WorldCat Identities

Praag, Bernard M. S. van

Overview
Works: 227 works in 690 publications in 5 languages and 3,125 library holdings
Genres: Cross-cultural studies  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Honoree
Classifications: BF575.H27, 152.42
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Bernard M. S. van Praag
Happiness quantified : a satisfaction calculus approach by Bernard M. S. van Praag( Book )

48 editions published between 2004 and 2012 in 4 languages and held by 431 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"How do we measure happiness? Focusing on subjective measures as a proxy for welfare and well-being, this book finds ways to do that. Subjective measures have been used by psychologists, sociologists, political scientists, and, more recently, economists to answer a variety of scientifically and politically relevant questions. Van Praag, a pioneer in this field since 1971, and Ferrer-i-Carbonell present in this book a generally applicable methodology for the analysis of subjective satisfaction. Drawing on a range of surveys on people's satisfaction with their jobs, income, housing, marriages, and government policy, among other areas of life, this book shows how satisfaction with life "as a whole" is an aggregate of these domain satisfactions. Using German, British, Dutch, and Russian data, the authors cover a wide range of topics. This groundbreaking book presents a new and fruitful methodology that constitutes a welcome addition to the social sciences. The paperback edition has been revised to bring the literature review up-to-date and the chapter on poverty has been revised and extended to take account of new research."--Book cover
Individual welfare functions and consumer behavior. A theory of rational irrationality by Bernard M. S. van Praag( Book )

29 editions published in 1968 in 3 languages and held by 365 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The distribution of welfare and household production : international perspectives( Book )

1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 280 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When the overall economic pie is not growing, then how it is shared out becomes more important. In short, there is a demand for answers to questions such as: What is actually happening to welfare? Do the income statistics used to chart trends really give us the full picture about people's economic fortunes? Is the experience of one's own country better or worse than other countries? How does a person's well-being relate to the household in which they live; more fundamentally, how do households produce welfare? This book, a collection of new empirical and theoretical papers by a distinguished set of international authors, aims to answer these questions
Analysing poverty in the European Community : policy issues, research options, and data sources : papers presented at the seminar 'Poverty statistics in the European Community' by Rudolf Teekens( Book )

14 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The benefits of being economics professor A (and not Z) by Mirjam van Praag( )

14 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Alphabetic name ordering on multi-authored academic papers, which is the convention in the economics discipline and various other disciplines, is to the advantage of people whose last name initials are placed early in the alphabet. As it turns out, Professor A, who has been a first author more often than Professor Z, will have published more articles and experienced a faster growth rate over the course of her career as a result of reputation and visibility. Moreover, authors know that name ordering matters and indeed take ordering seriously: Several characteristics of an author group composition determine the decision to deviate from the default alphabetic name order to a significant extent
Perspectives from the happiness literature and the role of new instruments for policy analysis by Bernard M. S. van Praag( )

14 editions published between 2004 and 2007 in English and German and held by 37 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

After having been ignored for a long time by economists, happiness is becoming an object of serious research in 21st century economics. In Section 2 we sketch the present status of happiness economics. In Section 3 we consider the practical applicability of happiness economics, retaining the assumption of ordinal individual utilities. In Section 4 we introduce a cardinal utility concept, which seems to us the natural consequence of the happiness economics methodology. In Section 5 we sketch how this approach can lead to a normative approach to policy problems that is admissible from a positivist point of view. Section 6 concludes
The compensating income variation of social capital by Wim Groot( )

12 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There is a small but growing literature on the determinants of social capital. Most of these studies use a measure of trust to define social capital empirically. In this paper we use three different measures of social capital: the size of the individual's social network, the extent of their social safety net and membership of unions or associations. A second contribution to the literature is that we analyze what social capital contributes to our well-being. Based on this, we calculate the compensating income variation of social capital. We find differences in social capital when we differentiate according to individual characteristics such as education, age, place of residence, household composition, and health. Household income generally has a statistically significant effect. We find a significant effect of social capital on life satisfaction. Consequently, the compensating income variation of social capital is substantial
Happiness and Financial Satisfaction in Israel: Effects of Religiosity, Ethnicity, and War by Bernard M. S. van Praag( )

14 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We analyze individual satisfaction with life as a whole and satisfaction with the personal financial situation for Israeli citizens of Jewish and Arab descent. Our data set is the Israeli Social Survey (2006). We are especially interested in the impact of the religions Judaism, Islam and Christianity, where we are able to differentiate between individuals who vary in religiosity between secular and ultra-orthodox. We find a significant effect of religiosity on happiness. With respect to Jewish families it is most striking that the impact of family size on both life and financial satisfaction seems to vary with religiosity. This might be a reason for differentiation in family equivalence scales. For Arab families we did not find this effect. First-generation immigrants are less happy than second-generation immigrants, while there is no significant difference between second-generation families and native families. The effect of the Lebanon War is much less than expected
Well-being inequality and reference groups: an agenda for new research by Bernard M. S. van Praag( )

13 editions published in 2010 in English and German and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

It is argued that the concept of well-being inequality cannot be properly defined without taking the referencing process into account. The reference effect depends on how frequently individuals compare with others and on the degree of social transparency in society. In this paper we employ the reference- extended model for incorporating the concept of happiness inequality in happiness studies. We plead for an extension of the present happiness paradigm by setting up a new additional agenda for empirical research in order to get quantified knowledge about the referencing process. -- subjective well being ; happiness ; inequality ; reference group
Intra-Household Work Timing: The Effect on Joint Activities and the Demand for Child Care by Chris van Klaveren( )

14 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in 3 languages and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study examines if couples time their work hours and how this work timing influences child care demand and the time that spouses jointly spend on leisure, household chores and child care. By using a innovative matching strategy, this studies identifies the timing of work hours that cannot be explained by factors other than the partners' potential to communicate on the timing of their work. The main findings are that couples with children create less overlap in their work times and this effect is more pronounced the younger the children. We find evidence for a togetherness preference of spouses, but only for childless couples. Work timing also influences the joint time that is spent on household chores, but the effect is small. Finally, work timing behavior affects the demand for informal child care, but not the demand for formal child care. -- labor supply ; work timing ; time allocation
A parametric analysis of prospect theory's functionals for the general population by Adam S Booij( )

9 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper presents the results of an experiment that completely measures the utility function and probability weighting function for different positive and negative monetary outcomes, using a representative sample of N = 1935 from the general public. The results confirm earlier findings in the lab, suggesting that utility is less pronounced than what is found in classical measurements where expected utility is assumed. Utility for losses is found to be convex, consistent with diminishing sensitivity, and the obtained loss aversion coefficient of 1.6 is moderate but in agreement with contemporary evidence. The estimated probability weighing functions have an inverse-S shape and they imply pessimism in both domains. These results show that probability weighting is also an important phenomenon in the general population. Women and lower educated individuals are found to be more risk averse, in agreement with common findings. Unlike previous studies that ascribed gender differences in risk attitudes solely to differences in the degree utility curvature, however, our results show that this finding is primarily driven by loss aversion and, for women, also by a more pessimistic psychological response towards the probability of obtaining the best possible outcome
The distribution of welfare and household production : international perspectives( Book )

9 editions published between 1998 and 2010 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When the overall economic pie is not growing, then how it is shared out becomes more important. This 1998 book is a collection of empirical and theoretical papers by a distinguished set of international authors about the personal distribution of welfare and household production. Comparisons of poverty, income inequality and income capacity across countries in Europe and North America are the basis of Part I. Three chapters introduce subjective (non-monetary) approaches to the assessment of personal economic welfare. In Part III new results
The subjective costs of health losses due to chronic diseases : an alternative model for monetary appraisal by Ada Ferrer-i-Carbonell( Book )

16 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper proposes a method to evaluate health losses or gains by looking at the impact on well-being of a change in health status. The paper presents estimates of the equivalent income change that would be necessary to change general satisfaction with life to the same extent as a change in health satisfaction would do. In other words, the income equivalent of health satisfaction changes is estimated. Next, this health satisfaction changes are linked to specific diseases in order to estimate the income equivalent for these diseases. This method uses answers to well-being and health satisfaction questions as posed in a large German data set, distinguishing between orkers and non-workers and between East and West Germans. It is found, for instance, that for West-German workers hearing impediments are on average equivalent to an income reduction of about 20%, and that heart or blood difficulties are for the same group equivalent to a 47% income reduction
The connexion between old and new approaches to financial satisfaction by Bernard M. S. van Praag( Book )

13 editions published between 2004 and 2006 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we compare the new satisfaction evaluation approach, developed inthe nineties by Oswald ,Clark , Blanchflower and others with the older incomeevaluation (IEQ) approach, developed by Van Praag and Kapteyn in theseventies of the previous century. We find that both approaches yield strikinglysimilar results with respect to financial satisfaction. The IEQ-approach yieldsadditional insights, but it is not well applicable to other life domains thanfinance. It is argued that the usual Probit specification implies a specificcardinalization and, consequently, is less ordinal than usually thought. It isshown that the Probit-approach may be replaced by three other equivalentspecifications that have some computational and intuitive advantages
How sustainable are old-age pensions in a shrinking population with endogenous labour supply? by Pedro Cardoso( Book )

5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we model an OLG-economy where labour supply is endogenously determined and where we assume that there are two pension systems, namely, a pay-as-you-go system and a funded system. The main question is whether there is an equilibrium involving an old-age pensions system, partly financed by PAYG and partly by a capital reserve system, and what will be the size and the composition of the pension income. We also look at the consequences of increasing preference for leisure on the design of the pension system. We assume the population growth rate and the technological growth rate to be endogenous; they are assumed to be correlated with the labour supply. Negative population growth is admitted for by the model. The main conclusion is that there is in any economy an equilibrium, but that the numerical outcomes heavily depend on the attitude towards leisure and the capital production elasticity
Happiness economics : a new road to measuring and comparing happiness by Bernard M. S. van Praag( Book )

8 editions published between 2010 and 2014 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper deals with the concept of happiness in economics. Of late there has come into life a branch of happiness economics and it is this field that will be our concern. Actually, not only economists are interested in quantifications of happiness but also researchers in other disciplines. Notably there are several psychologists who investigate happiness as well. We mention Schimmack et al. (2002), Kahneman et al. (1999, 2006), Kahneman and Krueger (2006), Clark et al. (2008) and Lucas and Schimmack (2009). There are also some interconnections between happiness economists and psychologists as in the citations just mentioned. In this paper we will focus on happiness economics, although we will sometimes refer to work in other disciplines as well. Happiness economics is up to now an empirically oriented field. There is no attention for philosophical contemplations on happiness, the sense of life, etc. as we find in philosophy and religious studies (see, e.g., Feldman (2010), Nussbaum and Sen (1993), Haybron (2010) and Bok (2010) for a philosophical approach). We shall not touch on these issues in this tract
A public good version of the collective household model an empirical approach with an application to British household data by Chris van Klaveren( Book )

12 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we consider an empirical collective household model of time allocation for two-earner households. The novelty of this paper is that we estimate a version of the collective household model, where the internally produced goods and the externally purchased goods are assumed to be public. The empirical results suggest that: (1) Preferences of men and women differ; (2) Although there are significant individual variations, on average the utility functions of men and women are equally weighted in the household utility function; (3) Differences in the ratio of the partners' hourly wages are explanatory for how individual utilities are weighted in the household utility function. (4) The female's preference for household production is influenced by family size, but this does not hold for the male; (5) Both the male and the female have a backward-bending labor supply curve; (6) Labor-supply curves are forward-bending with respect to the partner's wage rate; (7) Our model rejects the unitary Slutsky symmetry condition
Empirical estimation results of a collective household time allocation model by Chris van Klaveren( Book )

11 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper an empirical model is developed where the collective household model is used as a basic framework to describe the time allocation problem. The collective model views household behavior as the outcome of maximizing a household utility function which is a weighted sum of the utility functions of the male and the female. The empirical research that has been done is mainly focused on testing and refuting the unitary model. Moreover, in the bulk of time allocation literature the main accent still lies on the development of theory. The novelty of this paper is that we empirically estimate the two individual utility functions and the household power weight distribution, which is parameterized per household. The model is estimated on a sub-sample of the British Household Panel Survey, consisting of two-earner households. The empirical results suggest that: (1) Given that the weight distribution is wage dependent, preferences of males and females differ, which rejects the unitary model; (2) The power differences are mainly explained by differences in the ratio of the partners' hourly wages; (3) Although there are significant individual variations on average the power distribution in two-earner families is about even; (4) The male tends to be marginally more productive in performing household tasks than the female (5) The preference for total household production is influenced by family size for the female but not for the male (6) Both males and females have a backward bending labor supply curve
Vignette equivalence and response consistency : the case of job satisfaction by Ada Ferrer-i-Carbonell( Book )

8 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We compare reported job satisfaction with vignette evaluations of hypothetical jobs by using a British, Greek and Dutch data set, containing 95 randomly assigned vignettes. In order to test comparability of international data sets recently the method of anchoring vignettes has been introduced by King et al. (2004). This intuitively and attractive idea requires the properties of vignette equivalence and response consistency. In our data set both job satisfaction and vignettes are numerically evaluated on a 0-10-scale. This fact allows us to interpret the evaluations as cardinal satisfaction values and to estimate satisfaction functions for vignettes and for the own job situation. We find that both functions differ significantly: vignette evaluations appear to depend on the own job situation and other individual characteristics. Hence, without correction for those differences in background characteristics, vignette evaluations are not comparable between individuals. Similar conclusions are reached for response consistency
The quality of life in Latin American cities : markets and perception by Eduardo Lora( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book explores a new method of monitoring the quality of urban life, combining objective and subjective information to assess quality of life by using the market price of housing and individuals? life satisfaction in six Latin American cities: Bogota, Buenos Aires, Lima, Medellin, Montevideo and San Jose. Housing prices show how the market values characteristics of not only a house itself, but also its surroundings. Life satisfaction, though less measurable, can be approximated using a simple survey question. Those measurements can be used to answer questions such as the following:.?What
 
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Happiness quantified : a satisfaction calculus approach
Alternative Names
Bernard van Praag Dutch economist

Bernard van Praag economista neerlandés

Bernard van Praag Nederlands econoom

Bernard van Praag niederländischer Ökonom

Praag, B. M. S. van.

Praag, B.M.S. van 1939-

Praag, B. M. S. van (Bernard M. S.)

Praag, B.M.S. van (Bernard M.S.), 1939-

Praag, Bart van 1939-

Praag, Bernard M. S van

Praag, Bernard M.S. van 1939-

Praag, Bernard Marinus Siegfried van 1939-

Praag, Bernard van.

Praag Bernard van 1939-....

Van Praag, Bernard

Van Praag, Bernard 1939-

van Praag, Bernard M. S.

Van Praag, Bernard M.S. 1939-

Van Praag Bernard Marinus Siegried 1939-....

VanPraag, Bernard 1939-

Languages
English (253)

German (3)

Dutch (2)

French (1)

Chinese (1)

Covers
The distribution of welfare and household production : international perspectivesThe distribution of welfare and household production : international perspectivesHappiness economics : a new road to measuring and comparing happinessThe quality of life in Latin American cities : markets and perception