WorldCat Identities

Choffnes, Eileen R.

Overview
Works: 22 works in 81 publications in 1 language and 9,673 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author
Classifications: RA643,
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Eileen R Choffnes
Antibiotic resistance : implications for global health and novel intervention strategies : workshop summary by Eileen R Choffnes( Book )

10 editions published in 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 127 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

For decades it seemed as if modern medicine had conquered many of the infectious diseases that once threatened human and animal health. But years of using, misusing, and overusing antibiotics and other antimicrobial drugs have led to the emergence of multidrug-resistant "superbugs." Some strains of bacteria and viruses are now resistant to all but a single drug, while others have no effective treatments at all. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats held a public workshop April 6-7 to discuss the nature and sources of drug-resistant bacteria and viruses and their implications for global health. Speakers explored the evolutionary, genetic, and ecological origins of antimicrobial drug resistance and its effects on human and animal health worldwide. Participants discussed the causes of drug resistance; strategies for extending the life of antimicrobial drugs; alternative approaches for treating infections; incentives and disincentives for prudent antimicrobial drug use; and prospects for the next generation of antimicrobial treatments. This document summarizes the workshop
Infectious disease movement in a borderless world : workshop summary( Book )

8 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 101 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Modern transportation allows people, animals, and plants, and the pathogens they carry, to travel more easily than ever before. The ease and speed of travel, tourism, and international trade connect once-remote areas with one another, eliminating many of the geographic and cultural barriers that once limited the spread of disease. Because of our global interconnectedness through transportation, tourism and trade, infectious diseases emerge more frequently; spread greater distances; pass more easily between humans and animals; and evolve into new and more virulent strains. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted the workshop "Globalization, Movement of Pathogens (and Their Hosts) and the Revised International Health Regulations" December 16-17, 2008 in order to explore issues related to infectious disease spread in a "borderless" world. Participants discussed the global emergence, establishment, and surveillance of infectious diseases; the complex relationship between travel, trade, tourism, and the spread of infectious diseases; national and international policies for mitigating disease movement locally and globally; and obstacles and opportunities for detecting and containing these potentially wide-reaching and devastating diseases. This document summarizes the workshop."--Summary
The domestic and international impacts of the 2009-H1N1 influenza a pandemic : global challenges, global solutions : workshop summary by Institute of Medicine( Book )

5 editions published in 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 98 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The story of how this new influenza virus spread out of Mexico to other parts of North America and then on to Europe, the Far East, and now Australia and the Pacific Rim countries has its origins in the global interconnectedness of travel, trade, and tourism. Given the rapid spread of the virus, the international scientific, public health, security, and policy communities had to mobilize quickly to characterize this unique virus and address its potential effects. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control have played critical roles in the surveillance, detection and responses to the H1N1 virus. The Domestic and International Impacts of the 2009-H1N1 Influenza A Pandemic: Global Challenges, Global Solutions aimed to examine the evolutionary origins of the H1N1 virus and evaluate its potential public health and socioeconomic consequences, while monitoring and mitigating the impact of a fast-moving pandemic
Global issues in water, sanitation, and health : workshop summary by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

8 editions published in 2009 in English and Undetermined and held by 88 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Recognizing water availability, water quality, and sanitation as fundamental issues underlying infectious disease emergence, the Forum on Microbial Threats of the Institute of Medicine held a two-day public workshop in Washington, DC, on September 23 and 24, 2008. Through invited presentations and discussions, participants explored global and local connections between water, sanitation, and health; the spectrum of water-related disease transmission processes as they inform intervention design; lessons learned from water-related disease outbreaks; vulnerabilities in water and sanitation infrastructure in both industrialized and developing countries; and opportunities to improve water and sanitation infrastructure so as to reduce the risk of water-related infectious disease."
Improving food safety through a one health approach : workshop summary by Eileen R Choffnes( Book )

7 editions published between 1900 and 2012 in English and held by 54 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Globalization of the food supply has created conditions favorable for the emergence, reemergence, and spread of food-borne pathogens-compounding the challenge of anticipating, detecting, and effectively responding to food-borne threats to health. In the United States, food-borne agents affect 1 out of 6 individuals and cause approximately 48 million illnesses, 128,000 hospitalizations, and 3,000 deaths each year. This figure likely represents just the tip of the iceberg, because it fails to account for the broad array of food-borne illnesses or for their wide-ranging repercussions for consumers, government, and the food industry-both domestically and internationally. A One Health approach to food safety may hold the promise of harnessing and integrating the expertise and resources from across the spectrum of multiple health domains including the human and veterinary medical and plant pathology communities with those of the wildlife and aquatic health and ecology communities. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on December 13 and 14, 2011 that examined issues critical to the protection of the nation's food supply. The workshop explored existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of food-borne threats to health. Participants discussed the globalization of the U.S. food supply and the burden of illness associated with foodborne threats to health; considered the spectrum of food-borne threats as well as illustrative case studies; reviewed existing research, policies, and practices to prevent and mitigate foodborne threats; and, identified opportunities to reduce future threats to the nation's food supply through the use of a "One Health" approach to food safety. Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach: Workshop Summary covers the events of the workshop and explains the recommendations for future related workshops"--Publisher's description
Microbial ecology in states of health and disease : workshop summary by Eileen R Choffnes( Book )

6 editions published in 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 45 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"On March 18 an 19, 2013, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop, in Washington, DC, to explore the scientific and therapeutic implications of microbial ecology in states of health and desease. Participants explored host-microbe interactions in humans, animals, and plants; emerging insights into how microbes may influence the development and maintenance of states of health and disease; the effects of environmental change(s) on the formation, function, and stability of microbial communities, and research challenges and opportunities for this emerging field of inquiry."--Page 3
The influence of global environmental change on infectious disease dynamics : workshop summary by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

4 editions published in 2014 in English and Undetermined and held by 42 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The twentieth century witnessed an era of unprecedented, large-scale, anthropogenic changes to the natural environment. Understanding how environmental factors directly and indirectly affect the emergence and spread of infectious disease has assumed global importance for life on this planet. While the causal links between environmental change and disease emergence are complex, progress in understanding these links, as well as how their impacts may vary across space and time, will require transdisciplinary, transnational, collaborative research. This research may draw upon the expertise, tools, and approaches from a variety of disciplines. Such research may inform improvements in global readiness and capacity for surveillance, detection, and response to emerging microbial threats to plant, animal, and human health. The Influence of Global Environmental Change on Infectious Disease Dynamics is the summary of a workshop hosted by the Institute of Medicine Forum on Microbial Threats in September 2013 to explore the scientific and policy implications of the impacts of global environmental change on infectious disease emergence, establishment, and spread. This report examines the observed and potential influence of environmental factors, acting both individually and in synergy, on infectious disease dynamics. The report considers a range of approaches to improve global readiness and capacity for surveillance, detection, and response to emerging microbial threats to plant, animal, and human health in the face of ongoing global environmental change"--Publisher's description
The science and applications of synthetic and systems biology : workshop summary by Science and Applications of Synthetic and Systems Biology( Book )

6 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 39 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Many potential applications of synthetic and systems biology are relevant to the challenges associated with the detection, surveillance, and responses to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. On March 14 and 15, 2011, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Forum on Microbial Threats convened a public workshop in Washington, DC, to explore the current state of the science of synthetic biology, including its dependency on systems biology; discussed the different approaches that scientists are taking to engineer, or re-engineer, biological systems; and discussed how the tools and approaches of synthetic and systems biology were being applied to mitigate the risks associated with emerging infectious diseases. The science and applications of synthetic and systems biology is organized into sections as a topic-by-topic distillation of the presentations and discussions that took place at the workshop. Its purpose is to present information from relevant experience, to delineate a range of pivotal issues and their respective challenges, and to offer differing perspectives on the topic as discussed and described by the workshop participants. This report also includes a collection of individually authored papers and commentary"--Publisher's description
The causes and impacts of neglected tropical and zoonotic diseases : opportunities for integrated intervention strategies : workshop summary( Book )

5 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 38 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) afflict more than 1.4 billion people, many of whom live on less than $1.25 a day. While there are effective ways to manage NTDs, policy-makers and funders have only recently begun to recognize the economic and public health importance of controlling NTDs. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats held a workshop September 21-22, 2010, to discuss the science of and policy surrounding NTDs."--Publisher's description
Emerging viral diseases : the one health connection : workshop summary by Eileen R Choffnes( Book )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the past half century, deadly disease outbreaks caused by novel viruses of animal origin -- Nipah virus in Malaysia, Hendra virus in Australia, Hantavirus in the United States, Ebola virus in Africa, along with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), several influenza subtypes, and the SARS (sudden acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) coronaviruses -- have underscored the urgency of understanding factors influencing viral disease emergence and spread. Emerging Viral Diseases is the summary of a public workshop hosted in March 2014 to examine factors driving the appearance, establishment, and spread of emerging, re-emerging and novel viral diseases; the global health and economic impacts of recently emerging and novel viral diseases in humans; and the scientific and policy approaches to improving domestic and international capacity to detect and respond to global outbreaks of infectious disease. This report is a record of the presentations and discussion of the event
The social biology of microbial communities : workshop summary by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

5 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Beginning with the germ theory of disease in the 19th century and extending through most of the 20th century, microbes were believed to live their lives as solitary, unicellular, disease-causing organisms . This perception stemmed from the focus of most investigators on organisms that could be grown in the laboratory as cellular monocultures, often dispersed in liquid, and under ambient conditions of temperature, lighting, and humidity. Most such inquiries were designed to identify microbial pathogens by satisfying Koch's postulates This pathogen-centric approach to the study of microorganisms produced a metaphorical "war" against these microbial invaders waged with antibiotic therapies, while simultaneously obscuring the dynamic relationships that exist among and between host organisms and their associated microorganisms only a tiny fraction of which act as pathogens. Despite their obvious importance, very little is actually known about the processes and factors that influence the assembly, function, and stability of microbial communities. Gaining this knowledge will require a seismic shift away from the study of individual microbes in isolation to inquiries into the nature of diverse and often complex microbial communities, the forces that shape them, and their relationships with other communities and organisms, including their multicellular hosts. On March 6 and 7, 2012, the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop to explore the emerging science of the "social biology" of microbial communities. Workshop presentations and discussions embraced a wide spectrum of topics, experimental systems, and theoretical perspectives representative of the current, multifaceted exploration of the microbial frontier. Participants discussed ecological, evolutionary, and genetic factors contributing to the assembly, function, and stability of microbial communities; how microbial communities adapt and respond to environmental stimuli; theoretical and experimental approaches to advance this nascent field; and potential applications of knowledge gained from the study of microbial communities for the improvement of human, animal, plant, and ecosystem health and toward a deeper understanding of microbial diversity and evolution. The Social Biology of Microbial Communities: Workshop Summary further explains the happenings of the workshop."--- Publisher's description
The Science and Applications of Microbial Genomics: Workshop Summary by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

1 edition published in 2013 in Undetermined and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World: Workshop Summary by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in Undetermined and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Global climate change and extreme weather events : understanding the contributions to infectious disease emergence : workshop summary by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )

2 editions published in 2008 in Undetermined and English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Long before the germ theory of disease was described, late in the nineteenth century, humans knew that climatic conditions influence the appearance and spread of epidemic diseases. Ancient notions about the effects of weather and climate on disease remained embedded in our collective consciousness through expressions such as "cold" for rhinovirus infections, "malaria: derived from the Latin for bad air; and the common complaint of feeling "under the weather." Today, evidence is mounting that the earth's climate is changing at a faster rate than previously appreciated, leading researchers to view the longstanding relationships between climate and disease with new urgency and from a global perspective. On December 4 and 5, 2007, the Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop in Washington, DC to consider the possible infectious disease impacts of global climate change and extreme weather events on human, animal, and plant health, as well as their expected implications for global and national security
Emerging viral diseases the one health connection : workshop summary( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Antibiotic Resistance( Book )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The science and applications of microbial genomics : workshop summary by Eileen R Choffnes( )

4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On June 12 and 13, 2012, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Forum on Microbial Threats convened a public workshop in Washington, DC, to discuss the scientific tools and approaches being used for detecting and characterizing microbial species, and the roles of microbial genomics and metagenomics to better understand the culturable and unculturable microbial world around us. Through invited presentations and discussions, participants examined the use of microbial genomics to explore the diversity, evolution, and adaptation of microorganisms in a wide variety of environments; the molecular mechanisms of disease emergence and epidemiology; and the ways that genomic technologies are being applied to disease outbreak trace back and microbial surveillance. Points that were emphasized by many participants included the need to develop robust standardized sampling protocols, the importance of having the appropriate metadata, data analysis and data management challenges, and information sharing in real time. The Science and Applications of Microbial Genomics summarizes this workshop."--Title homepage
Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection Assessing the Challenges - Finding Solutions, Workshop Summary( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Science and Applications of Synthetic and Systems Biology : Workshop Summary by Forum on Microbial Threats( )

1 edition published in 1900 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Antibiotic resistance : implications for global health and novel intervention strategies : workshop summary
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English (71)

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Infectious disease movement in a borderless world : workshop summaryThe domestic and international impacts of the 2009-H1N1 influenza a pandemic : global challenges, global solutions : workshop summaryGlobal issues in water, sanitation, and health : workshop summaryThe causes and impacts of neglected tropical and zoonotic diseases : opportunities for integrated intervention strategies : workshop summary