lila R.Pinker, Steven1954-InterviewsBiographyHistoryLanguage and languagesLanguage acquisitionBiolinguisticsHuman evolutionNeuropsychologyCognitive neuroscienceNatural selectionPsychologyViolence--Psychological aspectsViolence--Social aspectsNature and nurtureThought and thinkingLanguage and languages--PhilosophyNonviolence--Psychological aspectsPsycholinguisticsSemanticsGrammar, Comparative and general--VerbChild psychologyLearning abilityGrammar, Comparative and generalLinguisticsCognitionDevelopmental psychologyVisual perceptionSymbolism (Psychology)Human information processingConnectionismLanguage and cultureCharacters and characteristicsInstinct (Philosophy)CommunicationChildren--LanguageCognition in childrenGrammar, Comparative and general--SyntaxScientistsPinker, Steven,ViolenceSociolinguisticsSocial groupsChild developmentInterpersonal relationsCultureSocial influenceSocial structureIntellectScience--MethodologyCreative ability in scienceDiscoveries in scienceMP3 (Audio coding standard)Brain1954196619791980198119821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201427374197885153P106ocn858067907ocn843413407ocn878943019ocn780728037ocn436310937ocn468632733ocn441721249ocn263117858ocn441608097ocn803348500ocn450566260ocn856696227ocn451496004ocn797273240ocn799844550ocn449342503ocn439162158ocn691923961ocn0515346514062107ocn028723210book19920.27Pinker, StevenThe language instinctEveryone has questions about language. Some are from everyday experience: Why do immigrants struggle with a new language, only to have their fluent children ridicule their grammatical errors? Why can't computers converse with us? Why is the hockey team in Toronto called the Maple Leafs, not the Maple Leaves? Some are from popular science: Have scientists really reconstructed the first language spoken on earth? Are there genes for grammar? Can chimpanzees learn sign language? And some are from our deepest ponderings about the human condition: Does our language control our thoughts? How could language have evolved? Is language deteriorating? Today laypeople can chitchat about black holes and dinosaur extinictions, but their curiosity about their own speech has been left unsatisfied - until now. In The Language Instinct, Steven Pinker, one of the world's leading scientists of language and the mind, lucidly explains everything you always wanted to know about language: how it works, how children learn it, how it changes, how the brain computes it, how it evolved. But The Language Instinct is no encyclopedia. With wit, erudition, and deft use of everyday examples of humor and wordplay, Pinker weaves our vast knowledge of language into a compelling theory: that language is a human instinct, wired into our brains by evolution like web spinning in spiders or sonar in bats. The theory not only challenges conventional wisdom about language itself (especially from the self-appointed "experts" who claim to be safe-guarding the language hut who understand it less well than a typical teenager). It is part of a whole new vision of the human mind: not a general-purpose computer, but a collection of instincts adapted to solving evolutionarily significant problems - the mind as a Swiss Army knife. Entertaining, insightful, provocative, The Language Instinct will change the way you talk about talking and think about thinking+-+4601245155367964ocn036379708book19970.26Pinker, StevenHow the mind worksIn this book the author, a cognitive scientist explains how the brain evolved to store and use information, allowing our ancestors to control their environment, and why we think and act as we do. He explains what the mind is, how it evolved, and how it allows us to see, think, feel, laugh, interact, enjoy the arts, and ponder the mysteries of life. This work explains many of the imponderables of everyday life. Why does a face look more attractive with makeup? How do "Magic-Eye" 3-D stereograms work? Why do we feel that a run of heads makes the coin more likely to land tails? Why is the thought of eating worms disgusting? Why do men challenge each other to duels and murder their ex-wives? Why are children bratty? Why do fools fall in love? Why are we soothed by paintings and music? And why do puzzles like the self, free will, and consciousness leave us dizzy? The arguments in the book are as bold as its title. The author rehabilitates unfashionable ideas, such as that the mind is a computer and that human nature was shaped by natural selection. And he challenges fashionable ones, such as that passionate emotions are irrational, that parents socialize their children, that creativity springs from the unconscious, that nature is good and modern society corrupting, and that art and religion are expressions of our higher spiritual yearnings+-+3080958485314947ocn049320481book20020.25Pinker, StevenThe blank slate : the modern denial of human natureIn a study of the nature versus nurture debate, one of the world's foremost experts on language and the mind explores the modern self-denial of our basic human natures+-+3606855215273439ocn154308853book20070.24Pinker, StevenThe stuff of thought : language as a window into human naturePsychologist Pinker explains how the mind works in a completely new way--by examining how we use words. Pinker takes on both scientific questions--such as whether language affects thought, and which of our concepts are innate--and questions from the headlines and everyday life.--From publisher description+-+9278155215253216ocn707969125book20110.24Pinker, StevenThe better angels of our nature : why violence has declinedWe've all asked, "What is the world coming to?" But we seldom ask, "How bad was the world in the past?" In this book, the author, a cognitive scientist shows that the past was much worse; and that we may be living in the most peaceable era in our species' existence. Evidence of a bloody history has always been around us: genocides in the Old Testament, gory mutilations in Shakespeare and Grimm, monarchs who beheaded their relatives, and American founders who dueled with their rivals; the nonchalant treatment in popular culture of wife-beating, child abuse, and the extermination of native peoples. The murder rate in medieval Europe was more than thirty times what it is today. Slavery, sadistic punishments, and frivolous executions were common features of life for millennia, then were suddenly abolished. How could this have happened, if human nature has not changed? The author argues that thanks to the spread of government, literacy, trade, and cosmopolitanism, we increasingly control our impulses, empathize with others, bargain rather than plunder, debunk toxic ideologies, and deploy our powers of reason to reduce the temptations of violence.-- From publisher description+-+5047755215223349ocn042290964book19990.27Pinker, StevenWords and rules : the ingredients of language"In Words and Rules, Pinker explains the profound mysteries of language by picking a deceptively single phenomenon and examining it from every angle. The phenomenon - regular and irregular verbs - connects an astonishing array of topics in the sciences and humanities: the history of languages; the theories of Noam Chomsky and his critics; the attempts to simulate language using computer simulations of neural networks; the illuminating errors of children as they begin to speak; the nature of human concepts; the peculiarities of the English language; major ideas in the history of Western philosophy; the latest techniques in identifying genes and imaging the living brain."--Jacket+-+5417250195197141ocn042854162file19890.56Pinker, StevenLearnability and cognition the acquisition of argument structure+-+1485750305324172221ocn440837341file19840.53Pinker, StevenLanguage learnability and language development+-+680560921532446625ocn012692768book19840.66Pinker, StevenVisual cognition+-+532611717544718ocn017649663book19880.66Pinker, StevenConnections and symbols+-+39151171753242583ocn031803051visu19950.53Acquiring the human language playing the language gameSecond of three programs on human language. Explores how children acquire language, and explains that they have an innate, universal knowledge of essential grammar and syntax2335ocn048910084visu19990.23Me & Isaac NewtonBiographyInterviewsExplores the inner worlds of seven distinguished scientists in different fields. From their earliest scientific questions in childhood to their most personal ponderings, these scientists reveal their histories and professional obligations to affect the world+-+606975532532422011ocn751720316book20110.23Pinker, StevenThe better angels of our nature : the decline of violence in history and its causesHistoryThis radical reassessment of human progress is destined to become the most controversial and famous book Steven Pinker has ever written. The Better Angels of Our Nature is not a call for complacency. We have only come this far by refusing to accept the brutal excesses of our ancestors. And only by understanding the progress that we have made - and the setbacks that have befallen us along the way - can we learn how to prevent the violence that still besets us."--pub. desc21320ocn027121569book19910.66Lexical & conceptual semantics2139ocn744533087rcrd20110.13Pinker, StevenThe better angels of our nature why violence has declinedFor most of history, war, slavery, infanticide, child abuse, assassinations, pogroms, gruesome punishments, deadly quarrels, and genocide were ordinary features of life. But today, Pinker shows all these forms of violence have dwindled and are widely condemned. How has this happened? This groundbreaking book continues Pinker's exploration of the essence of human nature, mixing psychology and history to provide a remarkable picture of an increasingly nonviolent world+-+11048300962057ocn830089513book20130.66Pinker, StevenLanguage, cognition, and human nature : selected articlesPinker's seminal research explores the workings of language and its connections to cognition, perception, social relationships, child development, human evolution, and theories of human nature. This eclectic collection spans Pinker's thirty-year career, exploring his favorite themes in greater depth and scientific detail. It includes thirteen of Pinker's classic articles, ranging over topics such as language development in children, mental imagery, the recognition of shapes, the computational architecture of the mind, the meaning and uses of verbs, the evolution of language and cognition, the nature-nurture debate, and the logic of innuendo and euphemism. Each outlines a major theory or takes up an argument with another prominent scholar, such as Stephen Jay Gould, Noam Chomsky, or Richard Dawkins2034ocn170921937rcrd20070.14Pinker, StevenThe stuff of thought [language as a window into human nature]Steven Pinker explains how language and human thoughts are related to each other+-+03079689652006ocn041405766book19990.59Pinker, StevenL'instinct du langageUne somme de réponses à toutes les interrogations sur le langage : comment il est structuré, comment les enfants l'apprennent, comment il a évolué et change sans cesse, comment le cerveau le fait fonctionner ; à la lumière d'exemples empruntés à la littérature, à l'histoire, à l'anthropologie aussi bien qu'à la vie quotidienne1588ocn044891114visu19980.63Pinker, StevenHow the mind worksSteve Pinker discusses the scientific understanding of the human mind. Based on his book How the mind works1088ocn734099125book20110.35Pinker, StevenGewalt : Eine neue Geschichte der Menschheit792ocn792926982visu20080.53TEDTalks Steven Pinker, Chalking It Up to the Blank SlateLinguist Steven Pinker questions the very nature of our thoughts - how we learn, use words, and relate to others - and his best-selling books have brought sophisticated language analysis to bear on topics of wide general interest. In this TEDTalk, Pinker discusses his 2002 volume The Blank Slate and why its thesis - that all humans are born with certain innate traits - is as disturbing to some people as it is fascinating to others792ocn792926946visu20070.53TEDTalks Steven Pinker, A Brief History of ViolenceIn this TEDTalk, Steven Pinker charts the decline of violence from biblical times to the present and argues that although it may seem counterintuitive - and even offensive, given recent genocides and atrocities - we are living in the most peaceful time in our species' existence. Pinker is the author of The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined and one of Time's 100 Most Influential People in the World (2004)361ocn817238605visu20070.59The Stuff of ThoughtNamed one of the 100 most influential people in the world by Time magazine in 2004, Linguist Steven Pinker questions the very nature of our thoughts, including the way we use words, how we learn, and how we relate to others. In his best-selling books The Language Instinct, How the Mind Works, and The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature he argues that humans have evolved to share a faculty for language and that we aren't born with "blank slates" to be shaped entirely by our parents and environment. In this exciting TEDTalk, Pinker discusses his book The Stuff of Thought by examining language and how it expresses what goes on in our minds and how the words we choose communicate much more that we realize241ocn063802537visu20000.70How the mind worksInterviewsIn part 1, Steven Pinker gives a presentation on the key concepts discussed in his book How the mind works. Pinker examines two approaches to studying the mind (cognitive psychology and evolution) and offers examples from everyday life to illuminate his ideas. This section is followed by audience questions. Part 2 is an interview with Pinker in which he addresses key issues, implications, and criticisms about his book21ocn712765334book20100.92Stark, GüntherDie Sprache und Pinker : wider den evolutionistischen Sprachnativismus+-+296565283811ocn877622908book20050.26Morgan, ElainePinker's listCriticism, interpretation, etc11ocn650884367visu20100.47Steven Pinker on writingAn interview taking place in Steven Pinker's home, Steven Pinker, "author and cognitive scientist" and professor at Harvard, discusses his writing style, personal habits, how he composes a piece of writing, and the various topics in his writing. Also includes brief reference to his wife, Rebecca Goldstein, who is also a well-known writer11ocn471917278book20090.47Ramsini, Larsa KatehThe stuff of thought : Pinker's linguistic modularism as a window into his methodology11ocn320107244visu19951.00Language is the universal language Steven PinkerInterviewsHost Marcia Alvar speaks with Steven Pinker from the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and author of The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language. They discuss the common blueprint for all languages which include words, phrases, and sentences; how language is an innate social behavior; and the physiology of language in the brain. They also evaluate the evidence for an original proto-language, the current problem of languages that are dying, and the need for promoting language preservation11ocn609408213com20101.00Kondik, Kevin WA critical review of three theories for music's origin11ocn046340103art1998Pinker, Steven A11ocn733100488book20020.47Kilpert, Diana MaryLanguage and value : the place of evaluation in linguistic theory01ocn122566382bookMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyRecordsHistoryThe collection includes corespondence, planning materials for cognitive seminars, and personnel files for postdoctoral fellows and visiting scientists. Grant application files include research proposals, reports, and correspondence. A brief history of the proposal for developing the center and center brochures are also included+-+3080958485+-+3080958485Thu Oct 16 15:07:58 EDT 2014batch37507