WorldCat Identities

Newman, William Royall

Overview
Works: 41 works in 166 publications in 1 language and 10,745 library holdings
Genres: History  Biography  Notebooks, sketchbooks, etc  Records and correspondence 
Roles: Author, Editor, Author of introduction
Classifications: QD18.G7, 540.112092
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works about William Royall Newman
 
Most widely held works by William Royall Newman
Alchemy tried in the fire : Starkey, Boyle, and the fate of Helmontian chymistry by William R Newman( Book )

18 editions published between 2002 and 2005 in English and held by 570 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Winner of the 2005 Pfizer Prize from the History of Science Society. €. What actually took place in the private laboratory of a mid-seventeenth century alchemist? How did he direct his quest after the secrets of Nature? What instruments and theoretical principles did he employ?. Using, as their guide, the previously misunderstood interactions between Robert Boyle, widely known as "the father of chemistry," and George Starkey, an alchemist and the most prominent American scientific writer before Benjamin Franklin as their guide, Newman and Principe reveal the hitherto hidden labo
Promethean ambitions : alchemy and the quest to perfect nature by William R Newman( Book )

17 editions published between 2004 and 2010 in English and held by 510 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In Promethean Ambitions, William R. Newman uses alchemy to investigate the thinning boundary between the natural and the artificial. Focusing primarily on the period between 1200 and 1700, Newman examines the labors of pioneering alchemists and the impassioned - and often negative - responses to their efforts. By the thirteenth century, Newman argues, alchemy had become a benchmark for determining the abilities of both men and demons, representing the epitome of creative power in the natural world. Newman frames the art-nature debate by contrasting the supposed transmutational power of alchemy with the merely representational abilities of the pictorial and plastic arts - a dispute which found artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Bernard Palissy attacking alchemy as an irreligious fraud. The later assertion by the Paracelsian school that one could make an artificial human being - the homunculus - led to further desparagement of alchemy but as Newman shows, the immense power over nature promised by the field contributed directly in the technological apologetics of Francis Bacon and his followers. By the mid-seventeenth century, the famous "father of modern chemistry," Robert Boyle, was employing the arguments of medieval alchemists to support the identity of naturally occurring substances with those manufactured by "chemical" means." "In using history to highlight the art-nature debate, Newman here shows that alchemy was not an unformed and capricious precursor to chemistry, as was an art founded on coherent philosophical and empirical principles, with vocal supporters and even louder critics that attracted individuals of first-rate intellect. The historical relationship that Newman charts between human creation and nature has innumerable implications today and he ably links contemporary issues to alchemical debates on the natural versus the artificial."--Jacket
Atoms and alchemy : chymistry and the experimental origins of the scientific revolution by William R Newman( Book )

15 editions published between 2006 and 2011 in English and held by 482 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the Enlightenment, alchemy has been viewed as a sort of antiscience, disparaged by many historians as a form of lunacy that impeded the development of rational chemistry. This title exposes the speciousness of these views and challenges widely held beliefs about the origins of the Scientific Revolution
Secrets of nature : astrology and alchemy in early modern Europe( Book )

16 editions published between 2001 and 2006 in English and held by 430 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In recent years scholars have begun to acknowledge that the occult sciences were not marginal enterprises but an integral part of the worldview of many of our ancestors. Astrology was one of the many intellectual tools--along with what we consider to be the superior tools of social and political analysis--that Renaissance thinkers used to attack practical and intellectual problems. It was a coherent body of practices, strongly supported by social institutions. And alchemy was not viewed primarily as a spiritual pursuit, an idea popularized by nineteenth-century occultists, but as a part of natural philosophy. It was often compared to medicine. Many Renaissance writers suggested links between astrology and alchemy that went beyond the use of astrological charts to determine the best time to attempt alchemical operations. This book shows the many ways in which astrology (a form of divination) and alchemy (an artisanal pursuit concerned with the technologies of minerals and metals) diverge as well as intersect. Overall, it shows how an appreciation of the role of the occult opens up new ways of understanding the past. Topics include the career of Renaissance astrologer Girolamo Cardano and his work on medical astrology, the astrological thinking of Johannes Kepler and Galileo Galilei, the history of the Rosicrucians and the influence of John Dee, the work of medical alchemist Simon Forman, and an extended critique of the existing historiography of alchemy
Gehennical fire : the lives of George Starkey, an American alchemist in the scientific revolution by William R Newman( Book )

15 editions published between 1994 and 2003 in English and held by 396 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Reputed to have performed miraculous feats in New Englandrestoring the hair and teeth to an aged lady, bringing a withered peach tree to fruit - Eirenaeus Philalethes was also rumored to be an adept, possessor of the alchemical philosophers' stone. That the man was merely a mythical creation didn't diminish his reputation a whit - his writings were spectacularly successful, read by Leibniz, esteemed by Newton and Boyle, voraciously consumed by countless readers. Gehennical Fire is the story of the man behind the myth, George Starkey. A work of meticulous scholarship, Gehennical Fire is both an absorbing intellectual biography and an intriguing exploration of alchemy and medical science in the seventeenth century
The artificial and the natural : an evolving polarity( Book )

11 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 320 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Notions of nature and art as they have been defined and redefined in Western culture, from the Hippocratic writers and Aristotle of Ancient Greece to nineteenth-century chemistry and twenty-first century biomimetics
Alchemical laboratory notebooks and correspondence by George Starkey( Book )

10 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 157 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

George Starkey--chymistry tutor to Robert Boyle, author of immensely popular alchemical treatises, and probably early America's most important scientist--reveals in these pages the daily laboratory experimentation of a seventeenth-century alchemist. The editors present in this volume transcriptions of Starkey's texts, their translations, and valuable commentary for the modern reader. Dispelling the myth that alchemy was an irrational enterprise, this remarkable collection of laboratory notebooks and correspondence reveals the otherwise hidden methodologies of one of the seventeenth century's mos
The Summa perfectionis of Pseudo-Geber : a critical edition, translation and study by Geber( Book )

8 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 146 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Late medieval and early modern corpuscular matter theories( Book )

7 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 142 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This volume deals with corpuscular matter theory that was to emerge as the dominant model in the seventeenth century. By retracing atomist and corpuscularian ideas to a variety of mutually independent medieval and Renaissance sources in natural philosophy, medicine, alchemy, mathematics, and theology, this volume shows the debt of early modern matter theory to previous traditions and thereby explains its bewildering heterogeneity. The book assembles nineteen carefully selected contributions by some of the most notable historians of medieval and early modern philosophy and science. All chapters present new research results and will therefore be of interest to historians of philosophy, science, and medicine between 1150 and 1750
Evidence and interpretation in studies on early science and medicine : essays in honor of John E. Murdoch( Book )

7 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Chemical knowledge in the early modern world( Book )

5 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Summa perfectionis and late medieval alchemy a study of chemical traditions, techniques, and theories in thirteenth century Italy by William R Newman( )

5 editions published between 1986 and 1988 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The relationship between horizontal moisture convergence and severe storm occurences by William R Newman( Book )

2 editions published between 1971 and 1972 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The alchemical sources of Robert Boyle's corpuscular philosophy by William R Newman( )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An analysis of decision-making on the Mississippi Supreme court : 1965-1985 by William R Newman( )

1 edition published in 1986 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The artificial and the natural an evolving polarity( )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The genesis of the Summa Perfectionis by William R Newman( Book )

1 edition published in 1985 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Daniel Sennert's earliest writings (1599-1600) and their debt to Giordano Bruno by Christoph Herbert Lüthy( )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The promotion of healthier adolescent psychological development through family life education : a community based model for parents of adolescents by William R Newman( Book )

1 edition published in 1982 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Relationship Between Horizontal Moisture Convergence and Severe Storm Occurrences( )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An objective analysis of the wind and mixing ratio using three-hourly surface observations was used to obtain patterns of horizontal moisture convergence over the eastern two-thirds of the United States. Sixty-three segments of time periods during April and May 1970, were examined. All cases chosen had severe weather occurring during some portion of the entire period. A comparison was made between the fields of horizontal moisture convergence and reported severe weather occurrences. It was found that severe weather tends to develop at or closely after the time of strongest moisture convergence. Results of a quantitative study indicate that it may be beneficial to calculate horizontal moisture convergence on an hourly basis for use as a severe weather predictor
 
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Alternative Names
Newman, William

Newman, William R.

Newman, William R. 1955-

Newman, William Royall

Newman, William Royall, 1955-

Royall Newman, William 1955-

William R. Newman US-amerikanischer Wissenschaftshistoriker

William Royall Newman

ویلیام آر. نیومن

Languages
English (147)

Covers
Promethean ambitions : alchemy and the quest to perfect natureAtoms and alchemy : chymistry and the experimental origins of the scientific revolutionSecrets of nature : astrology and alchemy in early modern EuropeGehennical fire : the lives of George Starkey, an American alchemist in the scientific revolutionThe artificial and the natural : an evolving polarityAlchemical laboratory notebooks and correspondenceLate medieval and early modern corpuscular matter theoriesEvidence and interpretation in studies on early science and medicine : essays in honor of John E. Murdoch