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Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute

Overview
Works: 69 works in 121 publications in 1 language and 3,806 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  Periodicals  Rules  Handbooks, manuals, etc 
Classifications: JZ6300, 355.033573
Publication Timeline
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Publications about Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute Publications about Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
Publications by Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute Publications by Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
Most widely held works about Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
 
Most widely held works by Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
A case study in security sector reform learning from security sector reform, building in Afghanistan (October 2002-September 2003) by Jason C Howk ( )
3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 257 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Security sector reform (SSR) is that set of policies, plans, programs, and activities that a government undertakes to improve the way it provides safety, security, and justice. This is a complex and involved task against which Captain Howk evaluates the early international effort to rebuild effective governance in Afghanistan. The purpose of this case study is to document the lessons learned through the development and execution of the SSR program in Afghanistan, with special emphasis from 2002 through 2003. The author has a unique and enviable position from which to observe the inner workings of the highest level commands in Afghanistan--first as an Aide de Camp to then Major General Karl Eikenberry during his first tour in Afghanistan and as the current Aide de Camp to General Stanley McChrystal. This paper is not only a case study, but in effect is a primer on SSR. It critically evaluates the underlying theories of SSR and discusses how SSR should work in an operational environment. The paper concludes by reexamining the development of the strategy and implementation of the SSR effort in Afghanistan. By 2002 it was clear that SSR was an important focus, and it was recognized to be essential for the successful development of economic and governance institutions in Afghanistan. The paper uses the four major elements of the security sector as outlined by D. Hendrickson and A. Karkoszka to focus on seven key objectives. To narrow the scope of the paper, the author details the role of four typical actors involved in SSR: donor nations; recipient state of Afghanistan; multilateral participants such as the United Nations (UN), SSR experts, and nongovernmental organizations; and regional security cooperation entities such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. The paper provides an insider's view of the preparation accomplished by the leadership team prior to entering Afghanistan, and then it provides a critical assessment of the SSR activities that were conducted. The paper incorporates an assessment by General Eikenberry in which he assesses the implementation of the SSR Strategy in 2002-03. The author concludes with several lessons learned in communication, staffing, interagency issues, leadership, and implementation, noting several rules of thumb and best practices. Captain Howk recommends that SSR be the single, primary duty for a senior leader so that it does not decline in scope and emphasis, and that planners determine the refined mission objectives and goals for such a position should it be reinstated. He further recommends that the United States create an SSR coordinator on the National Security Council to integrate and synchronize all agencies and departments. Finally, he recommends that we consider former UN Secretary General Lakhdar Brahimi's advice that lead nations remain patient. Afghanistan must be mentored and given every opportunity to succeed."
Lessons learned from U.S. Government law enforcement in international operations ( )
2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 236 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Law enforcement (LE) personnel, agencies, techniques, equipment and priorities have been an increasingly prominent feature within U.S. Government (USG) commitments to international operations. This is a reflection of the increased human and societal complexity of the operational environments in which the USG has intervened and the multifaceted nature of the objectives often sought by the USG in these international operations. The most obvious manifestation of LE on international operations is the presence of American police officers working as a part of uniformed international police missions (U.S.-led, coalition, or multinational). However, these interim policing missions are only part of the contribution to international operations that can be made by LE. U.S. LE agencies may also be involved directly in international operations as a part of their standing authorities related to the enforcement of U.S. domestic law; contribute LE expertise in capacity building and institutional reform efforts; or as support and assistance to U.S. military forces employed in LE-related roles and in the conduct of their military tasks. Given the complexity of USG LE involvement in contemporary international operations, it is important to understand how these agencies work, what roles they play, or could play, in the conduct of operations, and how their various initiatives relate to one another. As such, this analysis specifically examines lessons from four relevant aspects of LE involvement in international operations, recognizing that observations that are discussed in this paper do not constitute the entirety of lessons from each of the operations. These aspects include three operational case studies from USG post-Cold War experience in international operations: Panama (1989-99), Colombia (1989-Present), and Kosovo (1998-Present). These three operations were selected because they provided examples across a wide spectrum of U.S. involvement and have either already been completed or are nearing completion--allowing for analysis of their results as mature operations. Additionally, this analysis included an investigation of technological capabilities used by the military and law enforcement organizations that undergird the provision of LE and military capabilities in international operational environments in order to analyze capability gaps and points of technological synchronization between the two communities."--P. vii-viii
Known unknowns unconventional "strategic shocks" in defense strategy development by Nathan Freier ( )
2 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 229 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The current defense team confronted a game-changing "strategic shock" in its first 8 months in office. The next team would be well-advised to expect the same. Defense-relevant strategic shocks jolt convention to such an extent that they force sudden, unanticipated change in the Department of Defense's (DoD) perceptions about threat, vulnerability, and strategic response. Their unanticipated onset forces the entire defense enterprise to reorient and restructure institutions, employ capabilities in unexpected ways, and confront challenges that are fundamentally different than those routinely considered in defense calculations. The likeliest and most dangerous future shocks will be unconventional. They will not emerge from thunderbolt advances in an opponent's military capabilities. Rather, they will manifest themselves in ways far outside established defense convention. Most will be nonmilitary in origin and character, and not, by definition, defense-specific events conducive to the conventional employment of the DoD enterprise. They will rise from an analytical no man's land separating well-considered, stock and trade defense contingencies and pure defense speculation. Their origin is most likely to be in irregular, catastrophic, and hybrid threats of "purpose" (emerging from hostile design) or threats of "context" (emerging in the absence of hostile purpose or design). Of the two, the latter is both the least understood and the most dangerous
The new balance limited armed stabilization and the future of U.S. landpower by Nathan Freier ( )
5 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 226 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The author contends the Department of Defense (DoD) cannot ignore inadequacies of much of the current force as the strategic landscape becomes increasingly unpredictable. For the next large-scale unconventional challenge, the Secretary of Defense must have the right force available to respond effectively. Senior landpower leaders should anticipate there will be changes in the U.S. approach to defense-relevant and defense-specific challenges around the world and should be proactive in assisting the SecDef identify and build capabilities for the new balance point during the upcoming Quadrennial Defense Review. Doing so will enable DoD to better account for contemporary strategic conditions with minimum future institutional disruption
The American military advisor dealing with senior foreign officials in the Islamic world by Michael J Metrinko ( )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 224 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Based on the experience of diplomats and military officers who have served in many zones of conflict, and whose duties meant daily interaction with senior foreign officials, this guide describes the preparations that an advisor should make, illustrates the questions he should ask, and explains the political and cultural complexities that affect his mission. Although most of the examples are drawn from Islamic countries, the precepts and advice apply broadly
Guide to rebuilding governance in stability operations a role for the military? by Derick W Brinkerhoff ( )
5 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 222 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This guide is designed to further U.S. military understanding of the critical nation-state building role that U.S. forces play during stability operations. It focuses on the military's role in rebuilding and establishing a functional, effective, and legitimate nation-state; one that can assure security and stability for its citizens, defend its borders, deliver services effectively for its populace, and is responsible and accountable to its citizens. It provides a comprehensive approach to planning and implementing a program to rebuild governance by U.S. peacekeeping forces during stability operations. Recognizing that the extent of U.S. Government and military involvement is determined by the mandate, the mission, the level of resources and most importantly, the host country context, this guide provides options and trade-offs for U.S. forces in executing these operations
Harnessing post-conflict transitions a conceptual primer by Nicholas J Armstrong ( )
2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 221 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This monograph addresses the challenging topic of transition in post-conflict stability operations and is intended for a wide audience that includes military and civilian policymakers, international development experts, and scholars in academe. It is a primer, systematic review, and comprehensive assessment of the fields of research and practice. It presents and appraises the major lenses (process, authority transfer, phasing, and end state), categories (war-to-peace, power, societal, political-democratic, security, and economic), approaches, and tools under which post-conflict transitions are conceived. It lays the groundwork for both future research and greater collaboration among diverse international and local actors who operate in post-conflict environments, to develop a comprehensive definition of transition and adequate tools to address all facets of the concept. It provides recommendations for future research and improved transition policy, which include: cross-institutional (political, security, economic) and multi-level (local, regional, national) studies that explore the interdependencies between simultaneous transitions; underlying assumptions of current transition tools and indicators; relationships between transition and institutional resilience; and, thresholds and tipping points between transition phases. --
U.S. military forces and police assistance in stability operations : the least-worst option to fill the U.S. capacity gap by Dennis E Keller ( )
3 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 218 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Establishing an effective local police force is one of the most critical elements of successful counterinsurgency (COIN) and stability operations, but it is a task for which the U.S. Government is the least prepared and capable. The establishment of an effective police force is critical to security sector reform, justice sector reform, and the successful transition to the host nation's security forces. But the United States lacks the institutional capacity to provide an immediate and coordinated civilian police training and advisory effort, particularly in a failed or fragile state. Because hesitation in addressing such problems causes delays in forming and training new police forces, and, even worse, emboldens corrupt and abusive locals who enable insurgents, terrorist groups, and organized criminal networks, the U.S. military must be prepared to support stability operations at regional level and below by assessing, advising, and even training police units until such time as civilian police trainers and mentors arrive on the ground. Army doctrine emphasizes the importance of community-focused civilian police forces during stability operations and suggests that clear separation of police and military roles is essential to successful rebuilding. Doctrine also recognizes that military forces may have to perform police functions during the initial response. But history is replete with examples of local police becoming targets of opportunity for insurgencies; having trained, operationally ready police is always important and no more so than in current operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. At one time, the U.S. Government had a better institutional response than it does now. From 1954 to 1974, first the International Cooperation Administration (ICA), and then its successor organization, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), established in 1961, presented balanced programs providing technical advice, training, and equipment for civil and paramilitary police organizations. In 1963, USAID established the International Police Academy in Washington, DC, to train foreign police officers. At its peak, the USAID arm had 590 permanent employees, to include staff at the International Police Academy, and advisors in 52 countries at different times. This academy graduated over 5,000 students from 77 countries until it was closed because of congressional fears that the program approved, advocated, or taught torture techniques that had damaged the image of the United States. Thus, legislation was passed that prohibited foreign assistance funds for training and financial support of law enforcement forces within or outside the United States. The reluctance to be associated with local police continues to haunt U.S. Government efforts to train police of fragile and failed states to this day. As a result, the U.S. Government continues to lack the capacity for timely deployment of civilian police trainers in the early phases of stability operations. Using military personnel to train and advise civilian police is being justifiably criticized. Military personnel, even military police, are not prepared to train and advise civilian police in most tasks. Instead, their training is skewed toward the higher end stability policing tasks such as riot control, convoy security, motorized patrolling, establishing checkpoints, and weapons training. The emphasis on such tasks makes it more difficult to transition to community-based policing. A clear delineation needs to be established between stability policing and community-based policing, with phased transitions as appropriate. Focusing only on the technical skills must cease, while instruction in such normative principles as responsiveness to the community, accountability to the rule of law, defense of human rights, and transparency to scrutiny from the outside, must be institutionalized. Such an adjustment will result in an organizational culture that abjures abuse. Such success will require embedding of quality advisors for a significant period of time, though even then expectations must be kept realistic."--P. vii=ix
Toward a risk management defense strategy by Nathan Freier ( )
3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 217 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This monograph offers key considerations for DoD as it works through the on-going defense review. The author outlines eight principles for a risk management defense strategy. He argues that these principles provide "measures of merit" for evaluating the new administration's defense choices. This monograph builds on two previous works-- Known unknowns: unconventional "strategic shocks" in defense strategy development and The new balance: limited armed stabilization and the future of U.S. landpower. Combined, these three works offer key insights on the most appropriate DoD responses to increasingly "unconventional" defense and national security conditions. This work in particular provides DoD leaders food for thought, as they balance mounting defense demands and declining defense resources
Defining command, leadership, and management success factors within stability operations by Dave Fielder ( )
4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 216 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This monograph addresses the topic of Command-Leadership-Management (CLM) success attributes in Stability Operations and is intended to reach a wide audience of actors, including military and civilian deliverers of effect at the strategic, operational, and tactical levels of operations. It was developed from a dissertation and updated while the author was deployed in Iraq at a time of transition from Combat Operations (Operation IRAQI FREEDOM) to fully declared Stability Operations (Operation NEW DAWN)
The state-owned enterprise as a vehicle for stability by Neil Efird ( )
2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 215 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
State-owned enterprises (SOEs) tend to be providers of essential public services, such as electric power companies, water utilities, ports, and transportation networks, but SOEs also engage in an array of commercial activities involving airlines, banks, basic commodity plantations, textile manufacturing, and vehicle assembly plants. Given this magnitude of SOE activity, during the immediate post-conflict period, especially that first 6 months when organizations such as Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs) can be used for the initial screening, prioritization, and selection of SOE revitalization candidates, planners should not neglect the need for institution-building, which usually requires medium- and long-term expertise typically found in economic development agencies. The need is pertinent given that SOEs can be national in scope of operation and scale of resources, and the effective management of the SOEs and their operations can significantly affect national-level economic development. Therefore, agents engaged in stability operations should work with development planners to encourage mid- to long-term institutional capacity building that enhances the conflict-prone country's broader capacity for sustained growth. The intended end state of SOEs in stability operations should be functioning entities that can attract new investment, perhaps by privatization when and where appropriate. Although revitalizing SOEs can be complex and ambiguous, the task can be a useful, intermediate objective on the road to a post-conflict sustainable economy
Security sector reform a case study approach to transition and capacity building by Sarah Jane Meharg ( )
3 editions published between 2009 and 2010 in English and held by 188 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The authors explore the definition of SSR as it has emerged in the international community. The makeup of the security sector is examined, emergent principles are identified for implementing SSR in the community of practice, and the outcomes that SSR is designed to produce are specified. The supporting case studies of Haiti, Liberia, and Kosovo assess the impact of SSR programs on host nation security sectors. The authors conclude that those conducting SSR programs must understand and continually revisit the policy goals of SSR programs so as to develop concepts that support a transitional process that moves forward over time. Intermediate objectives required in support of this transition also articulate what is good enough and fair enough at various stages in the transformational process. State actors must acknowledge and often accommodate nonstate security actors more effectively in SSR planning and implementation, while recognizing both the advantages and the risks of collaborating with such actors. The authors also identify a need for rebalancing resources committed to SSR, especially given that justice and civil law enforcement typically are badly under-resourced as elements of SSR programs. Finally, the authors note the need for more flexible and better integrated funding processes to support SSR activities within the U.S. Government. --Publisher description
Democratic governance and the rule of law : lessons from Colombia by Gabriel Marcella ( )
3 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 187 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The 2009 Failed States Index identifies many nations as being in danger of becoming failed states--in fact, two-thirds of the world's states are critical, borderline, or in danger of becoming just that. Failed states do not possess the necessary conditions to have truly sovereign governments that meet the needs of their populations. Colombia garnered a rating of 89 on the 2009 Failed States Index, just below that of Kyrgyzstan. It has experienced conflict for decades and as the author observed, was a 'paradigm for a failing state' in that it was replete with terrorism, kidnapping, murder, corruption, and general lawlessness. But today it is much safer through the imposition of the Rule of Law. The author addresses the rule of law and its impact on Colombia.--Publisher description
A continuation of politics by other means : the "politics" of a peacekeeping mission in Cambodia (1992-93) by Boraden Nhem ( )
3 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 170 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Introduction -- The complexity of the peacekeeping mission -- The mandate -- Civil-military integration -- The use of force and rules of engagement -- Spoilers -- The complexity of the peacekeeping mission in Cambodia -- The Cambodian civil war in overview -- Background of the conflict -- The UNTAC arrives and departs -- The aftermath -- Analysis : between politics and procedures -- The importance of context -- The role of leadership -- A spoiler perspective -- The Khmer Rouge -- Prince Sihanouk and the SOC -- The limits of intervention -- The role of impartiality -- Length of mandate -- Conclusion
The government assistance center a vehicle for transitioning to the host government by Raymond A Millen ( )
2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 158 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In this monograph, the author proposes a way for non-military organizations to render assistance and development to fragile states through an organizational approach. Accordingly, he proffers the concept of the Government Assistance Center as a vehicle for effective coordination and cooperation in whole of government and comprehensive approaches. Conceptually, the GAC embodies a standardized camp and an organizational structure for decision-making. The standardized camp has an expeditionary capability, using state-of-the-art barrier and shelter systems. Standardized camps permit diverse organizations and agencies to interface with one another as well as with the host government in an orderly manner. In this sense, it epitomizes the government-in-a-box concept. Due to their standardized design, GACs have the same capabilities regardless of the contributing nations and organizations involved. Their expeditionary character permits GACs to deploy into remote countries and become operational within days. Moreover, centers may relocate within a country quickly, adapting to dynamic changes. The most interesting feature of the GAC is the integrated decision-making apparatus. This unique capability permits the formulation of policy and strategy to occur within the host nation, leading to more practical and germane solutions to national and local issues. The integrated nature of the apparatus encourages cooperation and coordination of participating organizations and agencies, injecting their expertise on issues which concern them. In praxis, this is smart power to the nth degree. The author concludes his study with points for consideration regarding prevalent issues which confront practitioners, and he briefly discusses how the UN might place GACs into practice. Ultimately, the monograph provides a way for whole of government and the comprehensive approaches to succeed without excessive dependency on the U.S. Army's skill sets
Peace & stability operations journal online ( )
in English and held by 151 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
PKSOI bulletin ( )
in English and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Guiding principles for stabilization and reconstruction by United States Institute of Peace ( Book )
7 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 94 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Guiding principles for stabilization and reconstruction presents the first-ever, comprehensive set of shared principles for building sustainable peace in societies emerging from violent conflict... A product of the collaboration between the United States Institute of Peace and the United States Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, this manual reflects the input of dozens of institutions across the peacebuilding community. It is based on a comprehensive review of major strategic policy documents from state ministries of defense, foreign affairs and development, along with major intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations that toil in war-shattered landscapes around the globe"--P.[4] of cover
A continuation of politics by other means : the "politics" of a peacekeeping mission in Cambodia (1992-1993) by Boraden Nhem ( Book )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Departing from conventional wisdom which addresses factors such as mandates, spoilers, which ignores political factors, the author explores the Cambodian conflict and peace operations as a complex and interactive situation in which local political conditions were paramount and directly challenged UN peacekeeping principles of neutrality. He observes that UN peacekeeping missions can be too tied to theory and doctrine while ignoring reality, and argues for missions that understand the inherent complexity of peacekeeping, recognize emerging realities, and adapt accordingly
Guide to rebuilding public sector services in stability operations : a role for the military by Derick W Brinkerhoff ( Book )
1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This guide examines the role of restoration of public services within the broader context of stability operations. The extent to which public service reconstruction takes place depends on the mission, the level of resources, and the host country context. This paper provides guidance helpful to U.S. peacekeeping personnel in planning and executing stability operations tasks related to restoration of public sector services and infrastructure. It is designed to supplement existing and emerging guidance, and is specifically relevant to addressing the needs of public sector rebuilding in a post-conflict situation by peacekeeping forces. The material presented here draws both from theory and analytic frameworks and from on-the-ground experience of practitioners."--P. [v]
 
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Alternative Names

controlled identity U.S. Army Peacekeeping Institute

Army War College (U.S.). Center for Strategic Leadership. Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
Peacekeeping & Stability Operations Institute
PKSOI
PKSOI Abkuerzung
PKSOI (Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute)
U.S. Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
USA Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
War College Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute
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English (56)
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