WorldCat Identities

Longino, Helen E.

Overview
Works: 24 works in 89 publications in 2 languages and 4,917 library holdings
Genres: Exhibition, pictorial works  Exhibition catalogs  History 
Roles: Editor, Thesis advisor
Classifications: Q175, 306.45
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Helen E Longino Publications about Helen E Longino
Publications by  Helen E Longino Publications by Helen E Longino
Most widely held works by Helen E Longino
Feminism and science ( )
13 editions published between 1996 and 1999 in English and held by 1,326 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Over the past fifteen years, a new dimension to the analysis of science has emerged. Feminist theory, combined with the insights of recent developments in the history, philosophy, and sociology of science, has raised a number of new and important questions about the content, practice, and traditional goals of science. Feminists have pointed to a bias in the choice and definition of problems with which scientist have concerned themselves, and in the actual design and interpretation of experiments, and have argued that modern science evolved out of a conceptual structuring of the world that incorporated particular and historically specific ideologies of gender. The seventeen articles in this outstanding volume reflect the diversity and strengths of feminist contributions to current thinking about science
Competition, a feminist taboo? by Valerie Miner ( Book )
6 editions published between 1987 and 1989 in English and held by 814 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Scientific pluralism by Stephen Kellert ( )
13 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 806 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Scientific Pluralism demonstrates the viability of the view that some phenomena require multiple accounts. Pluralists observe that scientists present varioussometimes even incompatiblemodels of the world and argue that this is due to the complexity of the world and representational limitations
Science as social knowledge : values and objectivity in scientific inquiry by Helen E Longino ( Book )
10 editions published in 1990 in English and Italian and held by 768 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The fate of knowledge by Helen E Longino ( Book )
10 editions published between 2001 and 2002 in English and held by 415 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Seeking to break the deadlock in the ongoing wars between philosophers of science and sociologists of science, this text argues that social interaction actually assists us in securing firm, rationally-based knowledge, clarifying the philosophical points at issue
Studying human behavior : how scientists investigate aggression and sexuality by Helen E Longino ( Book )
10 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 310 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In Studying Human Behavior, Helen E. Longino enters into the complexities of human behavioral research, a domain still dominated by the age-old debate of "nature versus nurture." Rather than supporting one side or another or attempting to replace that dichotomy with a different framework for understanding behavior, Longino focuses on how scientists study it, specifically sexual behavior and aggression, and asks what can be known about human behavior through empirical investigation. She dissects five approaches to the study of behavior-quantitative behavioral genetics, molecular behavior genetics, developmental psychology, neurophysiology and anatomy, and social/environmental methods---highlighting the underlying assumptions of these disciplines, as well as the different questions and mechanisms each addresses. She also analyzes efforts to integrate different approaches. Longino concludes that there is no single "correct" approach but that each contributes to our overall understanding of human behavior. In addition, Longino reflects on the reception and transmission of this behavioral research in scientific, social, clinical, and political spheres. A highly significant and innovative study that bears on crucial scientific questions, Studying Human Behavior will be essential reading not only for scientists and philosophers but also for science journalists and anyone interested in the engrossing challenges of understanding human behavior
Art & science : investigating matter by Catherine Wagner ( Book )
2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 211 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Women, gender, and science : new directions ( Book )
5 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 202 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Papers van een conferentie gehouden in mei 1995 op de University of Minnesota over gender en wetenschap, over vrouwen in de wetenschappen, en de relatie daar tussen. Bevat analyses van: het leven van Christiane Nusslein-Volhard, winnares van de Nobelprijs in 1995; vrouwen en botanische cultuur in Engeland gedurende de 18e en 19e eeuw; technisch onderwijs in 19e eeuws Philadelphia; mannelijke ere-codes in met name de medische wetenschappen in Europa; feministische wetenschapskritiek op archeologie; gebruik van trefwoorden en verwijzingen in de Amerikaanse Index Catalogue of the Library of the Surgeon General's Office; bijdrage van vrouwen aan de medische literatuur in de vroeg moderne periode; de vriendschap tussen de Duitse geneticus Elisabeth Schiemann en de natuurkundige Lise Meitner; 'American Science Manpower', een onderzoek samengesteld door de National Science Foundation in 1961; standpunten van vrouwen over de natuur (lichamelijk/biologisch); participatiegraad van vrouwen in de (bêta)wetenschappen
Can there be a feminist science? by Helen E Longino ( Book )
4 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Feminist critiques of rationality : critiques of sciences of philosophy of science? by Helen E Longino ( )
1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Underdetermination and indirect measurement by Teru Miyake ( )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
We have been astonishingly successful in gathering knowledge about certain objects or systems to which we seemingly have extremely limited access. Perhaps the most difficult problem in the investigation of such systems is that they are extremely underdetermined. What are the methods through which these cases of underdetermination are resolved? I argue in chapter 1 that these methods are best understood by thinking of what scientists are doing as gaining access to the previously inaccessible parts of these systems through a series of indirect measurements. I then discuss two central problems with such indirect measurements, theory mediation and the combining of effects, and ways in which these difficulties can be dealt with. In chapter 2, I examine the indirect measurement of planetary distances in the solar system in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries by Copernicus and Kepler. In this case, there was an underdetermination between three different theories about the motions of the planets, which can be partly resolved by the measurement of distances between the planets. The measurement of these distances was enabled by making certain assumptions about the motions of the planets. I argue that part of the justification for making these assumptions comes from decompositional success in playing off measurements of the earth's orbit and the Mars orbit against each other. In chapter 3, I examine the indirect measurement of mechanical properties such as mass and forces in the solar system by Newton. In this case, there were two underdeterminations, the first an underdetermination between two theories about the true motion of the sun and the earth, and the second an underdetermination between various theories for calculating planetary orbits. Newton resolves these two problems of underdetermination through a research program where the various sources of force are identified and accounted for. This program crucially requires the third law of motion to apply between celestial objects, an issue about which Newton was criticized by his contemporaries. I examine the justification for the application of the third law of motion through its successful use for decomposition of forces in the solar system in a long-term research program. I further discuss comments by Kant on the role of the third law of motion for Newton, in which Kant recognizes its indispensability for a long-term program for determining the center of mass of the solar system and thus defining a reference point relative to which forces can be identified. Chapter 4 covers the indirect measurement of density in the earth's interior using observations of seismic waves. One of the difficult problems in this case is that we can think of the interior density of the earth as a continuous function of radius--in order to determine this radius function, you are in effect making a measurement of an infinite number of points. The natural question to ask here is how much resolution the observations give you. I focus on the work of geophysicists who were concerned with this problem, out of which a standard model for the earth's density was developed
Catherine Wagner by Cornelia Homburg ( Book )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Scientific pluralism ( )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Economics for whom? by Helen E Longino ( )
1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Can values be good for science? by Helen E Longino ( Recording )
1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Can there be a feminist science? by Helen E Longino ( )
1 edition published in 1987 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Realism between metaphysics and science by Johanna Wolff ( )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
The aim of my dissertation is to understand what realism debates in philosophy of science should be about. To achieve this goal, a number of questions need to be addressed: What is the target of realism and antirealism in the philosophy of science, and what does it mean to be a realist or an antirealist? Does only realism in this debate imply a commitment to metaphysics, or are both realism and antirealism equally metaphysical positions? Is there really anything to be debated, or should we just be quietists about realism debates in philosophy of science? My answer is that, in its current form, the realism debate in philosophy of science is a skeptical debate, that is, antirealism is offered exclusively as an epistemic challenge to realism. This leads to an unsatisfactory stalemate between realism and antirealism, which often prompts a kind of quietism about these debates. While I reject this quietism as insufficiently supported by argument, I concede that the debate in its current shape is not satisfactory either. Instead I propose to change the target of realism debates away from claims about unobservables towards modal claims made in the sciences. Debates about the latter, I argue, can go beyond skeptical challenges to include semantic and metaphysical questions as well. Switching the target in this way makes the debate about realism in the philosophy of science more like realism debates in other fields
Feminist standpoint theory and the problems of knowledge by Helen E Longino ( )
1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Bespreking door de filosofe Helen Langino van vier boeken over 'standpoint-feministen'
Knowing what follows epistemic closure and epistemic logic by Wesley Halcrow Holliday ( )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
The starting point of this dissertation is a simple but central question in epistemology and epistemic logic: roughly, if an agent knows that a proposition P follows from some other propositions, must she know P if she knows the others? In other words, must the set of propositions she knows be "closed under known implication"? This idea of full epistemic closure raises a tension with an attractive idea of fallibilism about knowledge. According to fallibilism, knowing a true proposition Q does not require ruling out every remote possibility of error or deception with respect to Q. If it did, we would know almost nothing. The tension between fallibilism and closure arises when a proposition S picks out a class of remote possibilities in which Q is false, so we know Q implies not-S. While fallibilism may say that we can know Q without ruling out the possibilities picked out by S, closure says that we know Q only if we know not-S. Although not a formal contradiction, this is a tension to say the least. In this dissertation, I explore the extent to which it is possible to make fallibilism compatible with closure. I begin by formalizing a family of fallibilist theories of knowledge in models for epistemic logic. Model-theoretic techniques are used to characterize the closure properties of knowledge according to different fallibilist pictures, identify the structural features of these pictures that correspond to closure properties, transform models of one theory into models of another, prove impossibility results, and ultimately find a middle way between full closure and no closure for fallibilism. I argue that the standard versions of "Fallibilism 1.0" each face one of three serious problems related to closure: the Problem of Vacuous Knowledge, the Problem of Containment, and the Problem of Knowledge Inflation. To solve these problems, I propose a new framework for Fallibilism 2.0: the Multipath Picture of Knowledge. This picture is based on taking seriously the idea that there can be multiple paths to knowing a complex claim about the world. An overlooked consequence of fallibilism is that these multiple paths to knowledge may involve ruling out different sets of alternatives, which should be represented in our picture of knowledge. I argue that the Multipath Picture of Knowledge is a better picture for all fallibilists, whether for or against full closure. Yet I also argue that only by accepting less than full closure can we solve the closure-related problems that plague previous versions of fallibilism
 
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Alternative Names
Longino, Helen 1944-
Languages
English (84)
Italian (1)
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