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OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center

Works: 11,431 works in 11,555 publications in 1 language and 11,525 library holdings
Genres: History  Case studies  Criticism, interpretation, etc  Academic theses 
Classifications: HV551.3,
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Most widely held works by OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center
Gender in the development of career related learning experiences by Christine Marie Williams( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) delineates the ways in which social forces may influence women's career development and create gender segregation in different types of occupations (see Betz, 2007 for a review). However, a number of questions remain, specifically in regards to how social forces may shape the core cognitive variables of the model, namely self efficacy and outcome expectations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to further examine precursors to these variables and the role of gender within the career development process. To accomplish these aims, a survey of 390 college women was conducted. While not all hypotheses were supported, a number of key findings emerged. First, vicarious learning continued to underperform in terms of predicting self efficacy and outcome expectations. Second, the data supported the overarching SCCT model, particularly core components delineating the development of career related self efficacy and outcome expectations through learning experiences. Third, gender role norm conformity showed promise as a distal predictor of career related learning experiences. Only some of the observed relationships between the conformity and learning experience variables were borne out as expected. However, some interesting findings emerged which may be in line with existing and emerging gender-related theories. These findings are discussed within the larger frameworks of career development and gender theory and implications for research and practice are discussed."--Abstract
Basic writers using clickers : a case study by Michelle Ann Miller( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Personal response devices, 'clickers, ' that allow students to answer questions and see on a projected screen the results of their voting, followed by discussion and reprocessing, is a form of educational technology that has been embraced by instructors of large classes, particularly in the natural sciences. This dissertation describes their use in an unusual setting, that of developmental writing. This case study proceeds from looking at three of the researcher's fall 2007 Basic Writing classes first through the prism of a written assignment on their participation in their previous English class and a personal technologies survey, to later looking at eleven students' responses to and work within clicker lessons through videotaped observations, student written responses and post-semester interviews. Trying to appeal to the generational and affective factors that traditional age basic writers present, I wanted to see if overlap between those data sets might inform me on my students' use of clickers in my classes. I discovered that these students bring a lack of meaninful experience with co-construction of knowledge to the basic writing classroom and that their work there is hampered by wariness about classmates and a wish to multi-task rather than focus. Further, one class showed several students using a discourse pattern of a series of one-on-one discussions with the instructor while the other class showed a more complex pattern where a few dominant students co-constructed among themselves in a more extended manner. Ironically, the class where the students used the simpler discourse patterns had a higher number of verbal participants, and more students credited classmates as influential. Students who saw clicker lessons as integral to their learning (perhaps because it blended with their acknowledged learning style) had a more successful experience than those who saw clicker lessons as peripheral and something that has been imposed upon them. In the most positive manifestation of our use of clickers in the classroom, some students came to see their classmates' portfolio revision work as relevant and inspiring models that they could apply to their own work."--Abstract
A quantitative analysis of the Relationships between teacher trust, self-efficacy, and school academic performance by Sally L Byard( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A canonical correlation was conducted, and the results showed a significant relationship between trust and self-efficacy. A univariate regression analysis was also used to assess if there were relationships between the subscales. Results showed that the self-efficacy subscale of student engagement was related to both trust in the principal and trust in colleagues. It also showed that the self-efficacy subscale of instructional strategies was related to trust in clients (students and parents)
Waiting for a crisis : case studies of crisis leaders in higher education by Stacy L Muffet-Willett( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study examines the system of crisis leadership in higher education. Using case study methods, five crisis leadership participants were interviewed to develop a deep understanding of how they perceive their university crisis leadership system. Two participants were from a private institution, and three were from a public institution. Higher education factors that contribute to and detract from effective crisis leadership were found, as well as training aspects that contribute to and detract from effective crisis leadership processes. The case studies were analyzed using a cross- comparison method, and also according to a framework drawn from the research literature related to leadership, training, and crisis. The findings suggest a new practical model for use in higher education crisis leadership
Imagining heaven and hell : religion, national identity, and U.S. foreign relations, 1930-1953 by David Zietsma( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This dissertation argues that religiously framed narratives of national identity conditioned the United States approach to the world from 1930-1953. When the Great Depression called into question U.S. manifest destiny, Americans reified their divine chosenness first through a 'good neighbor' national image and later through a narrative imagining the United States as a righteous nation battling evil enemies. During the Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman administrations, competing religious groups/organizations provided the language and images through which national these identity narratives attained their form. The destabilizing impact of the Depression allowed the temporary ascendance of Protestant liberal modernist discourse and an attendant surge in popularity for cooperative internationalism. When the good neighbor narrative failed to reconcile Americans' experience in the world with their neighborly picture of the world, a gradual shift toward the language/imagery of neo-orthodox realism occureed as Americans began imagining the United States as a righteous defender against the evil Axis powers. World War II empowered fundamentalist Christianity, enabling a postwar transition that gradually marginalized the vestigaes of pre-war religious modernism and again depicted the United States as a righteous nation, this time battling the godless Soviet Union on behalf of God-ordained free market economics and political democracy."--Abstract
"To secure to themselves and their countrymen an agreeable and happy retreat" : the continuity of Scottish Highland mercenary traditions and North American outmigration by Cameron Flint( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This study considers and analyzes the motivations for Scottish outmigration to British North America during the eighteenth century from both an economic as well as cultural perspective. This paper posits that Scots utilized the mercenary profession that had long been a part of their way of life in order to achieve economic security and a degree of cultural preservation. It will also demonstrate that Scottish Highland loyalism during the War of American Independence was not an abnormality, as some have suggested, but rather a continuation of certain Highland clans and families' adherence to a martial code of mercenary service for land. In order to arrive at this conclusion this study examines the history of Scottish mercenary service and Highland clan political loyalties beginning in the late medieval era through the formation of Highland regiments within the British army during the eighteenth century and culminates with these regimetns' land grant based settlement of North America."--Abstract
Aerodynamics and dysphagia by Mariam Baig( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: This study investigated the influence of aerodynamic measures of Maximum Phonation Time (MPT) and the S/Z ratio on swallowing. Twelve individuals were examined, six with a diagnosis of dysphagia, and six as a control group. The study hypothesized that (1) there would be a reduced MPT in the dysphagic group compared to the control (2) there would be an S/Z ratio greater than 1.0 in the dysphagic group. The rationale for this study was that since MPT and S/Z measures are easily administered, they may prove to be useful, non-invasive, inexpensive tools to predict a patient's potential risk for aspiration. The results showed (1) a reduction of MPT values in the dysphagic group compared to the control (2) no significant difference in S/Z ratios between groups (3) a significant decrease in duration of individual /s/ /z/ productions in the dysphagic group and (4) a significant difference in /z/ duration compared to /s/ duration was found in both the dysphagic and control groups. The results suggest that only the MPT may be a useful indicator in detecting patients who may be at risk for aspiration. Contrary to the hypothesis, the S/Z ratio is not a predictor for detecting patients who may be at risk for aspiration
From chaos to clarity : educating emergency managers by Michael J O'Connor( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Emergency management is a rapidly growing and evolving discipline and profession. While only two degree-level programs existed prior to 1995 these two programs were joined by an additional forty programs by 2005. These new programs contributed to a broad expansion of courses and instructional materials. However, none of this growth and expansion had been guided by a commonly agreed upon curricular framework. This meant that programs within and between degree-levels varied widely on what they defined as an appropriate emergency management curriculum. The past several years have seen repeated efforts by a small group of academics and practitioners to develop a curricular framework out of lists of competencies, functions, skills, etc. This research combined and refined those earlier efforts into a unified list of broad goals, which were qualitatively and quantitatively studied to identify sets of goals sufficient to describe a curriculum appropriate for emergency management bachelor's and master's degree-level programs."--Abstract
A case study of first grade meaning making in a technology rich environment by Jaclyn Prizant Gordon( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The purpose of this study was to describe first grade meaning making in a technologically rich classroom environment and to explore the ramifications of technology on early literacy learners. Currently, few in depth research studies have examined meaning making in a technologically rich classroom setting, especially with first grade students in an urban setting. Over the past 50 years, the literacy community has investigated issues central to the meaning making process, including whether meaning resides solely in the text or in a transactional relationship between the text, reader, and the context. Today this sociopsycholinguistic view of meaning making supported through a constructivist theoretical framework has been further impacted by technology and the new literacies. In response to the growing force of technology in the lives of young students, this study wanted to describe literacy behaviors of these students by documenting student behaviors as they engaged and interacted with a range of literacy activities. Ultimately, the study sought to investigate how students used these opportunities to make meaning. The results of this study were based upon data gathered in support of the following research questions that guided the study: (1) what kinds of interaction happen when a teacher purposely constructs an environment using technology in a first grade classroom; (2) how do students use these interactions to make meaning? These research questions were analyzed through a qualitative single case study methodology. Data collection included classroom observations, interviews, student artifacts, and pertinent classroom documents. This study employed the use of QSR* NVivo 7 computer software to manipulate the data. The analysis of the data began with an a priori code structure derived from a review of the research literature and evolved through a reiterative reading of the data from which themes emerged. The findings from the study detailed three types of interactions used by students in the technologically rich classroom environment for meaning making. These included interactions with 1) the print environment, 2) the "real-world" environment, and 3) the technology environment. Through these interactions students were found to make meaning in three ways; specifically, through 1) social construction, 2) experience-based inquiry and interpretation, and 3) multimodal encounters. Throughout the study, the three types of interactions were rarely seen as distinct from one another but rather were often viewed working in confluence. Further analysis of the data revealed that all three types of interactions included two pervasive features: 1) opportunities for social collaboration and 2) the incorporation of multiliteracies. Moreover, this study recognized the potential impact of a technologically rich instructional environment on students' meaning making through the new literacies. Results of this study suggest that a curriculum that actively incorporates the new literacies may provide a powerful framework for classroom instruction."--Abstract
Polyamines : stabilization of biocompatible polymers for nitric oxide delivery by Wilmarie Flores-Santana( )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The primary limitation in using water-soluble diazeniumdiolates in topical applications is the instability of these compounds in aqueous solutions as a result of their pH dependent NO release. At higher pH values however, the NONOates are stable in the media. This pH restriction renders them useless in water-based creams or ointments. DETAN, EPN, MePN, and PuN have been stabilized with a cationic exchange resing (DOWEX 1 x 4), thus making the bound NONOate stable in water. About 30% of the NONOates were successfully bound to the resin beads. This approach only required an ionic exchange process to activate the release of NO, which follows normal release kinetics, with half-lives ranging from 1-5 h. Topical formulations using a water-based cream with 20 mg of the NONOate-DOWEX complex release up to 0.6 [mu]moles of NO. Redness was observed in the area where the formulation was applied, but disappeared when the cream was removed. This new approach presents a novel viable way of stabilizing these types of NO releasing drugs, making them suitable for several biomedical applications. Linear polyethylenimine was widely studied as a NO carrier for cardiovascular treatments and other topical applications (e.g. for wart treatments). Electrospinning technology was used to optimize the NO delivery by producing nanofibers, which could encapsulate the NO donors. Optimization of particle size was necessary to enhance the efficiency of the electrospinning system, as well as the distribution of the NO donor in the fiber mat. SEM analysis confirmed the encapsulation of LPEIN particles, LPEIN in methanol solution, LPEIN-Na, LPEIN-Ca, PEIXN-Na, and LPEIN-DOWEX within polyurethane fibers (e.g., Tecophilic and Tecoflex). The NO release from LPEIN fibers was analyzed using a Nitric Oxide Analyzer (NOA)."--Abstract
Beliefs and instructional practices of culturally relevant educators : a qualitative case study by Nancy Aiken Varian( )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The study used a qualitative case study research paradigm. There is a growing body of research which demonstrates that a culturally relevant instructional approach is effective with these students. The purpose of this study was to identify the beliefs of teachers who use "culturally relevant pedagogy" in their classrooms and to examine how they came to have those beliefs. In addition, the study explored the impact of these beliefs on the teachers' instructional practices. This study was guided by two research questions: 1) How did teachers who have been identified as using a culturally relevant pedagogy develop their cultural awareness and beliefs about multicultural education; and 2) What beliefs, if any, do these teachers share about culturally relevant instruction and how do they implement those beliefs in their classroom practice? During data analysis, themes were identified and categories were developed for each case. Findings emerged from a cross case analysis of themes and categories. The methodology of this qualitative case study was cross case analysis. Six teachers who successfully use a culturally relevant pedagogical approach were interviewed and observed to examine the genesis of their beliefs about diversity, and how those beliefs guided the instructional practices in their classrooms. Data collection procedures included interviews, classroom observation and artifacts. Data analysis revealed three central influences in the development of the teachers' cultural awareness and beliefs about multicultural education. Specifically, teachers were influenced by 1) their parents' attitudes, values and behaviors; 2) culturally sensitive experiences that affected them personally; 3) firsthand exposure to social injustice that raised their awareness of culturally-rooted inequities. It also characterized teachers' perceptions of factors that influenced their beliefs and guided their classroom instruction and practice. Data analysis revealed three broad beliefs about culturally relevant instruction that teachers demonstrated in their classrooms. Specifically, they cited the importance of 1) using a variety of instructional techniques; 2) designing student-centered instruction that promoted active learning and; 3) fostering a sense of personal empowerment in their students. Implications of this study suggest the need for intentional firsthand experiences for student teacher education and professional development. In addition, it suggests that administrators build in effective mentoring programs to allow teachers to observe culturally relevant educators. Classroom teachers should learn all they can about the cultures and backgrounds of their students to make meaningful connections to the classroom study. Future research is needed to continue to examine effective teachers and their beliefs and practices. More studies of the influences of teacher beliefs and how those influences impact classroom practice are needed. Furthermore, continuing to explore how more teachers can become culturally relevant educators by using culturally relevant pedagogy in their classrooms is also critical for all students. Teacher recruitment and teacher training are also areas which need further study."--Abstract
Undermining heteronormativity in Kate Chopin's The awakening by Susan G Weber( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: Many feminist critics view Edna Pontellier, the protagonist in Kate Chopin's novel The Awakening, as the prototype of the New Woman in search of independence from the patriarchal constraints that suffocate her, including sexual rules and restrictions. Most of these critics frame Edna in a traditional heterosexual world. Although The Awakening overtly focuses on male-female relationships, Edna's relationships with her women friends are more varied, nuanced, and comprehensive than those with men. I argue that Edna's desires are not purely heterosexual which is revealed through several secondary characters in the novel, and that Chopin employs safer heterosexual themes, plots and conventions as a protective cover for the more dangerous, subversive topics which lie underneath. I will show that Edna Pontellier and The Awakening can and should be viewed more queerly with the term queer being defined as "whatever is at odds with the normal, the legitimate, the dominant."
Hazards, negligence, and abuse in the apparel manufacturing industry : labor conditions from 1910-2015 by Emma Peterson( )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study was designed to identify apparel workplace hazards in factories all over the world. Identifying harmful conditions through qualitative content analysis using New York Times articles from the year 1910 until 2015 uncovered common themes in workplace hazards with the objective of ridding factories of harmful conditions to preemptively ensure the safety of workers. The data was documented in a timeline which highlights incident location, date, and conditions, as well as consequences such as injury rate and costs. Results revealed incidents occurring in countries going through the industrialization process and showed how these locations changed over time. The results of this study will help the fashion industry identify conditions that lead to harm and prevent future incidents, as well as further academic studies on ethics in the workplace
The nature of nature : space, place, and identity on the Appalachian Trail by Vanessa Ann Klein( Book )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this study was to examine nature experiences; how these experiences in nature impact place-making and in turn are impacted by place; why someone would choose to engage in an intense nature experience (in connection with significant life experiences); how people connect to nature and what their construction of nature is; and how knowledge is generated during an informal nature experience. A naturalistic inquiry methodology was selected to explore how Appalachian Trail thru-hikers experience and connect to nature, what prior nature experiences and formative influences led them to undertake a long-term outdoor experience, and the relationships between space, place, identity, and power. To address this purpose, I collected data from 18 Appalachian Trail thru-hikers via in-depth semi-structured interviews, observation field notes, and an autoethnographic research journal. The results of this research included a number of emergent findings. The emergent themes fell into the following categories: awareness of nature, identifying as a participant or observer in nature, power over nature, power of nature, social experiences, nature experiences, learning, significant life experiences, formative influences, reasoning, relationships with nature, bounding/bordering nature, conceptions of nature, place-making, and evolving identities. The results are presented in this dissertation in support of an argument for environmental education scholars and practitioners to attend to varying constructions of nature as a space, as well as how identity shapes experience and place-making
The impact of plans, policies and practices of metropolitan planning organizations on the design and implementation of streets for all users by Deborah Riemann( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: Since the rise of the automobile, urban planners, and traffic engineers were confronted with the question of balancing the different needs of all users of the street. Over the last decades that balance tended to favor car-oriented street designs. Health and air quality concerns, as well as an aging population have started to challenge the old ways of transportation planning. The heavy reliance on the private vehicle in the U.S. is facilitated by local land use decisions and investments in the public street and highway network were made. As most road projects are funded by federal dollars, metropolitan planning organizations are in a crucial position to increase active transportation options as they manage federal funds and facilitate regional decision making. This thesis will provide a comparative analysis of the approach employed bz two Ohio MPOs of comparable size and transportation budget - the Northeast Ohio Area-wide Coordinating Agency (NOACA; Cleveland) and Mid-Ohio Regional-Planning-Commission (MORPC; Columbus). The thesis will focus on the differences between MORPC's Complete Streets planning approach and NOACA's bicycle and pedestrian planning approach. The thesis analyzes policies and plans through a document review and uses interviews to identify organizational practices and cultures. The cases are described within the four factor categories that impact the implementation of transportation projects: (1) MPO intention and commitment, (2) MPO culture, structures and practices, (3) funding availability, and (4) state and local operating context. One conclusion of this thesis is that while the focus on bike and pedestrian planning tends to create transportation projects that are only focused on one single mode, the focus on users of Complete Streets helps to integrate the needs of different users of the street into every single project. The thesis concludes by outlining different strategies and tools that can be pursued by MPOs to increase the number of Complete Streets and projects that enhance active modes of transportation within the region
Fighting the Germans. fighting the germs. : Cleveland's response to the 1918-1919 Spanish flu epidemic by Haakon Bjoershol( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: Epidemics and disease are often overlooked in historical inquiries. This is unfortunate for a number of reasons. First of all, people's beliefs about what causes disease, as well as their ideas about how to respond to disease, are intrinsically linked to culture, philosophical convictions, and identity. Secondly, the ways a society respond to disease and epidemics largely reflect existing ideologies, values, social structures, and various needs and interests. In short, medical history is a tremendously helpful lens for studying political, economic, social, and ideological aspects of cultures and societies.This thesis looks at Cleveland's response to the 1918-19 Spanish Influenza epidemic. Relying heavily on newspaper accounts and various annual reports, the study views the epidemic crisis from a public health perspective, and explores the multiple factors that influenced the city's response. Acutely aware of the roles played by historical precedents, the thesis delves deeply into Cleveland's history of health care and finds a rich tradition of public health responses in the city. Many of these were utilized during the Spanish Flu crisis. Most importantly, the city relied greatly on Progressive traditions of education and cooperation. It also benefitted from a highly educated and well organized health department. Equally aware of the importance of historical context, the thesis looks at life in Cleveland in 1918. An extraordinary event in its own right, the deadly flu epidemic arrived in the U.S. and Cleveland during even more extraordinary times. Most crucially, in 1917, the United States became embroiled in what is now known as the First World War. This changed life in the U.S. and Cleveland almost beyond comprehension. The war effort took on such an important role that practically all elements and facets of society were affected by it. Public health was not an exception. This thesis explores many of the numerous ways that the Great War affected Cleveland's response to the Spanish Flu. Crucially, the war not only helped spread the disease, but also provided health professionals in Cleveland with a number of weapons and tools to fight the epidemic with
Behind the labels : Libby Payne, fashion designer for "Mrs. Main Street America" by Caroline A Surrarrer( Book )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This research sought to explore the life and career of Elizabeth “Libby” Miller Payne (1917-1997). The history of American ready-to-wear (RTW) is filled with unknown fashion designers who worked “behind the scenes” for manufacturers. This was especially true in the mid-20th century between the advent of manufactured women’s clothing and the rise of the celebrity fashion designer. In downtown department stores and boutiques all over the country, consumers purchased moderately-price styles created by names that never appeared on a label. One of these was Elizabeth “Libby” Miller Payne (1917-1997), a prolific designer whose career spanned fifty years in the New York ready-to-wear industry. Libby Payne designed hundreds of garments for “Mrs. Main Street America” under well-recognized moderate price-point labels such as Bobbie Brooks, Jonathan Logan, Beau Baker, David Warren, and John Henry. Libby’s designs “sold like hotcakes.” One of Libby’s most successful, Bobbie Brooks Style #862, sold 100,000 in its first two months on the market. The purpose of this research study was to investigate the life and work of creative talent, Libby Payne, situating her in the context of the mid-20th century American fashion industry, and utilizing her history as a vehicle for understanding the evolution of moderate price-point labels, designers, suppliers, manufacturers, retailers, and consumers during this critical time. Although the name, Libby Payne was previously unknown, her creations filled the retail selling floors and closets of “Mrs. Main Street America” from the 1930’s through the 1980’s. Throughout her long career, Libby experienced the evolution of the fashion industry first-hand, from her first position in a New York manufacturer’s workroom to retirement as a sometime freelance designer with a showroom and offsite production. Her story can provide insights to the business behind accessible ready-to-wear clothing, the evolution of the fashion designer, and secrets to success in this role. Libby Payne worked in fashion for more than half of her life, and her experiences can be viewed as a lens that reflects the American industry’s growth and change. Her legacy can inform us of the way the ready-to-wear industry has evolved into what it is today
Development of LC-MS/MS methods for quantitative analysis of plant-derived anticancer agent and synthetic estrogen in complex matrices by Simuli Lindah Wabuyele( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Magnesium as a regulator of hepatic NADPH in the hepatocyte : prospective roles of magnesium in diabetes and obesity onset by Chesinta B Voma( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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