WorldCat Identities

Merrill, Stephen A.

Works: 13 works in 69 publications in 1 language and 10,077 library holdings
Genres: Patents  Conference proceedings  History 
Roles: Editor
Classifications: T211, 338.97306
Publication Timeline
Publications about  Stephen A Merrill Publications about Stephen A Merrill
Publications by  Stephen A Merrill Publications by Stephen A Merrill
Most widely held works by Stephen A Merrill
Patents in the knowledge-based economy by Wesley M Cohen ( )
15 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and held by 1,767 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This volume assembles papers commissioned by the National Research Council's Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) to inform judgments about the significant institutional and policy changes in the patent system made over the past
A patent system for the 21st century by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
7 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 1,453 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Reaping the benefits of genomic and proteomic research intellectual property rights, innovation, and public health by National Research Council (États-Unis) ( )
7 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 1,394 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The patenting and licensing of human genetic material and proteins represents an extension of intellectual property (IP) rights to naturally occurring biological material and scientific information, much of it well upstream of drugs and other disease therapies. This report concludes that IP restrictions rarely impose significant burdens on biomedical research, but there are reasons to be apprehensive about their future impact on scientific advances in this area. The report recommends 13 actions that policy-makers, courts, universities, and health and patent officials should take to prevent the increasingly complex web of IP protections from getting in the way of potential breakthroughs in genomic and proteomic research. It endorses the National Institutes of Health guidelines for technology licensing, data sharing, and research material exchanges and says that oversight of compliance should be strengthened. It recommends enactment of a statutory exception from infringement liability for research on a patented invention and raising the bar somewhat to qualify for a patent on upstream research discoveries in biotechnology. With respect to genetic diagnostic tests to detect patient mutations associated with certain diseases, the report urges patent holders to allow others to perform the tests for purposes of verifying the results
The Dragon and the Elephant Understanding the Development of Innovation Capacity in China and India : summary of a conference ( )
4 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1,097 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The return of the once-dormant economies of China and India to dynamism and growth is one of the most remarkable stories in recent history. The two countries are home to nearly 40 percent of the world's population, but until recently neither had played an influential role in the contemporary global economy. <br /> <br /> In the past two decades, China and India have liberalized internal economic policy, treatment of foreign investment, and trade, and have experienced economic growth at sustained high rates. From the point of view of the United States, however, the most important development in the Chinese and Indian economies in the long term may be the strides they are making in developing their own domestic innovation capacities. After a long period of underinvestment, both countries have committed to growing their science and education systems to bolster research and further economic expansion. <br /> <br /> Some observers of the recent growth have said that both countries are surging in their efforts to spur innovation; others have emphasized the potential of one country over the other; and still others have suggested that both China and India have a long way to go before achieving innovation-driven growth. With such a range of views, The National Academies set out to describe developments in both countries, in relation to each other and the rest of the world, by organizing a conference in Washington, D.C. The conference, summarized in this volume, discussed recent changes at both the macroeconomic level and also in selected industries, and explored the causes and implications of those changes
Managing university intellectual property in the public interest by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
11 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and held by 1,096 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Thirty years ago federal policy underwent a major change through the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980, which fostered greater uniformity in the way research agencies treat inventions arising from the work they sponsor. Before the Act, if government agencies funded university research, the funding agency retained ownership of the knowledge and technologies that resulted. However, very little federally funded research was actually commercialized. As a result of the Act's passage, patenting and licensing activity from such research has accelerated. Although the system created by the Act has remained stable, it has generated debate about whether it might impede other forms of knowledge transfer. Concerns have also arisen that universities might prioritize commercialization at the expense of their traditional mission to pursue fundamental knowledge--for example, by steering research away from curiosity-driven topics toward applications that could yield financial returns. To address these concerns, the National Research Council convened a committee of experts from universities, industry, foundations, and similar organizations, as well as scholars of the subject, to review experience and evidence of the technology transfer system's effects and to recommend improvements. The present volume summarizes the committee's principal findings and recommendations
Using human resource data to track innovation summary of a workshop ( )
6 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 1,069 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This volume is the summary of a second STEP workshop, chaired by board memder Mark Myers, formerly chief technical officer of Xerox Corporation. The workshop explored how data on scientists, engineers, and other professionals-data on their training and skills, mobility and career paths, use of time, relationships across institutions and sectors, and productivity-can be used to illuminate aspects of innovation that current R&D, patent and other data, by themselves, do not fully capture." -- p. viii, Preface
Measuring the impacts of federal investments in research a workshop summary by National Academies (U.S.) ( )
3 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 991 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"The enactment of the America COMPETES Act in 2006 (and its reauthorization in 2010), the increase in research expenditures under the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), and President Obama's general emphasis on the contribution of science and technology to economic growth have all heightened interest in the role of scientific and engineering research in creating jobs, generating innovative technologies, spawning new industries, improving health, and producing other economic and societal benefits. Along with this interest has come a renewed emphasis on a question that has been asked for decades: Can the impacts and practical benefits of research to society be measured either quantitatively or qualitatively? On April 18-19, 2011, the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP) and the Committee on Science, Engineering and Public Policy (COSEPUP) of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine, held a workshop to examine this question. The workshop sought to assemble the range of work that has been done in measuring research outcomes and to provide a forum to discuss its method. The workshop was motivated by a 2009 letter from Congressman Rush Holt (D-New Jersey). He asked the National Academies to look into a variety of complex and interconnected issues, such as the short-term and long-term economic and non-economic impact of federal research funding, factors that determine whether federally funded research discoveries result in economic benefits, and quantification of the impacts of research on national security, the environment, health, education, public welfare, and decision making. Measuring the impacts of federal investments in research provides the key observations and suggestions made by the speakers at the workshop and during the discussions that followed the formal presentations"--Publisher's description
Trends in federal support of research and graduate education ( )
3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 938 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
©opyright in the digital era : building evidence for policy ( Book )
4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 156 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Over the course of several decades, copyright protection has been expanded and extended through legislative changes occasioned by national and international developments. The content and technology industries affected by copyright and its exceptions, and in some cases balancing the two, have become increasingly important as sources of economic growth, relatively high-paying jobs, and exports. Since the expansion of digital technology in the mid-1990s, they have undergone a technological revolution that has disrupted long-established modes of creating, distributing, and using works ranging from literature and news to film and music to scientific publications and computer software. In the United States and internationally, these disruptive changes have given rise to a strident debate over copyright's proper scope and terms and means of its enforcement--a debate between those who believe the digital revolution is progressively undermining the copyright protection essential to encourage the funding, creation, and distribution of new works and those who believe that enhancements to copyright are inhibiting technological innovation and free expression. Copyright in the Digital Era: Building Evidence for Policy examines a range of questions regarding copyright policy by using a variety of methods, such as case studies, international and sectoral comparisons, and experiments and surveys. This report is especially critical in light of digital age developments that may, for example, change the incentive calculus for various actors in the copyright system, impact the costs of voluntary copyright transactions, pose new enforcement challenges, and change the optimal balance between copyright protection and exceptions."--Summary, page 1
Patent challenges for standard-setting in the global economy : lessons from information and communications technology by National Research Council (U.S.) ( Book )
3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communication Technology examines how leading national and multinational standard-setting organizations (SSOs) address patent disclosures, licensing terms, transfers of patent ownership, and other issues that arise in connection with developing technical standards for consumer and other microelectronic products, associated software and components, and communications networks including the Internet. Attempting to balance the interests of patent holders, other participants in standard-setting, standards implementers, and consumers, the report calls on SSOs to develop more explicit policies to avoid patent holdup and royalty-stacking, ensure that licensing commitments carry over to new owners of the patents incorporated in standards, and limit injunctions for infringement of patents with those licensing commitments. The report recommends government measures to increase the transparency of patent ownership and use of standards information to improve patent quality and to reduce conflicts of laws across countries."--Publisher's description
Securing technological advantage : balancing export controls and innovation : a report of the Panel on Technology Transfer of the CSIS Science and Technology Committee by CSIS Science and Technology Committee ( Book )
3 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Reaping the benefits of genomic and proteomic research intellectual property rights, innovation, and public health ( )
2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
The nature of biological inquiry and the norms of behavior in the scientific community have changed in the wake of the Human Genome Project (HGP) and the birth of proteomics. In light of this changing environment, this Web site contains an online version of a report from the study of the granting and licensing of intellectual property rights on discoveries relating to genetics and proteomics and the effects of these practices on research and innovation
Copyright in the digital era building evidence for policy ( Book )
1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
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English (69)