WorldCat Identities

Houseman, Susan N. 1956-

Works: 82 works in 248 publications in 1 language and 6,582 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Contributor
Classifications: HD5708.45.U6, 331.2596
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Susan N Houseman
Job security in America : lessons from Germany by Katharine G Abraham( Book )

9 editions published between 1992 and 1993 in English and held by 739 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

With the onset of the recession in 1990, job security has moved to the forefront of labor market concerns in the United States. During economic downturns, American employers rely heavily on layoffs to cut their work force, much more than do their counterparts in other industrialized nations. The hardships imposed by these layoffs have led many to ask whether U.S. workers can be offered more secure employment without burdening the companies that employ them. In this book, Katharine Abraham and Susan Houseman address this question by comparing labor adjustment practices in the United States, where existing policies arguably encourage layoffs, with those in Germany, a country with much stronger job protection for workers. From their assessment of the German experience, the authors recommend new public policies that promote alternatives to layoffs and help reduce unemployment. Beginning with an overview of the labor markets in Germany and the United States, Abraham and Houseman emphasize the interaction of various government policies. Stronger job security in Germany has been accompanied by an unemployment insurance system that facilitates short-time work as a substitute for layoffs. In the United States, however, the unemployment insurance system has encouraged layoffs and discouraged the use of work-sharing schemes. The authors examine the effects of job security on the efficiency and equity of labor market adjustment and review trends in U.S. policy. Finally, the authors recommend reforms of the U.S. unemployment insurance system that include stronger experience rating and an expansion of short-time compensation program. They also point to the critical link between job security and the system of worker training in Germany and advocate policies that would encourage more training by U.S. companies
Industrial restructuring with job security : the case of European steel by Susan N Houseman( Book )

10 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 378 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A future of good jobs? : America's challenge in the global economy by W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research( Book )

11 editions published in 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 301 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The outgrowth of a conference sponsored by the Upjohn Institute in Washington, D.C., in June 2007
Nonstandard work in developed economies : causes and consequences( Book )

11 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 198 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Labor adjustment under different institutional structures : a case study of Germany and the United States by Susan N Houseman( Book )

13 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Like most Western European countries, Germany stringently regulates dismissals and layoffs. Critics contend that this regulation raises the costs of employment adjustment and hence impedes employers' ability to respond to fluctuations in demand. Other German labor policies, however, most especially the availability of unemployment insurance benefits for those on short time, facilitate the adjustment of average hours per worker in lieu of layoffs. Building on earlier work, we compare the adjustment of employment, hours and inventories to demand shocks in the German and U.S. manufacturing sectors. We find that, in the short run, whereas U.S. employers rely principally on the adjustment of employment levels to respond to demand shocks, German employers rely principally on the adjustment of average hours per worker. The adjustment of overall labor input is generally similar in the two countries. Short-time work makes a very important contribution to short-run hours adjustment in Germany. We find little evidence that inventories help to buffer demand fluctuations in either country. Our findings suggest that, given appropriate supporting institutions, strong worker job security can be compatible with employers' need for flexibility in staffing levels
Earnings inequality in Germany by Katharine G Abraham( Book )

14 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Recent studies have documented the growth of earnings inequality in the United States during the 1980s. In contrast to these studies' findings, our analysis of micro data for the former West Germany yields virtually no evidence of growth in earnings inequality over the same period. Between 1978 and 1988, a reduction in the dispersion of earnings among workers in the bottom half of the earnings distribution led to a narrowing of the overall dispersion of earnings in Germany. Earnings differentials across education and age groups remained roughly stable, and there was no general widening of earnings differentials within either education or age groups. Germany wage setting institutions tend to limit earnings differentials across groups of workers, but differences in wage setting institutions cannot fully explain the differences between trends in earnings inequality in Germany and those in the United States. Both the high quality of the training received by non- college-bound German youth and the fact that the growth of the highly- educated work force did not decelerate in Germany as it did in the United States seem likely to have contributed to these differences
Does employment protection inhibit labor market flexibility? : lessons from Germany, France and Belgium by Katharine G Abraham( Book )

14 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Laws in most West European countries give workers strong job rights, including the right to advance notice of layoff and the right to severance pay or other compensation if laid off. Many of these same countries also encourage hours adjustment in lieu of layoffs by providing prorated unemployment compensation to workers on reduced hours. This paper compares the adjustment of manufacturing employment and hours in West Germany, France and Belgium, three countries with strong job security regulations and well-stablished short-time compensation systems, with that in the United States. Although the adjustment of employment to changes in output is much slower in the German, French and Belgian manufacturing sectors than in U.S. manufacturing, the adjustment of total hours worked is much more similar. The short-time system makes a significant contribution to observed adjustment in all three European countries. In addition, we find little evidence that the weakening of job security regulations that occurred in Germany, France and Belgium during the 1980s affected employers' adjustment to changes in output. These findings suggest that, given appropriate supporting institutions, strong job security need not inhibit employer adjustment to changing conditions
Measuring globalization : better trade statistics for better policy( Book )

6 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Temporary agency employment as a way out of poverty? by David H Autor( Book )

13 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The high incidence of temporary agency employment among participants in government employment programs has catalyzed debate about whether these jobs help the poor transition into stable employment and out of poverty. We provide direct evidence on this question through analysis of a Michigan welfare-to-work program in which program participants were randomly allocated across service providers ('contractors') with different job placement practices. We draw on a telephone survey of contractors and on administrative program data linked with wage records data on all participants entering the program over a three-and-a half-year period. Our survey evidence documents a consensus among contractors that temporary help jobs are generally easier for those with weak skills and experience to obtain, but no consensus on whether temporary help jobs confer long-term benefits to participants. Our analysis of the quasi-experimental data introduced in Autor and Houseman (2005) shows that placing participants in either temporary or direct-hire jobs improves their odds of leaving welfare and escaping poverty in the short term. However, we find that only direct-hire placements help reduce welfare dependency over longer time horizons. Our findings raise questions about the incentive structure of many government employment programs that emphasize rapid placement of program participants into jobs and that may inadvertently encourage high placement rates with temporary help agencies
Job security and work force adjustment : how different are U.S. and Japanese practices? by Katharine G Abraham( Book )

9 editions published between 1989 and 1991 in English and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: variability in the adjustment patterns across groups within each country
Do temporary jobs help improve labor market outcomes for low-skilled workers? : evidence from random assignments by David H Autor( Book )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The implications of flexible staffing arrangements for job stability by Susan N Houseman( Book )

3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 16 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper, we examine the job stability of workers in a wide range of flexible staffing arrangements: agency temporary, direct-hire temporary, on-call, contract company, independent contractor, and regular part-time work. We draw upon two data sources in our analysis. The first is a nationwide survey of employers on their use of flexible staffing arrangements conducted by the Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. This survey provides evidence on why employers use various types of flexible staffing arrangements and the extent to which employers move workers in these positions into regular arrangements within their organization. The second data source is the Supplement to the February 1995 Current Population Survey on Contingent and Alternative Work Arrangements. Exploiting the longitudinal component of the CPS, we compare the subsequent labor market status of individuals in flexible work arrangements and those in regular full-time positions in February 1995. We find that, except for independent contractors, workers in flexible staffing arrangements have less job stability than those in regular full-time arrangements in the sense that they are more likely to switch employers, become unemployed, or involuntarily drop out of the labor force within a year. However, the degree of job stability varies considerably across arrangements. We also show that the recent growth in certain types of flexible staffing arrangements could have translated into small declines in aggregate job stability and can account for a substantial share of the modest increase in job switching observed over the last decade
Do temporary help jobs improve labor market outcomes for low-skilled workers? : Evidence from random assignments by David H Autor( Book )

12 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A disproportionate share of low-skilled U.S. workers is employed by temporary help firms. These firms offer rapid entry into paid employment, but temporary help jobs are typically brief and it is unknown whether they foster longer-term employment. We draw upon an unusual, large-scale policy experiment in the state of Michigan to evaluate whether holding temporary help jobs facilitates labor market advancement for low-skilled workers. To identify these effects, we exploit the random assignment of welfare-to-work clients across numerous welfare service providers in a major metropolitan area. These providers feature substantially different placement rates at temporary help jobs but offer otherwise similar services. We find that moving welfare participants into temporary help jobs boosts their short-term earnings. But these gains are offset by lower earnings, less frequent employment, and potentially higher welfare recidivism over the next one to two years. In contrast, placements in direct-hire jobs raise participants' earnings substantially and reduce recidivism both one and two years following placement. We conclude that encouraging low-skilled workers to take temporary help agency jobs is no more effective - and possibly less effective - than providing no job placements at all
Working time in comparative perspective( Book )

7 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The effect of work first job placements on the distribution of earnings : an instrumental variable quantile regression approach by David H Autor( Book )

8 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Federal and state employment programs for low-skilled workers typically emphasize rapid placement of participants into jobs and often place a large fraction of participants into temporary-help agency jobs. Using unique administrative data from Detroit's welfare-to-work program, we apply the Chernozhukov-Hansen instrumental variables quantile regression (IVQR) method to estimate the causal effects of welfare-to-work job placements on the distribution of participants' earnings. We find that neither direct-hire nor temporary-help job placements significantly affect the lower tail of the earnings distribution. Direct-hire placements, however, substantially raise the upper tail, yielding sizable earnings increases for more than fifty percent of participants over the medium-term (one to two years following placement). Conversely, temporary-help placements have zero or negative earnings impacts at all quantiles, and these effects are economically large and significant at higher quantiles. In net, we find that the widespread practice of placing disadvantaged workers into temporary-help jobs is an ineffective tool for improving earnings and, moreover, that programs focused solely on job placement fail to improve earnings among those who are hardest to serve. Methodologically, one surprising result is that a reduced-form quantile IV approach, akin to two-step instrumental variables, produces near-identical point estimates to the structural IVQR approach, which is based on much stronger assumptions
The role of temporary help employment in tight labor markets by Susan N Houseman( Book )

3 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper examines the reasons why employers used and even increased their use of temporary help agencies during the tight labor markets of the 1990s. Based on case study evidence from the hospital and auto supply industries, we evaluate various hypotheses for this phenomenon. In high-skilled occupations, our results are consistent with the view that employers paid substantially more to agency help to avoid raising wages for their regular workers and to fill vacancies while they recruited workers for permanent positions. In low-skilled occupations, our evidence suggests that temporary help agencies facilitated the use of more "risky" workers by lowering their wages and benefits and the costs of firing them. The use of agency temporaries in both high- and low-skilled occupations reduced the pressure on companies to raise wages for existing employees, and thereby may have contributed to the stagnant wage growth and low unemployment observed in the 1990s
Job growth and the quality of jobs in the U.S. economy by Susan N Houseman( Book )

4 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

During the 1980's employment grew rapidly in the United States, prompting many analysts to label the U.S. economy the great American job machine. But while aggregate employment increased rapidly during the 1980's, many did not benefit from the expansion. Among less educated prime-age males, unemployment rates rose and labor force participation rates declined sharply. Moreover, although job growth was high, many argued that the quality of American jobs as measured by wages, benefits, and job security deteriorated. The decline of jobs in the high-paying manufacturing sector and the growth of jobs in the low-paying services sector, the growth in part-time and temporary employment, and the general decline in real wages among less-educated, less-skilled workers have been presented as evidence of an erosion in job quality. The issue of job growth and job quality in the American economy has sparked extensive debate among policymakers and academics over the last decade. The aim of this paper is to critically examine the evidence on job growth and on wages and other indicators of job quality in the U.S. economy during the 1980's and 1990's. To place the American experience in perspective, selected comparisons are made to the experiences in other industrialized countries
Life-cycle working time and nonstandard work( Book )

6 editions published in 2001 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The implications of flexible staffing arrangements for job security by Susan N Houseman( )

1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Future of Good Jobs? : America's Challenge in the Global Economy by Timothy J Bartik( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
Audience Level
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.38 (from 0.03 for A future o ... to 0.75 for Do tempora ...)

Industrial restructuring with job security : the case of European steel
Alternative Names
Houseman, Susan 1956-

Houseman, Susan Nelson 1956-

Houseman, Susan S. 1956-

Housman, Susan S. 1956-..

Nelson Houseman, Susan 1956-

하우스만, 수잔 N. 1956-

ハウスマン, ス-ザン 1956-

ハウスマン, スーザン

English (155)

A future of good jobs? : America's challenge in the global economyNonstandard work in developed economies : causes and consequencesWorking time in comparative perspectiveLife-cycle working time and nonstandard work