WorldCat Identities

Menéndez de Avilés, Pedro 1519-1574

Overview
Works: 70 works in 143 publications in 2 languages and 4,152 library holdings
Genres: History  Records and correspondence  Bibliography  Naval history 
Classifications: F306, 975.901
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Pedro Menéndez de Avilés Publications about Pedro Menéndez de Avilés
Publications by  Pedro Menéndez de Avilés Publications by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés
posthumous Publications by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, published posthumously.
Most widely held works about Pedro Menéndez de Avilés
 
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Most widely held works by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés
La Florida : su conquista y colonización by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés ( Book )
3 editions published in 1893 in Spanish and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Cartas sobre la Florida, 1555-1574 by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés ( Book )
7 editions published in 2002 in Spanish and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Colección de diarios y relaciones para la historia de los viajes y descubrimientos by Pedro de Valdivia ( Book )
2 editions published in 1943 in Spanish and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Viajes por Norteamérica by Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca ( Book )
1 edition published in 1958 in Spanish and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Cartas by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés ( )
3 editions published in 1893 in Undetermined and Spanish and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The adelantamiento of Florida: 1565-1568 by Eugene Lyon ( )
2 editions published in 1973 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Florida conquest of 1565-1568 was accomplished by an entrepreneur titled Adelantado ^ in keeping with a Castilian tradition of expansion by Royal. surrogate. Ade - lantados underwrote the pacification and settlement of new lemds in return for license to exploit them and the granting of titles, monopolies, revenues 2md lands. The Hapsburg ruler Philip II, caught between urgent dynastic policies and limited resources, created many adelantamientos and promulgated Royal ordinances in 1563 which defined a place for private conquerors in Spanish expansion. After Spanish-French negotiations over New World spheres of influence collapsed, Philip II attempted to conquer a Huguenot settlement at Port Royal and appointed Lucas Vazquez Ayll6n Adelcintado in 1563. Both the Spanish and French attempts failed, but another French expedition built Fort Caroline in 1564. The capture of mutineers from its garrison eventually resulted in the dispatch of news of the fort to Spain. Meamwhile, the Asturiam seeman Pedro Menendez de Avil€s had become an Indies trader and Royal fleet official, After conflict with the House of Trade led to his jailing at Seville, Menendez was freed and signed a contract with Philip II for the conquest and settlement of Florida at his own expense. Only later, after knowledge of Fort Caroline reached Spain, did the Crown add troops and supplies to Menendez' own effort. Thereafter, the Florida conquest was a joint-venture, with the resources of the Adelantado proving the more telling. Menendez had recourse to a network of Asturian noble families to help staff and finance his enterprise. The Mayordomo of this network was Pedro del Castillo of Cadiz, who held a contract with Menendez to supply and sustain his efforts in Florida. This network was built through the use of powers-of-attorney. The events of the conquest tested Menendez' resources to the utmost. His decision to proceed directly to Florida in 1565 made victory over Jean Ribault possible but cost heavily in ships, lives, and money. Menendez had great difficulty providing for his Florida garrisons after Royal aid promised failed to materialize, and he lost private income potential through the loss of many ships. The unruly contract soldiers' mutinies and rebellions cost Menendez dear, and their treatment of the natives undermined his Indian policies. In spite of obstacles, Pedro Menendez and his norteno conquest group explored much of the adelantcuniento of Florida, which extended from the Gulf Coast around the Keys to Newfoundland. They established forts 2md missions in the peninsula, to the north, and inlamd to the Appalachiems, and founded the cities whose cabildos were to be the foci of local government and the means of land distribution. Menendez set up a system of local government and promulgated ordinances to regulate it. In keeping with his dream for Florida development, Menendez arranged to fund the coming of hundreds of settlers, and all shared in the hope for agricultural and commercial growth in an atmosphere of community. The Adelantado himself expected to Obtain the title of Marquis, to be backed by his huge land-grant from the King. Jesuit missionaries labored diligently with the Indians, but made little headway. At the end of the first phase of the Florida conquest in mid-1568, Pedro Menendez had been personally rewarded by his King for his deeds in Florida, and Philip II had agreed to support a minimum garrison at Royal expense. Real penetration of the land and pacification of the Indians had not yet been accomplished, however
La Florida ( Book )
1 edition published in 1989 in Undetermined and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Pedro Menéndez de Avilés sailing order by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés ( Book )
1 edition published in 1572 in Spanish and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In the age of piracy on the high seas, sailing instructions were top-secret documents upon which rested the security of the king's fleet and his treasure. Here, Menéndez de Avilés, governor of Florida, gives Don Cristóbal de Eraso complicated and detailed instructions for sailing to Spain on the Buenaventura with his fleet, via the islands of Flores and San Miguel. He is admonished not to proceed beyond a designated rendezvous without further instructions from Menéndez, "under penalty of paying with his person and his property for any injury to his Majesty or his royal treasury." With notary's signed statement of delivery to Eraso on 21 July 1572
by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés ( )
in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Spanish transcriptions and English translations of correspondence, genealogy, and other documents, relating chiefly to Menéndez de Avilés's activities in Florida for King Philip II of Spain. Includes ms. by Bartolomé Barrientos and a bibliography
Noticias biográfico-genealógicas de Pedro Menendez de Avilés, primer Adelantado y conquistador de la Florida, etc by Ciriaco Miguel Vigil ( Book )
2 editions published in 1892 in Undetermined and English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Pedro Menéndez de Avilés; memorial by Gonzalo Solís de Merás ( Book )
2 editions published in 1923 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
La Florida : su conquista y colonización por Pedro Menéndez de Avilés by Eugenio Ruidíaz y Caravia ( Book )
1 edition published in 1893 in Spanish and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Relación de viajes por la Florida by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés ( )
1 edition published in 1958 in Spanish and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
La Florida : su conquista y colonización por Pedro Menéndez de Avilés by Eugenio Ruidíaz y Caravia ( Book )
1 edition published in 1893 in Spanish and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
 
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Audience level: 0.47 (from 0.00 for [Vida y he ... to 1.00 for Cartas ...)
Alternative Names
Avilés, Pedro Menéndez de, 1519-1574
De Avilés, Pedro Menéndez, 1519-1574
Menéndez de Avilés y Márquez, Pedro 1519-1574
Languages
English (63)
Spanish (29)
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