WorldCat Identities

National Academies Press (U.S.)

Works: 860 works in 1,292 publications in 1 language and 42,326 library holdings
Genres: Conference proceedings  Popular works  History  Abstracts 
Roles: Other, Publisher
Classifications: TP248.2, 660.6
Publication Timeline
Publications about National Academies Press (U.S.) Publications about National Academies Press (U.S.)
Publications by National Academies Press (U.S.) Publications by National Academies Press (U.S.)
Most widely held works about National Academies Press (U.S.)
Most widely held works by National Academies Press (U.S.)
50 years of ocean discovery : National Science Foundation 1950--2000 by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 1,551 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This book describes the development of ocean sciences over the past 50 years, highlighting the contributions of the National Science Foundation (NSF) to the field's progress. Many of the individuals who participated in the exciting discoveries in biological oceanography, chemical oceanography, physical oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics describe in the book how the discoveries were made possible by combinations of insightful individuals, new technology, and in some cases, serendipity. In addition to describing the advance of ocean science, the book examines the institutional structures and technology that made the advances possible and presents visions of the field's future. This book is the first-ever documentation of the history of NSF's Division of Ocean Sciences, how the structure of the division evolved to its present form, and the individuals who have been responsible for ocean sciences at NSF as "rotators" and career staff over the past 50 years
Health and medicine challenges for the chemical sciences in the 21st century by Workshop on Health and Medicine ( )
1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 1,447 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century Workshop on Health and Medicine was held on December 2-4, 2002, at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center in Irvine, California. The goal of the workshop was to identify and discuss new tools and approaches, new methods in synthesis and development, new directions in manufacturing and delivery, and major accomplishments and challenges in the chemical sciences relating to health and medicine
Animal care and management at the National Zoo : interim report by Committee on the Review of the Smithsonian Institution's National Zoological Park ( )
1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 1,307 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This interim report assesses issues related to animal management, husbandry, health, and care at the Smithsonian Institution's National Zoological Park. The report finds that there are shortcomings in care and management that are threatening the well-being of the animal collection and identifies the "most pressing" issues that should be addressed
Review of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's smallpox vaccination program implementation, letter report # 2 ( )
1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 1,307 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In this report, the committee addresses several important issues: the vaccination program's need for evaluation (including program safety) and clearly defined objectives; a needed emphasis on defining preparedness against smallpox attack; CDC's communications plans; CDC's training and education efforts; the systems for monitoring the safety of the vaccine; the need for a compensation program; and matters of resource allocation
Conducting biosocial surveys collecting, storing, accessing, and protecting biospecimens and biodata by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 1,115 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Recent years have seen a growing tendency for social scientists to collect biological specimens such as blood, urine, and saliva as part of large-scale household surveys. By combining biological and social data, scientists are opening up new fields of inquiry and are able for the first time to address many new questions and connections. But including biospecimens in social surveys also adds a great deal of complexity and cost to the investigator's task. Along with the usual concerns about informed consent, privacy issues, and the best ways to collect, store, and share data, researchers now face a variety of issues that are much less familiar or that appear in a new light. In particular, collecting and storing human biological materials for use in social science research raises additional legal, ethical, and social issues, as well as practical issues related to the storage, retrieval, and sharing of data. For example, acquiring biological data and linking them to social science databases requires a more complex informed consent process, the development of a biorepository, the establishment of data sharing policies, and the creation of a process for deciding how the data are going to be shared and used for secondary analysis--all of which add cost to a survey and require additional time and attention from the investigators. These issues also are likely to be unfamiliar to social scientists who have not worked with biological specimens in the past. Adding to the attraction of collecting biospecimens but also to the complexity of sharing and protecting the data is the fact that this is an era of incredibly rapid gains in our understanding of complex biological and physiological phenomena. Thus the tradeoffs between the risks and opportunities of expanding access to research data are constantly changing. Conducting Biosocial Surveys offers findings and recommendations concerning the best approaches to the collection, storage, use, and sharing of biospecimens gathered in social science surveys and the digital representations of biological data derived therefrom. It is aimed at researchers interested in carrying out such surveys, their institutions, and their funding agencies."--Society website
Integrating research and education : biocomplexity investigators explore the possibilities : summary of a workshop by Bridget K. B Avila ( )
1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 1,101 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The National Science Foundation (NSF) proposed a National Research Council workshop as a way to help researchers to incorporate effective educational components into their research proposals. The goals were to help principal investigators to design educational endeavors that would broaden the impact of science and to foster collaboration and communication among researchers and educators. The scientific theme of the workshop was biocomplexity. NSF defines biocomplexity as referring to "the dynamic web of often surprising interrelationships that arise when components of the global ecosystem -- biological, physical, chemical, and the human dimension -- interact. Investigations of Biocomplexity in the Environment are intended to provide a more complete understanding of natural processes, of human behaviors and decisions in the natural world, and of ways to use new technology effectively to observe the environment and sustain the diversity of life on Earth"
Managing health effects of beryllium exposure ( )
3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 1,052 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Beryllium is a lightweight metal that is used for its exceptional strength and high heat-absorbing capability. Beryllium and its alloys can be found in many important technologies in the defense and aeronautics industries, such as nuclear devices, satellite systems, radar systems, and aircraft bushings and bearings. Pulmonary disease associated with exposure to beryllium has been recognized and studied since the early 1940s, and an occupational guideline for limiting exposure to beryllium has been in place since 1949. Over the last few decades, much has been learned about chronic beryllium disease and factors that contribute to its occurrence in exposed people.Despite reduced workplace exposure, chronic beryllium disease continues to occur. Those developments have led to debates about the adequacy of the long-standing occupational exposure limit for protecting worker health. This book, requested by the U.S. Air Force to help to determine the steps necessary to protect its workforce from the effects of beryllium used in military aerospace applications, reviews the scientific literature on beryllium and outlines an exposure and disease management program for its protecting workers
Construction research at NIOSH : reviews of research programs of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health ( )
1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 978 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducts construction-relevant research activities. From 1996 through 2005, the program focused on four research goals: 1. reducing traumatic injuries and fatalities; 2. reducing exposure to health hazards; 3. reducing major risks associated with musculoskeletal disorders; 4. increasing the understanding of construction industry attributes and factors for improving health and safety outcomes.In this book, the National Research Council evaluates the relevance and impact of the NIOSH Construction Research Program in terms of its research priorities and its connection to improvements in the protection of workers in the workplace. It also assesses the program' s identification and targeting of new research areas, to identify emerging research issues, and to provide advice on ways that the program might be strengthened. The book finds that the efforts of the Construction Research Program have made meaningful contributions to improving construction worker safety and health, and provides overreaching and specific recommendations for continuing progress. While NIOSH cannot set and enforce research-based standards on its own, the program can be expected to help reduce construction workplace fatalities, injuries, and illnesses through its research, its research dissemination, and transfer into practice
Preventing violence against women and children : workshop summary by Deepali Patel ( )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 974 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Violence against women and children is a serious public health concern, with costs at multiple levels of society. Although violence is a threat to everyone, women and children are particularly susceptible to victimization because they often have fewer rights or lack appropriate means of protection. In some societies certain types of violence are deemed socially or legally acceptable, thereby contributing further to the risk to women and children. In the past decade research has documented the growing magnitude of such violence, but gaps in the data still remain. Victims of violence of any type fear stigmatization or societal condemnation and thus often hesitate to report crimes. The issue is compounded by the fact that for women and children the perpetrators are often people they know and because some countries lack laws or regulations protecting victims. Some of the data that have been collected suggest that rates of violence against women range from 15 to 71 percent in some countries and that rates of violence against children top 80 percent. These data demonstrate that violence poses a high burden on global health and that violence against women and children is common and universal. Preventing Violence Against Women and Children focuses on these elements of the cycle as they relate to interrupting this transmission of violence. Intervention strategies include preventing violence before it starts as well as preventing recurrence, preventing adverse effects (such as trauma or the consequences of trauma), and preventing the spread of violence to the next generation or social level. Successful strategies consider the context of the violence, such as family, school, community, national, or regional settings, in order to determine the best programs
The U.S. commitment to global health : recommendations for the public and private sectors by Institute of Medicine (U.S.) ( Book )
3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 831 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
1 -- 1 Introduction 17 -- Defining Global Health and the Scope of This Report 18 -- Building on Prior Success and New Commitments to Strengthen Global Health Achievements 24 -- Future Commitments to Global Health 32 -- References 33 -- 2 Scale Up Existing Interventions To Achieve Significant Health Gains 39 -- Achieve the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 39 -- Prepare for Emerging Global Challenges of the Twenty-First Century 52 -- Address Neglected Health Systems 62 -- References 68 -- 3 Generate and Share Knowledge To Address Health Problems Endemic To The Global Poor 79 -- Generate Knowledge to Benefit the Global Poor 79 -- Share Knowledge That Enables Local Problem Solvers 94 -- References 101 -- 4 Invest in People, Institutions, and Capacity Building With Global Partners 107 -- Long-Term Institutional Capacity Building 107 -- Rectify the Health Workforce Crisis 117 -- References 126 -- 5 Increase U.S. Financial Commitments To Global Health 131 -- Finance the Global Health Funding Gap 131 -- Address the Global Health Research Funding Gap 144 -- References 149 -- 6 Set The Example of Engaging In Respectful Partnerships 153 -- Global Health Governance 153 -- Global Partnership 155 -- Local Partnership 160 -- References 166 -- 7 Call To Action 169 -- A Prominent Role for Health in U.S. Foreign Policy 169 -- Increase Coordination and Coherence Within the U.S. Government 173 -- Call for Summit to Highlight U.S. Commitment to Global Health 179 -- References 180
Gulf War and health by Institute of Medicine (U.S.) ( )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 824 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Gulf War and health by Institute of Medicine (U.S.) ( )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 824 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Preparing for the future of HIV/AIDS in Africa : a shared responsibility by Institute of Medicine (U.S.) ( )
3 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 814 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
HIV/AIDS is a catastrophe globally but nowhere more so than in sub-Saharan Africa, which in 2008 accounted for 67 percent of cases worldwide and 91 percent of new infections. The Institute of Medicine recommends that the United States and African nations move toward a strategy of shared responsibility such that these nations are empowered to take ownership of their HIV/AIDS problem and work to solve it
Finding the path : issues of access to research resources : summary of a conference held at the National Academy of Sciences, January 27-28, 1999 by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 796 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council held a meeting, "Finding the Path: Issues of Access to Research Resources", on January 27-28, 1999. As conference chair David Galas described it, the meeting was intended 'not to come to any sort of consensus or do an in-depth analysis of these issues, but rather to get the range of issues, as they exist today, on the table, to try to focus some of these issues, gather the opinion of the speakers, and be informed by the speakers about them, and then attempt to sharpen the focus by our discussion and, where it's possible, to interrelate the issues.' This summary of the conference has been divided into three chapters on material transfer agreements, on patents, and on data collection and informatics. These represent focal points to which are attached many important issues about the practices of stakeholders of research resources and the policies that shape their motivations
Spacecraft water exposure guidelines for selected contaminants by National Research Council (U.S.) ( )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 787 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Integrating large-scale genomic information into clinical practice workshop summary by Institute of Medicine (U.S.) ( )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 689 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
[T]he workshop committee decided to focus on several key topics, including the analysis, interpretation, and delivery of genomic information to health care providers plus workforce, ethical, and legal issues. This workshop report summarizes the speakers' presentations and the discussions that followed them. It begins by providing an overview of the current state of the field of genomic medicine, of how approaches to basic and clinical research are changing, and of areas in which steps can be taken immediately to build the necessary infrastructure (Chapter 2). The next two chapters describe the discussions that took place concerning the analysis and interpretation of genomic data (Chapters 3 and 4), while the following three chapters examine practical issues: the delivery of genomic information (Chapter 5), ethical and legal issues (Chapter 6), and developing the necessary workforce skills and knowledge (Chapter 7). The last chapter describes panel discussions on how to maintain curated databases, the role of the field in public health, and how each stakeholder could be involved in helping address the current challenges (Chapter 8). The main objective of this workshop was to start a discussion of what needs to be done to prepare the necessary infrastructure and to address the various challenges so that patients will be able to benefit from genomics-based research
HIV screening and access to care exploring barriers and facilitators to expand HIV testing by Institute of Medicine (U.S.) ( )
3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 620 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"More than 200,000 people in the United States living with HIV/AIDS do not know they are infected. The Institute of Medicine's Committee on HIV Screening and Access to Care held a workshop and reviewed literature to explore barriers and facilitators to more widespread HIV testing. This book contains the committee's conclusions."--Publisher's description
Biotechnology unzipped promises & realities by Eric S Grace ( Book )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 586 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Overcoming challenges to develop countermeasures against aerosolized bioterrorism agents : appropriate use of animal models ( Book )
2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 583 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) gives the highest priority to developing countermeasures against bioterrorism agents that are highly infective when dispersed in aerosol form. Developing drugs to prevent or treat illnesses caused by bioterrorism agents requires testing their effectiveness in animals since human clinical trials would be unethical. At the request of NIAID, the National Academies conducted a study to examine how such testing could be improved. Overcoming Challenges to Develop Countermeasures Against Aerosolized Bioterrorism Agents provides recommendations to researchers on selecting the kinds of animal models, aerosol generators, and bioterrorism agent doses that would produce conditions that most closely mimic the disease process in humans. It also urges researchers to fully document experimental parameters in the literature so that studies can be reproduced and compared. The book recommends that all unclassified data on bioterrorism agent studies -- including unclassified, unpublished data from U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) -- be published in the open literature. The book also calls on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to improve the process by which bioterrorism countermeasures are approved based on the results of animal studies
Toward an integrated science of research on families workshop report ( Book )
3 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 545 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Demographic changes, immigration, economic upheavals, and changing societal mores are creating new and altered structures, processes, and relationships in American families today. As families undergo rapid change, family science is at the brink of a new and exciting integration across methods, disciplines, and epistemological perspectives. The purpose of The Science of Research on Families: A Workshop, held in Washington, DC, on July 13-14, 2010, was to examine the broad array of methodologies used to understand the impact of families on children's health and development. It sought to explore individual disciplinary contributions and the ways in which different methodologies and disciplinary perspectives could be combined in the study of families. Toward an Integrated Science of Research on Families documents the information presented in the workshop presentations and discussions. The report explores the idea of family research as being both basic and applied, offering opportunities for learning as well as intervention. It discusses research as being most useful when organized around particular problems, such as obesity or injury prevention. Toward an Integrated Science of Research on Families offers a problem-oriented approach that can guide a broad-based research program that extends across funders, institutions, and scientific disciplines"--Publisher's description
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controlled identity National Academy Press (U.S.)

National Academies (Spojené státy americké). Press
National Academies (U.S.). Press
United States National Academies Press.
English (33)