WorldCat Identities

National Academies Press (U.S.)

Works: 841 works in 1,245 publications in 1 language and 36,254 library holdings
Genres: Popular works  Conference proceedings  Bibliography 
Roles: Other, Publisher
Classifications: TP248.15, 660.6
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about National Academies Press (U.S.)
Most widely held works by National Academies Press (U.S.)
Biotechnology unzipped : promises & realities by Eric S Grace( Book )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 584 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Toward an integrated science of research on families : workshop report( Book )

3 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 578 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Demographic changes, immigration, economic upheavals, and changing societal mores are creating new and altered structures, processes, and relationships in American families today. As families undergo rapid change, family science is at the brink of a new and exciting integration across methods, disciplines, and epistemological perspectives. The purpose of The Science of Research on Families: A Workshop, held in Washington, DC, on July 13-14, 2010, was to examine the broad array of methodologies used to understand the impact of families on children's health and development. It sought to explore individual disciplinary contributions and the ways in which different methodologies and disciplinary perspectives could be combined in the study of families. Toward an Integrated Science of Research on Families documents the information presented in the workshop presentations and discussions. The report explores the idea of family research as being both basic and applied, offering opportunities for learning as well as intervention. It discusses research as being most useful when organized around particular problems, such as obesity or injury prevention. Toward an Integrated Science of Research on Families offers a problem-oriented approach that can guide a broad-based research program that extends across funders, institutions, and scientific disciplines."--Publisher's description
Overcoming challenges to develop countermeasures against aerosolized bioterrorism agents : appropriate use of animal models( Book )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 553 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) gives the highest priority to developing countermeasures against bioterrorism agents that are highly infective when dispersed in aerosol form. Developing drugs to prevent or treat illnesses caused by bioterrorism agents requires testing their effectiveness in animals since human clinical trials would be unethical. At the request of NIAID, the National Academies conducted a study to examine how such testing could be improved. Overcoming Challenges to Develop Countermeasures Against Aerosolized Bioterrorism Agents provides recommendations to researchers on selecting the kinds of animal models, aerosol generators, and bioterrorism agent doses that would produce conditions that most closely mimic the disease process in humans. It also urges researchers to fully document experimental parameters in the literature so that studies can be reproduced and compared. The book recommends that all unclassified data on bioterrorism agent studies -- including unclassified, unpublished data from U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) -- be published in the open literature. The book also calls on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to improve the process by which bioterrorism countermeasures are approved based on the results of animal studies
Conducting biosocial surveys : collecting, storing, accessing, and protecting biospecimens and biodata by National Research Council (U.S.)( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Recent years have seen a growing tendency for social scientists to collect biological specimens such as blood, urine, and saliva as part of large-scale household surveys. By combining biological and social data, scientists are opening up new fields of inquiry and are able for the first time to address many new questions and connections. But including biospecimens in social surveys also adds a great deal of complexity and cost to the investigator's task. Along with the usual concerns about informed consent, privacy issues, and the best ways to collect, store, and share data, researchers now face a variety of issues that are much less familiar or that appear in a new light. In particular, collecting and storing human biological materials for use in social science research raises additional legal, ethical, and social issues, as well as practical issues related to the storage, retrieval, and sharing of data. For example, acquiring biological data and linking them to social science databases requires a more complex informed consent process, the development of a biorepository, the establishment of data sharing policies, and the creation of a process for deciding how the data are going to be shared and used for secondary analysis--all of which add cost to a survey and require additional time and attention from the investigators. These issues also are likely to be unfamiliar to social scientists who have not worked with biological specimens in the past. Adding to the attraction of collecting biospecimens but also to the complexity of sharing and protecting the data is the fact that this is an era of incredibly rapid gains in our understanding of complex biological and physiological phenomena. Thus the tradeoffs between the risks and opportunities of expanding access to research data are constantly changing. Conducting Biosocial Surveys offers findings and recommendations concerning the best approaches to the collection, storage, use, and sharing of biospecimens gathered in social science surveys and the digital representations of biological data derived therefrom. It is aimed at researchers interested in carrying out such surveys, their institutions, and their funding agencies."--Society website
HIV screening and access to care : exploring barriers and facilitators to expand HIV testing by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 112 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"More than 200,000 people in the United States living with HIV/AIDS do not know they are infected. The Institute of Medicine's Committee on HIV Screening and Access to Care held a workshop and reviewed literature to explore barriers and facilitators to more widespread HIV testing. This book contains the committee's conclusions."--Publisher's description
Future U.S. workforce for Geospatial Intelligence( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 74 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We live in a changing world with multiple and evolving threats to national security, including terrorism, asymmetrical warfare (conflicts between agents with different military powers or tactics), and social unrest. Visually depicting and assessing these threats using imagery and other geographically-referenced information is the mission of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA). As the nature of the threat evolves, so do the tools, knowledge, and skills needed to respond. The challenge for NGA is to maintain a workforce that can deal with evolving threats to national security, ongoing scientific and technological advances, and changing skills and expectations of workers. Future U.S. Workforce for Geospatial Intelligence assesses the supply of expertise in 10 geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) fields, including 5 traditional areas (geodesy and geophysics, photogrammetry, remote sensing, cartographic science, and geographic information systems and geospatial analysis) and 5 emerging areas that could improve geospatial intelligence (GEOINT fusion, crowdsourcing, human geography, visual analytics, and forecasting). The report also identifies gaps in expertise relative to NGA's needs and suggests ways to ensure an adequate supply of geospatial intelligence expertise over the next 20 years
Informing the future : critical issues in health by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

5 editions published between 2005 and 2011 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Institute of Medicine : advising the nation, improving health -- Charting a course for the future of health care -- Meeting the unique health needs of women and children -- Improving the nation's health care system -- Stretching across international borders -- Eating right: keeping America healthy -- Managing threats and ensuring healthy communities: health of the public -- Taking care of those who take care of us : military and veterans -- Advancing knowledge and shaping a research agenda -- Convening and collaborating: forums and roundtables -- Producing tomorrow's health leaders : fellowships at the Institute of Medicine -- Forums and roundtables: -- Recent and upcoming reports
Overcoming barriers to electric-vehicle deployment : interim report by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Career choices of female engineers : a summary of a workshop by Sara Frueh( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Despite decades of government, university, and employer efforts to close the gender gap in engineering, women make up only 11 percent of practicing engineers in the United States. What factors influence women graduates' decisions to enter the engineering workforce and either to stay in or leave the field as their careers progress? Researchers are both tapping existing data and fielding new surveys to help answer these questions. On April 24, 2013, the National Research Council Committee on Women in Science, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop to explore emerging research and to discuss career pathways and outcomes for women who have received bachelor's degrees in engineering. Participants included academic researchers and representatives from the Department of Labor, National Science Foundation, and Census Bureau, as well as several engineering professional societies. Career Choices of Female Engineers summarizes the presentations and discussions of the workshop."--Publisher's description
Gulf War and health by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Construction research at NIOSH : reviews of research programs of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducts construction-relevant research activities. From 1996 through 2005, the program focused on four research goals: 1. reducing traumatic injuries and fatalities; 2. reducing exposure to health hazards; 3. reducing major risks associated with musculoskeletal disorders; 4. increasing the understanding of construction industry attributes and factors for improving health and safety outcomes.In this book, the National Research Council evaluates the relevance and impact of the NIOSH Construction Research Program in terms of its research priorities and its connection to improvements in the protection of workers in the workplace. It also assesses the program' s identification and targeting of new research areas, to identify emerging research issues, and to provide advice on ways that the program might be strengthened. The book finds that the efforts of the Construction Research Program have made meaningful contributions to improving construction worker safety and health, and provides overreaching and specific recommendations for continuing progress. While NIOSH cannot set and enforce research-based standards on its own, the program can be expected to help reduce construction workplace fatalities, injuries, and illnesses through its research, its research dissemination, and transfer into practice
Frontiers of engineering : reports on leading-edge engineering from the 2012 symposium by Symposium on Frontiers of Engineering( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Preventing violence against women and children : workshop summary by Deepali Patel( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Violence against women and children is a serious public health concern, with costs at multiple levels of society. Although violence is a threat to everyone, women and children are particularly susceptible to victimization because they often have fewer rights or lack appropriate means of protection. In some societies certain types of violence are deemed socially or legally acceptable, thereby contributing further to the risk to women and children. In the past decade research has documented the growing magnitude of such violence, but gaps in the data still remain. Victims of violence of any type fear stigmatization or societal condemnation and thus often hesitate to report crimes. The issue is compounded by the fact that for women and children the perpetrators are often people they know and because some countries lack laws or regulations protecting victims. Some of the data that have been collected suggest that rates of violence against women range from 15 to 71 percent in some countries and that rates of violence against children top 80 percent. These data demonstrate that violence poses a high burden on global health and that violence against women and children is common and universal. Preventing Violence Against Women and Children focuses on these elements of the cycle as they relate to interrupting this transmission of violence. Intervention strategies include preventing violence before it starts as well as preventing recurrence, preventing adverse effects (such as trauma or the consequences of trauma), and preventing the spread of violence to the next generation or social level. Successful strategies consider the context of the violence, such as family, school, community, national, or regional settings, in order to determine the best programs
Gulf War and health by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Future directions for NSF advanced computing infrastructure to support U.S. science and engineering in 2017-2020 : interim report by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Advanced computing capabilities are used to tackle a rapidly growing range of challenging science and engineering problems, many of which are compute- and data-intensive as well. Demand for advanced computing has been growing for all types and capabilities of systems, from large numbers of single commodity nodes to jobs requiring thousands of cores; for systems with fast interconnects; for systems with excellent data handling and management; and for an increasingly diverse set of applications that includes data analytics as well as modeling and simulation. Since the advent of its supercomputing centers, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has provided its researchers with state-of-the-art computing systems. The growth of new models of computing, including cloud computing and publically available by privately held data repositories, opens up new possibilities for NSF. In order to better understand the expanding and diverse requirements of the science and engineering community and the importance of a new broader range of advanced computing infrastructure, the NSF requested that the National Research Council carry out a study examining anticipated priorities and associated tradeoffs for advanced computing. This interim report identifies key issues and discusses potential options. Future Directions for NSF Advanced Computing Infrastructure to Support U.S. Science and Engineering in 2017-2020 examines priorities and associated tradeoffs for advanced computing in support of NSF-sponsored science and engineering research. This report is an initial compilation of issues to be considered as future NSF strategy, budgets, and programs for advanced computing are developed. Included in the report are questions on which the authoring committee invites comment. We invite your feedback on this report, and more generally, your comments on the future of advanced computing at NSF." --
Spacecraft water exposure guidelines for selected contaminants Volume 3 by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

New directions in the sociology of aging by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The aging of the population of the United States is occurring at a time of major economic and social changes. These economic changes include consideration of increases in the age of eligibility for Social Security and Medicare and possible changes in benefit levels. Furthermore, changes in the social context in which older individuals and families function may well affect the nature of key social relationships and institutions that define the environment for older persons. Sociology offers a knowledge base, a number of useful analytic approaches and tools, and unique theoretical perspectives that can facilitate understanding of these demographic, economic, and social changes and, to the extent possible, their causes, consequences and implications. New Directions in the Sociology of Aging evaluates the recent contributions of social demography, social epidemiology and sociology to the study of aging and identifies promising new research directions in these sub-fields. Included in this study are nine papers prepared by experts in sociology, demography, social genomics, public health, and other fields, that highlight the broad array of tools and perspectives that can provide the basis for further advancing the understanding of aging processes in ways that can inform policy. This report discusses the role of sociology in what is a wide-ranging and diverse field of study; a proposed three-dimensional conceptual model for studying social processes in aging over the life cycle; a review of existing databases, data needs and opportunities, primarily in the area of measurement of interhousehold and intergenerational transmission of resources, biomarkers and biosocial interactions; and a summary of roadblocks and bridges to transdisciplinary research that will affect the future directions of the field of sociology of aging
A framework to guide selection of chemical alternatives by Committee On The Design And Evaluation Of Safer Chemical Substitutions( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Historically, regulations governing chemical use have often focused on widely used chemicals and acute human health effects of exposure to them, as well as their potential to cause cancer and other adverse health effects. As scientific knowledge has expanded there has been an increased awareness of the mechanisms through which chemicals may exert harmful effects on human health, as well as their effects on other species and ecosystems. Identification of high-priority chemicals and other chemicals of concern has prompted a growing number of state and local governments, as well as major companies, to take steps beyond existing hazardous chemical federal legislation. Interest in approaches and policies that ensure that any new substances substituted for chemicals of concern are assessed as carefully and thoroughly as possible has also burgeoned. The overarching goal of these approaches is to avoid regrettable substitutions, which occur when a toxic chemical is replaced by another chemical that later proved unsuitable because of persistence, bioaccumulation, toxicity, or other concerns. Chemical alternative assessments are tools designed to facilitate consideration of these factors to assist stakeholders in identifying chemicals that may have the greatest likelihood of harm to human and ecological health, and to provide guidance on how the industry may develop and adopt safer alternatives. A Framework to Guide Selection of Chemical Alternatives develops and demonstrates a decision framework for evaluating potentially safer substitute chemicals as primarily determined by human health and ecological risks. This new framework is informed by previous efforts by regulatory agencies, academic institutions, and others to develop alternative assessment frameworks that could be operationalized. In addition to hazard assessments, the framework incorporates steps for life-cycle thinking - which considers possible impacts of a chemical at all stages including production, use, and disposal - as well as steps for performance and economic assessments. The report also highlights how modern information sources such as computational modeling can supplement traditional toxicology data in the assessment process. This new framework allows the evaluation of the full range of benefits and shortcomings of substitutes, and examination of tradeoffs between these risks and factors such as product functionality, product efficacy, process safety, and resource use. Through case studies, this report demonstrates how different users in contrasting decision contexts with diverse priorities can apply the framework. This report will be an essential resource to the chemical industry, environmentalists, ecologists, and state and local governments
Preparing the next generation of earth scientists : an examination of federal education and training programs by National Research Council (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Earth science (defined here as excluding oceanic, atmospheric, and space science) plays a key role in the well-being of our nation, and many issues in its purview -including hydrocarbon, mineral, and water resources; the environment; and geological hazards such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions- are expected to grow in importance. Addressing these issues requires an earth science worforce that draws on the talents of all citizens, including women and minorities historically underrepresented in earth science."--Page 1
Integrating large-scale genomic information into clinical practice : workshop summary by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

[T]he workshop committee decided to focus on several key topics, including the analysis, interpretation, and delivery of genomic information to health care providers plus workforce, ethical, and legal issues. This workshop report summarizes the speakers' presentations and the discussions that followed them. It begins by providing an overview of the current state of the field of genomic medicine, of how approaches to basic and clinical research are changing, and of areas in which steps can be taken immediately to build the necessary infrastructure (Chapter 2). The next two chapters describe the discussions that took place concerning the analysis and interpretation of genomic data (Chapters 3 and 4), while the following three chapters examine practical issues: the delivery of genomic information (Chapter 5), ethical and legal issues (Chapter 6), and developing the necessary workforce skills and knowledge (Chapter 7). The last chapter describes panel discussions on how to maintain curated databases, the role of the field in public health, and how each stakeholder could be involved in helping address the current challenges (Chapter 8). The main objective of this workshop was to start a discussion of what needs to be done to prepare the necessary infrastructure and to address the various challenges so that patients will be able to benefit from genomics-based research
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Biotechnology unzipped : promises & realities
Alternative Names

controlled identityNational Academy Press (U.S.)


National Academies (Spojen stty americk). Press

National Academies (U.S.). Press

United States National Academies Press.

English (33)

Toward an integrated science of research on families : workshop reportOvercoming challenges to develop countermeasures against aerosolized bioterrorism agents : appropriate use of animal modelsConducting biosocial surveys : collecting, storing, accessing, and protecting biospecimens and biodataHIV screening and access to care : exploring barriers and facilitators to expand HIV testing