National Academies Press (U.S.)
Most widely held works about National Academies Press (U.S.)
Most widely held works by National Academies Press (U.S.)
Information technology for counterterrorism immediate actions and future possibilities by National Research Council (U.S.) ( Book )
6 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 1,115 libraries worldwide
Nursing staff in hospitals and nursing homes is it adequate ( Book )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1,100 libraries worldwide
Hospitals and nursing homes are responding to changes in the health care system by modifying staffing levels and the mix of nursing personnel. But do these changes endanger the quality of patient care? Do nursing staff suffer increased rates of injury, illness, or stress because of changing workplace demands? These questions are addressed in Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes, a thorough and authoritative look at today's health care system that also takes a long-term view of staffing needs for nursing as the nation moves into the next century. The committee draws fundamental conclusions about the evolving role of nurses in hospitals and nursing homes and presents recommendations about staffing decisions, nursing training, measurement of quality, reimbursement, and other areas. The volume also discusses work-related injuries, violence toward and abuse of nursing staffs, and stress among nursing personnel--and examines whether these problems are related to staffing levels. Included is a readable overview of the underlying trends in health care that have given rise to urgent questions about nurse staffing: population changes, budget pressures, and the introduction of new technologies. Nursing Staff in Hospitals and Nursing Homes provides a straightforward examination of complex and sensitive issues surround the role and value of nursing on our health care system.
Pathological gambling a critical review ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1,029 libraries worldwide
As states have moved from merely tolerating gambling to running their own games, as communities have increasingly turned to gambling for an economic boost, important questions arise. Has the new age of gambling increased the proportion of pathological or problem gamblers in the U.S. population? Where is the threshold between "social betting" and pathology? Is there a real threat to our families, communities, and the larger society? Pathological Gambling explores America's experience of gambling, examining: The diverse and frequently controversial issues surrounding the definition of pathological gambling; Its co-occurrence with disorders such as alcoholism, drug abuse, and depression; Its social characteristics and economic consequences, both good and bad, for communities; The role of video gaming, Internet gambling, and other technologies in the development of gambling problems; and, Treatment approaches and their effectiveness, from Gambler's Anonymous to cognitive therapy to pharmacology. This book provides the most up-to-date information available on the prevalence of pathological and problem gambling in the United States, including a look at populations that may have a particular vulnerability to gambling: women, adolescents, and minority populations. Its describes the effects of problem gambling on families, friendships, employment, finances, and propensity to crime. How do pathological gamblers perceive and misperceive randomness and chance? What are the causal pathways to pathological gambling? What do genetics, brain imaging, and other studies tell us about the biology of gambling? Is there a bit of sensation-seeking in all of us? Who needs treatment? What do we know about the effectiveness of different policies for dealing with pathological gambling? The book reviews the available facts and frames the intriguing questions yet to be answered. Pathological Gambling will be the odds-on favorite for anyone interested in gambling in America: policymakers, public officials, economics and social researchers, treatment professionals, and concerned gamblers and their families.
Guidelines for the care and use of mammals in neuroscience and behavioral research ( Book )
10 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 1,005 libraries worldwide
Monoclonal antibody production ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 931 libraries worldwide
Risk assessment of radon in drinking water ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 905 libraries worldwide
New strategies for new challenges corporate innovation in the United States and Japan : report of a joint task force of the National Research Council and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science by National Research Council (U.S.) ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 901 libraries worldwide
Nuclear physics the core of matter, the fuel of stars ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 898 libraries worldwide
Dramatic progress has been made in all branches of physics since the National Research Council's 1986 decadal survey of the field. The Physics in a New Era series explores these advances and looks ahead to future goals. The series includes assessments of the major subfields and reports on several smaller subfields, and preparation has begun on an overview volume on the unity of physics, its relationships to other fields, and its contributions to national needs. Nuclear Physics is the latest volume of the series. The book describes current activity in understanding nuclear structure and symmetries, the behavior of matter at extreme densities, the role of nuclear physics in astrophysics and cosmology, and the instrumentation and facilities used by the field. It makes recommendations on the resources needed for experimental and theoretical advances in the coming decade.
The owner's role in project risk management by National Research Council (U.S.) ( Book )
3 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 871 libraries worldwide
Biotechnology research in an age of terrorism by National Research Council (U.S.) ( Book )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 869 libraries worldwide
A science strategy for the exploration of Europa by National Research Council (U.S.) ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 865 libraries worldwide
Nature's numbers expanding the national economic accounts to include the environment ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 859 libraries worldwide
In order to really see the forest, what's the best way to count the trees? Understanding how the economy interacts with the environment has important implications for policy, regulatory, and business decisions. How should our national economic accounts recognize the increasing interest in and importance of the environment? Nature's Numbers responds to concerns about how the United States should make these measurements. The book recommends how to incorporate environmental and other non-market measures into the nation's income and product accounts. The panel explores alternative approaches to environmental accounting, including those used in other countries, and addresses thorny issues such as how to measure the stocks of natural resources and how to value non-market activities and assets. Specific applications to subsoil minerals, forests, and clean air show how the general principles can be applied. The analysis and insights provided in this book will be of interest to economists, policymakers, environmental advocates, economics faculty, businesses based on natural resources, and managers concerned with the role of the environment in our economic affairs.
Myths and tradeoffs the role of tests in undergraduate admissions by National Research Council (U.S.) ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 845 libraries worldwide
Measuring the quality of health care ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 842 libraries worldwide
Securing America's industrial strength ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 838 libraries worldwide
This volume presents the conclusions of the National Research Council s Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy from industry studies published under the title, U.S. Industry in 2000: Studies in Competitive Performance, and other work on U.S. industrial performance. It reviews patterns of corporate strategy and industry restructuring and considers the role of the national monetary and fiscal policies as well as trade, regulatory, and intellectual property policies. The report presents new statistical evidence of trends in public and private R & D expenditures and outlines a policy agenda for the next decade.
Military strategies for sustainment of nutrition and immune function in the field ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 829 libraries worldwide
Every aspect of immune function and host defense is dependent upon a proper supply and balance of nutrients. Severe malnutrition can cause significant alteration in immune response, but even subclinical deficits may be associated with an impaired immune response, and an increased risk of infection. Infectious diseases have accounted for more off-duty days during major wars than combat wounds or nonbattle injuries. Combined stressors may reduce the normal ability of soldiers to resist pathogens, increase their susceptibility to biological warfare agents, and reduce the effectiveness of vaccines intended to protect them. There is also a concern with the inappropriate use of dietary supplements. This book, one of a series, examines the impact of various types of stressors and the role of specific dietary nutrients in maintaining immune function of military personnel in the field. It reviews the impact of compromised nutrition status on immune function; the interaction of health, exercise, and stress (both physical and psychological) in immune function; and the role of nutritional supplements and newer biotechnology methods reported to enhance immune function. The first part of the book contains the committee's workshop summary and evaluation of ongoing research by Army scientists on immune status in special forces troops, responses to the Army's questions, conclusions, and recommendations. The rest of the book contains papers contributed by workshop speakers, grouped under such broad topics as an introduction to what is known about immune function, the assessment of immune function, the effect of nutrition, and the relation between the many and varied stresses encountered by military personnel and their effect on health.
Realizing the potential of C4I fundamental challenges by National Research Council (U.S.) ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 827 libraries worldwide
Rapid progress in information and communications technologies is dramatically enhancing the strategic role of information, positioning effective exploitation of these technology advances as a critical success factor in military affairs. These technology advances are drivers and enablers for the "nervous system" of the military its command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence (C4I) systems to more effectively use the "muscle" side of the military. Authored by a committee of experts drawn equally from the military and commercial sectors, Realizing the Potential of C4I identifies three major areas as fundamental challenges to the full Department of Defense (DOD) exploitation of C4I technology information systems security, interoperability, and various aspects of DOD process and culture. The book details principles by which to assess DOD efforts in these areas over the long term and provides specific, more immediately actionable recommendations. Although DOD is the focus of this book, the principles and issues presented are also relevant to interoperability, architecture, and security challenges faced by government as a whole and by large, complex public and private enterprises across the economy.
The role of protein and amino acids in sustaining and enhancing performance ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 821 libraries worldwide
It is a commonly held belief that athletes, particularly body builders, have greater requirements for dietary protein than sedentary individuals. However, the evidence in support of this contention is controversial. This book is the latest in a series of publications designed to inform both civilian and military scientists and personnel about issues related to nutrition and military service. Among the many other stressors they experience, soldiers face unique nutritional demands during combat. Of particular concern is the role that dietary protein might play in controlling muscle mass and strength, response to injury and infection, and cognitive performance. The first part of the book contains the committee's summary of the workshop, responses to the Army's questions, conclusions, and recommendations. The remainder of the book contains papers contributed by speakers at the workshop on such topics as, the effects of aging and hormones on regulation of muscle mass and function, alterations in protein metabolism due to the stress of injury or infection, the role of individual amino acids, the components of proteins, as neurotransmitters, hormones, and modulators of various physiological processes, and the efficacy and safety considerations associated with dietary supplements aimed at enhancing performance.
Research on power-frequency fields completed under the Energy Policy Act of 1992 ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 816 libraries worldwide
Science for decisionmaking coastal and marine geology at the U.S. Geological Survey ( Book )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 816 libraries worldwide
Biotechnology Bioterrorism--Prevention Chemical agents (Munitions) Chemical weapons disposal Climatic changes Coastal zone management Compulsive gambling Computer networks--Security measures Computer security Conference proceedings Drinking water--Contamination Educational tests and measurements Electronic books Emergency management Geological Survey (U.S.) Health risk assessment History Hospital care Information technology Laboratory animals Mathematics--Study and teaching--Evaluation Medical care--Quality control Medical policy Medicine--Research Mice as laboratory animals Military supplies Nurses' aides--Supply and demand Nurses--Supply and demand Nursing home care Nutrition Nutrition policy Public health Radiation--Safety measures Research, Industrial Risk assessment Risk management Rules Science and state Science--Study and teaching--Evaluation Soldiers--Nutrition Sustainable development Technological innovations Telecommunication systems Terrorism--Prevention United States United States.--Army United States.--National Aeronautics and Space Administration United States.--Navy Watershed management Weather forecasting
National Academies (Spojené státy americké). Press
National Academies (U.S.). Press