WorldCat Identities

Young, Alexander 1920-2000

Overview
Works: 420 works in 907 publications in 5 languages and 10,932 library holdings
Genres: Music  Musical settings  Drama  Oratorios  Masses 
Roles: Performer, Vocalist, Singer, Other
Classifications: M2000.H22, 782.23
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Alexander Young Publications about Alexander Young
Publications by  Alexander Young Publications by Alexander Young
posthumous Publications by Alexander Young, published posthumously.
Most widely held works by Alexander Young
The rake's progress by Igor Stravinsky ( Recording )
3 editions published between 1991 and 1992 in English and held by 350 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Synopsis ACT I: Anne Trulove is in the garden of her father's country house with her suitor, Tom Rakewell, admiring the springtime. Sending Anne into the house, her father, Trulove, tells Tom he has arranged an accountant's job for him in the city. Tom declines the offer and the older man leaves. A stranger enters as Tom declares his determination to live by his wits and enjoy life. When he says "I wish I had money," the stranger introduces himself as Nick Shadow, "at your service." Shadow tells Tom that a forgotten rich uncle has died, leaving the young man a fortune. Anne and Trulove return to hear the news, the latter urging Tom to accompany Shadow to London to settle the estate. As Tom leaves, promising to send for Anne as soon as everything is arranged, Shadow turns to the audience to announce, "the Progress of a Rake begins." At a brothel in the city, whores entertain a group of "roaring boys," dissolute young playboys; together they toast Venus and Mars. Shadow coaxes Tom to recite for the madam, Mother Goose, the catechism he has taught him: to follow nature rather than doctrine, to seek beauty (which is perishable) and pleasure (which means different things to different people). Tom refuses, however, to define love. Turning back the clocks when he sees Tom restless to escape, Shadow commends him to the pursuit of hedonism with these companions. Tom responds with ruminations of love. When the whores offer to console him, Mother Goose claims him for herself and leads him off. As evening falls, Anne leaves her father's house, determined to find Tom, since she has heard nothing from him. ACT II: Tom, who is in the morning room of his house in the city, is beginning to tire of city pleasures and no longer dares to think of Anne. When he says "I wish I were happy," Shadow appears, showing a poster for Baba the Turk, a bearded lady whom he urges Tom to marry, because only when one is obligated to neither passion nor reason can one be truly free. Amused by the idea, Tom gets ready to go out. Anne approaches Tom's house but is hesitant to knock. As darkness falls, she sees servants enter with strangely shaped packages. A conveyance arrives and Tom steps out. Startled to see Anne, he says she must forget him, he cannot go back to her. Baba calls out from the sedan, whereupon Tom admits to the astonished Anne that he is married. Hurried along by Baba's impatient remarks, Anne faces the bitter realities, while Tom repeats that it is too late to turn back. As Tom helps Baba from the sedan, a curious crowd gathers. Anne hurriedly leaves. In his morning room, Tom sits sulking amid Baba's curios as she chatters about the origin of each. When he refuses to respond to her affection, she complains bitterly. Tom silences her and she remains motionless as Tom falls asleep. Shadow wheels in a strange contraption, and when Tom awakens, saying "Oh I wish it were true," the machine turns out to be his dream: an invention for making stones into bread. Seeing it as a means of redemption for his misdeeds, Tom wonders whether he might again deserve Anne. Shadow points out the device's usefulness in gulling potential investors. ACT III: On a spring afternoon, the same scene (including the stationary Baba) is set for an auction. Customers examine the various objects: Tom's business venture has ended in ruin. Amid rumors as to what has become of Tom, Anne enters in search of him. An auctioneer, Sellem, begins to hawk various objects -- including Baba, who resumes her chatter after the crowd bids to purchase her. Indignant at finding her belongings up for sale, she tries to order everyone out. She draws Anne aside, saying the girl should try to save Tom, who still loves her. Anne, hearing Tom and Shadow singing in the street, runs out. Shadow leads Tom to a graveyard with a freshly dug grave, where he reminds the young man that a year and a day have passed since he promised to serve him: now the servant claims his wage. Tom must end his life by any means he chooses before the stroke of twelve. Suddenly, Shadow offers a reprieve: they will gamble for Tom's soul. When Tom, placing his trust in the Queen of Hearts, calls upon Anne, and her voice is heard, Shadow realizes he has lost. In retaliation, he condemns Tom to insanity. As Shadow disappears and dawn rises, Tom -- gone mad -- imagines himself Adonis, waiting for Venus. In an insane asylum, Tom declares Venus will visit him, whereupon fellow inmates mock the idea. The Keeper admits Anne. Believing her to be Venus, Tom confesses his sins: "I hunted the shadows, disdaining thy true love." Briefly they imagine timeless love in Elysium. With his head upon her breast, Tom asks her to sing him to sleep. As she does, her voice moves the other inmates. Trulove comes to fetch his daughter, who bids the sleeping Tom farewell. When he wakens to find her gone, he cries out for Venus as the inmates sing "Mourn for Adonis." EPILOGUE: The principals gather to tell the moral that each finds in the story. Anne warns that not every man can hope for someone like her to save him; Baba warns that all men are mad; Tom warns against self-delusion, to Trulove's agreement; Shadow mourns his role as man's alter ego; and all concur that the devil finds work for idle hands
Te Deum, op. 22 by Hector Berlioz ( Recording )
4 editions published between 1954 and 1968 in 3 languages and held by 315 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Thomas Beecham, Bart., Conductor
Cantata on anonymous 15th and 16th century English lyrics Mass ; In memoriam Dylan Thomas by Igor Stravinsky ( Recording )
10 editions published in 1967 in 3 languages and held by 312 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The rake's progress by Igor Stravinsky ( Recording )
16 editions published between 1964 and 1978 in 3 languages and held by 278 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Rake's Progress Alexander Young, tenor Judith Raskin, soprano John Reardon, baritone Regina Sarfaty, mezzo-soprano Igor Stravinsky, conductor
The gondoliers by Arthur Sullivan ( Recording )
17 editions published between 1951 and 2011 in 3 languages and held by 275 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Theodora dramatic oratorio in three acts by George Frideric Handel ( Recording )
7 editions published between 1969 and 1973 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 252 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Jephtha by George Frideric Handel ( Recording )
5 editions published between 1969 and 1970 in English and held by 232 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Jephtha: Oratorium in drei Akten für Soli, Chor, Orchester und Continuo, HWV 70. Text: Thomas Morell
Judas Maccabeus by George Frideric Handel ( Recording )
8 editions published between 1971 and 1992 in English and held by 231 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Harmoniemesse by Joseph Haydn ( Recording )
7 editions published between 1967 and 1990 in 3 languages and held by 217 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The yeomen of the guard Trial by jury by Arthur Sullivan ( Recording )
10 editions published between 1958 and 2008 in 3 languages and held by 197 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The kingdom ; Coronation ode by Edward Elgar ( Recording )
9 editions published between 1987 and 1993 in English and held by 196 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Israel in Egypt by George Frideric Handel ( Recording )
7 editions published between 1970 and 1990 in English and held by 191 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Gurrelieder by Arnold Schoenberg ( Recording )
11 editions published between 1974 and 2002 in 3 languages and held by 190 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Solomon by George Frideric Handel ( Recording )
4 editions published between 1956 and 2004 in English and held by 182 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Ode on St. Cecilia's Day (1692) by Henry Purcell ( Recording )
5 editions published between 1969 and 1970 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 176 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Rodelinda [an opera in three acts] by George Frideric Handel ( Recording )
7 editions published between 1964 and 1973 in 4 languages and held by 171 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Samson by George Frideric Handel ( Recording )
7 editions published in 1969 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 162 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Hercules [musical drama in three acts by George Frideric Handel ( Recording )
2 editions published in 1967 in English and held by 153 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Messiah by George Frideric Handel ( Recording )
18 editions published between 1970 and 2006 in 3 languages and held by 151 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
An oratorio in 3 parts
Tamerlano (1724) [opera in 3 acts ... to a libretto by Nicola Haym] by George Frideric Handel ( Recording )
4 editions published between 1969 and 1971 in Italian and held by 147 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
 
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Audience Level
0
Audience Level
1
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.59 (from 0.00 for 1968 orche ... to 0.79 for Rodelinda ...)
WorldCat IdentitiesRelated Identities
Alternative Names
Jang, Aleksandr, 1920-2000
YOUNG ALEXANDER
Youngs, Alexander, 1920-2000
Youngs Alexander Basil 1920-2000
Youngs, Basil Alexander, 1920-2000
Youngs, Basil Alexander 1920-2000 Wirklicher Name
Languages
English (115)
German (12)
Italian (8)
Latin (7)
Multiple languages (2)