WorldCat Identities

Toubal, Farid

Works: 48 works in 124 publications in 3 languages and 396 library holdings
Roles: Author, Creator
Classifications: HB5, 338.9
Publication Timeline
Publications about  Farid Toubal Publications about Farid Toubal
Publications by  Farid Toubal Publications by Farid Toubal
Most widely held works by Farid Toubal
Investissement direct étranger et performances des entreprises rapport by France ( Book )
4 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
La 4e de couverture indique : "Que sait-on de l'impact de la mondialisation sur les entreprises ? À l'heure où ressurgissent les craintes de délocalisation et la tentation protectionniste, Lionel Fontagné et Farid Toubal évaluent l'impact de l'investissement direct étranger sur les performances des entreprises françaises. Comment évoluent l'emploi, le chiffre d'affaires, la valeur ajoutée d'une entreprise française après qu'elle a fait le choix de s'implanter à l'étranger (investissement sortant) ? Quelles sont les cibles privilégiées par les investisseurs étrangers (investissement entrant) ? Ces cibles pâtissent-elles de l'absorption ou, au contraire, gagnent-elles la possibilité de mieux exploiter leurs avantages compétitifs ? Les réponses apportées par les auteurs tendent à rassurer sur les bienfaits de l'internationalisation. Qu'il s'agisse d'une implantation à l'étranger ou d'une acquisition par un groupe étranger, l'internationalisation renforce les performances des entreprises. Ce résultat important est obtenu à partir d'une méthode d'estimation originale mobilisant non pas des données macroéconomiques traditionnelles d'investissement direct, de plus en plus sujettes à caution, mais tout un ensemble de données individuelles d'entreprises (données d'enquêtes, données de douanes...). Ce rapport du Conseil d'analyse économique n'est pas neutre en termes de politique économique et invite finalement à se concentrer davantage sur les entreprises qui souffrent d'un manque d'internationalisation plutôt que sur celles qui prospèrent grâce à une stratégie d'ouverture à l'international."
Determinants of German FDI : new evidence from micro-data by Claudia M Buch ( Book )
4 editions published in 2003 in English and German and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Where enterprises lead, people follow? : links between migration and German FDI by Claudia M Buch ( Book )
7 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Foreign direct investment in Central and Eastern European countries : a dynamic panel analysis by Kai Carstensen ( Book )
5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Openness and Growth: The long shadow of the Berlin Wall by Claudia M Buch ( )
3 editions published in 2007 in English and German and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The distance puzzle : on the interpretation of the distance coefficient in gravity equations by Claudia M Buch ( Book )
6 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
International Sourcing, Product Complexity and Intellectual Property Rights by Alireza Naghavi ( )
5 editions published in 2011 in English and German and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In this paper, we propose the technological complexity of a product and the level of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) protection to be the co-determinants of the mode through which multinational firms purchase their goods. We study the choice between intra-firm trade and outsourcing given heterogeneity at the product- (complexity), firm- (productivity) and country- (IPRs) level. Our findings suggest that the above three dimensions of heterogeneity are crucial for complex goods, where firms face a trade-off between higher marginal costs in the case of trade with an affiliate and higher imitation risks in the case of sourcing from an independent supplier. We test these predictions by combining data from a French firm-level survey on the mode choice for each transaction with a newly developed complexity measure at the product-level. Our fractional logit estimations confirm the proposition that although firms are generally reluctant to source highly complex goods from outside the firm's boundaries, they do so when a strong IPR regime in the host country guarantees the protection of their technology
The spatial and sectoral distribution of multinational activities in Eastern Europe by Farid Toubal ( )
4 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Trade's Impact on the Labor Share: Evidence from German and Italian Regions by Claudia M Buch ( )
3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 21 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Foreign sales strategies of multinational enterprises by Jörn Kleinert ( )
4 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 20 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The business literature has long recognized the importance of multinationals' distribution networks. The empirical analysis of distribution-oriented FDI has, however, received little attention which is at least partly due to the lack of appropriate data. We outline a slightly modified version of Helpman, Melitz, and Yeaple (2004) that explicitly models the possibility for a multinational firm to export through its wholesale trade affiliate in order to analyze multinational firms' choice between foreign production and foreign distribution. The subsequent empirical analysis uses different discrete choice models. We use alternative specifications and report estimation results for several sub-samples of multinational firms. We also consider more complex foreign sales strategies and correct for the sample selection bias that arises because we only observe firms that have foreign affiliates. Our results show that the decision between distribution and production-oriented FDI is based on the trade-off between fixed and variable costs. -- Multinational firms ; Wholesale sales ; Discrete choice
Native language, spoken language, translation and trade by Jacques Melitz ( Book )
7 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 14 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We construct new series for common native language and common spoken language for 195 countries, which we use together with series for common official language and linguistic proximity in order to draw inferences about (1) the aggregate impact of all linguistic factors on bilateral trade, (2) whether the linguistic influences come from ethnicity and trust or ease of communication, and (3) in so far they come from ease of communication, to what extent translation and interpreters play a role. The results show that the impact of linguistic factors, all together, is at least twice as great as the usual dummy variable for common language, resting on official language, would say. In addition, ease of communication is far more important than ethnicity and trust. Further, so far as ease of communication is at work, translation and interpreters are extremely important. Finally, ethnicity and trust come into play largely because of immigrants and their influence is otherwise difficult to detect
Ethnic networks, information, and international trade : revisiting the evidence by Gabriel Felbermayr ( Book )
4 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 13 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Productivity, relationship-specific inputs and the sourcing modes of multinationals by Fabrice Defever ( Book )
4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 12 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We investigate the roles of productivity and the specificity of inputs for the international sourcing strategy of firms which are part of a multinational network. We present a framework in which firms decide to import from a foreign independent supplier or from their related party abroad according to these two dimensions. We use a detailed survey that provides a detailed geographical breakdown of French firms' imports at the product level as well as the sourcing mode used for each transaction. The dataset also provides information to estimate the firms' productivity and their intensity in relationship-specific inputs. After controlling for countries of origin, products and sectors specific effects, the empirical results provide evidence that for the most productive multinationals the likelihood of trading through an independent supplier is higher especially if they use relationship-specific inputs intensively
The few leading the many : foreign affiliates and business cycle comovement by Jörn Kleinert ( Book )
5 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This paper uses micro-data on balance sheets, trade, and the nationality of ownership of firms in France to investigate the effect of foreign multinationals on business cycle comovement. We first show that foreign affiliates, which represent a tiny fraction of all firms, are responsible for a high share of employment, value added, and trade both at the national and at the regional levels. We also show that the distribution of foreign affiliates across French regions differs with the nationality of the parent. We then show that foreign affiliates increase the comovement of activities between their region of location and their country of ownership. We also find that intra-firm trade in intermediate inputs is a significant channel of influence of business cycle comovement. These findings suggest that the international transmission of shocks is partly due to linkages between affiliates and their foreign parents, and that a few multinational companies drive a non-negligible part of business cycle comovement
Import competition and exit in business services sectors by Pamela Bombarda ( Book )
3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Business services firms are increasingly under pressure from foreign competition. We develop an oligopolistic competition model that studies the effect of trade liberalization on exit and sectoral restructuring in the business services sector. We assume that firms are heterogeneous in their marginal costs, allowing the model to predict domestic M&A and exit by closedown, as well as foreign M&A. The model is brought to detailed French firm-level data on exit and M&A in the business services sector. The empirical analysis confirms that due to greater import penetration, French service firms exit by closedown and by M&A. Contrary to previous findings for manufacturing, we show that imports from high-income countries cause the majority of this exit, helping to inform the ongoing debate regarding the dangers of services trade liberalization
Gravity for FDI by Jörn Kleinert ( Book )
6 editions published between 2005 and 2007 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We derive gravity equations from three different general equilibrium models incorporating multinational firms. We show that gravity equations are particularly adapted to the analysis of foreign affiliates' activities of multinational firms. However, the different theoretical models lead to different specifications and interpretations of the empirical results. This is particularly the case considering gravity equations derived from factor proportion models compared to those derived from proximity concentration theories
Foreign language learning: an econometric analysis by Victor Ginsburgh ( Book )
6 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The paper is devoted to an econometric analysis of learning foreign languages in all parts of the world. Our sample covers 193 countries and 13 important languages. Four factors significantly explain learning, two of which affect the broad decision to learn, while two concern as well the choice of the particular language to learn. Literacy generally promotes learning while the world population of speakers of the native language generally discourages it. Trade with speakers of a specific language prompts learning of that specific language while the linguistic distance between the home and the foreign language discourages learning of the specific language. Trade is highly significant and may well deserve more emphasis than the other three key variables (literacy rate, linguistic distance, and world population of native speakers) because its direction can change faster and by a larger order of magnitude. Controlling for individual acquired languages, including English, is of no particular importance
Cultural proximity and trade by Gabriel Felbermayr ( Book )
3 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Cross the border and close the gap? how do migrants enhance trade by Olivier Godart ( Book )
3 editions published in 2005 in English and German and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Cross-border and foreign-affiliate sales of services : evidence from German micro-data ( )
2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
We merge German balance-of-payments and foreign-affiliate-trade statistics to obtain data about trade in commercial services at the firm level. We use these data to study export market participation and the choice of export mode: cross-border versus foreign affiliate sales. We find that for firms in our sample productivity is both a statistically significant and economically important determinant of the export participation and export mode choice. We also identify the role of industry- and country-specific determinants. -- international trade ; trade in services ; supply modes ; commercial presence foreign direct investment ; multinational enterprises ; firm heterogeneity
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
Audience Level
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.50 (from 0.37 for Determinan ... to 0.63 for Where ente ...)
Alternative Names
Toubal, F. 1975-
English (80)
German (4)
French (4)