WorldCat Identities

Hoekman, Bernard M. 1959-

Overview
Works: 471 works in 1,692 publications in 3 languages and 21,849 library holdings
Genres: Handbooks and manuals  Conference papers and proceedings  Commercial treaties 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Creator, Honoree
Classifications: HF1359, 382
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Bernard M Hoekman
The political economy of the world trading system : from GATT to WTO by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

70 editions published between 1995 and 2013 in 3 languages and held by 1,734 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The Political Economy of the World Trading System is a textbook account of the economics, institutional mechanics, and politics of the world trading system. The second edition has been expanded and updated to cover the period since the creation of the World Trade Organization in 1995, presenting the essentials of multilateral trade negotiations and the prevailing WTO rules and disciplines."--Jacket
Development, trade, and the WTO : a handbook by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

22 editions published between 2002 and 2007 in English and held by 646 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Publisher's description: Developing countries are increasingly confronted with the need to address trade policy related issues in international agreements, most prominently the World Trade Organization (WTO). New WTO negotiations on a broad range of subjects were launched in November 2001. Determining whether and how international trade agreements can support economic development is a major challenge. Stakeholders in developing countries must be informed on the issues and understand how their interests can be pursued through international cooperation. This handbook offers guidance on the design of trade policy reform, surveys key disciplines and the functioning of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and discusses numerous issues and options that confront developing countries in using international cooperation to improve domestic policy and obtain access to export markets. Many of the issues discussed are also relevant in the context of regional integration agreements. Separate sections of the handbook summarize what constitutes sound trade policy; the major aspects of the WTO from a development perspective; policy issues in the area of merchandise trade and the liberalization of international transactions in services; protection of intellectual property rights and economic development; new regulatory subjects that are emerging in the agenda of trade talks; and enhancing participation of developing countries in the global trading system
Global trade and poor nations : the poverty impacts and policy implications of liberalization( Book )

13 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 511 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Assesses the impact of reformed trade policies on the poorest of the poor from a spectrum of poor nations across different regions. Provides guidelines regarding the likely impacts of a global trade reform, utilizing a methodology that combines information to capture effects at the macro level and in individual households"--Résumé de l'éditeur
Arab economic integration : between hope and reality( Book )

10 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 499 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume examines the economic and political incentives surrounding Arab regional integration. The contributors focus on three issues: the failure of past attempts at integration, the impact on countries involved in any future integration and the possible lessons from other regional experiences, particularly the European Union. A common theme is the importance of extending the reach of cooperation efforts beyond trade in goods
Global integration and technology transfer by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

28 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 366 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This text advances our understanding of the importance of technology diffusion through trade and foreign direct investment in a range of developing and transition economies
The World Trade Organization : law, economics, and politics by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

25 editions published between 2007 and 2016 in English and held by 336 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Part of the 'Global Institutions' series, this book is of interest to students of commercial law, international trade, international political economy and international organizations
Economic development and multilateral trade cooperation by Simon J Evenett( Book )

16 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 307 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Most of the chapters ... were initially prepared for the 2003 World Trade Forum conference organized by the World Trade Institute (Berne, Switzerland) and the Development Research Group of the World Bank"--Page xiii
Turkey : economic reform and accession to the European Union by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

19 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 262 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This volume analyzes the economic challenges confronting Turkey in its quest to accede to the European Union (EU). It focuses on the extent to which Turkey is ready to join the Single Market; comply with the EU's body of economic regulations and directives, the Acquis Communautaire; and meet the Maastricht criteria for fiscal, monetary, and exchange rate policies. This book also provides an assessment of Turkey's national program to meet the accession requirements. It describes briefly what Turkey needs to achieve on the economic policy front to satisfy the conditions for accession, the progress to date, and the likely consequences of implementing the full body of EU requirements." "Although the focus is on the specific situation of Turkey, the subject will be of value to all researchers with an interest in the challenges of deeper integration through regional agreements."--Jacket
Trade policy developments in the Middle East and North Africa( Book )

11 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 248 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Developing countries and the WTO : a pro-active agenda( Book )

13 editions published between 2001 and 2003 in English and held by 245 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume brings together a selection of papers that were prepared as background analyses for a collaborative research capacity-building project, focusing on the WTO negotiating agenda
Trade laws and institutions : good practices and the World Trade Organization by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

16 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 237 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Law and policy in public purchasing : the WTO agreement on government procurement( Book )

6 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 215 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Regional partners in global markets : limits and possibilities of the Euro-Med agreements( Book )

7 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 213 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Catching up with the competition : trade opportunities and challenges for Arab countries( Book )

9 editions published between 2000 and 2010 in English and held by 212 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The contributions to this volume analyze recent trade developments and export performance of Arab nations and discuss policy options and priorities for countries to foster greater trade integration, both regionally and with the rest of the world." "Subject areas covered include detailed analyses of the pattern and composition of trade (exports and imports), trends in and determinants of agricultural and intra-industry trade, the economic implications of free trade with the EU (a major focus of policy initiative being taken by southern Mediterranean countries), microeconomic reform priorities required to promote growth of exports, and options to deepen and widen regional integration agreements and enhance participation in the WTO in order to defend access to export markets and support domestic reform efforts." "Catching Up with the Competition will be of interest to international economists who focus on the countries of the Middle East and North Africa, as well as scholars with an interest in development economics and international relations."--Jacket
Harnessing trade for development and growth in the Middle East : report by the Council on Foreign Relations Study Group on Middle East Trade Options by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

8 editions published in 2002 in English and Undetermined and held by 211 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Liberalizing trade in services by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

19 editions published between 1994 and 2006 in English and Undetermined and held by 201 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the mid 1980s a substantial amount of research has been undertaken on trade in services. Much of this is inspired by the World Trade Organization or regional trade agreements, especially the European Union, but an increasing number of papers focus on the impacts of services sector liberalization. This paper surveys the literature, focusing on contributions that investigate the determinants of international trade and investment in services, the potential gains from greater trade (and liberalization), and efforts to cooperate to achieve such liberalization through trade agreements. It concludes that there is increasing evidence that services liberalization is an important source of potential welfare gains, but relatively little research has been done that can inform the design of international cooperation-both trade agreements and development assistance-so as to more effectively promote development objectives
Trade preferences and differential treatment of developing countries( Book )

10 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 174 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Trade preference erosion : measurement and policy response by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

18 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 126 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume introduces the gender dimension in the empirical analyses on the links between trade and poverty. Gender disparities, an important component of overall inequality, may limit the gains from trade and the potential benefits to poor people. This view is supported by the robust finding that while growth (as well as the gains from trade) is the major vehicle of lifting people out of poverty, it is more likely to be pro-poor when initial inequality is low. High inequality directly lowers the rate of poverty reduction by hindering growth.Ample evidence shows that, in spite of recent impro
Catching up with Eastern Europe? the European Union's Mediterranean Free Trade Initiative by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

16 editions published between 1995 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 104 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

January 1996 The option of a Euro-Mediterranean Agreement gives the Mediterranean countries a unique opportunity to credibly pursue far-reaching trade liberalization gradually. Further unilateral efforts will be required to ensure that Mediterranean countries gain. Liberalization of foreign direct investment and the service sector are essential to ensure a supply response and create new job opportunities. Many countries in the Middle East and North Africa that are considering liberalizing, privatizing, and deregulating markets face difficult policy issues. Gradual, piecemeal reform efforts have had limited success. The option of a Euro-Mediterranean Agreement (EMA) offers a new opportunity to implement structural reform. Two questions can be posed: (1) Why pursue regional integration? and (2) Is an EMA sufficient? Justifications for regional integration include the following: * The EMA may offer a stronger mechanism for locking in economic reform than does the World Trade Organization (WTO), while the preferential nature of an EMA might help overcome domestic resistance to liberalization. * Harmonization of regulatory regimes and administrative requirements could facilitate trade. * Market access could be more secure if countries agreed not to impose contingent protection, such as antidumping actions. * Transfers from the European Union to partner countries (financial or technical assistance) would help offset lost tariff revenue and the costs of trade diversion. The EMA signed between Tunisia and the European Union does not go significantly beyond existing multilateral (WTO) disciplines. The long 12 - year transition path may reduce incentives to initiate rapid restructuring and may create problems in implementing future tariff reductions. While the EMA option gives the Mediterranean countries a unique opportunity to pursue far-reaching trade liberalization credibly and gradually, the economic benefits will be limited if trade liberalization is restricted to manufactured products. Service markets and foreign investment must also be liberalized to ensure a supply response and create new employment opportunities. Equally important are factors that cannot be imported through an agreement with the European Union: efficient public institutions, domestic competition, investment in education, high rates of private savings and investment, a stable economy, and openness to the world economy. The greater the extent to which the EMA-based preferential liberalization is extended to non-European countries, the greater the benefits for participating Mediterranean countries. This paper-a product of the Private Sector and Finance Team, Technical Department, Europe and Central Asia, and Middle East and North Africa Regions-is part of a larger effort in the department to monitor trade policy developments in the region
Reducing agricultural tariffs versus domestic support what's more important for developing countries? by Bernard M Hoekman( Book )

24 editions published between 2002 and 2003 in English and Undetermined and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

High levels of protection and domestic support for farmers in industrial countries significantly affect many developing countries, both directly and through the price-depressing effect of agricultural support policies. High tariffs--in both rich and poor countries--and domestic support may also lower the world price of agricultural products, benefiting net importers. Hoekman, Ng, and Olarreaga assess the impact of reducing tariffs and domestic support in a sample of 119 countries. Least developed countries (LDCs) are disproportionately affected by agricultural support policies. More than 18 percent of LDC exports are subject to domestic support in at least one World Trade Organization (WTO) member, as compared to only 9 percent of their imports. For other developing countries the figures are around 4 percent for both their exports and imports. So, the prevailing pattern of trade suggests the world price-reducing effect of agricultural domestic support policies may induce a welfare loss in LDCs. The authors develop a simple partial equilibrium model of global trade in commodities that benefit from domestic support in at least one WTO member. The simulation results suggest there will be large differences between LDCs and other developing economies in terms of the impact of a 50 percent cut in tariffs as compared to a 50 percent cut in domestic support. Developing countries as a group would suffer a welfare loss from a cut in support, while LDCs would experience a small gain. For both groups of countries, tariff reductions by WTO members--including own liberalization--will have a positive effect on welfare. The results show both the importance of focusing on tariffs as well as subsities, and the need for complementary actions to allow a domestic supply response to occur in developing countries if world prices rise. This paper--a product of Trade, Development Research Group--is part of a larger effort in the group to analyze the effects of trade-related policies on developing countries
 
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The political economy of the world trading system : from GATT to WTO
Alternative Names
Hoekman, B.

Hoekman, B. 1959-

Hoekman, B. M. 1959-

Hoekman, Bernard.

Hoekman, Bernard 1959-

Hoekman, Bernard M.

Hoekman, Bernard Marco 1959-

Hoekman, Bernhard 1959-

Hoekman, Bernhard M. 1959-

برنارد هوكمان، 1959-

Languages
English (351)

Chinese (2)

Polish (2)

Covers
Development, trade, and the WTO : a handbookGlobal trade and poor nations : the poverty impacts and policy implications of liberalizationArab economic integration : between hope and realityGlobal integration and technology transferThe World Trade Organization : law, economics, and politicsEconomic development and multilateral trade cooperationTurkey : economic reform and accession to the European UnionTrade policy developments in the Middle East and North Africa