WorldCat Identities

Choffnes, Eileen R.

Overview
Works: 17 works in 60 publications in 1 language and 3,971 library holdings
Genres: Conference proceedings 
Roles: Author
Classifications: RA643, 363.61
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Eileen R Choffnes
Global issues in water, sanitation, and health workshop summary by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( )
7 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 1,154 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Recognizing water availability, water quality, and sanitation as fundamental issues underlying infectious disease emergence, the Forum on Microbial Threats of the Institute of Medicine held a two-day public workshop in Washington, DC, on September 23 and 24, 2008. Through invited presentations and discussions, participants explored global and local connections between water, sanitation, and health; the spectrum of water-related disease transmission processes as they inform intervention design; lessons learned from water-related disease outbreaks; vulnerabilities in water and sanitation infrastructure in both industrialized and developing countries; and opportunities to improve water and sanitation infrastructure so as to reduce the risk of water-related infectious disease."
Infectious disease movement in a borderless world workshop summary ( )
8 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 840 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Modern transportation allows people, animals, and plants, and the pathogens they carry, to travel more easily than ever before. The ease and speed of travel, tourism, and international trade connect once-remote areas with one another, eliminating many of the geographic and cultural barriers that once limited the spread of disease. Because of our global interconnectedness through transportation, tourism and trade, infectious diseases emerge more frequently; spread greater distances; pass more easily between humans and animals; and evolve into new and more virulent strains. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted the workshop "Globalization, Movement of Pathogens (and Their Hosts) and the Revised International Health Regulations" December 16-17, 2008 in order to explore issues related to infectious disease spread in a "borderless" world. Participants discussed the global emergence, establishment, and surveillance of infectious diseases; the complex relationship between travel, trade, tourism, and the spread of infectious diseases; national and international policies for mitigating disease movement locally and globally; and obstacles and opportunities for detecting and containing these potentially wide-reaching and devastating diseases. This document summarizes the workshop."--Summary
Antibiotic resistance implications for global health and novel intervention strategies : workshop summary by Eileen R Choffnes( )
8 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 683 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
For decades it seemed as if modern medicine had conquered many of the infectious diseases that once threatened human and animal health. But years of using, misusing, and overusing antibiotics and other antimicrobial drugs have led to the emergence of multidrug-resistant "superbugs." Some strains of bacteria and viruses are now resistant to all but a single drug, while others have no effective treatments at all. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats held a public workshop April 6-7 to discuss the nature and sources of drug-resistant bacteria and viruses and their implications for global health. Speakers explored the evolutionary, genetic, and ecological origins of antimicrobial drug resistance and its effects on human and animal health worldwide. Participants discussed the causes of drug resistance; strategies for extending the life of antimicrobial drugs; alternative approaches for treating infections; incentives and disincentives for prudent antimicrobial drug use; and prospects for the next generation of antimicrobial treatments. This document summarizes the workshop
The causes and impacts of neglected tropical and zoonotic diseases opportunities for integrated intervention strategies : workshop summary ( )
4 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 428 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) afflict more than 1.4 billion people, many of whom live on less than $1.25 a day. While there are effective ways to manage NTDs, policy-makers and funders have only recently begun to recognize the economic and public health importance of controlling NTDs. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats held a workshop September 21-22, 2010, to discuss the science of and policy surrounding NTDs."--Publisher's description
Improving food safety through a one health approach workshop summary ( )
5 editions published between 2011 and 2012 in English and held by 307 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Globalization of the food supply has created conditions favorable for the emergence, reemergence, and spread of food-borne pathogens-compounding the challenge of anticipating, detecting, and effectively responding to food-borne threats to health. In the United States, food-borne agents affect 1 out of 6 individuals and cause approximately 48 million illnesses, 128,000 hospitalizations, and 3,000 deaths each year. This figure likely represents just the tip of the iceberg, because it fails to account for the broad array of food-borne illnesses or for their wide-ranging repercussions for consumers, government, and the food industry-both domestically and internationally. A One Health approach to food safety may hold the promise of harnessing and integrating the expertise and resources from across the spectrum of multiple health domains including the human and veterinary medical and plant pathology communities with those of the wildlife and aquatic health and ecology communities. The IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop on December 13 and 14, 2011 that examined issues critical to the protection of the nation's food supply. The workshop explored existing knowledge and unanswered questions on the nature and extent of food-borne threats to health. Participants discussed the globalization of the U.S. food supply and the burden of illness associated with foodborne threats to health; considered the spectrum of food-borne threats as well as illustrative case studies; reviewed existing research, policies, and practices to prevent and mitigate foodborne threats; and, identified opportunities to reduce future threats to the nation's food supply through the use of a "One Health" approach to food safety. Improving Food Safety Through a One Health Approach: Workshop Summary covers the events of the workshop and explains the recommendations for future related workshops"--Publisher's description
The domestic and international impacts of the 2009-H1N1 influenza a pandemic : global challenges, global solutions : workshop summary ( Book )
4 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 150 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"In March and early April 2009, a new, swine-origin 2009-H1N1 influenza A virus emerged in Mexico and the United States. During the first few weeks of surveillance, the virus spread by human-to-human transmission worldwide to over 30 countries. On June 11, 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) raised the worldwide pandemic alert level to Phase 6 in response to the ongoing global spread of the novel influenza A (H1N1) virus. By October 30, 2009, the H1N1 influenza A had spread to 191 countries and resulted in 5,700 fatalities. A national emergency was declared in the United States and the swine flu joined SARS and the avian flu as pandemics of the 21st century. Vaccination is currently available, but in limited supply, and with a 60 percent effectiveness rate against the virus
The social biology of microbial communities : workshop summary by LeighAnne Olsen( )
3 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 83 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
On March 6 and 7, 2012, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop to explore the emerging science of the "social biology" of microbial communities. Workshop presentations and discussions embraced a wide spectrum of topics, experimental systems, and theoretical perspectives representative of the current, multifaceted exploration of the microbial frontier. Participants discussed ecological, evolutionary, and genetic factors contributing to the assembly, function, and stability of microbial communities; how microbial communities adapt and respond to environmental stimuli; theoretical and experimental approaches to advance this nascent field; and potential applications of knowledge gained from the study of microbial communities for the improvement of human, animal, plant, and ecosystem health and toward a deeper understanding of microbial diversity and evolution
Global climate change and extreme weather events : understanding the contributions to infectious disease emergence : workshop summary by Institute of medecine of the national academies (Washington)( )
1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 69 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Long before the germ theory of disease was described, late in the nineteenth century, humans knew that climatic conditions influence the appearance and spread of epidemic diseases. Ancient notions about the effects of weather and climate on disease remained embedded in our collective consciousness through expressions such as "cold" for rhinovirus infections, "malaria: derived from the Latin for bad air; and the common complaint of feeling "under the weather." Today, evidence is mounting that the earth's climate is changing at a faster rate than previously appreciated, leading researchers to view the longstanding relationships between climate and disease with new urgency and from a global perspective. On December 4 and 5, 2007, the Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop in Washington, DC to consider the possible infectious disease impacts of global climate change and extreme weather events on human, animal, and plant health, as well as their expected implications for global and national security
The science and applications of microbial genomics : workshop summary by Eileen R Choffnes( )
4 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
On June 12 and 13, 2012, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Forum on Microbial Threats convened a public workshop in Washington, DC, to discuss the scientific tools and approaches being used for detecting and characterizing microbial species, and the roles of microbial genomics and metagenomics to better understand the culturable and unculturable microbial world around us. Through invited presentations and discussions, participants examined the use of microbial genomics to explore the diversity, evolution, and adaptation of microorganisms in a wide variety of environments; the molecular mechanisms of disease emergence and epidemiology; and the ways that genomic technologies are being applied to disease outbreak trace back and microbial surveillance. Points that were emphasized by many participants included the need to develop robust standardized sampling protocols, the importance of having the appropriate metadata (e.g., the sequencing platform used, sampling information, culture conditions), data analysis and data management challenges, and information sharing in real time
Microbial ecology in states of health and disease : workshop summary by Emerging Viral Disease: The "One Health" Connection (Workshop)( )
2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Individually and collectively, resident microbes play important roles in host health and survival. Shaping and shaped by their host environments, these microorganisms form intricate communities that are in a state of dynamic equilibrium. This ecologic and dynamic view of host-microbe interactions is rapidly redefining our view of health and disease. It is now accepted that the vast majority of microbes are, for the most part, not intrinsically harmful, but rather become established as persistent, co-adapted colonists in equilibrium with their environment, providing useful goods and services to their hosts while deriving benefits from these host associations. Disruption of such alliances may have consequences for host health, and investigations in a wide variety of organisms have begun to illuminate the complex and dynamic network of interaction - across the spectrum of hosts, microbes, and environmental niches - that influence the formation, function, and stability of host-associated microbial communities. Microbial ecology in states of health and disease is the summary of a workshop convened by the Institute of Medicine's Forum on Microbial Threats in March 2013 to explore the scientific and therapeutic implications of microbial ecology in states of health and disease. Participants explored host-microbe interactions in humans, animals, and plants; emerging insights into how microbes may influence the development and maintenance of states of health and disease; the effects of environmental change(s) on the formation, function, and stability of microbial communities; and research challenges and opportunities for this emerging field of inquiry"--Publisher's description
The influence of global environmental change on infectious disease dynamics : workshop summary by Influence of Global Environmental Change on Infectious Disease Dynamics (Workshop)( )
2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 47 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"The twentieth century witnessed an era of unprecedented, large-scale, anthropogenic changes to the natural environment. Understanding how environmental factors directly and indirectly affect the emergence and spread of infectious disease has assumed global importance for life on this planet. While the causal links between environmental change and disease emergence are complex, progress in understanding these links, as well as how their impacts may vary across space and time, will require transdisciplinary, transnational, collaborative research. This research may draw upon the expertise, tools, and approaches from a variety of disciplines. Such research may inform improvements in global readiness and capacity for surveillance, detection, and response to emerging microbial threats to plant, animal, and human health. The Influence of Global Environmental Change on Infectious Disease Dynamics is the summary of a workshop hosted by the Institute of Medicine Forum on Microbial Threats in September 2013 to explore the scientific and policy implications of the impacts of global environmental change on infectious disease emergence, establishment, and spread. This report examines the observed and potential influence of environmental factors, acting both individually and in synergy, on infectious disease dynamics. The report considers a range of approaches to improve global readiness and capacity for surveillance, detection, and response to emerging microbial threats to plant, animal, and human health in the face of ongoing global environmental change"--Publisher's description
The science and applications of synthetic and systems biology workshop summary by Science and Applications of Synthetic and Systems Biology( Book )
5 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 40 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Many potential applications of synthetic and systems biology are relevant to the challenges associated with the detection, surveillance, and responses to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. On March 14 and 15, 2011, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Forum on Microbial Threats convened a public workshop in Washington, DC, to explore the current state of the science of synthetic biology, including its dependency on systems biology; discussed the different approaches that scientists are taking to engineer, or re-engineer, biological systems; and discussed how the tools and approaches of synthetic and systems biology were being applied to mitigate the risks associated with emerging infectious diseases. The science and applications of synthetic and systems biology is organized into sections as a topic-by-topic distillation of the presentations and discussions that took place at the workshop. Its purpose is to present information from relevant experience, to delineate a range of pivotal issues and their respective challenges, and to offer differing perspectives on the topic as discussed and described by the workshop participants. This report also includes a collection of individually authored papers and commentary"--Publisher's description
Microbial ecology in states of health and disease : workshop summary by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( Book )
2 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 36 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"On March 18 an 19, 2013, the Institute of Medicine's (IOM's) Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop, in Washington, DC, to explore the scientific and therapeutic implications of microbial ecology in states of health and desease. Participants explored host-microbe interactions in humans, animals, and plants; emerging insights into how microbes may influence the development and maintenance of states of health and disease; the effects of environmental change(s) on the formation, function, and stability of microbial communities, and research challenges and opportunities for this emerging field of inquiry."--Page 3
The influence of global environmental change on infectious disease dynamics : workshop summary by Institute of Medicine (U.S.)( )
1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Global Infectious Disease Surveillance and Detection Assessing the Challenges - Finding Solutions, Workshop Summary ( )
2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Antibiotic resistance implications for global health and novel intervention strategies : workshop summary by Institute of Medicine (U( )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide
 
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