WorldCat Identities

Roy, Olivier 1949-

Overview
Works: 256 works in 1,025 publications in 11 languages and 16,578 library holdings
Genres: History  Dictionaries  Interviews 
Roles: Author, Editor, Author of introduction, Thesis advisor, dgs, Other, Opponent, Interviewee, 958, wpr, Publishing director, 080, Director
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about Olivier Roy
 
Most widely held works by Olivier Roy
Secularism confronts Islam by Olivier Roy( Book )

32 editions published between 2005 and 2013 in 4 languages and held by 1,614 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The denunciation of fundamentalism in France, embodied in the law against the veil and the deportation of imams, has shifted into a systematic attack on all Muslims and Islam. This hostility is rooted in the belief that Islam cannot be integrated into French - and, consequently, secular and liberal - society. However, as Olivier Roy makes clear in this book, Muslim intellectuals have made it possible for Muslims to live concretely in a secularized world while maintaining their identities as "true believers." They have formulated a language that recognizes two spaces: that of religion and that of secular society." "Roy's rare portrait of the realities of immigrant Muslim life offers a necessary alternative to the popular specter of an "Islamic threat." Supporting his arguments with his extensive research on Islamic history, sociology, and politics, Roy demonstrates the limits of our understanding of contemporary Islamic religious practice in the West and the role of Islam as a screen onto which Western societies project their own identity crisis."--Jacket
Globalized Islam : the search for a new Ummah by Olivier Roy( Book )

79 editions published between 2002 and 2013 in 8 languages and held by 1,547 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this exegesis of the movement of Islam beyond traditional borders and its unwitting westernisation, Olivier Roy argues that Islamic revival, or 're-Islamisation', results from the efforts of westernised Muslims to assert their identity in a non-Muslim context. A schism has emerged between mainstream Islamist movements in the Muslim world - including Hamas of Palestine and Hezbollah of Lebanon - and the uprooted militants who strive to establish an imaginary unimah, or Muslim community, not attached to any particular society or territory. Roy provides a detailed comparison of these transnational movements, whether peaceful like Tablighi Jama'at and the Islamic brotherhoods, or violent, like Al Qaeda. He shows how neofundamentalism acknowledges without nostalgia the loss of pristine cultures, constructing instead a universal religious identity that transcends the very notion of culture. Thus contemporary Islamic fundamentalism is not a simple reaction against westernisation but a product and an agent of the complex forces of globalisation."--Jacket
Arab society in revolt : the West's Mediterranean challenge by Olivier Roy( )

11 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 1,453 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work examines areas of change particularly relevant in the southern Mediterranean: demography and migration, Islamic revival and democracy, rapidly changing roles of women in Arab society, the Internet in Arab societies, commercial and social entrepreneurship as change factors, and the economics of Arab transitions. The book then looks at those cultural and religious as well as political and economic factors that have influenced the Western response, or lack of it, to the Arab Spring as well as the policy options that remain open. The Arab Spring will be remembered as a period of great change for the Arab states of North Africa and the eastern Mediterranean. Facing fundamental transitions in governance, these countries are also undergoing profound social, cultural, and religious changes. The European Union and the United States, caught unprepared by the uprisings, now must address the inescapable challenges of those changes. How will the West respond to these new realities, particularly in light of international economic uncertainty, European Union ambivalence toward a "cohesive foreign policy," and declining U.S. influence abroad? The book explains and interprets the societal transformations occurring in the Arab Muslim world, their ramifications for the West, and possible policy options for dealing with this new world
Holy ignorance : when religion and culture part ways by Olivier Roy( )

24 editions published between 2010 and 2017 in English and Italian and held by 1,451 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Olivier Roy, one of the world's most distinguished analysts of political Islam, finds in the modern disconnection between faith communities and sociocultural identities a fertile space for fundamentalism to grow. Instead of freeing the world from religion, secularization has encouraged a kind of holy ignorance to take root, an anti-intellectualism that promises immediate access to the sacred and positions itself in direct opposition to contemporary pagan culture. The secularization of society was supposed to free people from religion, yet individuals are converting en masse to such fundamentalist faiths as Protestant evangelicalism, Islamic Salafism, and Haredi Judaism. These religions either reconnect adherents to their culture through casual referents, like halal fast food, or "deculturate" through "purification" rituals, such as speaking in tongues, which allows believers to utter a language entirely their own. Instead of a return to traditional religious worship, Roy argues we are witnessing the individualization of faith and the disassociation of faith communities from ethnic and national identities. This has placed culturally integrated religions, such as Catholicism and eastern orthodox Christianity, on the defensive, and presents new challenges to state and society. Roy explores the options available to powers that hope to integrate or control these groups, and he considers whether marginalization or homogenization will further divide believers from their culture
The failure of political Islam by Olivier Roy( Book )

52 editions published between 1992 and 2015 in 4 languages and held by 1,173 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

For many Westerners, ours seems to be the era of the "Islamic threat," with radical Muslims everywhere on the rise and on the march, remaking societies and altering the landscape of contemporary politics. In a powerful corrective to this view, the French political philosopher Olivier Roy presents an entirely different verdict: political Islam is a failure. Even if Islamic fundamentalists take power in countries like Algeria, they will be unable to reshape economics and politics and, in the name of "Islamic universalism," will express no more than nationalism or an even narrower agenda. Despite all the rhetoric about an "Islamic way," an "Islamic economy," and an "Islamic state," the realities of the Muslim world remain essentially unchanged
Islam and resistance in Afghanistan by Olivier Roy( Book )

44 editions published between 1900 and 2001 in 3 languages and held by 1,044 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this book, Olivier Roy examines the history, ideology and structures of the Afghan resistance. He argues that the forces opposing Marxist rule of the country, though advocating a return to the basic tenets of Islam, are far from reactionary or backward-looking. Indeed he sees an Islamic revolution, advocating a modernisation of Afghan society, taking place under the eyes of the Russian occupation forces, whose efforts to contain it have so far served mainly to consolidate it. This penetrating study charts the history of resistance to the present Afghan central government and its Russian ally. The first five chapters deal with the political, social and religious history of Afghanistan UP to 1978 and later chapters are concerned with the organisation of resistance, the parties involved and the differences between various groups, as well as their relations with Pakistan
The new Central Asia : the creation of nations by Olivier Roy( Book )

50 editions published between 1997 and 2011 in 3 languages and held by 825 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

During the anti-Gorbachev coup in August 1991 most communist leaders from Soviet central Asia backed the plotters. Within weeks of the coup's collapse, those same leaders--now transformed into ardent nationalists - proclaimed the independence of their nations, adopted new flags and new slogans, and discovered a new patriotism. How were these new nations built, among peoples without any traditional nationalist heritage and no history of independent governance? Olivier Roy argues that Soviet practice had always been to build on local institutions and promote local elites, and that Soviet administration - as opposed to Soviet rhetoric - was always surprisingly decentralized in the far-flung corners of the empire. Thus, with home-grown political leaders and administrative institutions, national identities in central Asia emerged almost by stealth. Roy's analysis of the new states in central Asia - Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikstan, Kirghizstan and Azerbaijan - provides a glimpse of the future of an increasingly fragmented and dangerous region
The politics of chaos in the Middle East by Olivier Roy( Book )

43 editions published between 2007 and 2013 in 5 languages and held by 773 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this book, Olivier Roy, Europe's leading scholar of political Islam, argues that the consequences of the "war on terror" have artificially conflated conflicts in the Middle East in such a way that they appear to be the expression of a widespread "Muslim anger" against the West. But in reality, there are no us and them. Instead, the West faces an array of "reverse alliances" that operate according to their own logic and dynamics. The West supports General Musharraf in Pakistan, yet his military intelligence services are in league with the Taliban; in Iraq, the United States shores up a government that is closely linked to its archenemy, Iran; Iraqi Kurds, allies of the Americans, give sanctuary to the PKK, an adversary of a fellow NATO member, Turkey; while the Saudis support the Iraqi Sunnis who are, in turn, fighting Coalition forces. As if these issues were not complicated enough, the ever-worsening Shia-Sunni divide now threatens to disrupt any future strategic planning the West might attempt in the Middle East. Roy unravels the complexity of these conflicts in order to better understand the political discontent that sustains them. He also emphasizes that the war on terror should not be regarded merely as a geopolitical blunder committed by a fringe group of neoconservatives. It is instead a problematic outgrowth of our deeply rooted Western perceptions of the Middle East, including the belief that Islam, rather than politics, is the overarching factor in these conflicts, thus explaining the West's support for either would-be secular democrats or (more or less) benign dictators. Roy's conclusion argues that the West has no alternative but to engage in a dialogue with the political forces that truly matter -- namely the Islamo-nationalists of Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood."--Publisher description
Islamist networks : the Afghan-Pakistan connection by Mariam Abou Zahab( Book )

19 editions published between 2002 and 2006 in English and held by 556 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Al Qaida was unable to realize its lethal potential until it found sanctuary in Afghanistan, where Osama bin Laden fled after being expelled from Sudan. But why was the network's sanctuary not attacked before September 2001, especially after the bombing of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998? Abou Zahab and Roy argue that the Taliban was part of a much wider radical Islamist network in the region, whose true center was Pakistan, not Afghanistan. Al Qaida, the Taliban, the Pakistani Deobandis - all of these groups are based in Pakistan, which continues to serve as the regional hub for Islamist movements and their terrorist offshoots." "This book investigates and explains the almost twenty-five-year gestation of these interlinked radical Islamist networks of Pakistan, Central Asia, and Afghanistan, out of which Al Qaida emerged. Taking into account the networks' divergent histories and doctrinal rifts, the authors lay bare the political contingencies that enabled these disparate Islamist movements to coordinate with the aim of attacking what became their common adversary: the United States."--BOOK JACKET
The Columbia world dictionary of Islamism by Antoine Sfeir( Book )

6 editions published between 2007 and 2009 in English and held by 421 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Antoine Sfeir's Columbia World Dictionary of Islamismis a major resource. Translated for the first time from the original French, this volume features more than two thousand entries on the history of Islamism and Islamic countries. It provides a balanced account of events and organizations, as well as philosophers, activists, militants, and other prominent figures, and offers a window into a movement that has irrevocably changed both Muslim and Western societies. The dictionary includes entries on the roots of Islamism and jihad in Africa, Afghanistan, Chechnya, Egypt, India, Iran, Iraq, Morocco, the Balkans, and the United States, among many other countries and locations."--Jacket
Jihad and death : the global appeal of Islamic State by Olivier Roy( Book )

23 editions published between 2016 and 2018 in 4 languages and held by 377 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

How has Islamic State been able to muster support far beyond its initial constituency in the Arab world and attract tens of thousands of foreign volunteers, including converts to Islam, and seemingly countless supporters online? In this compelling intervention into the debate about Islamic State's origins and future prospects, the renowned French political scientist, Olivier Roy, argues that while terrorism and jihadism are familiar phenomena, the group's deliberate pursuit of death has produced a new kind of radical violence. In other words, we're facing not a radicalization of Islam, but the Islamization of radicalism. Indeed, Roy argues, young European Muslims drawn to IS are attracted to the organization's violent means rather than utopian dreams of a caliphate. He places IS in the context of other radical millenialist groups such as China's Red Guards, Cambodia's Khmer Rouge, and Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army. In doing so, he shows that violence, not religious fundamentalism, is the central thread connecting young people who are drawn to radical groups. Jihad and Death is a concise dissection of the highly sophisticated narrative mobilized by IS: the myth of the caliphate recast into a modern story of heroism and nihilism. -- Provided by publisher
L'Asie centrale contemporaine by Olivier Roy( Book )

21 editions published between 2001 and 2010 in French and Japanese and held by 333 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'ouvrage présente l'Ouzbékistan, le Tadjikistan, le Turkménistan, le Kazakhstan et le Kirghizstan, États devenus indépendants depuis décembre 1991. L'ensemble permet de mieux cerner les enjeux géopolitiques de la région. (source : Bpi)
Whatever happened to the Islamists? : Salafis, heavy metal Muslims and the lure of consumerist Islam by Amel Boubekeur( Book )

13 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 271 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Islamism and political Islam might seem like contemporary phenomena, but the roots of both movements can be traced back more than a century. Nevertheless, the utopian beliefs of Islamism have been irrevocably changed by the processes of modernization, especially globalization, which have taken the philosophy in unmistakable new directions. Through meticulous theoretical and ethnographic research, this collection maps the movements of current and former Islamists to determine what has become of political Islam. Islam continues to be a fresh and vital ideology to a new generation of militants, even though the channels through which it is expressed have changed. Jihad is often conducted electronically via Islamist email list-serves and Islamist activism has been personalized -- even domesticated -- through the production and consumption of political goods, such as Islamic soft drinks. Even the street protests that once characterized the Islamist struggle have now been eclipsed by Islamic rap concerts. By confronting these changes, this anthology highlights Islam's remarkable adaptation to modern influences and the ongoing revitalization of its utopian message
La sainte ignorance : le temps de la religion sans culture by Olivier Roy( Book )

21 editions published between 2008 and 2012 in French and German and held by 267 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Religionen jeder Couleur haben weltweit wachsenden Zulauf. Allerdings stellt dieser Umstand keine Rückkehr zur traditionellen religiösen Praxis dar. Vielmehr hat die Globalisierung eine Trennung zwischen Religion, Nation und Kultur bewirkt: Jeder bastelt sich heute seinen eigenen Glauben. Zigtausende Übertritte von Muslimen in Mittelasien zu den Zeugen Jehovas belegen diesen Umstand ebenso wie Konversionen von Europäern zum Salafismus. Religiosität ist eine individuelle Angelegenheit geworden. Das führt, so der Islamwissenschaftler Olivier Roy, zu "heiliger Einfalt", einer anti-intellektuellen Haltung, die einen unmittelbaren, gefühlsbetonten Zugang zum Heiligen erwartet und sich damit als idealer Nährboden für religiösen Fundamentalismus erweist. Olivier Roy analysiert die enormen Herausforderungen, die diese Entwicklungen an den Staat und die Gesellschaft stellen.--
The lessons of the Soviet/Afghan war by Olivier Roy( Book )

13 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 253 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Turkey today : a European country?( Book )

7 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 242 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Afghanistan : from holy war to civil war by Olivier Roy( Book )

6 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 212 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Religious conversions in the Mediterranean world( )

9 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 208 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"While globalization and the European construction increasingly undermine the model of the nation-state in the Mediterranean world, conversions reveal the capacity of religion to disrupt, and unsettle previous understandings of political and social relations. Converts' claims and practice are often met with the hostility of the state and the public while converts can often be perceived either as traitors or as unconscious and weak tools of foreign manipulation. Based on first-hand ethnographical research from several countries throughout the Mediterranean region, this book is the first of its kind in studying and analyzing contemporary conversions and their impact on recasting ideas of nationalism and citizenship. In doing so, this interdisciplinary study confronts historical, anthropological, political science and sociological approaches which offers an insight into the national, legal and political challenges of legislating for religious minorities that arise from conversions. Moreover, the specific examination of contemporary religious conversion contributes more widely to debates about the delinking of religion and culture, globalization, and secularism"--Provided by publisher
Généalogie de l'islamisme by Olivier Roy( Book )

20 editions published between 1995 and 2015 in 3 languages and held by 191 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Olivier Roy har efter 11. september gennemrettet sin lille præcise introduktion til islamisme fra 1995
Saving the people : how populists hijack religion by Nadia Marzouki( Book )

11 editions published between 2015 and 2016 in English and held by 163 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Western democracies are experiencing a new wave of right-wing populism that seeks to mobilise religion for its own ends. With chapters on the United States, Britain, France, Italy, Austria, the Netherlands, Poland and Israel, Saving the People asks how populist movements have used religion for their own ends and how Church leaders react to them. The authors contend that religion is more about belonging than belief for populists, with religious identities and traditions being deployed to define who can and cannot be part of 'the people'. This in turn helps many populists to claim that native Christian communities are being threatened by a creeping and highly aggressive process of Islamisation, with Muslims becoming a key, if not the, 'enemy of the people'. While Church elites generally condemn this instrumental use of religions, populists take little heed, presenting themselves as the true saviours of the people. The policy implications of this phenomenon are significant, which makes this book all the more timely and relevant to current debate.--
 
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WorldCat IdentitiesRelated Identities
Secularism confronts Islam
Covers
Globalized Islam : the search for a new UmmahHoly ignorance : when religion and culture part waysThe failure of political IslamIslam and resistance in AfghanistanThe new Central Asia : the creation of nationsThe politics of chaos in the Middle EastIslamist networks : the Afghan-Pakistan connectionThe Columbia world dictionary of Islamism
Alternative Names
Olivier Roy Frans auteur

Olivier Roy französischer Politikwissenschaftler

Olivier Roy French academic

Olivier Roy French political scientist

Olivier Roy orientalista e politologo francese

Olivier Roy politologue français

Rawā, Ulīwīya 1949-

Roy, Oliver

Roy, Olivier

Rūy, ʾUlīfīh 1949-

Руа, Оливье

أوليفية روا، 1949-

أوليفيه روا، 1949-

أوليفييه روا

أوليفييه روي

اولیویه روآ

オリビエ・ロイ

ロワ, オリヴィエ

奥利维尔·罗伊

Languages
English (310)

French (142)

German (23)

Spanish (12)

Italian (6)

Turkish (5)

Arabic (4)

Danish (4)

Japanese (3)

Swedish (2)

Dutch (2)