WorldCat Identities

Nichol, James P.

Overview
Works: 167 works in 474 publications in 1 language and 4,513 library holdings
Genres: Constitution 
Classifications: JK1108, 327.20947
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  James P Nichol Publications about James P Nichol
Publications by  James P Nichol Publications by James P Nichol
Most widely held works by James P Nichol
Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia political developments and implications for U.S. interests by James P Nichol ( Book )
51 editions published between 2001 and 2012 in English and held by 371 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The United States recognized the independence of all the former Soviet republics by the end of 1991, including the South Caucasus states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. The United States has fostered these states' ties with the West, including membership in the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and NATO's Partnership for Peace (PFP), in part to end the dependence of these states on Russia for trade and security. The United States pursued close ties with Armenia to encourage its democratization. Close ties with Georgia have evolved from U.S. contacts with former Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze, Georgia's president. Growing U.S. private investment in Azerbaijan's oil resources have strengthened U.S. interests there. The United States has been active in diplomatic efforts to end conflicts in the region, many of which remain unresolved. Faced with calls in Congress and elsewhere that the Administration develop policies for assisting the Eurasian states of the former Soviet Union, then-President Bush proposed the Freedom Support Act in early 1992. Signed into law in 1992, P.L. 102-511 authorized funds for the Eurasian states for humanitarian needs, democratization, creation of market economies, trade, and investment. Sec. 907 of the Act prohibited most U.S. government-to-government aid to Azerbaijan until it ceases blockades and other offensive use of force against Armenia. This provision was partly altered over the years to permit humanitarian, democratization, border security, and customs aid; Trade and Development Agency aid; OPIC insurance; Eximbank financing; and other commercial activities. The current Bush Administration appealed for a national security waiver of the prohibition on aid to Azerbaijan because of Azerbaijan's assistance to the international coalition to combat terrorism. In Dec 2001, Congress approved foreign appropriations for FY2002 that authorizes the President to waive Sec. 907 through Dec 2002
Central Asia's new states political developments and implications for U.S. interests by James P Nichol ( Book )
24 editions published between 1994 and 2003 in English and held by 321 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the United States recognized the independence of all the former Central Asian republics and established diplomatic relations with each by mid-March 1992. The United States also supported their admission to the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and other Western organizations, and elicited Turkish support in countering Iranian influence in the region. Congress was at the forefront in urging the formation of coherent U.S. policies for aiding these and other Eurasian states of the former Soviet Union, and approved the Freedom Support Act and other legislation for this purpose. After the terrorist attacks on America on September 11, 2001, all the Central Asian states offered overflight and other support to coalition anti-terrorist efforts in Afghanistan. Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan have hosted coalition troops and provided access to airbases. Since then, the United States has boosted its security assistance throughout the region for anti-terrorism, counter-narcotics, non-proliferation, border and customs, and defense cooperation programs, while also increasing aid for democratization and free market reforms. U.S. policy goals in Central Asia include fostering stability, democratization, free market economies, free trade and transport throughout the Eurasian corridor, denuclearization in the non-Russian states, and adherence to international human rights standards. An over-arching U.S. priority is to discourage attempts by extremist regimes and groups to block or subvert progress toward these goals. Administration policy also aims to integrate these states into the international community so that they follow responsible security and other policies, and to discourage xenophobic and anti-Western orientations that threaten peace and stability. The Administration is concerned about human rights and civil liberties problems in all the states
Diplomacy in the former Soviet Republics by James P Nichol ( Book )
9 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 246 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This critical analysis explores how Soviet authorities in 1987-1991 attempted to encourage the Soviet Republics to use their diplomatic apparatuses, created by Stalin in 1944, to solicit foreign economic trade and aid. It traces the establishment of their
Kyrgyzstan basic facts by James P Nichol ( Book )
11 editions published between 1992 and 1995 in English and held by 198 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Azerbaijan basic facts by James P Nichol ( Book )
11 editions published between 1992 and 1996 in English and held by 197 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Kazakhstan basic facts by James P Nichol ( Book )
9 editions published between 1992 and 1995 in English and held by 149 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Turkmenistan basic facts by James P Nichol ( Book )
8 editions published between 1992 and 1995 in English and held by 148 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Uzbekistan basic facts by James P Nichol ( Book )
9 editions published between 1993 and 1996 in English and held by 138 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Central Asia regional developments and implications for U.S. interests by James P Nichol ( Book )
27 editions published between 2003 and 2013 in English and held by 106 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
U.S. policy toward the Central Asian states has aimed at facilitating their cooperation with U.S. and NATO stabilization efforts in Afghanistan and their efforts to combat terrorism, proliferation, and trafficking in arms, drugs, and persons. Other U.S. objectives have included promoting free markets, democratization, human rights, energy development, and the forging of East-West and Central Asia-South Asia trade links. Such policies aim to help the states become what various U.S. administrations have considered to be responsible members of the international community rather than to degenerate into xenophobic, extremist, and anti-Western regimes that contribute to wider regional conflict and instability. Soon after the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, all the Central Asian "front-line" states offered over-flight and other support for coalition anti-terrorism operations in Afghanistan. Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan hosted coalition troops and provided access to airbases. In 2003, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan also endorsed coalition military action in Iraq. About two dozen Kazakhstani troops served in Iraq until late 2008. Uzbekistan rescinded U.S. basing rights in 2005 after the United States criticized the reported killing of civilians in the town of Andijon. In early 2009, Kyrgyzstan ordered a U.S. base in that country to close, allegedly because of Russian inducements and U.S. reluctance to meet Kyrgyz requests for greatly increased lease payments. An agreement on continued U.S. use of the "transit center" was reached in June 2009. In 2009, most of the regional states also agreed to become part of a Northern Distribution Network for the transport of U.S. and NATO supplies to Afghanistan. The status of the "transit center" was in doubt after an April 2010 coup in Kyrgyzstan, but the new leadership soon stated that the "transit center" arrangement would remain in place
Russian referendum outcome and implications for U.S. interests by James P Nichol ( Book )
6 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 104 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Crime in Russia situation update by James P Nichol ( Book )
6 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 92 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Stalin's crimes against the non-Russian nations : the 1987-1990 revelations and debate by James P Nichol ( Book )
6 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 90 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Georgia--current issues and historical background ( Book )
3 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Russia's religion law assessments and implications by James P Nichol ( Book )
4 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 80 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Central Asia's security issues and implications for U.S. interests by James P Nichol ( Book )
14 editions published between 1999 and 2010 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Central Asian states (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) face common security challenges from crime, corruption, terrorism, and faltering commitments to economic and democratic reforms. However, cooperation among them remains halting, so security in the region is likely in the near term to vary by country. Kyrgyzstan's and Tajikistan's futures are most clouded by ethnic and territorial tensions, and corruption in Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan could spoil benefits from the development of their ample energy resources. Authoritarianism and poverty in Uzbekistan could contribute to a succession crisis. On the other hand, Kyrgyzstan's beleaguered civil society might eventually help the relatively small nation safeguard its independence. Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan might become regional powers able to champion policy solutions to common Central Asian problems and to resist undue influence from more powerful outside powers, because of their large territories and populations and energy and other resources. Internal political developments in several bordering or close-by states may have a large impact on Central Asian security. These developments include a more authoritarian and globalist Russia, an economically growing China, instability in Iran and the South Caucasus region, and re-surging drug production and Islamic extremism in Afghanistan
The Soviet emigration and travel law assessments and implications for U.S. interests by James P Nichol ( Book )
3 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Kirghiz Republic basic facts by James P Nichol ( Book )
3 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Turkmen Republic basic facts by James P Nichol ( Book )
3 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Soviet emigration and travel bill assessments and implications for U.S. interests by James P Nichol ( Book )
3 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Kazakh Republic basic facts by James P Nichol ( Book )
3 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
 
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
0
Audience Level
1
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.94 (from 0.88 for Diplomacy ... to 0.95 for Central As ...)
Alternative Names
Nichol, James P.
Nichol, Jim.
Languages
English (213)
Covers