Most widely held works by Rudolf Winter-Ebmer
Returns to apprenticeship training in Austria : evidence from failed firms by Josef Fersterer ( Book )
8 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 48 libraries worldwide
Little is known about the payoffs to apprenticeship training in the German speaking countries for the participants. OLS estimates suggest that the returns are similar to those of other types of schooling. However, there is a lot of heterogeneity in the types of apprenticeships offered, and institutional descriptions suggest that there might be an important element of selection in who obtains an apprenticeship, and what type. In order to overcome the resulting ability bias we estimate returns to apprenticeship training for apprentices in failed firms in Austria. When a firm fails, current apprentices cannot complete their training in this firm. Because apprentices will be at different stages in their apprenticeship at that time, the failure of a firm will manipulate the length of the apprenticeship period completed for some apprentices. The time to the firm failure therefore serves as an instrument for the length of the apprenticeship completed both at the original firm and at other firms. We find instrumental variables returns which are similar or larger than the OLS returns in our sample, indicating relatively little selection.
The long-run educational cost of World War II : an example of local average treatment effect estimation by Andrea Ichino ( Book )
4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 40 libraries worldwide
Persistenz von Arbeitslosigkeit by Rudolf Winter-Ebmer ( Book )
3 editions published in 1992 in German and held by 40 libraries worldwide
Clash of career and family fertility decisions after job displacement by Emilia Del Bono ( Book )
12 editions published between 2007 and 2008 in English and held by 36 libraries worldwide
In this paper we investigate how fertility decisions respond to unexpected career interruptions which occur as a consequence of job displacement. Using an event study approach we compare the birth rates of displaced women with those of women unaffected by job loss after establishing the pre-displacement comparability of these groups. Our results reveal that job displacement reduces average fertility by 5 to 10% in both the short and medium term (3 and 6 years) and that these effects are largely explained by the response of white collar women. Using an instrumental variable approach we provide evidence that the reduction in fertility is not due to the income loss generated by unemployment but arises because displaced workers undergo a career interruption. These results are interpreted in the light of a model in which the rate of human capital accumulation slows down after the birth of a child and all specific human capital is destroyed upon job loss.
Rhetoric in economic research : the case of gender wage differentials by Doris Weichselbaumer ( Book )
9 editions published in 2003 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 22 libraries worldwide
The wage expectations of European college students by Giorgio Brunello ( Book )
9 editions published in 2001 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 19 libraries worldwide
Expected earnings and expected returns to education are seen by labor economists as a major determinant of educational attainment. In spite of this, the empirical knowledge about expectations and their formation is scarce. In this paper we report the results of the first systematic study of the wage expectations of European college students. Our data are based on the replies to the same questionnaire by more than 6000 college students all over Europe. We study the determinants of wage expectations and expected employment probabilities, the variability of these expectations within a field of study and their variation across universities and fields. We also examine the trade-off between expected starting wages and wage growth. In the final section of the paper, we contrast expected returns to education with actual returns estimated from country-specific micro-data. In line with U.S. studies we find that students overestimate returns to education.
Are Austrian returns to education falling over time by Josef Fersterer ( Book )
9 editions published in 1999 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 19 libraries worldwide
The effects of competition and equal treatment laws on the gender wage differential by Doris Weichselbaumer ( Book )
9 editions published in 2003 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 19 libraries worldwide
Lower and upper bounds of returns to schooling : an exercise in IV estimation with different instruments by Andrea Ichino ( Book )
4 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 19 libraries worldwide
A meta-analysis of the international gender wage gap by Doris Weichselbaumer ( Book )
9 editions published in 2003 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 18 libraries worldwide
Evaluating an innovative redundancy-retraining project : the Austrian Steel Foundation by Rudolf Winter-Ebmer ( Book )
6 editions published in 2001 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 18 libraries worldwide
This paper evaluates an Austrian manpower training program, which is highly innovative in its content and financing - and could therefore serve as a role model for other programs. In the late 1980s privatization and down-sizing of nationalized steel firms have lead to large-scale redundancies. A special Steel Foundation was created as part of a social plan. This Foundation acted like an independent training center, where displaced workers would spend relatively long training periods (sometimes several years), obtaining personality and orientation training, as well as formal education. The last step of the integrative program was placement assistance as well as assistance for creating one’s own business. The Foundation was financed by (higher) contributions from unemployment insurance funds, by the previous firms themselves, as well as by a collectively-bargained special tax on the remaining workers in the Steel Firms. Moreover the trainees themselves would have to support the Foundation by depositing their redundancy payments. In evaluating post-foundation economic performance I use days worked and wage growth. As a control group I take all other displaced workers from the firms who formed the Foundation, using Instrumental Variables to solve the selection problem. The results show considerable wage gains - even for a period of five years after leaving the Foundation - as well as improved employment prospects. Finally, a cost-benefit analysis is performed to assess the long-term success of the Foundation.
Intra-firm wage dispersion and firm performance by Rudolf Winter-Ebmer ( Book )
4 editions published between 1997 and 1999 in English and held by 18 libraries worldwide
Assortative mating and divorce: evidence from Austrian register data by Wolfgang Frimmel ( )
3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 17 libraries worldwide
This paper documents that changes in assortative mating patterns over the last four decades along the dimensions of age, ethnicity and religion are not responsible for the increasing marital stability in Austria. Quite the contrary, without the rise in the age at marriage, divorce rates would be considerably higher. Immigration and secularization, and the resulting supply of spouses with diverse ethnicity and religious denominations had no overall effect on divorce rates. Countervailing effects - in line with theoretical predictions - offset each other. The rise in the incidence in divorce is most probably caused by changing social norms.
Retirement of spouses and social security reform by Josef Zweimüller ( Book )
6 editions published between 1993 and 1994 in English and held by 16 libraries worldwide
Gender wage inequality and economic growth: is there really a puzzle by Thomas Schober ( )
3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 16 libraries worldwide
Seguino (2000) shows that gender wage discrimination in export-oriented semi-industrialized countries might be fostering investment and growth in general. While the original analysis does not have internationally comparable wage discrimination data, we replicate the analysis using data from a meta-study on gender wage discrimination and do not find any evidence that more discrimination might further economic growth - on the contrary: if anything the impact of gender inequality is negative for growth. Standing up for more gender equality - also in terms of wages - is good for equity considerations and at least not negative for growth.
Labour supply effects of a subsidised old age part time scheme in Austria by Nikolaus Graf ( )
3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 16 libraries worldwide
In this paper we evaluate the impact of the old-age part-time scheme (OAPT) on the Austrian labour market which was a policy to allow flexible retirement options for the elderly with an aim to increase labour supply. According to our matching estimates employment probability increases slightly, especially in the first two years after entrance into the programme. Furthermore, the programme seems to reduce the measured unemployment risk. However, the total number of hours worked is significantly reduced by OAPT. While the policy is meant to reduce early exit from the labour force by allowing part-time work, our analysis indicates that most workers substitute part-time work for full-time work and thus the overall effect is rather negative.
Identifying the effect of unemployment on crime by Steven Raphael ( Book )
6 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 15 libraries worldwide
Firm-specific training : consequences for job mobility by Josef Zweimüller ( Book )
9 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 15 libraries worldwide
This paper analyzes the impact of formal training on worker mobility. Using data from the Swiss Labor Force Survey, we find that on-the-job search activities and, to a smaller extent, actual job separations are significantly affected by both employer-provided and general training. Moreover, while the separation probability of searching workers is strongly affected by previous firmprovided training, no such effect shows up for non-searchers. This is consistent with the hypothesis that workers bear most of the cost of specific training.
Do immigrants displace native workers? : the Austrian experience by Rudolf Winter-Ebmer ( Book )
3 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 15 libraries worldwide
Reducing start-up costs for new firms : the double dividend on the labour market by Uwe Dulleck ( Book )
5 editions published between 2003 and 2004 in English and No Linguistic content and held by 14 libraries worldwide
Academic achievement--Social aspects Apprenticeship programs--Evaluation Australia Austria Business cycles Business failures Businesswomen College graduates--Employment Criminal behavior Displaced workers--Services for Economics Economics--Methodology Education--Economic aspects Equal pay for equal work Europe--European Union countries Fertility Germany Hard-core unemployed--Mathematical models Human capital--Mathematical models Instrumental variables (Statistics) Iron and steel workers--Vocational guidance Job hunting Labor Mentoring in business Occupational retraining Opportunity costs Organizational effectiveness--Econometric models Pay equity Peer pressure in adolescence Portugal Regression analysis Retirement Retirement age Rhetoric School children--Psychology Sex discrimination against women Sex discrimination in employment Skilled labor Social security Start-up costs Unemployment Unemployment and crime Unemployment--Mathematical models Wage differentials Wage differentials--Econometric models Wages--College graduates Wages--Effect of education on Wages--Mathematical models Wages--Women World War (1939-1945)
Ebmer, Rudolf Winter-
Ebmer, Rudolf Winter- 1961-
Winter-Ebmer, R. 1961-
Winter Ebmer, Rudolf 1961-