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Wisconsin Veterans Museum

Overview
Works: 779 works in 782 publications in 1 language and 786 library holdings
Genres: Personal narratives‡vAmerican  History  Anecdotes  Biography 
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Most widely held works by Wisconsin Veterans Museum
Oral history interview with Donald Collins by Donald E Collins( )
2 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Donald E. Collins, a Sunbury, Pennsylvania native, discusses his World War II service as a radio striker aboard the USS Finback, a Navy submarine, serving in the Pacific Ocean. Collins talks about graduating from high school early, enlisting, and being turned down from a Navy bombing squadron and a Marine parachute unit because he was too light-weight. He talks about boot camp at Sampson (New York), radio school at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, learning Morse code, and volunteering for submarine service. He describes the testing he underwent prior to submarine duty including aptitude tests, psychological examinations, pressure tests, and a Mommsen Lung escape technique test. Collins touches upon additional training in encryption, sound gear operation, and how to handle any other crew member's job in an emergency. He characterizes Admiral Charles Lockwood and the officer who ran the submarine base, Chief Torpedoman Charles Spritz. Collins touches on volunteering to handle meat aboard a troop ship and being aboard a Fulton sub tender during a fire. Collins mentions assignment to the USS Finback (SS-230) at Midway Island. He describes his first patrol in the China Sea, shooting and exploding mines, sinking Japanese ships, and two weeks of rest at Majuro (Marshall Islands). He discusses qualification testing and his duties as a radioman, lookout, sound equipment operator, and Radio Direction Finder operator. Collins talks about hunting oil tankers off Iwo Jima and expecting air support that didn't come, and he mentions scouting Truk Island. He tells of being shot at by an American destroyer, techniques used by the Japanese Navy involving sampans to lure submarines for attack, and hearing depth charges approach the sub. Collins touches upon military life including the relationship between officers and enlisted men, drinking alcohol distilled aboard the submarine from "torpedo juice," receiving a brandy ration when the ship was under heavy fire, staying at Hawaiian hotels between missions, and eating free dinner at a Hawaiian restaurant. He describes air-sea rescue procedures and tells of pilots who were afraid of the submarine. While patrolling near Chichi Jima, the Finback rescued a downed Navy pilot (President George Bush) and he talks about being shipboard with Bush for about three weeks. After the war, Collins touches on joining the Navy Reserves, attending the University of Wisconsin-Madison on the GI Bill, working in an intelligence unit in the basement of a professor at the University of Wisconsin, marrying a woman from Madison, meeting George Bush when he ran for president, and pursuing a career in criminal justice. Collins states he resisted joining veteran's organizations because he didn't want them to influence his job, but he was made commander of the VFW for two years while helping them solve money-theft problems
Nuestros veteranos from Wisconsin : Latino veterans, a legacy of valor, honor, and duty to country ( Book )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Oral history interview with Fred A. Risser by Fred A Risser( )
2 editions published between 1996 and 2002 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Fred Risser, a Madison, Wisconsin native, discusses his service in the post-World War II Navy Medical Corps. At age fourteen, Risser recalls listening to the radio with his family during the attack on Pearl Harbor, but not thinking the war would last long enough to affect him. With a political upbringing and a father in the Wisconsin State Senate, Risser reflects on his awareness of the political situation and isolationist leanings. He talks about his family's history in politics going back to his great-grandfather, Colonel Warner, who served in the Civil War. Uncomfortable with the idea of killing people, Risser details the process of deciding to enlist with the Navy as a hospital corpsman. Because he was farsighted, he tells of memorizing the eye chart in order to pass the eye exam. Entering the service in 1945, he discusses graduating high school a few weeks early and missing prom and the graduation ceremony. He talks about basic training at Naval Station Great Lakes (Illinois) and mentions boot camp for the Medical Corps was a bit different from regular boot camp. Risser points out marching was largely to build discipline and claims his favorite part of his Great Lakes experience was getting cookies in the mail. After losing quite a bit of money in a poker game, he says he lost any interest in gambling. He reflects that because he was not a smoker, heavy drinker, or gambler he was something of a loner, though he made a few close friends. Coming from a homogenous community, he discusses being in an integrated unit and being confused by segregated "gold" and "silver" drinking fountains and bathrooms in Panama. He comments on Corps school in San Diego (California) and being able to choose a hospital for getting good grades. Risser recalls that some people earned an income by charging hitchhiking sailors and soldiers for rides to Los Angeles. Sent to Rhode Island, he states he was put to work in the commissary filling food storage bins and reflects that he never really used his medical training. Risser jokes that he won the war because, "Once I was sworn into the Navy the Germans quit right away. Then I went to Boot Camp and just about the time I was ready to get out of boot camp, the Japanese surrendered." Because he wanted to travel, he volunteered to go overseas, and he describes his eight months in Panama. He talks about working a "crash boat," spending a lot of time pulling debris out the ground and swimming, and being uncomfortable with how the whites and Panama natives were segregated. Having spent some time working on the venereal ward, he comments that sexually transmitted diseases were recorded on paper as "a cold or respiratory problems." Risser also reflects on his time in the psychiatric ward, saying many were validly ill, but a few people faked it in order to get out of the service. He states he was lucky to be discharged just before a freeze on medical corpsmen. He reports that he did not enjoy the military, but that, due to educational benefits, "I got much more out of the service than the service got out of me." Risser speaks of being talked into signing up for the inactive Reserve and his fear that he would be called to serve in Korea. He describes using the GI Bill to help pay for college and relates how some people would abuse the system by signing up for expensive classes, dropping them, and selling the books that the government had paid for. He mentions the large number of veterans attending Carleton College (Minnesota) after the war and says he made friends with a veteran who lost a limb because, as an amputee, he was allowed to have a car on campus. Risser tells of using the GI Bill to take flying lessons and for a great life insurance policy. He explains why he joined the Veterans of Foreign Wars, but is not an active member
Oral history interview with Susan A. Pranke by Susan A Pranke( )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Susan Pranke, a Green Bay, Wisconsin reside nt, discusses her career in the Army and her service as a Supply Officer during the Persian Gulf War. Born in De Pere (Wisconsin), Pranke attended East De Pere High School and fought a court battle to play on the boys baseball team. Pranke calls herself "one of the forerunners" for equality in women's athletics. Pranke remembers being fascinated by the military early on; at age four she would play with her father's old Soldier's Manual from World War II. Pranke also mentions being inspired by the television show "Gomer Pyle." She discusses her parents' negative reaction to her interest in joining the Army and her decision to wait to enlist until she was in college so she would not need their signature. Pranke attended University of Wisconsin-Green Bay for one year before transferring to University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, where she majored in Recreation Leadership. Pranke describes enlisting in the Army Reserve Office Training Corps (ROTC) during her sophomore year. She reveals she only doubted her decision for "about thirty seconds" when she arrived at basic training at Fort Knox (Kentucky) the summer after her sophomore year. Pranke covers her basic and officer training in detail, remarking that the drill sergeants treated everyone in ROTC "just like G.I.s." She outlines the demographics of her classmates who came from diverse regions. Pranke mentions most women she knew in ROTC had relatives in the military or grew up as "Army brats," which made Pranke feel like a "cold fish out of water." Pranke also describes befriending foreign soldiers in her Army classes from Zaire, Botswana, Sudan, Korea, and Egypt. Between her junior and senior year, she attended Advanced Camp at Fort Riley (Kansas) where soldiers creatively battled wood ticks. Later that summer, Pranke did on-the-job training at Fort Campbell (Kentucky) with a Quartermaster Officer. While at Fort Campbell, Pranke attended Air Assault School which involved rigging materials like jeeps to be picked up by helicopters, rappelling out of Chinsook and Huey helicopters, and completing a ten-mile march in two hours. She tells a story of falling off the helicopter skid during training and bravely rappelling to the ground. Pranke states that she was one of the first 100 women to graduate from Air Assault School and that she was one of only two women in her class to finish the road march. She tells of encountering jealousy and condescension from male classmates when she returned to UW- La Crosse wearing her Air Assault Wings. After graduating college, Pranke applied to become a Military Intelligence Officer, but she was given a Quartermaster Officer commission instead, which she feels was ultimately a better fit. Pranke attended General Troop Support training at Fort Lee (Virginia) before she was given her first assignment in Fort Polk (Louisiana) to a Division. Pranke explains she was happy to go to a Division because she would learn what the "Army was really all about." She praises several officers who were strong role models, including a female Company Commander in her Advanced Individual Training, and Major Dowling whom she worked with in the Division Support Command at Fort Polk. After a couple years at Fort Polk, where Pranke states she was the only female officer, she attended Airborne School at Fort Benning (Georgia) and then Parachute Rigging School in Germany. Pranke describes both experiences in detail, addressing the differences between jumping out of airplanes versus helicopters. She explains rigging school involved packing and repacking parachutes and securing equipment to be airdropped. Pranke feels seeing another woman from Wisconsin who had gone through Rigger School inspired her to go too. She states: "I always had to prove to myself that I was capable of what everybody else was." Following parachute training, Pranke, now a Captain, was put in charge of six people, including a few civilians, in the 29th Area Support Command in Kaiserslautern (Germany). After one year, she became Company Commander of a Rigger Detachment in the 705th Maintenance Battalion, putting her in charge of over 80 soldiers. She comments that "Airborne people [are] a different subset." She notes that she sent four or five soldiers working for her to alcohol and drug rehab. Pranke discusses the effective rehabilitation therapy available to soldiers, but also the difficulty of being the officer to send them there. Pranke relates an encounter with an angry "Army wife" whose husband was in alcohol treatment. She also touches upon personal scandals of soldiers in the Rigger unit: her first lieutenant was discharged for cheating on his wife, and another soldier went to prison for attacking his wife, a German citizen, in a drunken rage. After 21 months as a Company Commander, Pranke went to the University of Montana to be an ROTC instructor and serve on the Accessions Board. Pranke appreciated seeing the assignment process from behind the scenes and being a role model for the cadets. In August, 1990, Pranke was called up to Kuwait, the Persian Gulf War having just begun. Pranke portrays herself as reluctant to go. She was stationed in Saudi Arabia as a Staff Officer in the supply wing of the 18th Airborne Corps, 101st Corps Support Command. By now a Captain Promotable, Pranke states her job was to brief and educate commanders in the Persian Gulf about supply logistics and "what we could offer" units in the area. Pranke expresses frustration at the layers of bureaucracy and the two-day delay in communication that made it hard to deliver accurate reports. Pranke tells a story of the Colonel of the 101st ordering the supply staff to travel 200 miles to get chicken and hamburger meat because he was tired of eating "Meals Ready to Eat." Pranke depicts this Colonel as short-sighted, explaining that her objections were ignored and that the soldiers got sick from the fresh food because their bodies were used to eating MREs. Shortly after arriving in Iraq, Pranke recalls hearing on BBC radio that the war was over. Almost as soon as she got to Iraq, Pranke says, she was sent back to Saudi Arabia with the first wave of troops to return. Pranke states Saudi civilians "would come and be all smiles ... and go out of their way to shake our hands and say, 'Thank you, thank you.'" In Saudi Arabia, Pranke explains she was reestablishing operations and setting up camp for an estimated 10,000 troops. Pranke says because they were the first group back to Saudi Arabia, they had to cater food and hire Sri Lankans to serve it. She details the delivery of bottled water and how trucks would come from Mecca and jostle to be the first unloaded at the dock. Pranke also mentions Saudi civilians would sneak over the fence to steal bottled water while the Army looked the other way. Once the U.S. began to pull out of the Middle East, Pranke reveals that the Saudis raided the base for mattresses, cots, cranes, plywood, and supplies the Army left behind. She comments briefly on interacting with Saudi civilians and seeing nomads, camel herds, and women wearing burqas. Pranke was impressed by the "expressive eyes" of the women. After nearly eight months in Saudia Arabia, Pranke was flown home. A single woman at the time, she recalls that the wives' support group had called her parents and arranged for a former cadet Pranke had taught in Montana to meet her at the airport. Pranke continued her career in the Army, attending Petroleum Supply School and later becoming a logistician officer in Japan for the 500th Military Intelligence Brigade. Now a Major, Pranke had a top secret clearance and learned much about military intelligence. In 1996, Pranke left Japan and retired early, at fifteen years instead of twenty, because there was an excess amount of officers in her class year. Pranke comments on the respect and opportunities that come with having a rank and reveals she was often mistaken for a West Point graduate because of her experience. She mentions joining the Madelyn La Canne 539th American Legion Post for female veterans in Green Bay (Wisconsin). Finally, Pranke reflects on her role as a trailblazer, stating: "I opened a lot of doors and got a lot of second looks" and "you really don't realize what path you're creating until later on in life."
Oral history interview with James H. Blankenheim by James H Blankenheim( )
2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
James Blankenheim, a Madison, Wisconsin native, discusses his service during the Vietnam War as a forward air controller with the 3rd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division
The Vietnam Women's Memorial ( Visual )
1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Veteran Diane Carlson Evans, a nurse in Vietnam in the late 1960's, visited The Wall, the memorial to Vietnam veterans in Washington, D.C. She felt that the women who served in Vietnam should be honored also. She founded the Vietnam Women's Memorial Project which campaigned to erect a memorial for the women who served in Vietnam. A long, hard fight insued in which many veterans, men and women, participated
Oral history interview with John Breske, Jr by John Breske( )
1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
John Breske, Jr., an Eland, Wisconsin native, discusses his Korean War service in the Marine Corps
Oral history interview with Don Fellows by Don Fellows( )
1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Donald A. Fellows, a Madison, Wis. native, discusses his service with the Merchant Marines during World War II and the effects of this service on his life. Fellows joined the Merchant Marines against his parent's wishes, and describes joining the war as a way to distance himself from his parents. He provides a sketch of basic training at San Mateo (California) including strict discipline, abandon ship exercises, and his efforts to evade obstacle course training. He tells of attempts to sabotage shipping in San Francisco harbor and provides second-hand accounts of other attempted sabotage in New York harbor and abroad. Fellows details the mission of the Merchant Marines and shipboard life. Injured abroad, he spent time recovering in Madison, and describes the attitudes he encountered toward a young man perceived as not in the Armed Forces. He recounts VE-Day and VJ-Days, watch duty, and trade with Italians. He comments on experiences with Nazis in Uruguay, Mozambique, South Africa, and Argentina. Fellows mentions on his homecoming and comments on the unique status of Merchant Marines who were not allowed veterans' benefits. He recounts the recent recognition of Merchant Marines as World War II veterans and remarks upon the effects of his service and his injury on his acting career
Oral history interview with Kenneth G. Reich by Kenneth G Reich( )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Kenneth G. Reich, a Milwaukee, Wisconsin native, discusses his service during the Korean War as a supply specialist in the 443rd Quartermaster Base Depot. Reich describes enlisting, trying to get into an engineering or chemistry unit, and basic training at Camp Atterbury (Indiana). He describes the shortened, intensive training and having Friday night complaint sessions with the company commander. Reich reflects on training with only white soldiers, and serving alongside black units in Korea that still seemed segregated. Transferred to the 790th Quartermaster Reclamation Maintenance Company, he speaks of supply school at Fort Riley (Kansas), recreation while on leave, and being shipped to Korea aboard a Merchant Marines vessel. Reich portrays his first impression of Korea as "filthy" and not having much to do for thirty days until the equipment arrived. He describes duty as the supply sergeant, transporting equipment by train, and living in cold weather. Reich talks about his unit's role as a repair outfit for clothing and quartermaster equipment. He explains the unofficial barter system they used, such as trading spark plugs for C-rations. Stationed seven miles behind the front lines, he comments on occasionally having air raids, hearing news of the war from infantry officers, interacting with British and Australian troops, and working with Korean interpreters. Reich portrays visiting the open-air markets and getting dysentery from eating some local produce. He comments on religious services, sight seeing around Seoul, gambling, the alcohol sold at the Army clubs, and corresponding with home via typed letters. Reich recalls activity winding down after the Armistice was signed. He details the homecoming parade he was part of in Seattle, having a furlough, spending the rest of his service at Camp Carson (Colorado), and readjusting to civilian life, with emphasis on swear words and toilet flushing. Reich talks about his career in the drafting field, using the GI Bill for additional education, becoming involved with the Veterans of Foreign Wars, and his impression of how Korean War veterans fit into the veterans' organization
Oral history interview with Victor Adair by Victor Adair( )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Victor "Bob" Adair, a Monona, Wisconsin native, discusses his Army service as a medic in post- World War II Germany and service with the 3rd Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment during the Korean War. He talks about why he volunteered, medical training at Fort Sam Houston (Texas) and caring for World War II veterans in the psychiatric ward of a military hospital in Germany. He touches on socializing with a German family and his hospital duties, which included giving shock therapy. Retrained as a combat medic, Adair was transferred to Korea and details the combat movements of his Infantry unit and an attack by the Chinese near the Yalu River where he was separated from his unit for three days. He comments on Army medical care including treating white phosphorus burns, carrying wounded across active battlefields, caring for a wounded Chinese, and delivering the baby of a Korean woman. He declares there was a shortage of medics because they were too eager to help and often were killed. He relates suffering phosphorus burns, pneumonia, and a bayonet cut on his hand that he sewed up himself. Adair speaks of the survival techniques developed by combat medics, news reporters looking for stories at the front line, discharge from service, work at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Madison (Wisconsin), and quitting the Veterans of Foreign Wars
Oral history interview with Robert L. Beilman by Robert L Beilman( )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Robert Beilman, a New York City native, discusses his World War II Army experiences which include several anecdotal stories. Beilman recalls being at a New York Giants football game the day Pearl Harbor was bombed and an announcement being made for all present active military to immediately report to their bases. He enlisted in the ASTP (Army Specialized Training Program), studied engineering at Syracuse University (New York), and following radio communication school, was assigned to C Company, 1st Battalion of the 242nd Regiment, 42nd Division. Beilman talks about meeting his parents on pass prior to departing for Marseilles on the SS General William S. Black. While on duty in Marseilles, he describes the patrols and several air raids. As a communications sergeant, Beilman discusses his use of call-signs, radios, walkie-talkies, and stringing wire to outposts. Beilman describes preparing for patrols, dangers they encountered while on patrol, and dangers they faced. Beilman relates a story of capturing a German soldier in France. Beilman describes fighting the Germans in a typical French village. He talks about his battalion being surrounded at the battle of Hatton in the Northern part of Alsace to which Beilman credits the 79th Division for rescuing them. Beilman describes battling German tanks and their tactics. Participating in night patrols, Beilman recounts the need for excellent night vision and describes the numerous ways soldiers could be spotted by producing the smallest amount of light. Beilman describes the engagement he led resulting in him receiving the Bronze Star. He relates the story of General McOlive giving the order to drive up to Brenner Pass with lights on. Beilman attended Fordham and Columbia University upon his return to the United States using the GI Bill. After completing medical school, he chose to settle in Madison (Wisconsin)
Oral history interview with Melvin H. Rickard by Melvin H Rickard( )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Melvin Rickard, a Linden, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service with the glider unit of the 81st Anti Aircraft Battalion, 101st Airborne Division; he focuses his discussion on the D-Day landing, Operation Market Garden, and his experiences as a prisoner of war. Rickard talks about basic training at Fort Bragg (North Carolina), assignment to a glider unit, the differences between American and English gliders, and training in England in preparation for the invasion of Normandy. He describes the D-Day invasion including Utah Beach landing, taking cover from German aircraft fire, moving inland to take the town of Carentan (France), protecting a bridge under heavy artillery fire, and a close call when a friend was killed. After a furlough in Cornwall (England), Rickard details Operation Market Garden in Holland, including hearing German soldiers talking in the woods, guard duty at night, lack of food because supplies were intercepted by the Germans, hearing the German attack approach, and being unable to communicate with other American and British troops. He tells of surrendering with other American troops, staying with other prisoners of war at a Dutch farm, a visit by German propaganda broadcaster Axis Sally (Mildred Gillars), the packed boxcar ride to Stalag 2B, and interrogation. He touches upon his stay in a German prison including receiving Red Cross packages, exchanging cigarettes for bread and vegetables with the prison guards, having yellow jaundice and an ulcerated tooth, and marching through a blizzard with inadequate shoes as the Russian troops approached. Marching for two and a half months, Rickard recalls the cold, sleeping in barns, becoming familiar with some German civilians, stealing potatoes, and suffering from a bad back and frozen feet. He highlights the importance of Colonel Wallace, a fellow prisoner of war who kept him going. Rickard mentions arriving at Stalag 2A a week before the Russians arrived and the prisoners' decision to stay behind. After liberation, he talks about leaving the camp, scavenging for food and alcohol, and having two Russian soldiers rob him of his wristwatch. After delousing, he remembers being shipped to Camp Lucky Strike (France) and having lunch with General Eisenhower. Rickard mentions playing ping pong at an Army hospital in Macon (Georgia), waiting for enough points to be discharged, and joining the American Legion and Disabled American Veterans. He describes a couple coincidences from his service time, his career afterwards, and his efforts trying to get in touch with his POW friend
Oral history interview with Kenneth Adrian by Kenneth G Adrian( )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Kenneth Adrian, a Casseville, Wis. native, discusses his World War II service as a navigator with the 44th Bomb Group in England and his Korean War service as a navigator. When World War II began, Adrian was a student at the mining school in Platteville (Wis.) and talks about the changes the war brought to Platteville including the activation of half of his class with the 32nd Division. Adrian comments on pre-flight training and classification at Kelly Field (Texas), pilot training at Uvalde (Texas), and reclassification as a navigator after being hospitalized for eye problems. He mentions the trip overseas, receiving advice from veteran pilots, and his first mission. Adrian touches upon the emotions of his crew upon learning that the group they shared barracks with had been shot down, feelings toward replacements, and the composition of his crew. He describes military life on the base in England including lack of discipline, recreation activities, and dating. After thirty-five missions, Adrian returned to the U.S. and was trained in preparation for fighting in the South Pacific. He was later discharged and joined the Reserves. Adrian touches upon finishing college using the GI Bill, the importance of navigators to the Air Force, and his service in the Korean War. He evaluates the changes in aircraft from World War II to the Korean War, and the differences between the Royal Air Force and the U.S. Air Force
Oral history interview with Brian Murray by Brian Murray( )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Brian "Doc" Murray, a Waupaca, Wisconsin native, discusses his Navy service as a corpsman with a Marine unit during the Vietnam War. Murray talks about enlisting in the Navy despite being classified 4F for having pins in his hip, boot camp and Corps School at Great Lakes (Illinois), and field medicine training at Camp Lejeune, where they arrived on November 10th without knowing about the Marine Corps' birthday. He discusses flying to Vietnam, assignment to the Fox Company, 2nd Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment, and going on daytime patrol in the Riviera area near DaNang. Murray speaks of setting up ambushes for gathering NVA troops and characterizes the "professional" method of combat between them. He portrays problems with unexploded friendly rounds in the sand and his platoon sergeant's "crazy" method of detonating them with grenades. Murray talks about the weapons his squadron carried and only carrying a handgun himself. He reflects on tending to wounded under fire as well as their daily health problems in camp, especially diarrhea and infected insect bites. He comments on lack of bathing facilities, the proximity of his small combat base to other medical facilities, and the medical supplies he carried. Murray contrasts the differences between medical operations in the Vietnam and Korean Wars. He illustrates the Marines' loyalty to their wounded with an anecdote about witnessing a helicopter medevac crew being held at gunpoint until all his squadron's casualties were securely loaded. Murray details treatment methods in the field, including using the Marines' belts as tourniquets and marking received treatment. After three months "in the bush," he speaks of having problems with his leg, getting the pins removed in Japan, and returning to Vietnam where he was assigned a rear position in the 1st Medical Battalion. Murray states the life expectancy for corpsmen in Vietnam was three months. He reflects on the adequacy of his training and, when under pressure, always praying to do a good job. In the 1st Med Battalion for three weeks, he talks about assignment to a post-crisis malarial ward and keeping an eye on his patients, who spent a lot of time at the bar. He comments on the use of chloroquine-primaquine to prevent malaria and treating diarrhea in the field with peanut butter. Murray talks about his platoon's recreational use of marijuana and making sure it did not impact their combat capability. He reports on the race relations between Blacks and Whites, saying "in the bush there is no color" but people in the rear occasionally stirred up trouble. Murray portrays the one case he medevaced due to combat fatigue and the current large numbers of veterans with symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. He discusses have a wonderful captain and a 2nd lieutenant who made too many mistakes. Murray talks about keeping in touch with some of the men from his unit, attending Battalion Association reunions, and being a member of veterans' organizations such as the Wisconsin Vietnam Veterans
Oral history interview with Darrell Krenz by Darrell J Krenz( )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Darrell J. Krenz, a McFarland, Wisconsin native, discusses his Korean War service in the Army and his thirty-seven months as a prisoner of war and "Tiger Survivor."
Oral history interview with Thomas Clark by Thomas Clark( )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Thomas Clark, born in 1924, served in World War II in both the Pacific and European Theaters, and states in this interview that he served in the 69th Infantry Division, the 222nd Infantry Regiment, and the 29th Infantry Division as a Communication Chief. Clark was born in Mason City, Iowa but moved to Wisconsin at age ten. Clark discusses his time in high school in Madison, Wisconsin, and the desire to join the Marines. Clark's father refused to let Clark join, and instead paid for flying lessons. Clark was also a chauffeur for the Corps of Engineer before getting drafted in 1943. Clark discusses basic training in Fort Bragg, then waiting to hear whether or not he would go to Fort Sill for an exam. Instead, he was sent to Hawaii to guard Pearl Harbor. Clark details watching for submarines and how his team accidentally shot down a small fishing boat in a restricted area. Clark was sent on furlough in March 1944, and then spent time in Keesler Field, Mississippi. Clark recounts receiving a letter stating that the closure of the air cadets; he was then transferred to ground forces and sent to Europe in late winter of 1944. Clark was in communications as a switchboard operator in the infantry and the regimental headquarters company. Clark talks about being in Remagen when the bridge collapsed, the capture of Leipzig, the Soviet/American link up on the Elbe River in 1945, and the horrors he saw when freeing a concentration camp (possibly Dachau). Clark was sent home with the 29th Division in 1946, and talks about very stormy, dangerous seas. Clark chats about being a civilian electrician, and the various jobs he has completed. He lives in Madison, Wisconsin
Oral history interview with Ernest O. Norquist by Ernest O Norquist( )
1 edition published in 1995 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Ernest Norquist, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota, discusses his experiences as a World War II medic with Army General Hospital No. 2, a Bataan Death March survivor, and a prisoner of war. He graduated from the University of Minnesota in 1941 with a Bachelors degree in history and enlisted in the Army. He recounts his experiences growing up during the Depression, his religious background and his army career as a medic with General Hospital No. 2. The Depression also inspired Norquist to become a minister after the war because of the compassion and help his family received from their pastors. Norquist reveals his affinity for history and tells that he collected propaganda from Germany, France and other countries for historical value. Norquist kept a diary during his time in the service. He was sent to Fort Snelling (Minnesota) for training and explains that he did not receive much training because the army just wanted bodies overseas and figured they would train them once deployed. He also explains that he was put in charge of eight other men because he had a bit of ROTC training, he had no weapons training other than with a World War I rifle. Norquist remembers arriving at Angel Island in the San Francisco Bay (California) and expresses disdain of the crude army culture of swearing and discipline, although he always obeyed. He recounts that he was first assigned to Hospital No. 2, Fort McKinley, just outside Manila (Philippines), where he changed bedpans, gave baths, took temperatures and reported to nurses. Norquist explains his interest in seeing the country and talks about visiting Guadeloupe, the Pasig River, watching trains, visiting Luneta Park in Manila to attend concerts, and playing trumpet with a radio station band. He describes attending the United Church of Manila, the parishioners, and falling in love with the church organist. Norquist recalls the night before he heard about Pearl Harbor that he was at Tagaytay Ridge outside Manila dancing at a party with local girls, he remembers being called to the parade ground the next morning and being told about Pearl Harbor and that they were next and should expect an attack within twenty hours. Norquist explains that they engaged in a gas mask drill and were told that if the Japanese invaded it would be confined to the coastal area and the war would not last very long. Norquist describes receiving injured servicemen coming from Clark Air Field, including a Japanese aviator who he felt pity for. He describes seeing amputations and other injuries. Norquist reveals that he was sent to a new hospital in Manila, where bombs were falling and there were rumors of tanks getting closer. He relates that he did not feel prepared for war and everyone except the veterans were frightened. Norquist reports that on December 29th he was taken to Corregidor. He explains he was first assigned to a hospital then sent to areas around Corregidor that were beginning to receive the impact of bombings. Norquist reiterates his hatred for the planes and war in general and the pity he felt for those who were hit. He was then sent to Bataan, where they set up a hospital in the jungle to triage. Norquist treated Americans and Filipinos. He states that as time went on they hoped for rescue and heard that planes and ships were coming to help as they began to run out of supplies. Running low on food inspired some creative eating, including monkeys and snakes. Norquist states that he was able to see Japanese prisoners at Hospital No. 1, in Bataan, and they were treated very well. He talks about the line pushing closer and being able to hear the artillery all day, and Japanese with specially cut tennis shoes (for climbing) shooting from trees. Norquist relates that he had to search for a downed American pilot. Norquist talks about the order to surrender and portrays the feelings surrounding the flag of surrender going up. He explains he kept a hidden diary and that he was allowed to keep his trumpet, but that his native flute was taken away. Norquist recounts that he was taken to Mariveles, then marched past Cabcaben, Lamau, Lamay, and San Fernando. He recalls being sent to Bilibid prison in Manila and while in route, seeing corpses of American soldiers on the side of the road. They marched past Cabanatuan prison and into the town where there was a horrible smell. He states that some prisoners started going crazy yelling and screaming and one man, who later died in prison camp was yelling "There is no war!" Norquist expresses the camaraderie and care they felt for each other. He discusses caring for the wounded and sick in prison camp and states that many of the early deaths occurred because the Japanese were not prepared for so many prisoners. Many men were sick with dysentery and malaria. Norquist comments on Red Cross supplies arriving in 1942 and how that increased morale and helped them get healthier. He explains that chaplains and others organized interest groups and taught lessons such as literature, language, craft making and algebra. Norquist goes into detail about being beaten and the Japanese guards being beaten by superiors if they stepped over the line. He recounts other forms of abuse and death. Norquist analyzes the treatment of Japanese-Americans in the United States during and after the war. He reveals rumors, some true, that circulated around the camp about how the war was going. He remembers dreaming and talking about food all the time because they were being fed primarily just rice. Norquist discusses how they smuggled food and other items back into the camp after they were on work detail. He was later taken to Tokyo and the food and sanitation conditions were better there, but there were bombings nearby from American planes and shrapnel would fly through the camp. Norquist describes the living quarters and hiding his diary and trumpet in a chapel and discusses how he put together the diary. He explains that in addition to physical health, mental attitude, prayer and religion played a part in how healthy a prisoner would stay. He illustrates a few amusing stories from the prison camp. He recounts the day he was freed, going into the village and being fed. On September 23rd, 1945 he was brought aboard a hospital ship. Norquist examines people's reaction to the atomic bombs dropped in Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the bombs available today. He discusses his adjustment back to the United States, still dreaming of prison camp experiences. He attended seminary at Princeton and spent one year studying in Sweden. Norquist belongs to the American Legion, the VFW and two prisoner of war organizations. He wrote a book, Our paradise: a GI's war diary
Oral history interview with Kenneth C. Ossmann by Kenneth C Ossmann( )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Kenneth Ossmann, a Janesville, Wisconsin native, discusses his World War II service with the Air Corps as a pilot with the 16th Bomb Group, 20th Air Force in the Pacific Theater
Oral history interview with Stewart E. Sizemore by Stewart E Sizemore( )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Stewart Sizemore, a Huntington, West Virginia native, discusses his Army service in the 24th Infantry Division during the Korean War
Oral history interview with Lawrence Danielson by Lawrence K Danielson( )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
Lawrence "Larry" Danielson, a La Crosse, Wisconsin native, discusses his Korean War service as a code specialist working with Chinese and Korean languages as part of the 501st Communication Recon Group, 326th Communications Reconnaissance Company. Danielson relates basic and infantry training in Kansas and code school at Fort Devens (Massachusetts). At code school, he touches on learning Morse code and states he had to listen to Morse code while he slept. He details the types of codes used by the Chinese and Koreans. Sent to Korea, Danielson talks about his equipment, monitoring radio traffic, attacks on his detachment, working behind enemy lines, and periodic rest leaves in Japan. He talks about the Korean and Chinese civilian translators working for him in the field and mentions he was not ever allowed to talk about them. He tells of losing a civilian friend because the civilian was driving a brakeless jeep that he hadn't been warned about. Danielson describes the food and mentions getting frostbitten toes. He comments on the secrecy and fear involved with his job. He touches on his work with the National Security Agency in Arlington (Virginia) where he was given tasks "so he would have something to do until I got out." He speaks of his use of the GI Bill, membership in the VFW and American Legion, and career in teaching
 
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controlled identity Wisconsin. Department of Veterans Affairs

Wisconsin. Department of Veterans Affairs. Wisconsin Veterans Museum
Wisconsin. Veterans Museum
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English (36)