Most widely held works about Arroyo Center
Most widely held works by Arroyo Center
The zapatista "social netwar" in Mexico ( Book )
5 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1,018 libraries worldwide
The information revolution is leading to the rise of network forms of organization in which small, previously isolated groups can communicate, link up, and conduct coordinated joint actions as never before. This in turn is leading to a new mode of conflict--"netwar"--In which the protagonists depend on using network forms of organization, doctrine, strategy, and technology. Many actors across the spectrum of conflict--from terrorists, guerrillas, and criminals who pose security threats, to social activists who may not--are developing netwar designs and capabilities. The Zapatista movement in Mexico is a seminal case of this. In January 1994, a guerrilla-like insurgency in Chiapas by the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN), and the Mexican government's response to it, aroused a multitude of civil-society activists associated with human-rights, indigenous-rights, and other types of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to "swarm"--electronically as well as physically--from the United States, Canada, and elsewhere into Mexico City and Chiapas. There, they linked with Mexican NGOs to voice solidarity with the EZLN's demands and to press for nonviolent change. Thus, what began as a violent insurgency in an isolated region mutated into a nonviolent though no less disruptive "social netwar" that engaged the attention of activists from far and wide and had nationwide and foreign repercussions for Mexico. This study examines the rise of this social netwar, the information-age behaviors that characterize it (e.g., extensive use of the Internet), its effects on the Mexican military, its implications for Mexico's stability, and its implications for the future occurrence of social netwars elsewhere around the world.
Allocating scholarships for Army ROTC by Charles A Goldman ( Book )
4 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 941 libraries worldwide
In the face of rising tuition costs and the increased importance of scholarships to meeting its commission mission, the Army designed a new scholarship program, known as the tiered scholarship program because it offered four different scholarship values (called tiers). Under the new program, enrollments at public colleges increased modestly and the Army controlled the total scholarship cost. But as feared, many fewer of the nation's most academically able students enrolled in ROTC, and the programs at the nation's most prestigious private colleges and universities were facing the prospect of closure. Based on these findings, the authors recommended and the Army implemented a high-value scholarship targeted to some prestigious private colleges. The study also analyzes several complete scholarship programs to replace the tiered scholarships. The analysis supports plans that continue to offer high-value scholarships at some prestigious private schools, while offering lower values at other schools. Although it would entail some significant tradeoffs, the authors have also presented a plan that would offer greater values to in-state students at public schools--a large potential market, especially if tuition increases in the private schools do not abate in the decade ahead. These offers would require congressional approval because the law currently prohibits the use of scholarships for room and board, which constitute the largest portion of these in-state students' expenses to attend college.
Staffing Army ROTC at colleges and universities alternatives for reducing the use of active-duty soldiers ( Book )
6 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 938 libraries worldwide
The increased tempo and range of military operations, coupled with reduced manning levels, are exerting pressure on the Army to use its active-duty soldiers optimally. Consequently, the Army is seeking opportunities to fill positions now occupied by active-duty soldiers with other personnel. Specifically, a recent Armywide Institutional I TDA Redesign Study called for the design and testing of staffing alternatives for the Senior Reserve Officer Training Corps (SROTC) program using a combination of Active Component, Reserve Component, or former military personnel. In support of this requirement, RAND was asked to develop staffing alternatives and design a test of their effectiveness. This report discusses such alternatives and describes a test design to assess their feasibility for implementation throughout SROTC.
Consolidating active and reserve component training infrastructure ( Book )
4 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 890 libraries worldwide
As part of a research project entitled "Evolution of the Total Army School System," this report examines ways to consolidate training infrastructure and augment capabilities across components to gain efficiency and achieve economies of scale in conducting individual training of Active Component (AC) and Reserve Component (RC) soldiers. Using an optimization model, the researchers examined three options in the area of maintenance-related training, focusing on RC Regional Training Sites-Maintenance (RTS-Ms) and the AC proponent schools offering maintenance courses. Results suggest that permitting AC and RC students to take courses at the nearest accredited school (AC school or RTS-M) has both economic and morale/cultural benefits. The former include reductions in travel, per-diem, and potential instructor costs. The latter include reductions in the time AC students spend away from their homes and units, lower training workloads for AC instructors, and more interaction, potentially building trust and confidence across components. Such interaction could also provide benefits in functional areas beyond maintenance, such as combat service support. Based on the analyses, the researchers recommend a pilot test to better understand the options and policy implications.
Issues raised during the Army after next spring wargame by Walt L Perry ( Book )
6 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 862 libraries worldwide
Improving the Army planning, programming, budgeting, and execution system (PPBES) the programming phase by Leslie Lewis ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 861 libraries worldwide
Use of public-private partnerships to meet future Army needs ( Book )
4 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 809 libraries worldwide
The Arroyo Center was asked to assist Army Materiel Command by creating a strategy for managing the development of advanced technologies, with special attention to the changing future environment for research and development. In previous phases of this project, the authors showed that the Army has significant opportunities to do collaborative research with industry. Moreover, they documented new concepts the Army can use to implement a collaborative policy and showed how effective those concepts would be in attracting nontraditional suppliers. In this report, the authors expand on the notion of a collaborative research strategy and discuss the utility of public-private partnerships (PPPs) in the management and development of Army infrastructure, intellectual property, and financial arrangements. They discuss how PPPs can benefit the Army through opportunities to leverage assets, reduce costs, create new assets or capabilities, be an alternative approach to Base Realignment and Closure Actions, and generate revenue. The federal government has begun to recognize the mutually beneficial returns of such partnerships. For the past two decades, legislative changes and actions by federal agencies have together created an environment more conducive to PPPs. Moreover, the continued growth of PPPs at the local government level will spur federal bodies such as the Army to engage in more PPPs in the future. As the use of PPPs grows, more innovation is also likely in order to accommodate the variety of situations in which PPPs will be applied. Some innovations will be extensions of existing programs, others will be borrowed from the academic or commercial worlds, and some will be completely new concepts. As PPP innovations emerge, the Army will have to evaluate new concepts with respect to feasibility and the benefits each concept is likely to bring. These evaluations can be combined to yield a strategic approach to expanding the Army's use of PPPs.
Microworld simulations for command and control training of theater logistics and support staffs a curriculum strategy ( Book )
5 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 764 libraries worldwide
This report discusses changes in training structure, content, and methods, with the focus on developing training for CSS staffs operating as staffs, not for individual training. The focus is on large unit staffs: corps and echelons above corps headquarters and support commands. The document discusses shortcomings of the current approach to CSS staff training, and then proposes a process-oriented approach. It illustrates how microworld models can be used to train CSS processes. It then goes on to describe how pilot testing of prototype models indicates that this approach is feasible for large unit staffs. It concludes with a proposed training strategy that the authors believe is more appropriate and useful for meeting the challenges posed to the Army by personnel turbulence, split-based operations, increased reliance on information, and decreased training resources. The authors believe this approach has applications beyond the CSS training environment. They argue that the microworld models in a carefully designed training strategy are appropriate to any business that needs to train staff under distributed conditions in uncertain environments and to avoid time- and resource-intensive costs of bringing staff together for a large game in a central location.
The U.S. Army and the new national security strategy ( Book )
4 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 654 libraries worldwide
How is the U.S. Army changing to fulfill its role in light of the new national security strategy? How must it change further to better accomplish its manifold and varied missions? How did the attacks of September 11, 2001, alter or accelerate the need for change? Is the Army's far-reaching program for change known as the Army Transformation on the right track? Fourteen RAND analysts with broad experience in strategic and Army planning have undertaken to answer these questions. In this book, the authors use nine chapters to examine the Army's role in the offensive war on terrorism; the Army's homeland security needs; the implications for the Army of the increase in emphasis on the Asia-Pacific region; the Army's role in coalition operations; the unfinished business of jointness-the lessons to be learned from recent Army operations and how the Army can better prepare for the future; the Army's deployability, logistical, and personnel challenges; and whether the Army can afford the Transformation as currently envisaged. These chapters are bracketed by a concise introduction, a description of the new national security strategy and the Army's place in it, and a succinct summary of the authors' conclusions. This book is nothing less than a call for the Army to change and a prescription for what needs to be done.
Meeting peace operations' requirements while maintaining MTW readiness by Jennifer M Taw ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 647 libraries worldwide
Peace operations (POs) are arguably the military operations other than war most likely to stress the U.S. Army's ability to maintain combat readiness. POs require: a higher ratio of combat support/combat service support units and special operations forces relative to combat arms units than do major theater wars (MTWs); smaller, more tailored deployments; training for some new tasks and, more important, for a more restrictive and sensitive operational environment; and readier access to--and more of--some kinds of equipment (such as crowd and riot-control gear, nonlethal weapons, and vehicles). At a time when the Army is shrinking, changing its posture, and participating in a rising number of both exercises and operational deployments, its challenge is to both maintain MTW readiness (its primary mission) and meet the very different requirements of POs. As long as MTWs remain the national priority--and thus the Army's--the Army can make some marginal changes to force structure, training, and doctrine that will help improve PO performance while also mitigating the effects of PO deployments on MTW readiness. If POs become a higher priority, and resources remain constrained, the Army will have to trade off some MTW capabilities to better meet PO requirements. These challenges must also be viewed in light of existing Army problems (such as maintaining units at levels below normal strength and overestimating the readiness of the reserve component), which transcend POs but are severely exacerbated by PO deployments.
Preparing the U.S. Army for homeland security concepts, issues, and options by Eric V Larson ( Book )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 545 libraries worldwide
Understanding commanders' information needs for influence operations ( Book )
4 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 523 libraries worldwide
Documents a study whose goals were to develop an understanding of commanders' information requirements for cultural and other "soft" factors in order to improve the effectiveness of combined arms operations, and to develop practical ways for commanders to integrate information and influence operations activities into combined arms planning/assessment in order to increase the usefulness to ground commanders of such operations.
Seeking nontraditional approaches to collaborating and partnering with industry ( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 496 libraries worldwide
Examines three approaches for Army collaboration and partnering with industry: forming real-estate public-private partnerships (PPPs); using Army venture capital mechanisms as a research and development funding and collaborating tool; and spinning off Army activities into Federal Government Corporations (FGCs).
Protecting the homeland insights from Army wargames by Richard Brennan ( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 482 libraries worldwide
In February 1996, the Chief of Staff of the Army directed the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) to conduct studies of future warfare. As part of these studies, TRADOC sponsors workshops and encourages franchise games in areas of interest. This document reports on RAND analysis of homeland security. The insights and issues raised in this study address new and emerging threats and vulnerabilities of the United States to militarily significant attacks within its borders during times of conflict. The work broadly fits into the larger body of research relating to asymmetric warfare and/or counterterrorism.
Algeria, the next fundamentalist state by Graham E Fuller ( Book )
3 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 367 libraries worldwide
This study is one of a series by the author on Islamic fundamentalism, or Islamism, in the Muslim world. This study is of particular policy interest because it deals with the prospect of a fundamentalist victory in Algeria, the largest and one of the most important Arab states. A fundamentalist takeover in Algeria will have major repercussions in the region. The author attempts to put such a takeover into perspective: What would it look like, and what would it mean for the West and the region? This problem is of intense interest not only to Washington but also to Western Europe, which would be the recipient of potential refugee flows and is already (and increasingly) dependent on Algerian natural gas. The author also looks at the Algerian case on a comparative basis: What does it tell us about the varieties of the broader international movement of political Islam?
Urban battle command in the twenty-first century by Russell W Glenn ( Book )
5 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 346 libraries worldwide
Describes the operational challenges posed by the urban environment and proposes several recommendations to surmount them.
Green warriors Army environmental considerations for contingency operations from planning through post-conflict ( Book )
4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 324 libraries worldwide
Recent experiences in Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Balkans have highlighted the importance of environmental considerations. These range from protecting soldier health and disposing of hazardous waste to building water supply systems and other activities that help achieve national goals in the post-conflict phase of contingency operations. The Army has become increasingly involved with environmental issues in every contingency operation and must be better prepared to deal with them. This study assesses whether existing policy, doctrine, and guidance adequately address environmental activities in post-conflict military operations and reconstruction. Findings are based on reviews of top-level policy and doctrine, analysis of operational experience, extensive interviews with diverse Army personnel, and a review of operational documentation and literature. From these sources, a database of 111 case studies was created. The research showed that environmental concerns can have far-reaching and significant impacts on the Army, both direct and indirect, especially in terms of cost, current operations, soldier health, diplomatic relations, reconstruction activities, and the ultimate success of the operation or the broader mission. Some evidence suggests that environmental problems may have even contributed to insurgency in Iraq. Recommendations include updating current policy and doctrine to fully address environmental considerations in contingency operations; ensuring that contractors are carefully selected and managed; and transmitting proactive field environmental practices and lessons throughout the Army.
Leader development in Army units views from the field ( Book )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 315 libraries worldwide
Anticipating ethnic conflict by Ashley J Tellis ( Book )
5 editions published between 1997 and 1998 in English and held by 302 libraries worldwide
"Under what conditions are ethnic groups likely to take up violence against the state? When are they more likely to favor the peaceful pursuit of group aims? When are states likely to resort to violence and repression rather than negotiation? A better understanding and anticipation of such conflicts may improve the prospects for preventive action without force." "Anticipating Ethnic Conflict provides a theoretical model of the social processes and dynamics that lead to ethnic and communitarian conflict and state breakdown. While it is designed as a handbook and a practical tool for intelligence analysts as they work to identify and plan for potential ethnic-conflict contingencies around the world, its discussion of the social-science underpinnings of the analytic model will make it an important read for anyone interested in analyzing the phenomenon of ethnic conflict."--BOOK JACKET.
Measuring national power in the postindustrial age ( Book )
5 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 243 libraries worldwide
The arrival of postindustrial society has transformed the traditional bases ofnational power, and thus the methods used to measure the relative power of nations should be reassessed as well. Appreciating the true basis of national power requires not merely a meticulous detailing of visible military assets but also a scrutiny of larger capabilities embodied in such variables as the aptitude for innovation, the soundness of social institutions, and the quality of the knowledge base--all of which may bear upon acountry's capacity to produce the one element still fundamental to international politics: effective military power. The authors reconfigure the notion of national power to accommodate a wider understanding of capability, advancing a conceptual framework that measures three distinct areas--national resources, national performance, and militarycapability--to help the intelligence community develop a better evaluation of a country's national power. The analysis elaborates the rationale for assessing each of these areas and offers ideas on how to measure them in tangible ways. An analyst's handbook, RAND/MR-1110/1-A, is also available.
Administrative agencies--Reorganization Armed Forces--Operational readiness Armed Forces--Operations other than war Armed Forces--Procurement Armed Forces--Reserves Civil-military relations College students--Scholarships, fellowships, etc. Combined operations (Military science) Command and control systems Command of troops Conference proceedings Decision making Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (Mexico) Expenditures, Public Finance Forecasting Forecasts History Information networks--Social aspects Information warfare Internet--Social aspects Management Mexico Mexico--Chiapas Military doctrine Military education Military education--Simulation methods Military planning Military policy Military readiness Military research Military supplies Military supplies--Maintenance and repair National security Operational readiness (Military science) Peasant Uprising (Chiapas, Mexico : 1994-) Personnel management Planning Political science Program budgeting Propaganda Public opinion Public-private sector cooperation Twenty-first century United States United States.--Army United States.--Army.--Reserve Officers' Training Corps Urban warfare War games World politics
Rand corporation, Arroyo center