WorldCat Identities

Heckman, James J. (James Joseph)

Publication Timeline
.
Most widely held works by James J Heckman
Law and employment : lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean by James J Heckman( )

31 editions published between 1838 and 2007 in English and held by 1,987 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Along with in-depth studies of Colombia, Peru, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Jamaica, and Trinidad, Law and Employment provides comparative analysis of Latin American economics against a range of European countries and the United States. The book breaks new ground by quantifying not only the cost of regulation in Latin America, the Caribbean, and in the OECD, but also the broader impact of this regulation."--Jacket
Inequality in America : what role for human capital policies? by James J Heckman( )

20 editions published between 2002 and 2005 in English and held by 1,663 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Inequality in America What Role for Human Capital Polices? examines the ways in which human capital policies can address this important problem. Taking it as a given that potentially low-income workers would benefit from more human capital in the form of market skills and education, James Heckman and Alan Krueger discuss which policies would be most effective in providing it. Should we devote more resources to the entire public school system or to specialized programs like Head Start? Would relaxing credit restraints encourage more students to attend college? Does vocational training actually work? What is the best balance of private and public sector programs?"--Jacket
The performance of performance standards by James J Heckman( )

33 editions published between 2002 and 2011 in English and held by 1,287 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper examines the performance of the JTPA performance system, a widely emulated model for inducing efficiency in government organizations. We present a model of how performance incentives may distort bureaucratic decisions. We define cream skimming within the model. Two major empirical findings are (a) that the short run measures used to monitor performance are weakly, and sometimes perversely, related to long run impacts and (b) that the efficiency gains or losses from cream skimming are small. We find evidence that centers respond to performance standards
Handbook of econometrics by James J Heckman( Book )

35 editions published between 1983 and 2007 in English and held by 998 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A comprehensive survey of the field of econometrics by some of its leading practitioners
Giving kids a fair chance by James J Heckman( )

17 editions published between 2013 and 2017 in English and Undetermined and held by 891 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Current social and education policies directed toward children focus on improving cognition, yet success in life requires more than smarts. Heckman calls for a refocus of social policy toward early childhood interventions designed to enhance both cognitive abilities and such non-cognitive skills as confidence and perseverance. This new focus on preschool intervention would emphasize improving the early environments of disadvantaged children and increasing the quality of parenting while respecting the primacy of the family and America's cultural diversity. Heckman shows that acting early has much greater positive economic and social impact than later interventions -- which range from reduced pupil-teacher ratios to adult literacy programs to expenditures on police -- that draw the most attention in the public policy debate. At a time when state and local budgets for early interventions are being cut, Heckman issues an urgent call for action and offers some practical steps for how to design and pay for new programs
The myth of achievement tests : the GED and the role of character in American life by Eric Grodsky( Book )

10 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in English and held by 750 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Achievement tests play an important role in modern societies. They are used to evaluate schools, to assign students to tracks within schools, and to identify weaknesses in student knowledge. The GED is an achievement test used to grant the status of high school graduate to anyone who passes it. GED recipients currently account for 12 percent of all high school credentials issued each year in the United States. But do achievement tests predict success in life? The Myth of Achievement Tests shows that achievement tests like the GED fail to measure important life skills. James J. Heckman, John Eric Humphries, Tim Kautz, and a group of scholars offer an in-depth exploration of how the GED came to be used throughout the United States and why our reliance on it is dangerous. Drawing on decades of research, the authors show that, while GED recipients score as well on achievement tests as high school graduates who do not enroll in college, high school graduates vastly outperform GED recipients in terms of their earnings, employment opportunities, educational attainment, and health. The authors show that the differences in success between GED recipients and high school graduates are driven by character skills. Achievement tests like the GED do not adequately capture character skills like conscientiousness, perseverance, sociability, and curiosity. These skills are important in predicting a variety of life outcomes. They can be measured, and they can be taught. Using the GED as a case study, the authors explore what achievement tests miss and show the dangers of an educational system based on them. They call for a return to an emphasis on character in our schools, our systems of accountability, and our national dialogue"--From the dust-jacket front flap
Longitudinal analysis of labor market data by James J Heckman( Book )

28 editions published between 1985 and 2008 in English and held by 560 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Longitudinal Analysis of Labor Market Data presents a set of papers by leading scholars on methods for analysing the longitudinal data that is available on numerous topics of interest to social scientists. Because many sources of longitudinal data record labour market phenomena such as unemployment, labour supply, earnings mobility, job turnover and participation in training programmes, all of the papers collected in this volume focus on models of the labour market. The main methodological points, however, are more general and apply to such diverse areas as demography, life science analysis and training evaluation, to name only a few, potential avenues of application. The book contains important methodological contributions to the emerging field of longitudinal analysis and is of interest to a wide range of social scientists
Handbook of econometrics by James J Heckman( )

38 editions published between 2007 and 2010 in English and held by 474 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As conceived by the founders of the Econometric Society, econometrics is a field that uses economic theory and statistical methods to address empirical problems in economics. It is a tool for empirical discovery and policy analysis. The chapters in this volume embody this vision and either implement it directly or provide the tools for doing so. This vision is not shared by those who view econometrics as a branch of statistics rather than as a distinct field of knowledge that designs methods of inference from data based on models of human choice behavior and social interactions. All of the essays in this volume and its companion volume "6A" offer guidance to the practitioner on how to apply the methods they discuss to interpret economic data. The authors of the chapters are all leading scholars in the fields they survey and extend
Handbook of econometrics by James J Heckman( )

24 editions published between 2001 and 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 258 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume collates a body of research tools useful in applied econometrics and in empirical research economics. It also updates essays on theoretical econometrics presented in previous volumes of this series to include improvements in methods previously surveyed and methods not previously surveyed
Global perspectives on the rule of law by James J Heckman( Book )

15 editions published between 2009 and 2013 in English and held by 251 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"A GlassHouse book"--Title page verso
The raising of America : early childhood and the future of our nation( Visual )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 251 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The first documentary series to explore how a strong start for all our kids can lead to a healthier, safer, better educated and more prosperous and equitable America."--Container
The determinants and consequences of public-sector and private- sector training by James J Heckman( )

3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The pre-program earnings dip and the determinants of participation in a social program : implications for simple program evaluation strategies by James J Heckman( Book )

19 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 132 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The key to estimating the impact of a program is constructing the counterfactual outcome representing what would have happened in its absence. This problem becomes more complicated when agents self-select into the program rather than being exogenously assigned to it. This paper uses data from a major social experiment to identify what would have happened to the earnings of self-selected participants in a job training program had they not participated in it. We investigate the implications of these earnings patterns for the validity of widely-used before-after and difference-in-differences estimators. Motivated by the failure of these estimators to produce credible estimates, we investigate the determinants of program participation. We find that labor force status dynamics, rather than earnings or employment dynamics, drive the participation process. Our evidence suggests that training programs often function as a form of job search. Methods that control only for earnings dynamics, like the conventional difference-in-differences estimator, do not adequately capture the underlying differences between participants and non-participants. We use the estimated probabilities of participation in both matching estimators and a nonparametric, conditional version of the differences-in-differences estimator and produce large reductions in the selection bias in non-experimental estimates of the effect of training on earnings
Characterizing selection bias using experimental data by James J Heckman( Book )

16 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 126 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper develops and applies semiparametric econometric methods to estimate the form of selection bias that arises from using nonexperimental comparison groups to evaluate social programs and to test the identifying assumptions that justify three widely-used classes of estimators and our extensions of them: (a) the method of matching; (b) the classical econometric selection model which represents the bias solely as a function of the probability of participation; and (c) the method of difference-in-differences. Using data from an experiment on a prototypical social program combined with unusually rich data from a nonexperimental comparison group, we reject the assumptions justifying matching and our extensions of that method but find evidence in support of the index-sufficient selection bias model and the assumptions that justify application of a conditional semiparametric version of the method of difference-in-difference. Fa comparable people and to appropriately weight participants and nonparticipants a sources of selection bias as conveniently measured. We present a rigorous defin bias and find that in our data it is a small component of conventially meausred it is still substantial when compared with experimentally-estimated program impa matching participants to comparison group members in the same labor market, givi same questionnaire, and making sure they have comparable characteristics substan the performance of any econometric program evaluation estimator. We show how t analysis to estimate the impact of treatment on the treated using ordinary obser
General equilibrium treatment effects : a study of tuition policy by James J Heckman( Book )

12 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 122 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper defines and estimates general equilibrium treatment effects. The conventional approach in the literature on treatment effects ignores interactions among individuals induced by the policy interventions being studied. Focusing on the impact of tuition policy, and using estimates from our dynamic overlapping generations general equilibrium model of capital and human capital formation, we find that general equilibrium impacts of tuition on college enrollment are an order of magnitude smaller than those reported in the literature on microeconomic treatment effects. The assumptions used to justify the LATE parameter in a partial equilibrium setting do not hold in a general equilibrium setting. Policy changes induce two way flows. We extend the LATE concept to a general equilibrium setting. We present a more comprehensive evaluation to program evaluation by considering both the tax and benefit consequences of the program being evaluated and placing the analysis in a market setting
General equilibrium cost benefit analysis of education and tax policies by James J Heckman( Book )

14 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 122 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper formulates and estimates an open-economy overlapping generation general-equilibrium model of endogenous heterogeneous human capital in the form of schooling and on-the-job training. Physical capital accumulation is also analyzed. We use the model to explain rising wage inequality in the past two decades due to skill-biased technical change and to estimate investment responses. We compare an open economy version with a closed economy version. Using our empirically grounded general equilibrium model that explains rising wage inequality, we evaluate two policies often suggested as solutions to the problem of rising wage inequality: (a) tuition subsidies to promote skill formation and (b) tax policies. We establish that conventional partial equilibrium policy evaluation methods widely used in labor economics and public finance give substantially misleading estimates of the impact of national tax and tuition policies on skill formation. Conventional microeconomic methods for estimating the schooling response to tuition overestimate the response by an order of magnitude. Simulations of our model also reveal that move to a flat consumption tax raises capital accumulation and the real wages of all skill groups and barely affects overall measures of income inequality
Accounting for heterogeneity, diversity and general equilibrium in evaluating social programs by James J Heckman( Book )

14 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 120 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper considers the problem of policy evaluation in a modern society with heterogeneous agents and diverse groups with conflicting interests. Several different approaches to the policy evaluation problem are compared including the approach adopted in modern welfare economics, the classical representative agent approach adopted in macroecononomics and the microeconomic treatment effect approach. A new approach to the policy evaluation problem is developed and applied that combines and extends the best features of these earlier approaches. Evidence on the importance of heterogeneity is presented. Using an empirically based dynamic general equilibrium model of skill formation with heterogeneous agents, the benefits of the more comprehensive approach to policy evaluation are examined in the context of examining the impact of tax reform on skill formation and the political economy aspects of such reform. A parallel analysis of tution policy is presented
Removing the veil of ignorance in assessing the distributional impacts of social policies by Pedro Carneiro( Book )

20 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 118 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper summarizes research on evaluating the distributional consequences of social programs, presenting the evaluation problem for an economy with two sectors (E.G., schooled and unschooled) where agents select or are selected into treatment (one of the two sectors). It considers policies affecting choices of treatment but not potential outcomes (the outcomes they experience under different treatments) and compares outcomes across two policy regimes that affect treatment choices. This task is easier when individuals respond in the same way to treatment than when they differ in their response and act on those differences in making treatment choice decisions. In the latter case, the marginal entrant into schooling is not the same as the average participant in treatment, and the representative agent paradigm breaks down. The paper estimates the distributional consequences of two proposed policy reforms in U.S. education. Even though they barely affect the overall distribution of outcomes, and would be judged equivalent to the pre-policy origin state under the Veil of Ignorance criterion, they have substantial effects on a small group of people concentrated in the middle to high end of the pre-policy wage distribution. An appendix shows how to generate the counterfactual distributions of outcomes produced by alternative policies. (Contains 23 references.)(SM)
Tax policy and human capital formation by James J Heckman( Book )

12 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 117 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Missing from recent discussions of tax reform is any systematic analysis of the effects of various tax proposals on skill formation. This gap in the literature in empirical public finance is due to the absence of any empirically based general equilibrium models with both human capital formation and physical capital formation that are consistent with observations on modern labor markets. This paper is a progress report on our ongoing research on formulating and estimating dynamic general equilibrium models with endogenous heterogeneous human capital accumulation. Our model explains many features of rising wage inequality in the U.S. economy (James Heckman, Lance Lochner and Christopher Taber, 1998). In this paper, we use our model to study the impacts on skill formation of proposals to switch from progressive taxes to flat income and consumption taxes. For the sake of brevity, we focus on steady states in this paper, although we study both transitions and steady states in our research
The dynamics of educational attainment for Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites by Stephen V Cameron( Book )

13 editions published in 1999 in English and German and held by 117 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper estimates a dynamic model of schooling attainment to investigate the sources of discrepancy by race and ethnicity in college attendance. When the returns to college education rose, college enrollment of whites responded much more quickly than that of minorities. Parental income is a strong predictor of this response. However, using NLSY data, we find that it is the long-run factors associated with parental background and income and not short-term credit constraints facing college students that account for the differential response by race and ethnicity to the new labor market for skilled labor. Policies aimed at improving these long-term factors are far more likely to be successful in eliminating college attendance differentials than are short-term tuition reduction policies
 
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
0
Audience Level
1
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.30 (from 0.04 for The perfor ... to 1.00 for James Heck ...)

Law and employment : lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean
Covers
Inequality in America : what role for human capital policies?The performance of performance standardsHandbook of econometricsLongitudinal analysis of labor market dataHandbook of econometricsHandbook of econometricsGlobal perspectives on the rule of law
Alternative Names
Ceyms Hekman

Hechman, James 1944-

Heckman, J.

Heckman, J. J. 1944-

Heckman, J. L.

Heckman, James 1944-

Heckman, James J.

Heckman James J. 1944-....

Heckman , James Joseph

Heckman, James Joseph 1944-

Heckman, James L. 1944-

James Heckman americký ekonóm

James Heckman Amerikaans econoom

James Heckman amerikansk økonom

James Heckman economist american

James Heckman economista e statistico statunitense

James Heckman economista estadounidense

James Heckman economista estatunidenc

James Heckman économiste américain

James Heckman ekonomista amerykański, noblista

James Heckman US-amerikanischer Ökonom

James J. Heckman

James Joseph Heckman

James Joseph Heckman amerikansk økonom

Xekman Jeyms

Джеймс Хекман

Джэймс Хекман

Хекман, Джеймс

Ջեյմս Հեկման

ג'יימס הקמן כלכלן אמריקאי

جيمس هيكمان

جيمس هيكمان عالم اقتصاد أمريكي

جیمز ژوزف هکمن اقتصاددان آمریکایی

جیمز ہیکمین

جیمزہکمین

জেমস হেক্‌ম্যান

জেমস হেক্‌ম্যান মার্কিন অর্থনীতিবিদ

허커만, 잔무쓰·J. 1944-

헤크먼, 제임스 J. 1944-

헤크먼, 제임스 조셉 1944-

혁극만, 담모사·J. 1944-

혁극만, 첨모사·J. 1944-

ジェームズ・ヘックマン

詹姆斯·赫克曼

Languages
English (381)

German (1)