WorldCat Identities

International Monetary Fund European Department

Works: 670 works in 1,437 publications in 1 language and 41,031 library holdings
Roles: Author, Other
Classifications: HG3810, 330.90511
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by International Monetary Fund
How emerging Europe came through the 2008/09 crisis : an account by the staff of the IMF's European Department by Bas Berend Bakker( Book )

7 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Emerging Europe was particularly hard hit by the global financial crisis, but a concerted effort by local policymakers and the international community staved off impending financial meltdown and laid the foundations for renewed convergence with western Europe. This book, written by staff of the IMF's European Department that worked on the region at the time, provides a unique account of events: the origins of the crisis and the precrisis policy setting; the crisis trigger and the scramble to avoid the worst; the stabilization and recovery; the remaining challenges; and the lessons for the future. Five regional chapters provide the analytics to put events into perspective. Dedicated chapters for all 19 countries of the region dig deeper into the idiosyncrasies of each economy and provide extensive economic data. A final chapter distills the lessons from the overall regional experience and the wide intraregional diversity. Taken together, they make this book an indispensible reference for economic scholars of the region and beyond."--Publisher's website
Exchange rates in Central Europe : a blessing or a curse? by Alain Borghijs( Book )

5 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Central European accession countries (CECs) are currently considering when to adopt the euro. From the perspective of macroeconomic stabilization, the cost or benefit of giving up a flexible exchange rate depends on the types of asymmetric shocks hitting the economy and the ability of the exchange rate to act as a shock absorber. Economic theory suggests that flexible exchange rates are useful in absorbing asymmetric real shocks but unhelpful in the case of monetary and financial shocks. For five CECs-the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, the Slovak Republic, and Slovenia-empirical results on the basis of a structural VAR suggest that in the CECs the exchange rate appears to have served as much or more as an unhelpful propagator of monetary and financial shocks than as a useful absorber of real shocks
The utilization-adjusted output gap : is the Russian economy overheating? by Nienke Oomes( Book )

6 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper estimates the output gap in Russia using a utilization-adjusted production function approach, which we argue is preferable to traditional output gap methods. The approach amounts to (1) using available surveys to estimate the "natural rates" of capacity and labor utilization above which inflation begins to accelerate; (2) estimating a production function with utilization-adjusted capital and labor inputs; and (3) defining potential output as the level of output obtained when both capital and labor are at their estimated natural rates. The results suggest that the output gap in Russia was negative between 1999 and 2003, but may have recently become positive, thus contributing to inflationary pressures
Barriers to retail competition and prices : evidence from Spain by Alexander W Hoffmaister( Book )

6 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Why do prices in Spain's regions fail to converge? The prime suspects for this puzzling result are differences in regional barriers to entry in retail distribution. This paper develops a Cournot-Nash model of imperfect competition to illustrate the effect of barriers on prices. A unique data set-derived from an extensive analysis of competition policies in Spain- provides evidence that barriers to entry increase regional prices. The evidence also suggests that, consistent with the model's predictions, barriers to entry raise prices up to a point, and thus indicate that barriers have a threshold effect on prices
Options for fiscal consolidation in the United Kingdom by Dennis Botman( Book )

5 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper examines the macroeconomic effects of different timing and composition of fiscal adjustment in the United Kingdom using the IMF's Global Fiscal Model. Early consolidation dampens aggregate demand in the short term, but increases output in the long term as smaller primary surpluses are needed as a result of lower interest payments. Reducing government transfers or current government spending provides larger gains than increasing taxes, in particular compared to raising corporate or personal income taxes. We show that these conclusions are robust under alternative behavioral assumptions and parameterizations. A reduction in global saving would make early consolidation more urgent from both cyclical and long-term perspectives. Finally, we show that tax reform aimed at increasing incentives to save could provide support to fiscal consolidation measures
Reforming employment protection legislation in France by Jianping Zhou( Book )

6 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Over the last 15 years, the reforms of employment protection legislation (EPL) in European countries have mainly eased hiring and firing restrictions for temporary employment while leaving the strict EPL provisions for regular or permanent contracts unchanged. Recent reforms in France follow this pattern. Using a search-matching model, we argue that this type of partial reform is inefficient: easing restrictions on temporary jobs fosters both job creation and job destruction, but strict EPL discourages both. The overall impact on equilibrium unemployment is thus ambiguous, depending on the characteristics of the specific labor market. Simulations of the model, calibrated for the French labor market, suggest that the job destruction effect is stronger, thus raising the unemployment rate
Enforcement and the stability and growth pact : how fiscal policy did and did not change under Europe's fiscal framework by Anthony Annett( Book )

6 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Stability and Growth Pact has been a success in numerous EU countries, especially in guiding them toward underlying fiscal balance ahead of population aging. These countries tend to be smaller, subject to greater macroeconomic volatility, and reliant on a form of fiscal governance that emphasizes targets and contracts. Most of the new members share these characteristics. For the countries less compatible with the Pact, domestic governance reforms that increase the reputational costs for noncompliance can be useful complements to the fiscal framework
Sudden stops and IMF-supported programs by Barry J Eichengreen( Book )

5 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Could a high-access, quick-disbursing "insurance facility" in the IMF help to reduce the incidence of sharp interruptions in capital flows ("sudden stops")? We contribute to the debate on this question by analyzing the impact of conventional IMF-supported programs on the incidence of sudden stops. Correcting for the non-random assignment of programs, we find that sudden stops are fewer and generally less severe when an IMF arrangement exists and that this form of "insurance" works best for countries with strong fundamentals. In contrast there is no evidence that a Fund-supported program attenuates the output effects of capital account reversals if these nonetheless occur
Structural reforms in the Euro area : economic impact and role of synchronization across markets and countries by Luc Everaert( Book )

5 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Using the IMF's Global Economic Model, calibrated to the European Union, the effects of reform in product and labor markets are quantified for both a large and a small euro area economy. When markups in these markets are reduced, there are sizable long-term gains in output and employment. Most of these gains accrue to the reforming country regardless of whether reform takes place elsewhere; conversely, spillovers of reform elsewhere are limited. Labor and services market reforms have transitional costs as they induce a temporary decline in consumption, but raising competition in goods markets can mitigate some of these costs. Thus, coordinating the timing of reforms across markets is beneficial, and the more so the more open the reforming economy. In addition, synchronizing structural reforms across large countries of the euro area could eliminate transition costs. Increased supply would allow monetary policy to ease without jeopardizing price stability objectives, though in practice uncertainty may prevent full accommodation
Fiscal stimulus with spending reversals by Giancarlo Corsetti( Book )

3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The impact of fiscal stimulus depends not only on short-term tax and spending policies, but also on expectations about offsetting measures in the future. This paper analyzes the effects of an increase in government spending under a plausible debt-stabilizing policy that links current stimulus to a subsequent period of spending restraint. Accounting for such spending reversals brings an otherwise standard new Keynesian model in line with the stylized facts of fiscal transmission, including the crowding-in of consumption and the 'puzzle' of real exchange rate depreciation. Time series evidence f
Portugal by International Monetary Fund( Book )

23 editions published between 2009 and 2016 in English and Undetermined and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The size of government and U.S.-European differences in economic performance by Gerwin Bell( Book )

3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An influential strand of recent research has claimed that large governments in European countries explain their weaker long-term economic performance compared to the U.S. On the other hand, despite these alleged costs, large governments have been popular with electorates. This paper seeks to shed light on this apparent inconsistency; it confirms an adverse effect of taxes on labor supply, but also finds evidence of efficiency-increasing government intervention. However, and especially in the core ""Rhineland-model"" European countries, actual government policies often depart from such efficien
Decoupling from the east toward the west? : analyses of spillovers to the Baltic countries by Kingsley I Obiora( Book )

3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper uses VAR models to examine the magnitude and sources of growth spillovers to the Baltics from key trading partners, as well asfrom the real effective exchange rate (REER). Our results show there are significant cross-country spillovers to the Baltics with those from the EU outweighing spillovers from Russia. Shocks to the REER generally depress growth in the Baltics, and this intensifies over time. We also find that financial and trade channels dominate the transmission of spillovers to the region which partly explains the realization of downside risks to the Baltics from the global slowdown
Optimal monetary and fiscal policy with limited asset market participation by Sven Jari Stehn( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper characterises the jointly optimal monetary and fiscal stabilisation policy in a new Keynesian model that allows for consumers who lacking access to asset markets consume their disposable income each period. With full asset market participation, the optimal policy relies entirely on the interest rate to stabilise cost-push shocks and government expenditure is not changed. When asset market participation is limited, there is a case for fiscal stabilisation policy. Active use of public spending raises aggregate welfare because it enables a more balanced distribution of the stabilisatio
Forces driving inflation in the new EU10 members by Emil Stavrev( Book )

5 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The paper analyzes the forces driving inflation in the new EU10 member countries. A significant part of headline inflation in these countries is due to common factors, such as price level convergence and EU integration. However, idiosyncratic factors have also played a role in the inflation process. These factors are related to the country-specific financial conditions, pass-through from foreign prices, and demand-supply situation in each country, although administered price adjustments and increases of indirect taxes associated with EU accession are also likely to have played a role
Panacea, curse or nonevent? unconventional monetary policy in the United Kingdom by Andre Meier( Book )

5 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Bank of England's current ""quantitative easing"" strategy has given rise to a controversial debate about the effects and risks of unconventional monetary policy. The present paper makes two contributions to this debate. First, it provides a systematic overview of unconventional policy options, drawing from existing theoretical and empirical studies. Against this backdrop, it then analyzes the BoE's specific policies, discussing their effectiveness so far and putting them into a cross-country context. Tentative evidence on the BoE's quantitative easing is moderately encouraging, although t
A Banking Union for the Euro Area by Rishi Goyal( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

"The Staff Discussion Notes (SDN) elaborates the case for, and the design of, a banking union for the euro area. It discusses the benefits and costs of a banking union, presents a steady state view of the banking union, elaborates difficult transition issues, and briefly discusses broader EU issues. As such, it assesses current plans and provides advice. It is accompanied by three background technical notes that analyze in depth the various elements of the banking union: a single supervisory framework; a single resolution and common safety net; and urgent issues related to repair of weak banks in Europe."--Summary
The Trade Impact of China on EMU: Is It Even Across Members? by Uffe Mikkelsen( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper investigates the asymmetries in trade spillovers from sector-specific technology shocks in China to selected euro area countries. We use a Ricardian-gravity trade model to estimate sectoral competitiveness in individual euro area countries. Simulations on the impact of productivity shocks in Chinese textiles and machinery suggest that the required adjustment in wages, prices, and factor re-allocation is widely heterogeneous across euro area countries on accounts of their different specialization patterns. This raises the question of the distribution of gains and losses from external trade shocks
Successful Austerity in the United States, Europe and Japan by Nicoletta Batini( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The output effects of 2009 fiscal expansions have been hotly debated. But the discussion of fiscal multipliers is even more relevant now that several European countries have had to quickly retract their stimulus measures in an effort to regain market confidence. Using regime-switching VARs we estimate the impact of fiscal adjustment on the United States, Europe and Japan allowing for fiscal multipliers to vary across recessions and booms. We also estimate ex ante probabilities of recessions derived in association with different-sized and different types of consolidation shocks (expenditure- versus tax-based). We use these estimates to understand how consolidations should be designed to be most effective in terms of permanently and rapidly reducing a country's debt-to-GDP ratio. The main finding is that smooth and gradual consolidations are to be preferred to front loaded or aggressive consolidations, especially for economies in recession facing high risk premia on public debt, because sheltering growth is key to the success of fiscal consolidation in these cases
What Drives the POLONIA Spread in Poland? by Yinqiu Lu( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the start of the 2008 - 09 financial crisis, the Polish Overnight Index Average (POLONIA) has persistently been below the policy rate, suggesting a limited influence of the NBP's open market operations on the short-term interbank rate. In this regard, this paper analyzes the behavior of the POLONIA spread and explore several potential factors that could influence the spread. An empirical analysis confirms that the negative POLONIA spread is related to a few factors, which include the existence of the structural liquidity in the banking system; bank's unwillingness to lock up liquidity in the NBP bills; the frontloading of banks' fulfillment of the reserve requirements; and external market sentiment. The analysis also shows the effectiveness of the NBP's responses to the financial crisis and structural liquidity surplus
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Alternative Names

controlled identityInternational Monetary Fund

controlled identityInternational Monetary Fund. European I Department

controlled identityInternational Monetary Fund. European II Department


European Department.

IMF's European Department

International Monetary Fund. European Department.

International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

English (99)