WorldCat Identities

Venables, Anthony

Overview
Works: 217 works in 870 publications in 1 language and 8,631 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Conference proceedings 
Roles: Editor
Classifications: HF1025, 330.9
Publication Timeline
Key
Publications about  Anthony Venables Publications about Anthony Venables
Publications by  Anthony Venables Publications by Anthony Venables
Most widely held works by Anthony Venables
The spatial economy cities, regions and international trade by Masahisa Fujita ( )
35 editions published between 1999 and 2011 in English and held by 2,659 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Since 1990 there has been a renaissance of theoretical and empirical work on the spatial aspects of the economy - that is, where economic activity occurs and why. Using new tools - in particular, modeling techniques developed to analyze industrial organization, international trade, and economic growth - this "new economic geography" has emerged as one of the most exciting areas of contemporary economics
Spatial disparities in human development perspectives from Asia by S. M. Ravi Kanbur ( )
9 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 1,335 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Spatial disparities are a measure of the unequal distribution of income, wealth, power and resources between peoples in different locations. As a dimension of overall inequality, spatial disparities have added signifi cance when combined with regional divisions and political and ethnic tensions that can undermine social and political stability. The accurate measure-ment of spatial disparities and the analysis of their causes and consequences are therefore of particular importance. This book focuses on issues of poverty and inequality that are directly related to the Millennium Development Goals
Multinational firms in the world economy by Giorgio Barba Navaretti ( Book )
16 editions published between 2004 and 2006 in English and held by 568 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Presenting a debate on multinationals that is grounded in sound economic arguments, the authors explain their conclusion that multinational enterprises are generally a force for the promotion of prosperity in the world economy
European integration : trade and industry by L. Alan Winters ( Book )
19 editions published between 1991 and 1993 in English and held by 413 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A contribution to our understanding of the effects of the completion of the European internal market in 1992
Plundered nations? : successes and failures in natural resource extraction ( Book )
4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 355 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"The study of natural resource extraction in resource-rich countries often shows that plunder, rather than prosperity, has become the norm. Management of natural resources differs widely in every state; a close examination of the decision-making chains in various states highlights the key principles that need to be followed to avoid distortion and dependence. This book consists of eight case studies investigating the political economy of the decision chain, revealing where various states have met with success, or failed disastrously. This original research provides a unique insight into how different countries have handled their resource extraction. This book is essential reading for students, researchers and policy makers working across development economics and natural resource economics."--Provided by publisher
Spatial inequality and development by S. M. Ravi Kanbur ( Book )
17 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 344 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This is an introduction to spatial and regional inequality. Drawing on data from 25 countries from around the world, it examines the questions: What exactly is spatial inequality? Why does it matter? And what should be the policy response to it?"--Provided by publisher
The Economics of the Single European Act by George Mackenzie Cromarty ( Book )
14 editions published between 1991 and 1994 in English and held by 184 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Globalization and the inequality of nations by Paul R Krugman ( Book )
23 editions published between 1994 and 1998 in English and held by 113 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Abstract: A monopolistically competitive manufacturing sector produces goods used for final consumption and as intermediates. Intermediate usage creates cost and demand linkages between firms and a tendency for manufacturing agglomeration. How does globalization affect the location of manufacturing and gains from trade? At high transport costs all countries have some manufacturing, but when transport costs fall below a critical value a core-periphery pattern spontaneously forms, and nations that find themselves in the periphery suffer a decline in real income. At still lower transport costs there is convergence of real incomes, in which peripheral nations gain and core nations may lose
Geographical Disadvantage A Heckscher-Ohlin-- von Thunen Model of International Specialization by Anthony Venables ( )
18 editions published in 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 108 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
What effect does distance have on costs for economies at different locations? Exports and imports of final and intermediate goods bear transport costs that increase with distance. Production and trade depend on factor endowments and factor intensities as well as on distance and the transport intensities of different goods. - The combination of distance, poor infrastructure, and being landlocked by neighbors with poor infrastructure can make transport costs many times higher for some developing countries than for most others. Drawing on two traditions of economic modeling - Heckscher-Ohlin trade theory and von Thunen's work on the isolated state - Venables and Limão analyze the trade and production patterns of countries located at varying distances from an economic center. Predicting a country's production and trade pattern requires knowledge of the country's location, its factor endowment, and the factor intensities and transport intensities of goods. Venables and Limão define transport intensity and show how location and transport intensity should be combined with factor abundance and factor intensity in determining trade flows. A theory based on only one set of those variables, such as factor abundance, will systematically make incorrect predictions. They report that geography and endowments interact in such a way that the world divides up into economic zones with different trade patterns. Countries close to the economic center may specialize in transport-intensive activities; countries further out become diversified, producing and sometimes trading more goods; countries still further out may become import-substituting (replacing some of their imports from the center with local production); in the extreme, regions become autarkic. More remote locations have lower real incomes. Globalization changes the terms of trade, improving the welfare of regions further out from economic centers, though reducing the welfare of closer regions. Where will a new activity, such as assembly of a new product, locate? Remote locations are disadvantaged if the product has high transport intensity (perhaps because of heavy requirements for intermediate inputs). But the costs of remoteness are already incorporated into the factor prices of those regions, which makes them more attractive. Which location is chosen depends, therefore, on how existing activities compare with the new activity in transport intensity and factor intensity. This paper - a product of Trade, Development Research Group - is part of a larger effort in the group to study the location of economic activity. The authors may be contacted at avenables@worldbank.org or ngl4@columbia.edu
The seamless world : a spatial model of international specialization by Paul R Krugman ( Book )
19 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and held by 100 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Abstract: This paper is an effort to do international trade theory without mentioning countries. Nearly all models of the international economy assume that trade takes place between nations or regions which are themselves dimensionless points. We develop a model in which economic space is instead assumed to be continuous, and in which this 'seamless world' spontaneously organizes itself into industrial and agricultural zones because of the tension between forces of agglomeration and disagglomeration. One might expect such a model to be analytically intractable, but we are able to gain considerable insight through a combination of simulations and an analytical approach originally suggested in a biological context by Alan Turing
Integration, specialization, and adjustment by Paul R Krugman ( Book )
22 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 97 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In the United States, many industries have a Silicon Valley-type geographic localization. In Europe, these same industries often have four or more major centers of production. This difference is presumably the result of the formal and informal trade barriers that have divided the European market. With the growing integration of that market, however, there is the possibility that Europe will develop an American-style economic geography. This paper uses a theoretical model of industrial localization to demonstrate this possibility, and to show the possible transition costs associated with this shift
The theory of endowment, intra-industry, and multinational trade by James R Markusen ( Book )
20 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 96 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Abstract: We consider a trade model combining a 2x2x2 Heckscher-Ohlin structure, monopolistic competition, transport costs, and multinational corporations. We demonstrate how the mix of national and multinational firms that operate in equilibrium depends on technology and on the division of the world endowment between countries. Multinationals are more likely to exist the more similar are countries in both relative and absolute endowments. Where multinationals exist they reduce the volume of trade and raise world welfare (although not necessarily that of both countries). They also reduce the agglomeration forces that arise when international factor mobility is allowed
Regional Integration Agreements A Force for Convergence or Divergence? by Anthony Venables ( )
11 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and Undetermined and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Developing countries may be better served by "north-south" than by "south-south" free trade agreements. Free trade agreements between low-income countries tend to lead to divergence in member country incomes, while agreements between high-income countries tend to lead to convergence
Geography and export performance : external market access and internal supply capacity by Stephen Redding ( Book )
20 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and Undetermined and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Abstract: This paper investigates the determinants of countries' export performance looking in particular at the role of international product market linkages. We begin with a novel decomposition of the growth in countries' exports into the contribution from increases in external demand and from improved internal supply-side conditions. Building on the results of this decomposition we move on to an econometric analysis of the determinants of export performance. Results include the finding that poor external geography, poor internal geography, and poor institutional quality contribute in approximately equal measure to explaining Sub-Saharan Africa's poor export performance
Multinational firms and the new trade theory by James R Markusen ( Book )
13 editions published between 1995 and 1998 in English and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Abstract: A model is constructed in which multinational firms may arise endogenously. Multinationals exist in equilibrium when transport and tariff costs are high, incomes are high, and firm-level scale economies are important relative to plant-level scale economies. Less obvious, multinationals are more important in total economic activity when countries are more similar in incomes, relative factor endowments, and technologies. The model may thus be useful in explaining several stylized facts, including (a) the growing importance of direct investment relative to trade among the developed countries over time and (b) the greater ratio of investment to trade among the developed countries relative to this ratio for 'north-south' or 'south-south' economic relationships. The model offers predictions about the volume of trade that contrast with those of the 'new trade theory', predicting that trade at first rises and then falls as countries converge in incomes, relative endowments, and technologies. Welfare is also considered, and it is shown that direct investment makes the smaller (or high cost) country better off, but may make the larger (or low cost) country worse off
Foreign direct investment as a catalyst for industrial development by James R Markusen ( Book )
11 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
How does an FDI project affect local firms in the same industry? Competition in the" product and factor markets tends to reduce profits of local firms, but linkage effects to supplier" industries may reduce input costs and raise profits. This paper develops an analytical framework" to assess these effects. Circumstances in which FDI is complementary to local industry are" established, and it is shown how FDI may lead to the establishment of local industrial sectors. " These sectors may grow to the point where local production overtakes and forces out FDI plants. " Our results are consistent with the experience of a number of industrial sectors in the NICs."
Timeliness, trade and agglomeration by James Harrigan ( Book )
16 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"An important element of the cost of distance is time taken in delivering final and intermediate goods. We argue that time costs are qualitatively different from direct monetary costs such as freight charges. The difference arises because of uncertainty. Unsynchronised deliveries can disrupt production, and delivery time can force producers to order components before demand and cost uncertainties are resolved. Using several related models we show that this generates hitherto unexplored incentives for clustering. If final assembly takes place in two locations and component production has increasing returns to scale, then component production will tend to cluster around just one of the assembly plants"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Multinational production, skilled labor, and real wages by James R Markusen ( Book )
11 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Abstract: Adapting our earlier model of multinationals, we address policy issues involving wages and labor skills. Multinational firms may arise endogenously, exporting their firm-specific knowledge capital to foreign production facilities, and geographically fragmenting production into skilled and unskilled-labor-intensive activities. Multinationals thus alter the nature of trade, from trade in goods (produced with both skilled and unskilled labor) to trade in skilled- labor-intensive producer services. Results shed light on several policy questions. First, multinationals increase the skilled/unskilled wage gap in the high income country and, under some circumstances, in the low income country as well. Second, there is a sense in which multinationals export low skilled jobs to the lower income country. Third, trade barriers do not protect unskilled labor in the high income countries. By inducing a regime shift to multinationals, trade barriers protect the abundant factor, at least in the high income country and possibly in both countries. Fourth, a convergence in country characteristics induces the entry of multinationals and raises the skilled-unskilled wage gap in the initially large and skilled-labor-abundant country, and possibly in the small skilled-labor-scarce country as well
A multi-country approach to factor-proportions trade and trade costs by James R Markusen ( )
14 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 81 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Classic trade questions are reconsidered by generalizing a factor-proportions model to multiple countries, multi-stage production, and country-specific trade costs. We derive patterns of production specialization and trade for a matrix of countries that differ in relative endowments (columns) and trade costs (rows). We demonstrate how the ability to fragment production and/or a proportional change in all countries' trade costs alters these patterns. Production specialization and the volume of trade are higher with fragmentation for most countries but interestingly, for a large block of countries, these variables fall following fragmentation. Countries with moderate trade costs engage in market-oriented assembly, while those with lower trade costs engage in export-platform production. These two cases correspond to the concepts of horizontal and vertical affiliate production in the literature on multinational enterprises. Increases in specialization and the volume of trade accelerate as trade costs go to zero with and without fragmentation"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site
Trading arrangements and industrial development by Diego Puga ( Book )
8 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and held by 66 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
 
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Alternative Names
Vanables, Tony
Venables, A. J.
Venables, A. J. 1953-
Venables, A. J. (Anthony James)
Venables, Anthony J.
Venables, Anthony J. 1953-
Venables, Anthony J. (Anthony James)
Venables, Anthony J. (Anthony James), 1953-
Venables, Anthony James 1953-
Venables, Tony
Venables, Tony 1953-
ベナブルズ, アンソニー・J
Languages
English (316)
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