WorldCat Identities

Baran, Paul

Overview
Works: 55 works in 91 publications in 1 language and 584 library holdings
Genres: Guidebooks 
Classifications: AS36, 174.2
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Paul Baran Publications about Paul Baran
Publications by  Paul Baran Publications by Paul Baran
posthumous Publications by Paul Baran, published posthumously.
Most widely held works about Paul Baran
 
Most widely held works by Paul Baran
The future of the telephone industry, 1970-1985 by Paul Baran ( Book )
4 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 60 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Industrielle Produktion ; Fernmeldewesen, Fernmeldeverkehr, Telekommunikationsdienst ; USA, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika ; Prognose (Management)
Remarks on the question of privacy raised by the automation of mental health records / Paul Baran by Paul Baran ( Book )
1 edition published in 1967 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
While the invasion-of-privacy problem has always been with us, its magnitude and complexion is changing. In the past, personal, sensitive information was kept in separate manual files. Specific individual permission was required any time an outsider wished information. As we look to the future and foresee greater integration of medical information systems, it may not be premature to think of the evolutionary development of such systems and the new problems they will create if adequate safeguards are not considered early and leaky systems prevented. (Author)
Some caveats on the contributions of technology to law enforcement by Paul Baran ( Book )
1 edition published in 1967 in English and held by 48 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The future of newsprint, 1970-2000 by Paul Baran ( Book )
1 edition published in 1971 in English and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Some changes in information technology affecting marketing in the year 2000 by Paul Baran ( Book )
5 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The report considers how far the year 2000 is from today, then some of the changes in the information technology one might expect, and lastly how these changes might affect marketing and its segmentation. (Author)
A closed circuit TV system for the visually handicapped by S. M Genensky ( Book )
1 edition published in 1968 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The CCTV system has several important features, namely (1) it is both a reading and writing device, (2) it incorporates variable magnification (from 1.4x to 31.7x using a 9 inch monitor), (3) it permits the reader to track printed or handwritten material across a line, (4) it allows the user to adjust the position of the monitor for his convenience and (5) it permits the user to change the vertical plane of rotation of the camera--a maneuver which is necessary if the writing habits of the individual are to be taken into account. (Author)
Communication policy issues for the coming computer utility by Paul Baran ( Book )
5 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
LSI : the basic module for new communication networks by Paul Baran ( Book )
3 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We are witnessing a growing appreciation that communications systems which transmit analog signals (such as voice) could benefit if designed as all-digital computer-like assemblies. This new view of communications as a digital process is a minority viewpoint in the communications industry; but a minority which is rapidly increasing. I believe that the direction of all-digital-communications-networks development will be towards true, all-digital systems including both transmission and switching. Our present analog techniques may be on their way out. Many of the systems cannot be built entirely out of LSI components. Some microwave elements, for example, will still require individual components such as varactor diodes and strip-transmission lines; but the bulk of circuitry could be in LSI modules. (Author)
On the engineer's responsibility in protecting privacy by Paul Baran ( Book )
4 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 28 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The document points out the dangers to the privacy and reputation of individuals through uncontrolled and accelerated use of automatic and electronic data processing systems
Communications, computers and people by Paul Baran ( Book )
2 editions published in 1965 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Impact of the computer technology of communications business is discussed as is the increase in creation of new types of computer systems resulting from widespread low-cost digital communications. SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES: Loss of the individual's right to privacy; unscrupulous individuals may use the information unlawfully; organized crime may misuse the information; 'inferential relational retrieval' techniques could draw chains of relationships between persons, organizations, and events; use of private detectives may increase to unearth derogatory information on political candidates and their associates for establishing thin chains of inferred relationships; creation of remote interrogation devices to interact with a file from a large number of points will cut costs of retrieval. PROPOSED SPECIFIC SAFEGUARDS: Provide for minimal cryptographic type of protection to communications lines that carry embarrassing data; never store file data in the complete 'clear'; make random external auditing of file operating programs standard practice; create sensible, precise ground rules on cross-system interrogation access for interconnected individual file systems; provide mechanisms to detect abnormal informational requests; build in provisions to record the source of requests for information interrogations; and audit information requests and inform authorities of suspected misuse of the system
Urban node in the information network by Paul Baran ( Book )
2 editions published in 1967 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The author considers some of the major contemporary problems of cities and asks how the fast developing technologies of computers and communications can help. The evolving role that future cities may play as nodes in national and trans-national information networks is discussed
The coming computer utility--laissez-faire, licensing, or regulation? by Paul Baran ( Book )
3 editions published in 1967 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We are moving headlong into an era where information processing will be available the same way one buys his electricity. But the attributes that distinguish heterogeneous information from the homogeneous products distributed by the earlier utilities are so different that a fresh regulatory approach is needed for technological progress, safety, and the public interest. We may want to think of this as tomorrow's problem. But tomorrow is here. (Author)
Binary coded gun barrels to discourage illegal use of small arms by Paul Baran ( Book )
3 editions published between 1967 and 1968 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
On the future computer era : modification of the American character and the role of the engineer, or a little caution in the haste to number by Paul Baran ( Book )
4 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
DeTocqueville, describing the American frontier of the 1830s, was struck by the freedom of Americans to come and go as they pleased without documents. He recorded the effects of an open frontier which bred people whose optimistic outlook was entirely different from that which he had encountered in Europe. For the first time he met citizens who felt their only limitation to wealth and happiness lay within themselves. We have come a long way from the day of the frontier ethic. In the process of building more complex social institutions to better serve groups of individuals, we are (and perhaps unnecessarily) eroding mechanisms conducive to social mobility. Better record keeping may be forcing us to move away from the value structure deTocqueville described to that of a new nation, where the name of the game is too often 'keeping your nose clean' or 'not getting involved.' (Author)
A briefing on the distributed adaptive message-block network by Paul Baran ( Book )
2 editions published in 1965 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Japanese competition in the information industry by Paul Baran ( Book )
1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
An aided adaptive character reader for machine translation of languages by Paul Baran ( Book )
2 editions published in 1960 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
An elementary procedure for the synthesis of a character recognition device based upon a learning experiment is described. Utilizing information derived from a significant sample of the set of characters to be read and given identification of the samples by a human operator, a computer defines a set of 'filters.' These filters may then be used to transform unknown characters having similar type characteristics. During the recognition process a probability matrix for each character in the alphabet is used to compute a figure of merit for the hypothesis that an unknown character is the same as a known character. It is shown that this elementary model might adequately serve for construction of a fast input device for a language translation machine if it were able to make use of frequency distribution characteristics of the dictionary. A possible implementation with a raw character reading rate of up to 500 characters a second appears feasible. (Author)
Notes on a seminar on future broad-band communications by Paul Baran ( Book )
2 editions published in 1970 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A digital simulation of an aided adaptive character reading machine by Paul Baran ( Book )
2 editions published in 1960 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A pattern recognition system utilizing an initial man-machine learning phase was simulated on an IBM 709 computer. Transformations on a deformed set of 48 samples of each of ten numerals were used to form separation filters, while a second set of 480 similarly varied numerals served as the 'unknown' characters which were examined. Measured probability density distributions of the inked areas of all characters are established, and a weighted stencil or filter is created to distinguish each character relative to the possible set of characters. The numerical experiment demonstrated the extent to which the actual value of the best 'score of match' between the unknown and each character in the set provided confidence in recognition. Whenever the best score is too low, it is possible to call for more complex processes to aid recognition permitting the construction of recognition systems of greater accuracy than the basic reading mechanism. (Author)
Reliable digital communications systems using unreliable network repeater nodes by Paul Baran ( Book )
1 edition published in 1960 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
 
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Audience Level
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Audience level: 0.94 (from 0.10 for Baran, Pau ... to 0.98 for Japanese c ...)
Languages
English (52)