WorldCat Identities

Nii, Penny

Overview
Works: 42 works in 65 publications in 2 languages and 803 library holdings
Genres: Conference proceedings 
Classifications: HD30.2, 658.05
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Penny Nii Publications about Penny Nii
Publications by  Penny Nii Publications by Penny Nii
Most widely held works by Penny Nii
The rise of the expert company : how visionary companies are using artificial intelligence to achieve higher productivity and profits by Edward A Feigenbaum ( Book )
19 editions published between 1988 and 1989 in English and held by 755 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Ekisupāto kanpanī : dai go-sedai konpyūta chōsen to seikō no monogatari by Edward A Feigenbaum ( Book )
1 edition published in 1988 in Japanese and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A knowledge-based system for the interpretation of protein X-ray crystallographic data by Robert Engelmore ( Book )
4 editions published in 1977 in English and Undetermined and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The broad goal of this project is to develop intelligent computational systems to infer the three-dimensional structures of proteins from x-ray crystallographic data. The computational systems under development use both formal and judgmental knowledge from experts to select appropriate procedures and to constrain the space of plausible protein structures. The hypothesis generating and testing procedures operate upon a variety of representations of the data, and work with several different descriptions of the structure being inferred. The system consists of a number of independent but cooperating knowledge sources which propose, augment and verify a solution to the problem as it is incrementally generated. (Author)
Rule-based understanding of signals by Penny Nii ( Book )
2 editions published in 1977 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Rule-based understanding of signals by Stanford University ( Book )
1 edition published in 1977 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The rise of the expert company : how visionary companies are using computers to make huge profits by Edward A Feigenbaum ( Book )
1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Blackboard systems by Penny Nii ( Book )
2 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
An introduction to knowledge engineering, blackboard model, and age by Stanford University ( Book )
1 edition published in 1980 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Expert Systems on Multiprocessor Architectures. Volume 2. Technical Reports ( )
1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
This final report documents the results of a five-year investigation of methods for achieving higher performance for knowledge-based systems through the design of innovative software and hardware systems architectures. Volume I summarizes the work performed and lessons learned, and serves as an annotated index to the set of over 50 project technical reports. Volumes 2 through 4 contain the project technical reports
Rule-Based Understanding of Signals ( Book )
1 edition published in 1977 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
SU/X and SU/P are knowledge-based programs which employ pattern-invoked inference methods. Both tasks are concerned with the interpretation of large quantities of digitized signal data. The task of SU/X is to understand continuous signals, that is, signals which persist over time. The task of SU/P is to interpret protein x-ray crystallographic data. Some features of the design are: (1) incremental interpretation of data employing many different pattern-invoked sources of knowledge; (2) production rule representation of knowledge, including high level strategy knowledge; (3) opportunistic hypothesis formation using both data-driven and model-driven techniques within a general hypothesize-and-test paradigm; and (4) multilevel representation of the solution hypothesis. (Author)
The Blackboard Model of Problem Solving and the Evolution of Blackboard Architectures by Penny Nii ( )
1 edition published in 1986 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
The first blackboard system was the HEARSAY-II speech understanding system (Erman et al.,1980) that evolved between 1971 and 1976. Subsequently, many systems have been built that have similar system organization and run-time behavior. The objectives of this article are (1) to define what is meant by "blackboard systems" and (2) to show the richness and diversity of blackboard system designs. The article begins with a discussion of the underlying concept behind all blackboard systems, the blackboard model of problem solving. In order to bridge the gap between a model and working systems, the blackboard framework, an extension of the basic blackboard model is introduced, including a detailed description of the model's components and their behavior. A model does not come into existence on its own, and is usually an abstraction of many examples. In Section 2 the history of ideas is traced, and the designs of some application systems that helped shape the blackboard model are detailed. Part 2 of this article which will appear in the next issue of AI Magazine, describes and contrasts some blackboard systems and discusses the characteristics of application problems suitable for the blackboard method of problem solving
Expert Systems on Multiprocessor Architectures. Volume 1. Summary ( )
1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
This final report documents the results of a five-year investigation of methods for achieving higher performance for knowledge based systems through the design of innovative software and hardware systems architectures. Volumes I summarizes the work performed and lessons learned, and serves as an annotated index to the set of over 50 project technical reports. Volumes II through IV contain the project technical reports
Blackboard architectures by Penny Nii ( Book )
1 edition published in 1987 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Blackboard Systems ( Book )
1 edition published in 1986 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
The first blackboard system was the HEARSAY-II speech understanding system that evolved between 1971 and 1976. Subsequently, many systems have been built that have similar system organization and run-time behavior. The objectives of this document are (1) to define what is meant by blackboard systems, and (2) to show the richness and diversity of blackboard system designs. The article begins with a discussion of the underlying concept behind all blackboard systems, the blackboard model of problem solving. In order to bridge the gap between a model and working systems, the blackboard of framework, an extension of the basic blackboard model is introduced, including a detailed description of the model's component and their behavior. A model does not come into existence on its own is usually an abstraction of many examples. In Section 2, the history of ideas is traced and the designs of some application systems that helped shape the blackboard model are detailed. The author then describes and contrasts existing blackboard systems. Blackboard systems are divided into applications and and skeletal systems. In application systems the blackboard system components are integrated with the domain knowledge required to solve the problem at hand. Skeletal systems are devoid of domain knowledge, and, as the name implies, consist of the essential system components from which application systems can be built by the addition of knowledge and the specification of control (i.e. meta-knowledge). In Section 3.6, the author summarizes the features of the application systems and in Section 4 presents the author's perspective on the utility of the blackboard approach to problem solving and knowledge engineering. (Author)
Signal-to-symbol transformation: HASP by Stanford University ( Book )
1 edition published in 1982 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Expert systems on multiprocessor architectures : a summary of results, observations and lessons learned by James P Rice ( Book )
1 edition published in 1991 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
CAGE and POLIGON : two frameworks for blackboard-based concurrent problem solving by Penny Nii ( Book )
1 edition published in 1986 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Blackboard Application Systems, Blackboard Systems and a Knowledge Engineering Perspective by Penny Nii ( )
1 edition published in 1986 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
The first blackboard system was the Hearsay-II speech-understanding system (Erman et al. 1980), which evolved between 1971 and 1976. Subsequently, many systems have been built that have similar system organization and run-time behavior. The objectives of this document (a part of a retrospective monograph on the AGE Project currently in preparation) are (1) to define what is meant by blackboard systems and (2) to show the richness and diversity of blackboard system designs. In Part 1 we discussed the underlying concept behind all blackboard systems -- the blackboard model of problem solving. In order to bridge the gap between the model and working systems, we introduced and discussed the blackboard framework. We also traced the history of ideas and designs of some application systems that helped shape the blackboard model. In Part 2, we describe and contrast existing blackboard systems. Blackboard systems can generally be divided into two categories: application systems and skeletal systems. In application systems, the blackboard system components are integrated into the domain knowledge required to solve the problem at hand
Research on blackboard architectures at the Heuristic Programming Project by Penny Nii ( Book )
1 edition published in 1985 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
CAGE and POLIGON: two frameworks for blackboard-based concurrent problem solving by Stanford University ( Book )
1 edition published in 1986 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
 
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Audience Level
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  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.36 (from 0.00 for Blackboard ... to 0.86 for Ekisupāto ...)
Alternative Names
Nii, H. Penny
Languages
English (41)
Japanese (1)