WorldCat Identities

Aspray, William

Works: 143 works in 392 publications in 3 languages and 18,384 library holdings
Genres: History  Conference papers and proceedings  Case studies  Biography 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Author of introduction
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by William Aspray
Computer : a history of the information machine by Martin Campbell-Kelly( Book )

42 editions published between 1996 and 2016 in English and held by 2,570 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Most interesting is the story of how the computer began to reshape broad segments of our society when the PC, or personal computer, enabled new modes of computing that liberated people from dependence on room-sized, enormously expensive mainframe computers. Oddly, the established computer companies initially missed the potential of the PC and ignored it, allowing upstart firms such as Apple and Microsoft to become the fastest growing firms of the twentieth century. Filled with lively insights - many about the world of computing in the 1990s, such as the strategy behind Microsoft Windows - as well as a discussion of the rise and creation of the World Wide Web, here is a book no one who owns or uses a computer will want to miss
Computing before computers by William Aspray( Book )

9 editions published between 1900 and 1990 in English and held by 835 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Internet and American business by Paul E Ceruzzi( Book )

14 editions published between 2008 and 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 789 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When we think of the Internet, we generally think of Amazon, Google, Hotmail, Napster, MySpace, and other sites for buying products, searching for information, downloading entertainment, chatting with friends, or posting photographs. In the academic literature about the Internet, however, these uses are rarely covered. The Internet and American Businessfills this gap, picking up where most scholarly histories of the Internet leave off--with the commercialization of the Internet established and its effect on traditional business a fact of life. These essays, describing challenges successfully met by some companies and failures to adapt by others, are a first attempt to understand a dynamic and exciting period of American business history. Tracing the impact of the commercialized Internet since 1995 on American business and society, the book describes new business models, new companies and adjustments by established companies, the rise of e-commerce, and community building; it considers dot-com busts and difficulties encountered by traditional industries; and it discusses such newly created problems as copyright violations associated with music file-sharing and the proliferation of Internet pornography. Contributors: Atsushi Akera, William Aspray, Randal A. Beam, Martin Campbell-Kelly, Paul E. Ceruzzi, James W. Cortada, Wolfgang Coy, Blaise Cronin, Nathan Ensmenger, Daniel D. Garcia-Swartz, Brent Goldfarb, Shane Greenstein, Thomas Haigh, Ward Hanson, David Kirsch, Christine Ogan, Jeffrey R. Yost
John von Neumann and the origins of modern computing by William Aspray( Book )

19 editions published between 1990 and 1995 in English and Japanese and held by 786 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

John von Neumann (1903-1957) was unquestionably one of the most brilliant scientists of the twentieth century. He made major contributions to quantum mechanics and mathematical physics and in 1943 began a new and all-too-short career in computer science. William Aspray provides the first broad and detailed account of von Neumann's many different contributions to computing. These, Aspray reveals, extended far beyond his well-known work in the design and construction of computer systems to include important scientific applications, the revival of numerical analysis, and the creation of a theory of computing. Aspray points out that from the beginning von Neumann took a wider and more theoretical view than other computer pioneers. In the now famous EDVAC report of 1945, von Neumann clearly stated the idea of a stored program that resides in the computer's memory along with the data it was to operate on. This stored program computer was described in terms of idealized neurons, highlighting the analogy between the digital computer and the human brain. Aspray describes von Neumann's development during the next decade, and almost entirely alone, of a theory of complicated information processing systems, or automata, and the introduction of themes such as learning, reliability of systems with unreliable components, self-replication, and the importance of memory and storage capacity in biological nervous systems; many of these themes remain at the heart of current investigations in parallel or neurocomputing. Aspray allows the record to speak for itself. He unravels an intricate sequence of stories generated by von Neumann's work and brings into focus the interplay of personalities centered about von Neumann. He documents the complex interactions of science, the military, and business and shows how progress in applied mathematics was intertwined with that in computers. - Publisher
Women and information technology : research on underrepresentation by J. McGrath Cohoon( Book )

16 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 721 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Computing remains a heavily male-dominated field even after twenty-five years of extensive efforts to promote female participation. The contributors to Women and Information Technology look at reasons for the persistent gender imbalance in computing and explore some strategies intended to reverse the downward trend. The studies included are rigorous social science investigations; they rely on empirical evidence - not rhetoric, hunches, folk wisdom, or off-the-cuff speculation about supposed innate differences between men and women." "Taking advantage of the recent surge in research in this area, the editors present the latest findings of both qualitative and quantitative studies. Each section begins with an overview of the literature on current research in the field, followed by individual studies."--Jacket
History and philosophy of modern mathematics by Philip Kitcher( Book )

20 editions published between 1978 and 1998 in English and held by 539 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Papers of John von Neumann on computing and computer theory by John Von Neumann( Book )

11 editions published between 1986 and 1987 in English and German and held by 380 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Everyday information : the evolution of information seeking in America by William Aspray( Book )

13 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 370 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book examines the evolution of information seeking in nine areas of everyday American life. --from publisher description
Privacy in America : interdisciplinary perspectives by William Aspray( Book )

7 editions published in 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 211 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This collection of essays represents original and interdisciplinary work in which respected scholars address a number of privacy issues. They include the development and deployment of governmental and private-sector technologies that can pose serious compromises to the privacy of individuals and groups; how information--and communication system--designs pose threats to privacy; the management of private concerns (child care, job leave, and identity) as public issues amenable to political action and shared awareness; and the fundamental asymmetry of power that exists between individuals and small groups on the one hand and large governmental and corporate entities on the other. Organized into three sections--law and policy; information technology; and information studies, history, and sociology--Privacy in America: Interdisciplinary Perspectives will be useful to scholars, practitioners, and students in a variety of fields, including information science, library science, and information systems"--Provided by publisher
Chasing Moore's law : information technology policy in the United States( Book )

2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 195 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Digital media : technological and social challenges of the interactive world by Megan Alicia Winget( Book )

7 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 182 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

There has been an explosion in the creation and use of digital media over the past quarter century and in particular over the past decade. As the varieties of digital media multiply, scholars are beginning to examine its origins, organization, and preservation, which present new challenges compared to the organization and preservation of traditional media such as books, papers, films, photographs, music scores, and works of art. In order to examine from multiple perspectives issues related to history, preservation, and ontology of digital media, editors of this volume organized an invitation-
Technological competitiveness : contemporary and historical perspectives on the electrical, electronics, and computer industries by William Aspray( Book )

9 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 175 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Engineers as executives : an international perspective by William Aspray( Book )

5 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Health informatics : a patient-centered approach to diabetes( Book )

7 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 143 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this work, experts in technology, joined by clinicians, use diabetes - a costly, complex, and widespread disease that involves nearly every facet of the health care system - to examine the challenges of using the tools of information technology to improve patient care
History of mathematics and education : ideas and experiences( Book )

7 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 92 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The supply of information technology workers in the United States by Peter Freeman( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study is designed to improve understanding of the supply of and demand for information technology (it) workers in America and contextual issues surrounding that topic. Chapter 1 examines aspects of the political context concerning it workforce issues. Chapter 2 outlines a way to distinguish it workers from a much larger class of workers whose jobs are enabled by it and classifies them into four categories--conceptualizers, developers, modifiers/extenders, and supporters/tenders--based on skills and knowledge required to do the job. Chapter 3 addresses dynamics of the marketplace and dangers of government intervention in the it labor market, limitations on action to improve a supply-demand mismatch, costs of an it worker shortage, and international considerations. Chapter 4 evaluates whether there is a shortage of it workers and determines that data are inadequate to ascertain a national supply-demand mismatch. Chapter 5 describes an extensive supply system, including majors in 20 IT-related disciplines at the associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degree levels and majors in science, engineering, business, and non-technical disciplines. Chapter 6 looks at non-degree programs as a supply system. Chapter 7 focuses on underrepresentation of women, minorities, and older workers in the it workforce. Chapter 8 focuses on seed-corn issues, whether the strong industrial demand for it workers is harming the educational system. Chapter 9 discusses data sources and their limitations. Chapter 10 offers recommendations for federal and state governments, higher education, industry, professional societies, and individuals. (Ylb)
Women and underrepresented minorities in computing : a historical and social study by William Aspray( Book )

8 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 57 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This text examines in detail the issue of the underrepresentation of women, African Americans, American Indians, and Hispanics in the computing disciplines in the U.S. The work reviews the underlying causes, as well as the efforts of various nonprofit organizations to correct the situation, in order to both improve social equity and address the shortage of skilled workers in this area. Topics and features: presents a digest and historical overview of the relevant literature from a range of disciplines, including leading historical and social science sources; discusses the social and political factors that have affected the demographics of the workforce from the end of WWII to the present day; provides historical case studies on organizations that have sought to broaden participation in computing and the STEM disciplines; reviews the different approaches that have been applied to address underrepresentation, at the individual, system-wide, and pathway-focused level; profiles the colleges and universities that have been successful in opening up computer science or engineering to female students; describes the impact of individual change-agents as well as whole organizations." -- Publisher's description
Food in the Internet age by William Aspray( Book )

10 editions published in 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book examines food in the United States in the age of the Internet. One major theme running through the book is business opportunities and failures, as well as the harms to consumers and traditional brick-and-mortar companies that occurred as entrepreneurs tried to take advantage of the Internet to create online companies related to food. The other major theme is the concept of trust online and different models used by different companies to make their web presence seem trustworthy. The book describes a number of major food companies, including AllRecipes, Betty Crocker, Cook's Illustrated, Epicurious, Groupon, OpenTable, and Yelp. The book draws on business history, food studies, and information studies for its approach
Formal and informal approaches to food policy by William Aspray( Book )

9 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Formal approaches are those taken by government bodies through laws, court decisions and actions of government regulatory bodies. Informal approaches are those taken by individuals, non profit organizations, industries working at self-regulation, etc. Because the formal means are tied to a particular legal system, this kind of approach is nation-specific and the book focuses on the United States. But many of the things the authors have to say about US food policy and the interactions between formal and informal approaches would also be of interest to policymakers and food industry professionals in other countries. Coverage includes the regulation of food advertising on children's television and the internet, regulation of school lunch programs and the influence of Eleanor Roosevelt and Michelle Obama
Participation in computing : The National Science Foundation's expansionary programs by William Aspray( Book )

8 editions published in 2016 in English and German and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This text presents a focus on the efforts of the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) to broaden participation in computing of women, underrepresented minorities (especially African Americans, Hispanics, and American Indians), and people with disabilities. The work illuminates a mostly overlooked aspect of NSFs history, and provides an historical framework to the social scientists working on current Sloan Foundation grants related to underrepresentation in computing. Topics and features: Discusses the importance and extent of underrepresentation in computing Surveys the coevolution of computing and the NSF since the end of the Second World War Describes the history of NSF programs intended to broaden participation in the computing and STEM disciplines up to the present day Examines in detail the Alliances formed under the NSF Broadening Participation in Computing program – arguably NSFs most successful activity in this realm Reviews NSFs recent effort to revitalize formal K-12 edu
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Computer : a history of the information machine
Alternative Names
Aspray, W.

Aspray, William

Aspray, William F.

William Aspray American professor

William Aspray Amerikaans professor

William Aspray US-amerikanischer Wissenschaftshistoriker

어스프레이, 윌리엄

アスプレイ, ウィリアム

English (218)

German (2)

Japanese (2)

The Internet and American businessJohn von Neumann and the origins of modern computingWomen and information technology : research on underrepresentationEveryday information : the evolution of information seeking in AmericaPrivacy in America : interdisciplinary perspectivesChasing Moore's law : information technology policy in the United StatesHealth informatics : a patient-centered approach to diabetes