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OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center

Works: 8,610 works in 8,639 publications in 1 language and 8,843 library holdings
Genres: Dissertations, Academic  History  Juvenile works 
Classifications: Z675.U5, 285.132
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Most widely held works by OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center
Advancing the civil rights movement race and geography of Life Magazine's visual representation, 1954-1965 by Michael DiBari( )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Cancer risk among firefighters epidemiological evidence by Ashraf M Genaidy( )
2 editions published in 2004 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The work carried out in this research was initiated as a result of the inquiry of the State of Ohio Bureau of Worker's Compensation into the extent of cancer risk among firefighters. Because there is limited information on the availability of procedures for evaluation of the methodological qualities of observational studies, the goal of Part one was to develop and test a general purpose "Epidemiological Appraisal Instrument (EAI)" for evaluating existing studies using a critical appraisal system rooted in epidemiological principles. A pilot EAI version was developed and tested by a research team consisting of three epidemiologists, two physicians, and two biostatisticians. The EAI consisted of 43 questions grouped into six scales (reporting or study description, study execution, subject selection, measurement quality, data analysis, and generalization of results). The pilot version was further tested with respect to other raters with considerable and minimal background in epidemiology and biostatistics. A revised version was again developed and its criterion validity and reliability was examined. An assessor with basic background in epidemiology and biostatistics was shown to be able to correctly respond on four out of five questions. On average, the assessor performance improved with the quality of the article. The inter-rater degree of agreement was largely above 90% and the assessors resolved their differences in subsequent rounds. The preliminary application of EAI to meta-analysis suggests that the inclusion of the overall quality into the calculations may reduce heterogeneity and improve the meta-risk estimate. The EAI proved to be a valid (e.g., criterion validity between experienced epidemiologist and other assessors with considerable background in epidemiology and biostatistics) d reliable (e.g., inter-rater agreement) appraisal instrument that may be used in various applications, such as systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The goals of Part two were three-fold: (1) to systematically review and critically appraise studies on cancer risk among firefighters on the basis of sound epidemiological principles using the EAI, (2) to quantitatively determine the extent of cancer risk among firefighters using meta-analysis, and, (3) to assess the epidemiological evidence for causal relationship between working as a firefighter and excess cancer risks. A comprehensive search of electronic databases and bibliographies from identified articles was performed. The articles were critically evaluated through the use of the EAI. A meta-analysis was undertaken separately for mortality and morbidity studies, and for these studies combined. A fixed-effect model was adopted in the absence of heterogeneity; otherwise, a random-effects model was implemented. An assessment of epidemiological evidence for a causal relationship was conducted as a function of multiple criteria including pattern of meta-relative risk association, study quality, consistency among studies, risk factors (other than exposure), exposure-response relationships, and analogy (with respect to other occupational groups). The results of Part two indicated that retrospective cohort mortality and incidence studies were of similar quality, but proportionate mortality studies were of lower quality. There appear to be 'probable' likelihood of risk for multiple myeloma, and testicular and prostate cancers, and 'possible' likelihood of risk for cancers of the digestive system (i.e., stomach, colon, rectum), brain, and skin (including malignant melanoma), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In conclusion, the findings of this study indicate that firefighters may be at excess risk of cancer in selected sites. A prospective cohort study of firefighters from multiple geographic locations, with quantified risk factors for disease and job-related exposures, is needed to resolve these issues
Does a day make a difference? a comparison of half-day and full-day kindergarten programs in two Ohio school districts by Candace L Mcintosh( )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The purpose of this study was to examine the academic and social effects of a half-day kindergarten experience when compared to a full-day kindergarten experience. Three specific questions were posed prior to the research: Do children entering first grade with a full-day kindergarten experience demonstrate a clear academic and social advantage over half-day children? Does this advantage remain present through the fourth grade? Did the length of the kindergarten day affect the following areas: attendance, retentions, suspensions, qualifying scores for Title I services in second grade, and the number of students identified for special education services? This was a cross sectional, causal comparative design. Five grade levels, K-4, were evaluated during the 2004-2005 school year. Two Ohio school districts with similar demographics were selected for this study, one offering full-day kindergarten and the other district offering half-day kindergarten. The independent variable for this study was the length of the school day. The dependent variables were academic measures (Dynamic Indicators Basic of Early Literacy Skills, Third and Fourth Grade Achievement Tests, Fourth Grade Math Proficiency Test), attendance, retentions, suspensions, Title I qualifying scores, and the identification of special education students. An analysis of variance was performed on all academic measures to determine those comparisons that were statistically significant. The remaining variables were compared through a chi square analysis. The results of the analysis of variance did show a clear academic advantage for students in kindergarten and first grade who had received a full-day kindergarten experience. However, all academic measures administered in second, third, and fourth grade were not statistically significant, thus suggesting that the advantages of full-day kindergarten were not present after first grade. The chi square test performed on the remaining variables found that the number of third grade students who had experienced half-day kindergarten and were identified to receive special education services to be significant. The length of the kindergarten day did not appear to have any significant effect on the other variables analyzed by the chi square test
Collecting away their suffering : meaningful hobbies and the processing of traumatic experience by Ray Feller( Book )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This study examined the relationship between trauma and meaningful hobbies. I combined the scholarship on collecting with the broader research on leisure, coping, and posttraumatic growth to explore how meaningful collections may have helped victims metabolize their traumatic experiences. I interviewed self-selected trauma survivors who felt that they had a collection that was related to a traumatic experience. Through qualitative interviews and interpretative phenomenological analysis, I explored collectors' experiences with trauma and hobbies. The purpose of this study is to better understand the retrospective connections people make between their chosen hobbies and the trauma they have experienced. This study could potentially have implications for treating survivors of trauma
Understanding faculty perceptions of the future action research for academic librarians by Kara Josephine Malenfant( )
2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The intent of this study was to aid academic librarians in examining their perceptions of the future of higher education, engaging disciplinary faculty members to understand their views, and determining actions to take to shape the future. In this mixed methods study, scenarios about the future of higher education served as the basis for collecting quantitative (survey) and qualitative (focus group) data at one institution. During this study, staff, faculty, and administrators at one library developed new ways to craft strategies and make decisions, shifting their focus from strategic planning as an event to strategic thinking as a process, a way of organizational learning. Most traditional strategic planning processes operate from foundational beliefs that planning is rational, the future is predictable, and change is linear. Futures work, however, is not grounded in these assumptions. Creating and using scenarios as the basis to set strategic directions aided the group in thinking more broadly and more creatively about how they will approach the changing nature of higher education. This study, with its orientation toward action research and futures research, is issued under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 United States License. This document is accompanied by a brief audio interview with the author in MP3 format
The construction of Druze ethnicity Druze in Israel between state policy and Palestinian Arab nationalism by Lina M Kassem( )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Eric Hobsbawm argues that recently created nations in the Middle East, such as Israel or Jordan, must be novel. In most instances, these new nations and nationalism that goes along with them have been constructed through what Hobsbawm refers to as "invented traditions." This thesis will build on Hobsbawm's concept of "invented traditions," as well as add one additional but essential national building tool especially in the Middle East, which is the military tradition. These traditions are used by the state of Israel to create a sense of shared identity. These "invented traditions" not only worked to cement together an Israeli Jewish sense of identity, they were also utilized to create a sub national identity for the Druze. The state of Israel, with the cooperation of the Druze elites, has attempted, with some success, to construct through its policies an ethnic identity for the Druze separate from their Arab identity. The policy of the state of Israel was to encourage the Druze to distinguish themselves by facilitating their imagining of a Druze ethnic identity. Israeli and Druze elites fashioned this identity through distinct military, economic, and cultural policies for the Druze. The need for inventing a sub-national identity for the Druze arose from the state's interest in dividing the Arabs along sectarian lines, in order to facilitate their control. Thus the Druze were no longer just a different sect but also ethnically differentiated from Arabs. This is an example of a classic strategy that has been used by colonial states to subdue native populations, commonly known as "divide and conquer." What is perhaps unique to the Israeli situation is how the state tried to simultaneously encourage ethnic nationalism as well as civic nationalism among the Druze in Israel. In other words, the state encouraged Druze ethnic nationalism to thwart Palestinian Arab national aspirations, while cultivating Israeli civic nationalism among the Druze, most notably through their military service. This case study demonstrates that these two nationalisms are not necessarily mutually exclusive
From chaos to clarity educating emergency managers by Michael J O'Connor( )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"Emergency management is a rapidly growing and evolving discipline and profession. While only two degree-level programs existed prior to 1995 these two programs were joined by an additional forty programs by 2005. These new programs contributed to a broad expansion of courses and instructional materials. However, none of this growth and expansion had been guided by a commonly agreed upon curricular framework. This meant that programs within and between degree-levels varied widely on what they defined as an appropriate emergency management curriculum. The past several years have seen repeated efforts by a small group of academics and practitioners to develop a curricular framework out of lists of competencies, functions, skills, etc. This research combined and refined those earlier efforts into a unified list of broad goals, which were qualitatively and quantitatively studied to identify sets of goals sufficient to describe a curriculum appropriate for emergency management bachelor's and master's degree-level programs."--abstract
Exscinded! : the schism of 1837 in the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America and the role of slavery by Catherine Glennan Borchert( )
1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Twelve years after the founding of the Synod of the Western Reserve in northeastern Ohio, the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America voted in 1837 to remove that Synod together with three other synods in Western New York, their members, churches, and presbyteries bodily from the denomination, treating the synods and their constituents as if they had never existed. In a time of rapid growth, enthusiastic change and optimism about the nature of the federal union, this church body turned its back on its own union and growth, choosing a path that ultimately caused it to be reduced by nearly half its former membership, and a new denomination to be formed of the exscinded portions together with like-minded others. This new denomination had the same name as the body that rejected it, but was popularly known as the New School of the Presbyterian Church.Many who wrote about this incident, both contemporaneously and subsequently, attributed the schismatical decision to differences in doctrine, theology, or governance. Relatively few noted the overarching societal concern about chattel slavery, the role of the church in sustaining or removing slavery from the country, and the way in which agitation over slavery and anti-slavery affected both individual church members and the institutional church. In the early 21st century, the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), together with other Protestant denominations, faces schism over the ordination of active homosexuals. Parallels between the two eras are used to shed light on the earlier split, with analyses of the nature of believers who are Presbyterian, insights from earlier Presbyterian church history, a close reading of the General Assembly actions from 1834 through 1837, and a review of anti-slavery agitation found in contemporary religious newspapers. The conclusion reached is that considerations surrounding slavery became key for conservatives in their successful strategy to take over the church and assure that the chaotic frontier could no longer control the Presbyterian Church
Imagining heaven and hell religion, national identity, and U.S. foreign relations, 1930-1953 by David Zietsma( )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This dissertation argues that religiously framed narratives of national identity conditioned the United States approach to the world from 1930-1953. When the Great Depression called into question U.S. manifest destiny, Americans reified their divine chosenness first through a 'good neighbor' national image and later through a narrative imagining the United States as a righteous nation battling evil enemies. During the Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman administrations, competing religious groups/organizations provided the language and images through which national these identity narratives attained their form. The destabilizing impact of the Depression allowed the temporary ascendance of Protestant liberal modernist discourse and an attendant surge in popularity for cooperative internationalism. When the good neighbor narrative failed to reconcile Americans' experience in the world with their neighborly picture of the world, a gradual shift toward the language/imagery of neo-orthodox realism occureed as Americans began imagining the United States as a righteous defender against the evil Axis powers. World War II empowered fundamentalist Christianity, enabling a postwar transition that gradually marginalized the vestigaes of pre-war religious modernism and again depicted the United States as a righteous nation, this time battling the godless Soviet Union on behalf of God-ordained free market economics and political democracy."--Abstract
Growing a modern agrarian myth the American Agriculture Movement, identity, and the call to save the family farm by Ryan J Stockwell( )
1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
A Feminist literary criticism approach to representations of women's agency in Harry Potter by Ruthann Mayes-Elma( )
1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Return to P'ong Tuk preliminary reconnaissance of a seminal Dvaravati site in West-central Thailand by Wesley S Clarke( )
2 editions published between 2011 and 2012 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"To secure to themselves and their countrymen an agreeable and happy retreat" the continuity of Scottish Highland mercenary traditions and North American outmigration by Cameron Flint( )
1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
"This study considers and analyzes the motivations for Scottish outmigration to British North America during the eighteenth century from both an economic as well as cultural perspective. This paper posits that Scots utilized the mercenary profession that had long been a part of their way of life in order to achieve economic security and a degree of cultural preservation. It will also demonstrate that Scottish Highland loyalism during the War of American Independence was not an abnormality, as some have suggested, but rather a continuation of certain Highland clans and families' adherence to a martial code of mercenary service for land. In order to arrive at this conclusion this study examines the history of Scottish mercenary service and Highland clan political loyalties beginning in the late medieval era through the formation of Highland regiments within the British army during the eighteenth century and culminates with these regimetns' land grant based settlement of North America."--abstract
The approach to Sonata's form in Schubert's piano trios by I-Hsuaun Tsai( )
1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This thesis examines the approach to sonata form in Schubert's two piano trios: D. 898 in B-flat major, and D. 929 in E-flat major, particularly the outer movements of the two trios, and the slow movement of the E-flat trio. The analysis is based on James Hepokoski and Warren Darcy's model. Overshadowed by Beethoven, Schubert's lengthy instrumental works are often criticized as incompetent and faulty because of their ambiguous formal structures and failure to development the themes. This thesis will demonstrate the fundamental difference in Schubert's and Beethoven's general aesthetics, thematic treatment, and harmonic language by comparing the two trios with Beethoven's selected piano trios. Moreover, the analysis will shed light on the two versions of the last movement of the E-flat trio, which was cut substantially in the published version. The cuts prove to be unsatisfactory and affect the coherence of the whole composition
The life and sacred music of Simone Molinaro (ca. 1570-1636), musician of Genoa by Peter S Poulos( )
1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This dissertation provides the most complete biography to date of the life of the Genoese musician Simone Molinaro, the first comprehensive analysis and discussion of his sacred music, and the first modern edition of nearly all of his extant sacred music. Molinaro is here revealed as one of the most significant figures in the history of Genoese music and as a composer of considerable depth, skill, and refinement whose music bridged, stylistically as well as chronologically, the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Chapter One provides a brief historical background of the city of Genoa leading up the time of Molinaro₂s life, citing relevant social, economic, and cultural markers. Chapter Two centers on the history of the Genoese musical institutions for which Molinaro worked, the music chapels of the Cathedral of San Lorenzo and the Ducal Palace. The biography in Chapter Three includes a discussion of the reception history of Molinaro₂s music up to the current day. Chapter Four consists of a survey of the texts employed by Molinaro in his publications of sacred motets, and a discussion of their use within the context and culture of northern Italian and Genoese sacred music. In the analytical survey of the works in Chapter Five Molinaro's late sixteenth-century style music is examined from a musical-rhetorical perspective. In addition, the relevance of the concept of imitatio in this music and Molinaro's use of compositional models is analyzed. The melding of traditional sixteenth-century and the newer seventeenth-century stylistic elements in the sacred concertos is discussed within an historical context. Chapter Six outlines the editorial procedures employed in the edition as well as provides a complete erratum of all corrections and emendations to the original prints. The diplomatic transcription of the music that follows will be appealing both to scholars and to performers because of its introduction to the repertoire of the period of a heretofore unknown and excellent collection of sacred vocal music
An analysis and comparison of the clarinet and viola version of the two sonatas for clarinet (or viola) and piano OP. 120 by Johannes Brahms by Kyungju Lee( )
1 edition published in 2004 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Johannes Brahms was one of the first composers to appreciate fully the viola₂s potential, allowing the instrument a chance to shine in his chamber music. Although Brahms₂ Two Sonatas in f-minor and E-flat major, Op. 120, were originally written for clarinet and piano, they are also greatly loved in the viola repertoire. Upon examination of the clarinet and viola versions of the sonatas, Brahms seems to have been keenly aware of the potential of each instrument. He intentionally sought different effects for these two instruments by composing two different versions. Each version is different not only with regard to its tone color or timbre, but also regarding practical techniques, such as vibrato, lip pressure, leap shifting, volume, and range. In my document, I will observe the differences between the clarinet and the viola versions, especially focusing on the unique characteristics of the each instrument. Then I will investigate why Brahms made such alterations for the viola, and I will also discuss how and why identical passages can sound and be expressed differently according to the instrument. In the first part of my document, I will provide a short historical background of the Op. 120 sonatas. I will also identify some of the composer₂s musical idiosyncrasies, concentrating especially on his chamber music and his high regard for the role of the clarinet and the viola in these works. Secondly, I will compare the clarinet and viola versions of these sonatas and point out the possible reasons for the differences between these versions. Finally, the third part will focus on how identical passages can be heard and expressed differently according to each instrument
Homeless mothers as parent leaders by Dorothy Ann Milligan( )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
Presents a qualitative study examining the general conditions that lead to single mother homelessness and the impact of being homeless on their ability to parent effectively, based on interviews with mothers who are clients of First Place, a Seattle, Washington, social service agency. The purpose of the study is to identify different paths of life stabilizing strategies and parenting of women who have been in touch with the same agency. The research attempts to determine how the mothers achieved stability amid daily stress through examination of how the stories reflect decisions, initiatives, and commitments that helped them reach a level of stability in their lives and those of their children. In this context, characteristics, traits, and/or themes that make them parent leaders, and how they advocate for their children's education, are explored. The nature of the research question fits the qualitative framework as it allows for the collection of stories to secure details of the experience of each individual. Specifically, biographical and narrative inquiry methods are used to seek the parent's first-person account of her story, or her self-construction, within a current social context. A narrative format with open-ended questions encourages the narrators to speak their story in their own words. The selection of a qualitative framework is based in large part on the fact that such methods are effective in encouraging marginalized voices traditionally silenced or distorted to be heard within a current social and historical context
The nature of relationship construction and maintenance for new college presidents an exploratory study by Mark Allen( )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
The purpose of this study was to explore the nature of relationships within the context of a new college presidency. The college presidency is unique given the societal importance of higher education and the organizational complexity of academia. To remain relevant in addressing society's needs a president must successfully create an environment receptive to self-examination and change. Central to a president's success is the ability to construct and maintain effective relationships. This exploratory research employed a phenomenological approach, interviewing eleven new college presidents as the primary method for gathering data. Through data analysis the researcher captured a deeper understanding of the complex dimensions of relationships. Several themes emerged from the data. Professional relationship challenges included: turbulent relationships with provosts; a propensity to restructure presidents' cabinets; challenges with faculty relationships; and the importance of board chair relationships. Personal relationships were more challenged by presidents with children. Themes relative to interpersonal constructs found most participants in this study feeling it important to maintain social distance from work colleagues. Several participants lacked trust, or had limited trust, in others (beyond spouses) to discuss sensitive work-related matters. There was a strong sense from the participants that they had not sacrificed authenticity as a result of being president. A majority of the participants experienced sporadic periods of loneliness attributed to leader decision making and lack of non-work related social opportunities. An analysis of the themes related to interpersonal constructs found contradictory views relative to trust, authenticity, social distancing, and loneliness to the degree that many of the presidents were functioning more in a command and control style of leadership rather than a relational approach. All of the presidents felt that relationship construction and maintenance was foundational to their effectiveness
Recipes of resolve food and meaning in post-diluvian New Orleans by Jessica Claire Menck( )
1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
In 2005 the city of New Orleans experienced catastrophic flooding as a result of the failure of the federal levee system following Hurricane Katrina. This was an immediate disaster that evolved into a longer-term crisis as the city, state, and national government struggled to respond to the event. This study focuses on one part of managing crisis: meaning making. Specifically, the study investigates meaning making within the food community of New Orleans, asking the questions: is food a way for individuals and groups to make meaning following critical change events such as the failure of the federal levee system in New Orleans, and if so, how? It employs tools of ethnographic inquiry and participatory action research, such as: case study, interviews, field notes, photography, recipes, and multiple media, to suggest an approach to investigating meaning making within food systems affected by critical change events. The sample of the study draws on a wide spectrum of experience and perspective on food in the region. This spectrum ranges from restaurateurs and others who go back multiple generations in the New Orleans food community and new comers, including two groups of recent immigrants. This study finds that despite these differences, there are four common discourses that leaders and others in this community use to think and talk about food in relationship to critical change: culture, ecology, economics, and politics. The study embodies an approach that goes beyond the dominant nutrition versus culture paradigm. The discourses this study reports, may serve as a framework for investigating the meaning of food in other locales and contexts of change. Finally, this study illustrates the emergence of formal and informal leadership in the face of critical change. In this way, the study moves beyond the dominant attention given to people in formal positions of authority to focus on the leadership of people in their resolve to make meaning out of crisis. This dissertation integrates multiple media to express data and findings, and is accompanied by twenty-six embedded audio files
Influencing attitudes toward people with developmental disabilities using arts based research by Marti Sue Goetz( )
1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide
This study was conducted given as an inquiry about influencing attitudes toward people with developmental disabilities. Because resistance to homes for people with developmental disabilities situated in typical neighborhoods is still a problem, I seek a way to better assimilate people with "different abilities" into communities. For an historical foundation, I researched literature on the marginalization of this ethnographic group-people with developmental disabilities-and defined quality of life. In establishing groundwork for choice of methodology, I elaborate on arts used for social change. Arts based research methods were used to conduct the research. I created an exhibit using objects and photographs and words in a public space, intended to provoke thought and emotions. In order to evaluate the effectiveness, I used criteria outlined in Arts Based Research by Tom Barone and Elliot Eisner (2012), who indicate that the art piece should contain the following elements: incisiveness, concision, coherence, generativity, social significance, and evocation and illumination (p. 148). Findings affirmed that the arts-influenced installation successfully provoked and influenced attitudes toward people with developmental disabilities, as evidenced in written and oral responses. Implications for future research in this area of study using qualitative methods include: various arts based venues for research with other marginalized populations, participatory action research using the arts and many other provocative arts performances. Keywords: arts based research, qualitative research, disability, marginalization, resistance, and quality of life
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