WorldCat Identities

University of Pennsylvania Department of History and Sociology of Science

Overview
Works: 25 works in 40 publications in 2 languages and 625 library holdings
Genres: History  Periodicals  Bibliography  Directories 
Roles: Other, Editor
Classifications: Q1, 509
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about University of Pennsylvania
  • Papers by Charles E Rosenberg( )
 
Most widely held works by University of Pennsylvania
Guide to the history of science by History of Science Society( )

in English and held by 173 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science after '40 by Arnold Thackray( Book )

3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 106 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science in Germany : the intersection of institutional and intellectual issues by Kathryn M Olesko( Book )

1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 97 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Historical writing on American science : perspectives and prospects by Sally Gregory Kohlstedt( Book )

2 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 92 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Research schools : historical reappraisals( Book )

2 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 82 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Content: Preface, vii-viii ; Interpretative issues, p. 3-49 (Research schools and their histories ; Tacit knowledge and school formation ; National styles? French and English chemistry in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries) ; Case studies: laboratory sciences, p. 53-155 (Group research in German chemistry: Kolbe's Marburg and Leipzig institutes ; Vision studies in Germany: Helmholtz versus Hering ; W.H. Perkin, Jr., at Manchester and Oxford: From Irwell to Isis ; Spain's first school of physics: Blas Cabrera's Laboratorio de Investigaciones Físicas) ; Case studies: beyond the laboratory, p. 159-223 (The Comstock research school in evolutionary entomology ; Clementsian ecologists: the internal dynamics of a research school ; Sir George Darwin and a British school of geophysics) ; Concluding reflections, p. 227-238 (Research schools and new directions in the historiography of science) ; Notes on contributors, p. 239 ; Index, p. 241-248
Osiris( )

in English and Multiple languages and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Presents themes and research in the history of science and its cultural influences, including volumes on topics of interest to the history of science community and monographs by major scholars."--[Source inconnue]
Isis by History of Science Society( )

in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Articles devoted to the history of science and its social and cultural relations, notes and documents, and extensive numbers of book reviews."
Osiris : studies on the history and philosophy of science, and on the history of learning and culture by History of Science Society( )

in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Isis current bibliography of the history of science and its cultural influences( )

in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Chemistry in America, 1876-1976 : historical indicators by Arnold Thackray( Book )

1 edition published in 1978 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Peurbach's Theoricae novae planetarum, a translation with commentary( Book )

1 edition published in 1987 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Genesis of Kepler's theory of light( Book )

1 edition published in 1986 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Elihu Thomson papers : a planning report by W. Bernard Carlson( Book )

1 edition published in 1980 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Managing life : human biology 1918-1945 by Jason Oakes( Book )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In the interwar period between 1918 and 1945, before the programmable computer and information theory were mobilized by biologists and economists as heuristics and instruments, the study of "man the animal" as a biological and social being was a managerial and bureaucratic pursuit. This pursuit was informed by changes in organization, the work process, and other institutions then taking place across wide swaths of American society. Coming as it did from such diverse sources, the field of human biology was always a loosely organized project, whose elements were in dynamic tension with each other. Human biology's research and popularizations would also necessarily be in tension with earlier eugenic arguments about heredity, even as they shifted the focus of concern onto the fields of human population growth, human variability, and social order. Two of the biggest recipients of human biology funding in the 1920s were the research groups led by Raymond Pearl at Johns Hopkins University and Lawrence Henderson at Harvard, particularly its business school. Henderson and Pearl were not only interested in solving social problems but also in establishing themselves in their fields. This consideration influenced their choice of audiences away from reform-oriented intellectuals and towards those they most directly needed to convince of their project's efficacy: university administrators, government officials, and business managers. For Pearl the problem of population growth and the differential rate of reproduction between native whites and immigrants would resolve itself through the natural action of the population's self-regulating capacities. Henderson on the other hand, and his allies at Harvard Business School Elton Mayo and Wallace Donham, saw an organizational and social world thrown badly out of equilibrium by the rapid changes of the early 20th century. They prescribed an elite cadre of manager-administrators to play a leading role in the key institutions of American life in order to reestablish equilibrium through their knowledge of "man the animal." What united Pearl and Henderson politically was their elitist conceptions of citizenship and science, and their animosity for progressive social reform, "uplift" and the New Deal
A mathematical life : Richard Courant, New York University and scientific diplomacy in twentieth century America by Brittany Anne Shields( Book )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation considers the career of the mathematician Richard Courant (1888-1972) and the development of New York University's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences to study the manifold ways in which mathematics and science can function as objects of--and catalysts to--international cultural exchange in times of both peace and war. I trace the cultural history of this research and teaching mathematics institute, with a particular focus on the dynamic relationships between the Courant Institute mathematicians and their peers in the military, government, private foundations and academia--both in the United States and abroad. I examine the careers of the Institute's founder, the German, Jewish émigré Richard Courant, and his colleagues as they fled from Nazi Germany, immigrated to the United States, and then negotiated the complex landscape of academic research and public service during the Second World War and in the postwar and Cold War eras. I argue that the Courant Institute mathematicians understood their own social roles and cultural identities to be more than academic. They were scientific ambassadors to postwar Germany and the Cold War Soviet Union; contracted scientific advisors and researchers to the military and government; and informants on the status of scientific life in other nations to the American government and private organizations. Ultimately, this dissertation argues that the Courant Institute mathematicians, engaged in what is widely understood to be a cerebral endeavor, were part and parcel of their social, cultural and political environment throughout the twentieth-century in the United States and abroad. Their history provides a unique view on not only the production of mathematical knowledge, but also on the role mathematicians have played in twentieth-century American culture and society
Milk & honey : technologies of plenty in the making of a Holy Land, 1880-1960 by Tamar Novick( Book )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Studies of modern Palestine and Israel usually highlight the struggle of European powers for control and the formation of Jewish and Palestinian nationalisms. This dissertation does otherwise. With a thesis centered on the physical "making of a Holy Land," this work combines the perspectives of cultural history, environmental history, and science and technology studies (STS) to examine the ways in which settlers in Palestine and Israel in the late nineteenth and twentieth century used science and technology to construct a religious idea of the past. In particular, this project centers on the design of certain agricultural productions, which reflected the core belief that the Holy Land should be plentiful--essentially, a "land flowing with of milk and honey." I explore the various ways that settlers understood the land, demonstrate how the configuration of the environment was intertwined with the construction of settler society, and highlight the ways in which religious sentiments became fused with--not replaced by--modern technological projects throughout the course of three political regimes. This dissertation also reveals the extent to which this process of making a Holy Land transformed the landscape and everyday lives of people and animals in the Middle East, and ultimately suggests that bodies were always recalcitrant mediators
Reforming mothers, creating citizens : the politics of women's health and family planning in colonial and postcolonial South India by Divya N Roy( Book )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Focusing on the Tamil region of South India, this dissertation explores how the government, voluntary, and women's organizations viewed poor urban and rural Tamil women as objects of reform during the late colonial and postcolonial periods, and attempted to transform them into "ideal" citizens for a modern nation. Poor women were primarily envisioned as wives and mothers, and the state and various social groups focused on changing their childbearing, childrearing, and domestic practices, in order to transform them into Tamil middle class wives, mothers, and citizens. During the colonial period, voluntary and women's organizations pioneered maternal and infant welfare programs that targeted poor women. While they primarily wanted to reduce maternal and infant mortality, they were also influenced by other movements including social reform, nationalism, and eugenics. Local governments were also fueled by activism and patriotism, and their maternal and infant welfare policies were often financed by local philanthropy and patronage. Overall, reform efforts surrounding women's status and health were imbricated in a number of middle class projects of nation building. Importantly, this dissertation explores questions regarding the role of the state, the responsibilities of citizenship, and the relationship between women's health, family planning, and national development. In the early postcolonial era, government involvement in women's welfare programs increased dramatically both at the central and state levels. Their programs were influenced by Gandhian nationalism, Nehruvian planning and development, and Tamil nationalism, and targeted poor rural and urban women. Often, the goals of various health and welfare efforts differed from the needs and wants of their target recipients. Poor rural and urban women, the targets of these policies and programs, had their own desires and priorities, and were often more concerned with their own and their family's wellbeing. Madras State, later Tamil Nadu, was also a pioneer and leader in family planning. Many measures, such as mass sterilizations and the use of incentives, were first implemented in this state and then later deployed nationwide. Voluntary and women's organizations advocated family planning as benefiting both women's health and national development. The national and Madras State family planning programs were also shaped by notions of class, caste, and gender, and they primarily targeted poor men and women, of the "lower" castes. All these interventions revealed the growing power and reach of the state, and were geared towards creating the "ideal" Tamil woman citizen, for a "developing" nation
Secrecy & safety : a cultural history of seizures in mid-twentieth century America by Rachel Elder( Book )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This dissertation explores a major change in the modes of managing epilepsy in the United States between 1930 and 1960. At a time when seizure disorders were increasingly considered controllable and even curable, it examines the way in which rising expectations about medical control and treatability transformed popular constructions of "the epileptic" from a "diseased" to a "normal" individual. Yet as this dissertation also suggests, the fact that both seizures and the pervasive stigma attached to epilepsy persisted following the development of anticonvulsant drugs and the earliest advocacy groups in the late 1930s compelled the need for new forms of personal and public control over seizure-prone bodies. This was especially significant as persons with epilepsy were for the first time encouraged to engage in public roles according to normative standards of citizenship. This, I argue, shifted responsibility for the management of epilepsy and containment of seizures to persons with epilepsy themselves. Diverging from historical studies that approach epilepsy as a disease or project of medicine, the dissertation thus takes as its focus the phenomena of the seizure-prone individual, which it traces through a variety of cultural representations and public interventions. Bridging histories of medicine, technology, and cultural studies of the gendered and disabled body, it demonstrates that the management of both seizures and seizure risk present a unique opportunity for considering multiple negotiations around not only disease, but also codes of normality and social belonging. The subject of seizures--and equally, the "asymptomatic" seizure-prone individual--provides insight into broader changes in attitudes about personal information and disclosure, the dynamics of invisible disability, as well as complex values regarding the loss and maintenance of physical control. In effect, they reveal embodied practices of secrecy and safety-- what this dissertation suggests were crucial strategies for maintaining control and its appearances--practices, which collectively, illuminate key dimensions of the body and identity, and how they were mutually constituted in the middle of the twentieth century
98.6 : fevers, fertility, and the patient labor of American medicine by Deanna Day( Book )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

My dissertation uses the history of the consumer medical thermometer to uncover a previously unexamined history of patient labor, showing how American women have been enrolled in the process of performing technological medical work with profound epistemological and political consequences. Despite the rhetoric of the patient as consumer that has pervaded popular and scholarly discourse in the twentieth century, my principal actors--women who use temperature tracking to care for their children and to chart their fertility--engaged in rigorous medical work. I explore how women have contributed to scientific discoveries surrounding ovulation, how they integrated nineteenth-century ideas of environmental health and the body with modern scientific notions, and how their labor has refashioned their subjectivity. Through doing this work, female temperature trackers have accepted responsibility for a particular kind of regimented and predictable bodily functioning, as well as blame for its failure. In so doing, they have prefigured a mode of neoliberal bodily management that is coming to define medical care in the early twenty-first century
The MIT-GE Cooperative Engineering Course, 1907-1923 : a case of corporate ambivalence and academic institutional imperative by W. Bernard Carlson( Book )

1 edition published in 1980 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

 
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Science after '40
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Department of History and Sociology of Science

University of Pennsylvania. Dept. of History and Sociology of Science

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