WorldCat Identities

Oughourlian, Jean-Michel

Works: 37 works in 220 publications in 7 languages and 4,996 library holdings
Genres: Interviews  Commentaries  Criticism, interpretation, etc 
Roles: Author, Collector, Other, Editor, Thesis advisor, Contributor, Author of introduction, Honoree
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Jean-Michel Oughourlian
Most widely held works by Jean-Michel Oughourlian
Things hidden since the foundation of the world by René Girard( Book )

18 editions published between 1978 and 2003 in 3 languages and held by 688 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An astonishing work of cultural criticism, this book is widely recognized as a brilliant and devastating challenge to conventional views of literature, anthropology, religion, and psychoanalysis. In its scope and itnerest it can be compared with Freud’s Totem and Taboo, the subtext Girard refutes with polemic daring, vast erudition, and a persuasiveness that leaves the reader compelled to respond, one way or another. This is the single fullest summation of Girard’s ideas to date, the book by which they will stand or fall. In a dialogue with two psychiatrists (Jean-Michel Oughourlian and Guy Lefort), Girard probes an encyclopedic array of topics, ranging across the entire spectrum of anthropology, psychoanalysis, and cultural production. Girard’s point o departure is what he calles “mimesis,” the conflict that arises when human rivals compete to differentiate themselves from each other, yet succeed only in becoming more and more alike. At certain points in the life of a society, according to Girard, this mimetic conflict erupts into a crisis in which all difference dissolves in indiscriminate violence. In primitive societies, such crises were resolved by the “scapegoating mechanism,” in which the community, en masse, turned on an unpremeditated victim. The repression of this collective murder and its repetition in ritual sacrifice then formed the foundations of both religion and the restored social order. How does Christianity, at once the most “sacrificial” of religions and a faith with a non-violent ideology, fit into this scheme? Girard grants Freud’s point, in Totem and Taboo, that Christianity is similar to primitive religion, but only to refute Freud--if Christ is sacrificed, Girard argues, it is not becuase God willed it, but becaus ehuman beings wanted it. The book is not merely, or perhaps not mainly, biblical exegesis, for within its scope fall some of the most vexing problems of social history--the paradox that violance has social efficacy, the function of the scapegoat, the mechanism of anti-semitism
Des choses cachées depuis la fondation du monde by René Girard( Book )

68 editions published between 1978 and 2010 in 3 languages and held by 555 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Parallèlement à une analyse approfondie des mécanismes qui règlent la vie des sociétés, René Girard développe et commente magistralement ce qu'il estime être l'antidote contre la violence : la parole biblique. Une lecture et une réflexion stimulantes des grands mystères de notre monde
The puppet of desire : the psychology of hysteria, possession, and hypnosis by Jean-Michel Oughourlian( Book )

4 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 233 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study of the psychology of desire derives from a theory of imitative or 'mimetic' desire developed by the cultural critic and theorist Rene; Girard. The theory is essentially that all human beings have an instinctive tendency, a kind of social and psychological gravitation, to imitate unwittingly not only the actions but also the attitudes and desires of others. The author, a practicing psychiatrist, extends and amplifies this theory from the viewpoint of psychopathology and applies it to the study of hysteria, possession, and hypothesis. He argues that these phenomena are best understood as expressions of mimetic behaviour, and he traces the history of the ideas concerning hysteria, possession, and hypnosis and relates them to the development of Freud's theory of neurosis. The author points out that mimetic desire is not an inherently pathological force. It may be normal and healthy, but in certain circumstances it can lead to relations of dependency and rivalry that can cause serious psychological problems. It can also take on extreme or bizarre forms without necessarily becoming unhealthy; an example of healthy but extreme unconscious identification with an other (who may be either a person or a cultural figure) is shamanistic possession. The author discusses this kind of phenomenon among African tribes and coins the term 'adorcism' (the opposite of exorcism) to refer to the process of invoking it. The theory of desire as presented in this book is other-oriented, as opposed to Freud's theory of desire, which istrictly object-oriented. The author sees Freud's theory as more in a long history of strategic misinterpretations of the psychology of desire, such as the classical theory of hysteria and the medieval theory of demonic possession. his critique of Freudian theory is radical, and in fact it would not be too much to say that he has moved toward the first new and well-developed theory of psychopathology since Freud
The genesis of desire by Jean-Michel Oughourlian( Book )

16 editions published between 2007 and 2010 in English and French and held by 204 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We seem to be abandoning the codes that told previous generations who they should love. But now that many of us are free to choose whoever we want, nothing is less certain. The proliferation of divorces and separations reveal a dynamic we would rather not see: others sometimes reject us as passionately as we are attracted to them. Our desire makes us sick. The throes of rivalry are at the heart of our attraction to one another. This is the central thesis of Jean-Michel Oughourlian''s The Genesis of Desire, where the war of the sexes is finally given a scientific explanation. The disco
La personne du toxicomane : psychosociologie des toxicomanies actuelles dans la jeunesse occidentale by Jean-Michel Oughourlian( Book )

5 editions published between 1974 and 1986 in French and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The mimetic brain by Jean-Michel Oughourlian( Book )

6 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 78 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The discovery of mirror neurons in the 1990s led to an explosion of research and debate about the imitative capacities of the human brain. Some herald a paradigm shift on the order of DNA in biology, while others remain skeptical. In this revolutionary volume Jean- Michel Oughourlian shows how the hypotheses of Ren ̌Girard can be combined with the insights of neuroscientists to shed new light on the "mimetic brain." Offering up clinical studies and a complete reevaluation of classical psychiatry, Oughourlian explores the interaction among reason, emotions, and imitation and reveals that rivalry-the blind spot in contemporary neuroscientific understandings of imitation-is a misunderstood driving force behind mental illness. Oughourlian's analyses shake the very foundations of psychiatry as we know it and open up new avenues for both theoretical research and clinical practice
Un mime nommé désir : hystérie, transe, possession, adorcisme by Jean-Michel Oughourlian( Book )

6 editions published in 1982 in French and held by 73 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Delle cose nascoste sin dalla fondazione del mondo by René Girard( Book )

8 editions published between 1983 and 2010 in Italian and held by 58 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Votre cerveau n'a pas fini de vous étonner by Boris Cyrulnik( Book )

4 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in French and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On savait que le cerveau était l?entité la plus complexe de l?univers connu. Mais les nouvelles découvertes démontrent que ses possibilités sont bien plus étonnantes qu?on ne le croyait. Non seulement il est totalementélastique? même âgé, handicapé, voire amputé, il peut se reconstruire, apprendre, inventer?, mais aussi totalementsocial? un cerveau n?existe qu?en résonance avec d?autres : nous sommes neuronalement constitués pour entrer en empathie. La combinaison de ces deux facultés permet de supposer que l?homo sapienspeut évoluer en changeant lui-même sa structure. Nous avons le pouvoir d'influer sur l?évolution de notre propre cerveau? encore faut-il savoir comment il fonctionne. Patrice Van Eersel, rédacteur en chef du magazineClés, aborde ces questions avec cinq spécialistes, tous médecins et chercheurs : le neuropsychiatre et éthologue Boris Cyrulnik, qui démontre que la résilience repose sur la plasticité neuronale ; le neuropharmacologue Pierre Bustany, qui raconte comment les nouvelles techniques d?imagerie cérébrale ont révolutionné notre vision de la psyché ; le psychiatre Jean-Michel Oughourlian, qui établit le lien entre les <<neurones miroirs>> et le concept de <<désir mimétique>> ; le psychiatre Christophe André qui met en pratique les découvertes des neuro-cognitivistes sur les moines en méditation ; le psychothérapeute Thierry Janssen, qui s?interroge sur la médecine d?Orient, peut-être mieux outillée que la nôtre pour comprendre le cerveau
La persona del toxicómano psicosociología de las toxicomanías actuales en la juventud by Jean-Michel Oughourlian( Book )

10 editions published between 1973 and 1985 in Spanish and French and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Notre troisième cerveau : la nouvelle révolution psychologique by Jean-Michel Oughourlian( Book )

6 editions published between 2013 and 2014 in French and Italian and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Approche psychosomatique de la pratique médicale et chirurgicale by Jacques-Marie Coldefy( Book )

7 editions published between 1974 and 1975 in 3 languages and held by 40 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Hystérie, transe, possession : un mime nommé désir by Jean-Michel Oughourlian( Book )

4 editions published in 2000 in French and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Y a-t-il un principe qui gouverne les sciences humaines - la mimésis universelle - à la manière dont la gravitation universelle gouverne les sciences physiques. La mimésis permet d'expliquer à la fois l'attraction et la répulsion des humains entre eux, la suggestion et l'imitation, l'influence et la soumission, l'amour et la haine. Jean-Michel Oughourlian voit dans la mimésis universelle le principe du mouvement en psychologie ; ce mouvement ne fait qu'un avec le désir et le désir est mimétique
El misterio de nuestro mundo : clave para una interpretación antropológica by René Girard( Book )

5 editions published in 1982 in Spanish and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Wat vanaf het begin der tijden verborgen was ... by René Girard( Book )

2 editions published in 1990 in Dutch and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cultuurtheorie van de hoogleraar Franse taal, letterkunde en cultuur aan de Stanford University over het ontstaan en de ontwikkeling van cultuur en religie
Das Ende der Gewalt : Analyse des Menschheitsverhängnisses ; Erkundungen zu Mimesis und Gewalt mit Jean-Michel Oughourlian und Guy Lefort by René Girard( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in German and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Le désir énergie et finalité by Jean-Michel Oughourlian( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in French and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Le but de ce présent ouvrage est de mettre à la disposition du lecteur le point de vue de la théorie mimétique, de la théorie freudienne, de la théorie lacanienne, de la théorie cognitiviste et de la philosophie sur les deux questions fondamentales de la nature et de l'origine de l'énergie du désir, d'une part, et de la genèse de sa finalité d'autre part
La personne du toxicomane : psychologie des toxicomanies actuelles dans la jeunesse occidentale by Jean-Michel Oughourlian( Book )

7 editions published between 1973 and 1986 in French and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cet autre qui m'obsède : comment éviter les pièges du désir mimétique by Jean-Michel Oughourlian( Book )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Psychopolitics : conversations with Trevor Cribben Merrill by Jean-Michel Oughourlian( Book )

6 editions published between 2012 and 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

For thousands of years, political leaders have unified communities by aligning them against common enemies. However, today more than ever, the search for common enemies results in anything but unanimity. Scapegoats like Saddam Hussein, for example, led to a stark polarization in the United States. Renowned neuropsychiatrist and psychologist Jean-Michel Oughourlian proposes that the only authentic enemy is the one responsible for both everyday frustrations and global dangers, such as climate change ourselves. Oughourlian, who pioneered an interdividual psychology with Ren Girard, reveals how all people are bound together in a dynamic, contingent process of imitation, and shows that the same patterns of irrational mimetic desire that bring individuals together and push them apart also explain the behavior of nations
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Audience level: 0.59 (from 0.16 for Psychopoli ... to 0.96 for Delle cose ...)

Things hidden since the foundation of the world
Alternative Names
Jean-Michel Oughourlian Frans psycholoog

Jean-Michel Oughourlian French neuropsychiatrist

Jean-Michel Oughourlian neuropsychiatre, psychologue, écrivain et essayiste français

Michel, Oughourlian, Jean-, 1940-

Oughourlian, J.-M.

Oughourlian, Jean Michel

Угурлян, Жан-Мишель, 1940-


French (114)

English (51)

Spanish (13)

Italian (10)

German (2)

Dutch (2)

Danish (1)

The genesis of desire