WorldCat Identities

Bolkcom, Christopher C.

Works: 61 works in 215 publications in 1 language and 1,548 library holdings
Roles: Author
Classifications: JK1108, 363.325170973
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Christopher C Bolkcom
Tactical aircraft modernization issues for Congress by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

28 editions published between 2001 and 2007 in English and held by 284 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report examines the Department of Defense's (DOD's) three largest tactical aircraft modernization programs. The "Background" section provides a brief description of each program and a discussion of how tactical aircraft fit into military air operations: the missions they typically perform and how they contrast to longer-range combat aircraft. The "Analysis: Key Issues to Consider" section examines a number of policy issues, including affordability, capability required, force structure, and defense industrial base. The paper concludes with a synopsis of congressional action on these programs. The Defense Department is procuring the F-22 fighter for the Air Force, the F/A-18E/F fighter/attack plane for the Navy, and the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) aircraft in three variants, some of which might be operational around 2012. Decisions in Congress and the Defense Department regarding these aircraft programs may have important long-term implications. The F/A-18E/F is in full-rate production. The F-22 is nearing the end of its planned production. The JSF might be in production through the 2020s. Decisions about the funding of these programs will influence the future of individual U.S. aircraft manufacturers, and may well affect the division of combat roles and missions among the services for decades. Some in Congress have expressed concern about the need for some of these aircraft programs on grounds of cost and affordability, and military requirements. Some in Congress have also expressed concern over the potential impact of these aircraft programs-ms on the defense industrial base. This report will be updated as events warrant. This report replaces Issue Brief IB92115 of the same title
V-22 osprey tilt-rotor aircraft by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

26 editions published between 2000 and 2009 in English and held by 217 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The V-22 Osprey is a tilt-rotor aircraft that takes off and lands vertically like a helicopter and flies like a plane by tilting its wing-mounted rotors to function as propellers. Begun in FY1982 by the Army and now funded in part by the Air Force, the V-22 has been primarily a Marine Corps program funded by the Navy Department. The aircraft is produced by Bell Helicopter Textron and Boeing Helicopters, with engines produced by Rolls-Royce/Allison. Flight testing and operational evaluation of pre-production V-22s began in early 1997, with procurement of production aircraft approved in April 1997. Congress has supported the V-22 as a new technology with multi-service military applications as well as various civilian uses (if derivatives of this tilt-rotor aircraft are developed for civil aviation) with potential commercial and foreign sales implications. Critics of the V-22 have questioned its affordability and argued that its performance would not justify the cost of procuring this new aircraft in the quantity projected. Also, in light of several accidents, and a reported cover-up, critics argue that the tilt-rotor technology is too risky, while supporters contend that risks are being adequately addressed under a revamped program. This report will be updated
F-22 aircraft program by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

14 editions published between 2000 and 2002 in English and held by 177 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The F-22 Raptor is a next-generation fighter/attack aircraft using the latest stealth technology to reduce detection by radar. Equipped with more advanced engines and avionics than the current F-15 Eagle, the F-22 is expected to maintain U.S. Air Force capabilities against more sophisticated aircraft and missiles in the 21st century."--Page 3
Joint strike fighter (JSF) program background, status, and issues by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

14 editions published between 2000 and 2003 in English and held by 102 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The Defense Department's Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) is one of three aircraft programs at the center of current debate over tactical aviation, the others being the Air Force F/A-22 fighter and the Navy F/A-18E/F fighter/attack plane. In November 1996, the Defense Department selected two major aerospace companies, Boeing and Lockheed Martin, to demonstrate competing designs for the JSF, a joint-service and multi-role fighter/attack plane. On October 26, 2001, the Lockheed Martin team was selected to develop further and to produce a family of conventional take-off and landing (CTOL), carrier-capable (CV), and short take-off vertical landing (STOVL) aircraft for the U.S. Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps and the U.K. Royal Navy as well as other allied services. Originally designated the Joint Advanced Strike Technology (JAST) program, the JSF program is a major issue in Congress because of concerns about its cost and budgetary impact, effects on the defense industrial base, and implications for U.S. national security in the early 21st century."--Page [iii]
Border security (or insecurity)( Book )

2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 90 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Homeland security protecting airliners from terrorist missiles by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

14 editions published between 2003 and 2006 in English and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Recent events have focused attention on the threat that terrorists with shoulder fired surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) pose to commercial airliners. Most believe that no single solution exists to effectively mitigate this threat. Instead, a menu of options may be considered, including installing infrared (IR) countermeasures on aircraft; modifying flight operations and air traffic control procedures; improving airport and regional security; and strengthening missile non-proliferation efforts. Equipping aircraft with missile countermeasure systems can protect the aircraft even when operating in areas where ground-based security measures are unavailable or infeasible to implement. However, this option has a relatively high cost, between $1 million and $3 million per aircraft, and the time needed for implementation does allow for immediate response to the existing terrorist threat. Procedural improvements such as specific flight crew training, altering air traffic procedures to minimize exposure to the threat, and improved security near airports may be less costly than countermeasures and could more immediately help deter domestic terrorist attacks. However, these techniques by themselves cannot completely mitigate the risk of domestic attacks and would not protect U.S. airliners flying to and from foreign airports. On February 5, 2003, Rep. Steve Israel and Sen. Barbara Boxer introduced legislation (H.R. 580, S. 311) calling for the installation of missile defense systems in all turbojet aircraft used in scheduled air carrier service. On March 13, 2003, during a mark-up session of the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, Sen. Boxer offered an amendment to S. 165 that would direct the Secretary of Homeland Security to conduct a 90-day study of the threat and report to Congress on recommendations for protecting airliners against shoulder fired missiles. The committee adopted Sen. Boxer's amendment and ordered S. 165 reported favorably with amendments. On March 20, 2003, the House Aviation Subcommittee held a closed hearing on the matter, after which Subcommittee Chairman John Mica indicated that options for protecting airliners against shoulder launched missiles would be further explored and funding for these initiatives would be pursued. This report will be updated as needed."
Airborne intelligence, surveillance & reconnaissance (ISR) the U-2 aircraft and global hawk UAV programs by Richard A Best( Book )

5 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 60 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Army aviation the RAH-66 Comanche helicopter issue by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

6 editions published between 2000 and 2003 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

China's foreign conventional arms acquisitions background and analysis by Shirley Kan( Book )

4 editions published between 2000 and 2005 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This CRS Report examines the major, foreign conventional weapon systems that China has acquired or has committed to acquire since 1990, with particular attention to implications for U.S. security concerns. It is not the assumption of this report that China's military, the People's Liberation Army (PLA), will engage in conflict with other forces in Asia. Nonetheless, since the mid-1990s, there has been increasing concern about China's assertiveness in Asia and military buildup against Taiwan. Since 1990, China has acquired or sought to acquire select types and modest quantities of modern foreign weapons, primarily from Russia. These include: Mi-17 helicopters, Il-76 transports, Su-27 fighters, S-300 surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems, Kilo submarines, Tor-M1 SAM systems, Sovremenny destroyers (with Sunburn anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs)), A-50 airborne warning and control systems (AWACS) (Israeli Phalcon system canceled in 2000), and Su-30 long-range fighters. The Su-27 and Su-30 represent significant upgrades in fighter aircraft capability over China's indigenous aircraft. The combination of the PLA's imported AA-11 air-to-air missile and highly maneuverable aircraft could prove a vexing air-to-air challenge to modern fighter aircraft of other forces in Asia. The Russian SAMs represent marked improvements in China's ability to target aircraft and missiles that threaten its airspace. Nonetheless, the PLA's ability to employ its modern acquisitions is hampered by factors such as limited inventory, deficient maintenance, inadequate pilot training, outdated air doctrine, rigid command, disparate communications, and lack of supporting capabilities in the near term. China's navy has been primarily a coastal defense force built around ships based largely on older or obsolete Soviet technology. China's two Sovremenny-class ships are considerably more technologically modern, complex, and capable than most other PLA surface combatants
C-17 cargo aircraft program by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Combat aircraft sales to South Asia potential implications by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

5 editions published between 2005 and 2006 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In March 2005, the Bush Administration announced a willingness to resume sales of F-16 combat aircraft to Pakistan. Potential sales to India are also being considered. These potential sales have political, military, and defense industrial base implications for the United States and the South Asia region
Military suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD) assessing future needs by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

6 editions published between 2003 and 2006 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Suppressing enemy air defenses (SEAD) has been a central element of projecting military air power for over 50 years. However, several developments suggest that this mission is of growing importance to the Department of Defense (DOD). Some say that the emergence of new technologies and air defenses will increasingly challenge U.S. SEAD efforts. Making budgetary judgments on SEAD programs and processes requires the assessment of complex factors. This report will be updated
Russian fighter aircraft industrial base parallels with the United States? by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

2 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Military helicopter modernization background and issues for Congress by Christian F. M Liles( Book )

3 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Air Force transformation by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

3 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Many believe that the Department of Defense (DOD) - including the Air Force - must transform itself to ensure future U.S. military dominance. The Air Force has a transformation plan that includes advanced technologies, concept development, and organizational innovation. Issues for Congress include the efficacy of this plan, its feasibility, and the attendant costs. This report will be updated
Homeland security establishment and implementation of Northern Command by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Defense Department's (DoD) establishment of U.S. Northern Command (NORTHCOM) appears to be a significant organizational step toward fighting terrorism at home and protecting U.S. interests abroad. Many issues remain, however, regarding NORTHCOM's implementation. Some issues pertain to NORTHCOM'S relationships with other DoD agencies. Procedures for how NORTHCOM will interact with the Department of Homeland Security and other civilian agencies are being developed. Civil-military issues, and NORTHCOM's liaison with Canada, Mexico, and other neighboring countries, are being developed
Homeland security defending U.S. airspace by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

3 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The September 11th attacks have drawn attention to U.S. air defense, and the 9/11 Commission Report has specifically recommended that Congress regularly assess the ability of Northern Command to defend the United States against military threats. Protecting U.S. airspace may require improvements in detecting aircraft and cruise missiles, making quick operational decisions, and intercepting them. A number of options exist in each of these areas. A variety of issues must be weighed including expediency, cost, and minimizing conflicts with civilian aviation
Cruise missile defense by Ravi R Hichkad( Book )

4 editions published between 2004 and 2005 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Congress has expressed interest in cruise missile defense for years. Cruise missiles (CMs) are essentially unmanned attack aircraft -- vehicles composed of an airframe, propulsion system, guidance system, and weapons payload. They may possess highly complex navigation and targeting systems and thus have the capability to sustain low, terrain-hugging flight paths as well as strike with great accuracy. CMs can be launched from numerous platforms -- air-, land-, or sea-based -- and they can be outfitted with either conventional weapons or weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The Department of Defense is pursuing several initiatives that seek to improve capabilities against an unpredictable cruise missile threat. These initiatives compete for funding and congressional attention
Air Force FB-22 bomber concept by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

3 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Potential military use of airships and aerostats by Christopher C Bolkcom( Book )

3 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Department of Defense (DOD) has a history of using lighter-than-air (LTA) platforms such as airships (blimps) and aerostats (tethered balloons). Aerostats have recently been fielded to protect U.S. troops in the field. Contemporary interest is growing in using airships for numerous missions. This report examines the various concepts being considered and describes the issues for Congress
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Border security (or insecurity)
English (149)