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Southern Oral History Program

Works: 589 works in 592 publications in 1 language and 8,544 library holdings
Genres: Interviews  History 
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Most widely held works by Southern Oral History Program
Oral history interview with Flossie Moore Durham, 1976 September 2 Interview H-66. Series H. Piedmont Industrialization. Southern Oral History Program Collection (H-4007) by Flossie Moore Durham ( )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Oral history interview with James Pharis, 1977 July 24 Interview H-38. Series H. Piedmont Industrialization. Southern Oral History Program Collection (H-4007) by James Pharis ( )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Oral history interview with Jefferson M. Robinette, 1977 July Interview H-41. Series H. Piedmont Industrialization. Southern Oral History Program Collection (H-4007) by Jefferson M Robinette ( )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Oral history interview with Emma Whitesell, 1977 July 27 [Interview H-57.] Series H. Piedmont Industrialization. Southern Oral History Program Collection (H-4007) by Emma Whitesell ( )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Long road to Brown, long road beyond race and public education in North Carolina ( Visual )
2 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 19 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
North Carolinians have always shaped their schools to reflect and reinforce prevailing attitudes about race. Even today, fifty years after the Supreme Court's landmark 1954 Brown v. Board of Education ruling, no single factor explains more about the dynamics of our schools. This documentary traces the issue of race and schools from the 1860s to the present. Voices of North Carolina parents, educators, students, and public leaders bring this history to life
Oral history interview with Igal Roodenko, April 11, 1974 interview B-0010, Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) by Igal Roodenko ( )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 18 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Igal Roodenko was born to first-generation immigrants in New York City in 1917. Throughout the 1930s, Roodenko was drawn to leftist politics and pacifism. He describes the internal dilemma that he and other pacifists faced as they sought to reconcile their ideals of non-violence with their belief that Hitler's regime warranted opposition. Ultimately, Roodenko became a conscientious objector during the conflict. Rather than facing a prison sentence for his refusal to bear arms, Roodenko spent most of World War II in a camp for conscientious objectors. Increasingly involved in leftist politics during the war, Roodenko participated in hunger strikes while at the camp and eventually did serve time in prison. Following the war, he utilized his experiences with peace groups and Ghandian non-violence to become a leader in the burgeoning civil rights movement. Roodenko speaks at length about his participation in the Journey of Reconciliation (1947). Already a member of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), Roodenko helped to organize the Journey, an interracial endeavor to test the Supreme Court's ruling in the Irene Morgan case (1946) as it applied to public transportation in the South. Roodenko describes the strategies CORE employed as they tested segregation policies on buses for Trailways and Greyhound. In Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Roodenko and fellow activists were arrested for refusing to abide by the bus driver's demand that black and white passengers not sit together. He recalls the threat of mob violence against the activists and the role of Chapel Hill minister Charles Jones in helping them escape town safely. Roodenko and the other CORE activists lost their court appeal and he spent 30 days working on a segregated chain gang in North Carolina. His recollections in this interview help to illuminate activist strategies, interracial cooperation, and reasons for limited success as the civil rights movement began to build momentum in the late 1940s
Oral history interview with Vesta and Sam Finley, July 22, 1975 interview H-0267, Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) by Vesta Finley ( )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Raised on her family's western North Carolina farm, Vesta explains that while still children, she and her brothers and sisters contributed to the household income. Vesta quit school at an early age to enter the mills, but she continued trying to learn. This desire led her to attend the Southern School, a training center run by the Textile Workers Union of America. Following her time at the summer school, Vesta and a group of women from Marion, North Carolina, went to New York to speak to the unions there about labor conditions in the Piedmont. When she returned, she met Sam, and they married a year later. The heart of the interview focuses on the 1929 Marion Strike. When Marion's factory owners tried to add hours to the twelve-hour work day, the workers walked out. The union organized a food distribution system, overseen by Sam. Sam and Vesta argue that the strike was not controlled by national or communist leaders, but rather by local activists. They explain how tension built in the town as strikers and mill owners grew increasingly antagonistic. On October 2, in an action that came to be known as the Marion Massacre, police opened fired on the strikers, killing six of them. According to the Finleys, deputies had been told to target union leaders. Discussion of the strike leads Vesta to describe the experiences at the Brookwood Labor College and the Bryn Mawr Summer School for Women Workers. Though many laborers joined the strike at first, within a few weeks, some needed more support than the union could offer. These people became strikebreakers, and through their work, the mill remained partially operational. Vesta talks about the positions women held during the strike and the sort of training they received at the labor schools. A variety of journalists, authors, and historians covered portions of the Marion Strike, and the Finleys talk about the influence they had. Though the strike attracted national attention at first, the mill owners soon won over public support, and the Finleys note the reticence of the company to share information about the event to this day. To close the interview, the Finleys reflect on what has and has not changed within the mills. They also describe the attitude of the contemporary generation toward the strikers and toward unions. One of the biggest changes in the mills had been the ending of segregation, but the Finleys do not believe that desegregation was entirely a good thing. In addition, they discuss the various jobs African Americans held prior to desegregation. In 1928, Sam joined the Ku Klux Klan. He explains why he did so and defends their actions, explaining that he never took part in a racial attack but used the organization to provide for local white citizens. Vesta does not seem to be as eager to defend them. Vesta ends the interview by talking about how much pride she took in being a part of the union movement
Oral history interview with Carnell Locklear, February 24, 2004 interview U-0007, Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) by Carnell Locklear ( )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Carnell Locklear recalls his fight for Lumbee Indian rights in eastern North Carolina in the 1970s and 1980s. He describes his efforts, via both non-violent protest and legal means, to attain federal assistance for Lumbee Indians, who long before had earned government recognition at the price of benefits. Locklear describes his ascent through the ranks of the protestors, his sudden descent and the movement's fracture, and his life after departing the movement
Oral history interview with Bonnie E. Cone, January 7, 1986 interview C-0048, Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) by Bonnie E Cone ( )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Bonnie Cone offers a candid portrait of what it was like to be a single career woman in the South during the first half of the twentieth century. Cone describes her educational experiences as a child and as a student at Coker College, a women's school. Among the experiences she discusses are her early days as a math teacher in South Carolina and North Carolina and her role as an instructor to Navy officer candidates at Duke University during World War II. Following the war, Cone returned to Charlotte, North Carolina, to continue her career as a teacher but soon became involved in the effort to establish a college in Charlotte. Cone worked at the forefront of this movement, helping to push through tax legislation for that purpose. She served as the director of Charlotte College in the late 1940s and 1950s. In 1964, when Charlotte College became the University of North Carolina-Charlotte, she was made temporary acting chancellor. Her colleagues later believed that, despite her pivotal role in the establishment of the university, the position was not made permanent because she was a woman. Cone, however, did not hold this view
Oral history interview with Albert Gore, October 24, 1976 interview A-0321-2, Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) by Albert Gore ( )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In this second of two interviews, Albert Gore, Sr.--a congressman from Tennessee--summarizes his senatorial career. He begins with his election to the House of Representatives in 1948. While there, many of the issues that would come to characterize his time in the Senate began to come to a head. Through his relationships and committee assignments, he realized that he could not support U.S. involvement in Korea or the role the nation played in the Cold War. In 1952, he ran and was elected to the U.S. Senate, and while there, he worked on a variety of committees related to his key interests. Especially meaningful to him were his positions on the Joint Commission on Atomic Energy, the Joint Committee on the Library, and the Foreign Relations Committee. He continued to develop his social justice interests, taking a stand against Vietnam earlier than most other politicians did. He tried to use his relationships with Lyndon Johnson, John Kennedy and William Fulbright to argue for better civil policies. One of his most famous actions related to civil rights was his refusal to sign the Southern Manifesto, a 1956 document decrying the desegregation of public spaces in America. In the interview, he explains how that happened and what effect his decision had on his career. He ends by describing his impressions of the American political system, including what the government does well and what it does poorly
Oral history interview with Mabel Pollitzer, June 16, 1974 interview G-0047-2, Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) by Mabel Pollitzer ( )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This is the second of two interviews with Mabel Pollitzer of Charleston, South Carolina. A native of Charleston, South Carolina, Pollitzer taught biology at an all-girls school for more than forty years during the first half of the twentieth century. As a young professional woman living in Charleston, Pollitzer became actively involved in the women's suffrage movement in the early 1910s. Here she describes in depth the role of Susan Pringle Frost as a prominent citizen of Charleston and as a leader within the women's suffrage movement as the first president of the Charleston Equal Suffrage League. Pollitzer explains the split within the women's suffrage movement that occurred when Alice Paul split off from the National American Woman Suffrage Association and formed the National Woman's Party, which both Pollitzer and Frost supported, and which advocated not only for women's suffrage but for passage of the Equal Rights Amendment. Pollitzer describes the split within the movement as it occurred in 1917. In addition, she describes some of the other causes she pursued as a teacher and community member, namely her effort to change school policies that led to the dismissal of female teachers when they married. Finally, she offers her thoughts on a list of South Carolina suffragists and where they aligned themselves when the movement split
Oral history interview with Ted Fillette, April 11, 2006 interview U-0186, Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007) by Ted Fillette ( )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This is the second of two interviews with Ted Fillette, a southern lawyer who began working with the Legal Aid Society of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, in the early 1970s. The interview begins with Fillette's assessment of grassroots activism within Charlotte, North Carolina, neighborhoods in reaction to urban renewal in the mid-1970s. He describes how residents of the Biddleville neighborhood organized with the help of the Legal Aid Society of Mecklenburg County and explains how plans to demolish the run-down neighborhood were revised to provide better public housing for the existing residents. Fillette paints a bleak picture of life for low-income tenants living in Charlotte during the 1970s: when he arrived in 1973, low-income residents had no legal protections requiring that landlords repair damaged property. Subject to substandard living conditions and given no notice for evictions (which were often retaliatory in nature), low-income people in Charlotte found themselves victims of urban renewal programs. Moreover, federal welfare programs such as AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) and Medicaid often failed to provide relief within the parameters of federal regulatory processes. Fillette devotes considerable attention in this interview to a discussion of the legal and political measures taken to ameliorate these kinds of conditions. In so doing, he describes how court cases such as Alexander v. Hill and Taylor v. Hill of the 1970s aimed to provide medical care for the mothers of unborn children and to ensure that the needy would receive welfare payments in a timely manner. In addition, he describes how he helped lobby the North Carolina General Assembly to adopt the Residential Rental Agreements Act. Fillette describes the staunch resistance the advocates for welfare rights faced in the General Assembly, drawing attention to the adept political maneuvering it took to ensure the act's passage in 1977. Fillette also discusses how housing advocacy changed in the late 1980s and describes his work with the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Housing Partnership (founded in 1988), which sought to meld business and leadership in order to encourage private investment in public housing so that the community was no longer reliant on federal and state subsidies. The interview concludes with Fillette's assessment of continuing disparities in social class in Mecklenburg County in the early twenty-first century. While acknowledging that marked progress had been made, Fillette worries that continuing wage gaps and inequality in public schools are indicative of continued tensions
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Alternative Names
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Center for the Study of the American South. Southern Oral History Program
English (29)