WorldCat Identities

Pelletiere, Stephen C.

Overview
Works: 49 works in 152 publications in 1 language and 9,059 library holdings
Genres: Handbooks, manuals, etc  History  Military history 
Roles: Author, Editor
Classifications: DS79.76, 956.70443
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Stephen C Pelletiere
America's oil wars by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

9 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 731 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 'America's Oil Wars', former CIA & US Army advisor Stephen Pelletière reviews the Middle East policy of recent American administrations. He argues that the chief motivating factor has been oil & that three recent wars in the region mark a long-term diplomatic failure by the US
Iraq and the international oil system : why America went to war in the Gulf by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

17 editions published between 2001 and 2006 in English and held by 481 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ten years after the end of the Gulf War, the conflict continues with unresolved questions about economic sanctions and Iraq's participation in the oil export system. A specialist in Middle Eastern politics and an intelligence officer, Pelletiere covered the Iran-Iraq War as well as the subsequent Gulf conflict. He argues that Iraq's victory over Iran in 1988 gave the nation the capability of becoming a regional superpower with a strong say in how the Gulf's oil reserves were managed. Because the United States could not tolerate an ultranationalist state with the potential to destabilize the world's economy, war then became inevitable
Iraqi power and U.S. security in the Middle East by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

13 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 375 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study is an examination of the Iraqi defeat of Iran in the 8- year-long Iran-Iraq War and the implications of that outcome on future U.S. Middle East Policy. It concludes that Iraq's achievement in forcing Iran to accept a truce represents an authentic victory attained because the Iraqis planned for and successfully executed complicated, large-scale military operations and shrewdly managed their resources. Iraq appears to have become a formidable military power. Iraq, Iran, Iran-Iraq War, Middle East
Lessons learned : the Iran-Iraq War by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

8 editions published between 1991 and 2012 in English and held by 366 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Iran-Iraq War : chaos in a vacuum by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

7 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 364 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book is a major reinterpretation of the Iran-Iraq War, and is a source for reexamining the U.S. involvement in the Gulf
The Kurds : an unstable element in the Gulf by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

6 editions published in 1984 in English and Undetermined and held by 355 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Losing Iraq : insurgency and politics by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

7 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 347 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"According to the Bush administration, the war in Iraq ended in May 2003 when the president pronounced "mission accomplished" from the deck of the USS Abraham Lincoln. Yet, fighting, resistance, and American casualties continue. Stephen C. Pelletiere argues that it is Iraqi suspicion of the Americans' motives - the belief that the United States is out to tear the state apart - that is fueling the current rebellion. Resistance in Iraq has become a national struggle, tied to the mood of Iraqis generally, as well as to anger fed by experiences of the whole people over the course of the last quarter century. Americans see Iraq as a failed state because they lack knowledge of those experiences and of Iraqi history. That is what Pelletiere has set out to remedy." "Chief among his analyses is a brief history of the Iraqi army, focussing on the period of the 1980s and the Iran-Iraq War. The war transformed the army, a change which largely escaped the notice of the United States. Pelletiere also discusses American intelligence about Iraq on the eve of the war, characterizing it as delusory and showing that, even after the invasion, intelligence did not improve. This has led to the deterioration of relations with the Iraqis and precipitated the current revolt. Finally, he discusses the clash between the so-called expatriates and native Iraqis and the part the Islamic Republic is playing under the occupation." "Perhaps more critically, Pelletiere relates American behavior in Iraq to the wider sphere of U.S. interests in the Persian Gulf specifically and the Middle East overall. In doing so, he positions the war as part of a larger geo-political struggle that encompasses not just the Iraqis or the Iranians, but the Israelis and all of the other client states of the United States in the Middle East."--Jacket
Israel in the second Iraq War : the influence of Likud by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

6 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 168 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book examines the second Iraq War on two levels. One: it focuses on the principal antagonists who engaged directly with each other over the war-- the ideologues grouped around Donald Rumsfeld in the Pentagon, and the officers of the old, Ba'thist-led Iraqi army, who sparked the resistance and kept it going through the crucial interval of the first two years. Both groups, the study finds, were aroused by extraordinary passions. The ideologues had a hidden agenda that they were determined to fulfill; the officers were set on exacting revenge for what the Americans had done to them personally, and to their country. On quite another level, the book looks at the interests that signed on early to support the war with the intent of reaping rich rewards, when (as they fully expected) the contest turned in America's favor. The second Iraq War, the book argues, should be seen as a kind of joint stock company venture. The war could not have gone forward without the support (material and otherwise) of a group of powerful individuals and parties in the United States and abroad, and, ironically, it's the failure of these backers now, six years into the war, to agree on a strategy that has caused the war to become bogged down. The parties, having had a falling out, are, in a manner of speaking, deadlocked over what to do next. The book speculates as to what is likely to come out of this debacle. It concludes that no matter what anyone may say (President Obama included), the United States is in Iraq for the foreseeable future
Landpower and dual containment : rethinking America's policy in the Gulf by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

4 editions published between 1999 and 2003 in English and Undetermined and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In an attempt to regain some control of the strategic commodity, Washington developed special relationships with the two foremost oil procedures, Iran (under the Shah) and Saudi Arabia. In 1979 the Shah was overthrown and, with the rise of the Ayatollah Khomeini, America became--in the eyes of Iranians--the Great Satan. By 1991, with the defeat of Iraq in the Gulf war, America was once again the dominant power in the region. But, as this study shows, America's position is hardly secure. Much of the difficulty Washington is experiencing derives from what the author regards as a poorly conceived policy. Dual Containment, promulgated in 1993, was supposed to constrain the two most powerful area states, Iran and Iraq, by imposing harsh economic sanctions on them. But, the author contends, the policy has only antagonized America's allies, while Baghdad and Tehran continue to defy Washington and threaten the oil sheikdoms Washington is trying to protect. The Dual Containment policy must be changed, the author believes. And foremost, the practice of trying to police Iraq by aerial bombing should be abandoned. This tactic is counterproductive, according to the author; it is driving the Iraqis to rally behind the regime of Saddam Hussein, the very outcome Washington is seeking to discourage
Hamas and Hizbollah : the radical challenge to Israel in the occupied territories by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

4 editions published between 1994 and 2004 in English and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study argues that Hamas and Hizbollah, the two main religious groups fighting Israel, probably are more threatening to U.S. interests than is generally believed. It discusses the various openings that the groups were able to exploit to advance themselves, and particularly how they profited from errors on the Israelis' part. At the same time, the study contends, there has been a corresponding rise of religious radicalism in Israel. This means that on both sides of the struggle, Jewish as well as Arab extremism is gaining strength. It is going to be difficult, the study concludes, to avoid a decisive confrontation between the two forces
Turkey's strategic position at the crossroads of world affairs by Stephen Blank( Book )

6 editions published between 1993 and 2002 in English and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This report analyzes the implications of Turkey's policies and the reactions of Turkey's neighbors in three discrete chapters. The authors focus their conclusions and options for U.S. policymakers on the effect of Turkish policies in Europe, the Middle East, and the former Soviet republics. The final chapter summarizes their conclusions with respect to the three regions and provides policy options for continuing U.S.-Turkish relations that are so important in the search for peace and stability in these regions. The authors and the Strategic Studies Institute welcome readers' comments and will continue to assess developments in this vital area of Western and U.S. concern."--SSI abstracts
Terrorism : national security policy and the home front( Book )

2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The recent bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma has highlighted the complexity of the phenomenon of political extremism. Until this occurred, inside the United States foreign terrorists were the focus of attention, particularly the so-called Islamic fundamentalists. Undue emphasis on the "foreign connection" can make it appear that only Middle Eastern terror is of consequence. The Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) has long resisted this approach. We view terrorism as a universal phenomenon, one that can erupt anywhere. As part of our continuing investigation of this problem, SSI held a conference last November at Georgia Tech, at which a number of terrorist-related issues were considered. The emphasis was on international terror, but the threat of domestic extremism also was examined. Included in this volume are three papers presented at the conference two are related to international terror, while one is concerned with the domestic variety and a concluding chapter. In the first chapter, Dr. Kenneth Katzman, an analyst with the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress, uncovers important facts about Hizbollah, considered by many the most lethal of the Islamic fundamentalist groups. Based on his findings, Dr. Katzman ventures to predict what the group's likely future course of action will be. Dr. Lew Ware's contribution in the second chapter is equally important. A professor of Mid-East studies at the Air Command and Staff College, he has painstakingly, and with impressive scholarship, detailed the differences between Sunni and Shia ideas of jihad, a concept crucial to understanding a range of Middle Eastern fundamentalist organizations. Analysts who are less serious than Dr. Ware profess to see no difference between the Shias and Sunnis on this point. However, as Dr. Ware shows, a world of difference exists on this and other matters relating to the fundamentalists' modus operandi
A theory of fundamentalism : an inquiry into the origin and development of the movement by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

3 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 48 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Islamic fundamentalism is growing at such a rapid rate that many believe it threatens to take over the Middle East. To prevent this, enormous resources have been summoned, not only from within the region, but in the West as well. Yet, for all the efforts to contain, if not turn back the fundamentalists, the movement appears likely to pose a security challenge well into the next century. Dr. Stephen Pelletiere points out that containment of fundamentalism depends first and foremost on accurate information about the nature of the movement. He examines the origins of the various fundamentalist groups that are challenging the area's governments, and explains why they were able to grow in the face of official repression by some of the most sophisticated and well-equipped security services in the world. The author concludes by building a theory about fundamentalism, which implies a need to redirect policy for coping with it. Dr. Pelletiere maintains that the solution is not to try to crush the movement--that has been attempted numerous times and consistently has failed. Rather, the way to proceed is to locate and act on the basic split within the movement between its socially constructive and other more violent elements
The peace process, phase one : past accomplishments, future concerns( Book )

4 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As a result of a conference on the peace process in the Middle East, co-hosted by the Strategic Studies Institute and North Georgia College in March 1996, the authors discussed the developing crisis in that area. They have analyzed three crucial areas of relations between Israel and its Arab neighbors--Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. In these three eassays, the authors analyze several key aspects of what can be considered the first phase of the Mideast Peace Process (the time from the 1991 Madrid Conference to the 1996 Israeli election). They remind us that despite recent renewed progress on the Israeli-Palestinian agenda, the peace process has a long and difficult road ahead
Searching for stable peace in the Persian Gulf by Kenneth Katzman( Book )

4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Congressional Research Staffer Kenneth Katzman reviews the history of dual containment, and shows how adherence to the policy has eroded. He suggests it is time for Washington to change course in the Gulf, and lays out a course of action the United States should follow to maintain its leadership role in this vital region. Dr. Katzman's monograph deals thoughtfully with this controversial issue
Assad and the peace process : the pivotal role of Lebanon by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

2 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 40 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The world is waiting for peace in the Middle East. At present the possibility of a settlement is delayed by differences between Israel and Syria. The two are far apart on how to solve one of the thornier problems of the negotiations--the eventual status of the Golan Heights. That Syria's President Assad and Israel's Prime Minister Rabin should find themselves in disagreement is not unusual--Israel and Syria have been enemies for years. But that Assad should be able to hold out against Israeli power is quite extraordinary. Assad has played an extremely astute game of diplomatic intrigue against the Israelis, with successes far beyond anything one might have imagined. This study shows how the Syrian was able to improve his originally weak position in the peace talks by exploiting crisis conditions in Lebanon. Assad's major weapon against the Israelis has been the guerrilla group Hizbollah. The author claims that the fact that a small group of guerrillas could have such an enormous impact in this international drama reveals changed power relations in the strategic Middle East
Yemen and stability in the Persian Gulf : confronting the threat from within by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This study looks at Yemen, a small state which over the course of centuries has played a minor--but nonetheless important--part in the history of the Middle East. Yemen's importance derived from its strategic location. At various times great powers wishing to control the Red Sea/Indian Ocean area tried to take over Yemen. Now that the Soviet Union is no more and the United States alone is a superpower, Yemen's strategic value seemingly is at an end; U.S. policymakers apparently believe that, with Moscow out of the picture, the importance of Yemen has declined. At the same time, however, tensions between Yemen and its neighbors have recently disturbed relations in the crucial Persian Gulf region. This study argues that, unless these tensions are resolved, the whole Persian Gulf system could be destablized, and thus U.S. policymakers must rethink relations with Sana'a. The study tracks how the current disputes over Yemen developed, and then describes how they are likely to affect Gulf stability, which America has pledged to uphold."--SSI site
Managing strains in the coalition : what to do about Saddam? by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

For 5 years U.S. policy has managed to steer a coalition of states which share broad interests in regional stability and free trade. Yet below these common interests, the United States has walked a tightrope stretched between competing objectives vis-a-vis Iraq, e.g., undermining Saddam while preserving Iraq as a counterweight to Iran; protecting the Kurds while not promoting their independence. Time, however, has a habit of eroding international coalitions and exposing seams in the details of policy. Iraq's September 1996 actions in the Kurdish north found such a seam in coalition objectives, or, to return to the original metaphor, shook one anchor of the U.S. policy tightrope. Dr. Stephen Pelletiere examines how the Kurdish crisis developed, why--most disturbingly--the key coalition members divided in response to U.S. actions, and what factors might guide future U.S. policy. He concludes that U.S. policy needs reanchoring if we are to achieve our paramount interests in this vital region
Shariʻa law, cult violence, and system change in Egypt : the dilemma facing President Mubarak by Stephen C Pelletiere( Book )

3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This study looks at the system of rule in Egypt and discusses why it is in such trouble presently. In the eyes of many, the days of Egyptian President Husni Mubarak are numbered, because of the mounting violence inside his country. The study concludes that Mubarak's difficulties stem from the economy, which is seen to be distributing wealth inequitably--it enriches the few, while the masses are driven to make more and more sacrifices to preserve a deteriorating standard of living. Into this disturbed atmosphere has come the powerful Muslim Brotherhood, which has sparked a religious revival against corruption that apparently has gotten out of hand. Numerous religious cults have sprung up, calling for the restitution of the ancient law of Muhammad, the shari'a. The cultists are taking action against elements they feel have betrayed Islam. To date, the religious forces have failed to win support they need to achieve their aim. However, a further serious decline in the standard of living could provide the opening they seek. Ironically, this may happen because of measures being taken by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which is pressing Mubarak to undertake free market reforms. The reforms would cause widespread unemployment, something the masses will not tolerate. The study warns U.S. policymakers that before proceeding with the reforms, the mood of the Egyptian people, as well as the religious movement, should be carefully assessed. Signs indicate the religious forces are split, and--this being the case--it may be possible to exploit this schism in ways that support the interests of the United States."
The Arab-Israeli peace process : assessing the costs of failure by Shibley Telhami( Book )

3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As of mid-1997, the fate of the Arab-Israeli peace process is dangerously uncertain. Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu's decision to begin work on a new Jewish settlement in Jerusalem has so enraged Palestinians that they have effectively walked out of the negotiations. President Clinton has called on his special envoy, Dennis Ross, to exert every effort to get the Palestinians to return. Meanwhile, elements opposed to the peace process from within the Israeli political establishment have pressured the Prime Minister to halt or even reverse the steps taken to date. Given these current setbacks, it is worthwhile to review what hangs in the balance for U.S. interests in the Middle East. How important is success in the peace process? What are the implications should the peace talks fail? To examine these questions, the Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) of the U.S. Army War College joined with Villanova University's Center for Arab and Islamic Studies to cosponsor a conference on the peace process, at Villanova, in December 1996. The conference, organized by Dr. Anne Lesch of Villanova and SSI's Dr. Stephen Pelletiere, brought together six experts on the Middle East, each of whom discussed a different aspect of the crisis. The two papers presented here are particularly timely, as the authors examine the likely effects of breakdown, or breakthrough, on America's broader regional interests, extending in particular to the Persian Gulf. As U.S. policies with respect to the Gulf and the Arab-Israeli peace process come under increasing stress, these authors elaborate linkages between them. They also make clear that the outcomes will have profound implications for U.S. security commitments and, potentially, future missions and deployments
 
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America's oil wars
Alternative Names
Pelletire, Stephen.

Pelletiere, Stephen 1932-...

Pelletiere, Stephen C.

ペレティエ, S. C

ペレティエ, スティーブン

Languages
English (112)

Covers
Iraq and the international oil system : why America went to war in the GulfThe Iran-Iraq War : chaos in a vacuumLosing Iraq : insurgency and politicsIsrael in the second Iraq War : the influence of LikudHamas and Hizbollah : the radical challenge to Israel in the occupied territoriesTurkey's strategic position at the crossroads of world affairs