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OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center

Works: 9,321 works in 9,442 publications in 1 language and 9,410 library holdings
Genres: History  Case studies  Academic theses  Criticism, interpretation, etc 
Classifications: TG325.6,
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Most widely held works by OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center
Waiting for a crisis : case studies of crisis leaders in higher education by Stacy L Muffet-Willett( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study examines the system of crisis leadership in higher education. Using case study methods, five crisis leadership participants were interviewed to develop a deep understanding of how they perceive their university crisis leadership system. Two participants were from a private institution, and three were from a public institution. Higher education factors that contribute to and detract from effective crisis leadership were found, as well as training aspects that contribute to and detract from effective crisis leadership processes. The case studies were analyzed using a cross- comparison method, and also according to a framework drawn from the research literature related to leadership, training, and crisis. The findings suggest a new practical model for use in higher education crisis leadership
Gender in the development of career related learning experiences by Christine Marie Williams( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) delineates the ways in which social forces may influence women's career development and create gender segregation in different types of occupations (see Betz, 2007 for a review). However, a number of questions remain, specifically in regards to how social forces may shape the core cognitive variables of the model, namely self efficacy and outcome expectations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to further examine precursors to these variables and the role of gender within the career development process. To accomplish these aims, a survey of 390 college women was conducted. While not all hypotheses were supported, a number of key findings emerged. First, vicarious learning continued to underperform in terms of predicting self efficacy and outcome expectations. Second, the data supported the overarching SCCT model, particularly core components delineating the development of career related self efficacy and outcome expectations through learning experiences. Third, gender role norm conformity showed promise as a distal predictor of career related learning experiences. Only some of the observed relationships between the conformity and learning experience variables were borne out as expected. However, some interesting findings emerged which may be in line with existing and emerging gender-related theories. These findings are discussed within the larger frameworks of career development and gender theory and implications for research and practice are discussed."--Abstract
Basic writers using clickers : a case study by Michelle Ann Miller( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Personal response devices, 'clickers, ' that allow students to answer questions and see on a projected screen the results of their voting, followed by discussion and reprocessing, is a form of educational technology that has been embraced by instructors of large classes, particularly in the natural sciences. This dissertation describes their use in an unusual setting, that of developmental writing. This case study proceeds from looking at three of the researcher's fall 2007 Basic Writing classes first through the prism of a written assignment on their participation in their previous English class and a personal technologies survey, to later looking at eleven students' responses to and work within clicker lessons through videotaped observations, student written responses and post-semester interviews. Trying to appeal to the generational and affective factors that traditional age basic writers present, I wanted to see if overlap between those data sets might inform me on my students' use of clickers in my classes. I discovered that these students bring a lack of meaninful experience with co-construction of knowledge to the basic writing classroom and that their work there is hampered by wariness about classmates and a wish to multi-task rather than focus. Further, one class showed several students using a discourse pattern of a series of one-on-one discussions with the instructor while the other class showed a more complex pattern where a few dominant students co-constructed among themselves in a more extended manner. Ironically, the class where the students used the simpler discourse patterns had a higher number of verbal participants, and more students credited classmates as influential. Students who saw clicker lessons as integral to their learning (perhaps because it blended with their acknowledged learning style) had a more successful experience than those who saw clicker lessons as peripheral and something that has been imposed upon them. In the most positive manifestation of our use of clickers in the classroom, some students came to see their classmates' portfolio revision work as relevant and inspiring models that they could apply to their own work."--Abstract
A quantitative analysis of the Relationships between teacher trust, self-efficacy, and school academic performance by Sally L Byard( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study sought to determine if teachers' perceptions of trust and self-efficacy were related to school academic performance based on Ohio Achievement Assessment results for the 2009-10 school year in eight Midwestern public schools. Additionally, the study sought to determine if teacher trust and self-efficacy were related to one another
Aerodynamics and dysphagia by Mariam Baig( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: This study investigated the influence of aerodynamic measures of Maximum Phonation Time (MPT) and the S/Z ratio on swallowing. Twelve individuals were examined, six with a diagnosis of dysphagia, and six as a control group. The study hypothesized that (1) there would be a reduced MPT in the dysphagic group compared to the control (2) there would be an S/Z ratio greater than 1.0 in the dysphagic group. The rationale for this study was that since MPT and S/Z measures are easily administered, they may prove to be useful, non-invasive, inexpensive tools to predict a patient's potential risk for aspiration. The results showed (1) a reduction of MPT values in the dysphagic group compared to the control (2) no significant difference in S/Z ratios between groups (3) a significant decrease in duration of individual /s/ /z/ productions in the dysphagic group and (4) a significant difference in /z/ duration compared to /s/ duration was found in both the dysphagic and control groups. The results suggest that only the MPT may be a useful indicator in detecting patients who may be at risk for aspiration. Contrary to the hypothesis, the S/Z ratio is not a predictor for detecting patients who may be at risk for aspiration
Imagining heaven and hell : religion, national identity, and U.S. foreign relations, 1930-1953 by David Zietsma( )

1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This dissertation argues that religiously framed narratives of national identity conditioned the United States approach to the world from 1930-1953. When the Great Depression called into question U.S. manifest destiny, Americans reified their divine chosenness first through a 'good neighbor' national image and later through a narrative imagining the United States as a righteous nation battling evil enemies. During the Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman administrations, competing religious groups/organizations provided the language and images through which national these identity narratives attained their form. The destabilizing impact of the Depression allowed the temporary ascendance of Protestant liberal modernist discourse and an attendant surge in popularity for cooperative internationalism. When the good neighbor narrative failed to reconcile Americans' experience in the world with their neighborly picture of the world, a gradual shift toward the language/imagery of neo-orthodox realism occureed as Americans began imagining the United States as a righteous defender against the evil Axis powers. World War II empowered fundamentalist Christianity, enabling a postwar transition that gradually marginalized the vestigaes of pre-war religious modernism and again depicted the United States as a righteous nation, this time battling the godless Soviet Union on behalf of God-ordained free market economics and political democracy."--Abstract
"To secure to themselves and their countrymen an agreeable and happy retreat" the continuity of Scottish Highland mercenary traditions and North American outmigration by Cameron Flint( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This study considers and analyzes the motivations for Scottish outmigration to British North America during the eighteenth century from both an economic as well as cultural perspective. This paper posits that Scots utilized the mercenary profession that had long been a part of their way of life in order to achieve economic security and a degree of cultural preservation. It will also demonstrate that Scottish Highland loyalism during the War of American Independence was not an abnormality, as some have suggested, but rather a continuation of certain Highland clans and families' adherence to a martial code of mercenary service for land. In order to arrive at this conclusion this study examines the history of Scottish mercenary service and Highland clan political loyalties beginning in the late medieval era through the formation of Highland regiments within the British army during the eighteenth century and culminates with these regimetns' land grant based settlement of North America."--abstract
From chaos to clarity educating emergency managers by Michael J O'Connor( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Emergency management is a rapidly growing and evolving discipline and profession. While only two degree-level programs existed prior to 1995 these two programs were joined by an additional forty programs by 2005. These new programs contributed to a broad expansion of courses and instructional materials. However, none of this growth and expansion had been guided by a commonly agreed upon curricular framework. This meant that programs within and between degree-levels varied widely on what they defined as an appropriate emergency management curriculum. The past several years have seen repeated efforts by a small group of academics and practitioners to develop a curricular framework out of lists of competencies, functions, skills, etc. This research combined and refined those earlier efforts into a unified list of broad goals, which were qualitatively and quantitatively studied to identify sets of goals sufficient to describe a curriculum appropriate for emergency management bachelor's and master's degree-level programs."--abstract
Collecting away their suffering : meaningful hobbies and the processing of traumatic experience by Ray Feller( Book )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study examined the relationship between trauma and meaningful hobbies. I combined the scholarship on collecting with the broader research on leisure, coping, and posttraumatic growth to explore how meaningful collections may have helped victims metabolize their traumatic experiences. I interviewed self-selected trauma survivors who felt that they had a collection that was related to a traumatic experience. Through qualitative interviews and interpretative phenomenological analysis, I explored collectors' experiences with trauma and hobbies. The purpose of this study is to better understand the retrospective connections people make between their chosen hobbies and the trauma they have experienced. This study could potentially have implications for treating survivors of trauma
Polyamines : stabilization of biocompatible polymers for nitric oxide delivery by Wilmarie Flores-Santana( )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The primary limitation in using water-soluble diazeniumdiolates in topical applications is the instability of these compounds in aqueous solutions as a result of their pH dependent NO release. At higher pH values however, the NONOates are stable in the media. This pH restriction renders them useless in water-based creams or ointments. DETAN, EPN, MePN, and PuN have been stabilized with a cationic exchange resing (DOWEX 1 x 4), thus making the bound NONOate stable in water. About 30% of the NONOates were successfully bound to the resin beads. This approach only required an ionic exchange process to activate the release of NO, which follows normal release kinetics, with half-lives ranging from 1-5 h. Topical formulations using a water-based cream with 20 mg of the NONOate-DOWEX complex release up to 0.6 [mu]moles of NO. Redness was observed in the area where the formulation was applied, but disappeared when the cream was removed. This new approach presents a novel viable way of stabilizing these types of NO releasing drugs, making them suitable for several biomedical applications. Linear polyethylenimine was widely studied as a NO carrier for cardiovascular treatments and other topical applications (e.g. for wart treatments). Electrospinning technology was used to optimize the NO delivery by producing nanofibers, which could encapsulate the NO donors. Optimization of particle size was necessary to enhance the efficiency of the electrospinning system, as well as the distribution of the NO donor in the fiber mat. SEM analysis confirmed the encapsulation of LPEIN particles, LPEIN in methanol solution, LPEIN-Na, LPEIN-Ca, PEIXN-Na, and LPEIN-DOWEX within polyurethane fibers (e.g., Tecophilic and Tecoflex). The NO release from LPEIN fibers was analyzed using a Nitric Oxide Analyzer (NOA)."--Abstract
Beliefs and instructional practices of culturally relevant educators : a qualitative case study by Nancy Aiken Varian( )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The study used a qualitative case study research paradigm. There is a growing body of research which demonstrates that a culturally relevant instructional approach is effective with these students. The purpose of this study was to identify the beliefs of teachers who use "culturally relevant pedagogy" in their classrooms and to examine how they came to have those beliefs. In addition, the study explored the impact of these beliefs on the teachers' instructional practices. This study was guided by two research questions: 1) How did teachers who have been identified as using a culturally relevant pedagogy develop their cultural awareness and beliefs about multicultural education; and 2) What beliefs, if any, do these teachers share about culturally relevant instruction and how do they implement those beliefs in their classroom practice? During data analysis, themes were identified and categories were developed for each case. Findings emerged from a cross case analysis of themes and categories. The methodology of this qualitative case study was cross case analysis. Six teachers who successfully use a culturally relevant pedagogical approach were interviewed and observed to examine the genesis of their beliefs about diversity, and how those beliefs guided the instructional practices in their classrooms. Data collection procedures included interviews, classroom observation and artifacts. Data analysis revealed three central influences in the development of the teachers' cultural awareness and beliefs about multicultural education. Specifically, teachers were influenced by 1) their parents' attitudes, values and behaviors; 2) culturally sensitive experiences that affected them personally; 3) firsthand exposure to social injustice that raised their awareness of culturally-rooted inequities. It also characterized teachers' perceptions of factors that influenced their beliefs and guided their classroom instruction and practice. Data analysis revealed three broad beliefs about culturally relevant instruction that teachers demonstrated in their classrooms. Specifically, they cited the importance of 1) using a variety of instructional techniques; 2) designing student-centered instruction that promoted active learning and; 3) fostering a sense of personal empowerment in their students. Implications of this study suggest the need for intentional firsthand experiences for student teacher education and professional development. In addition, it suggests that administrators build in effective mentoring programs to allow teachers to observe culturally relevant educators. Classroom teachers should learn all they can about the cultures and backgrounds of their students to make meaningful connections to the classroom study. Future research is needed to continue to examine effective teachers and their beliefs and practices. More studies of the influences of teacher beliefs and how those influences impact classroom practice are needed. Furthermore, continuing to explore how more teachers can become culturally relevant educators by using culturally relevant pedagogy in their classrooms is also critical for all students. Teacher recruitment and teacher training are also areas which need further study."--Abstract

2 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A single session of exercise was associated with improvement of mood states (Berger, Darby, Owen, & Carels, 2010; Ekkekakis, Hall, VanLanduyt, & Petruzzello, 2000; Petruzzello, Snook, Gliottoni, Motl, 2009). In addition, many factors seem to influence mood changes after exercise, such as exercise intensity and exercise enjoyment. One purpose of this study was to examine mood changes when participants exercise at their preferred intensity levels. Two additional purposes were to investigate the relationship between mood changes and exercise enjoyment (state and trait exercise enjoyment). Two final purposes were to examine the characteristics of the preferred intensity and to investigate possible sex differences in college students. Undergraduate students (N = 55) from physical education general (PEG) classes at Bowling Green State University with a mean age of 20.6 ±1.4 years participated in this study. Participants completed 15 minutes of jogging at their preferred exercise intensity levels. Immediately before and after exercise session, all participants completed the Profile of Mood States Inventory. In additional, exercise enjoyment (both trait and state) have measured by the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale in the study. The major findings were as followings: (1) desirable mood changes occurred when participants exercised (jog/walk) at their preferred intensity levels for 15 minutes. (2) There was no support for the relationship between exercise enjoyment and mood changes in this study. (3) Female students chose a higher level of exercise intensity (80.8% of HRR) as their preferred intensity level than male students (75.5% of HRR), but no difference was found for RPE. (4) College students exercised at a hard or very hard exercise intensity level rather than a moderate exercise intensity level
Magnesium as a regulator of hepatic NADPH in the hepatocyte : prospective roles of magnesium in diabetes and obesity onset by Chesinta B Voma( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Undermining heteronormativity in Kate Chopin's The awakening by Susan G Weber( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: Many feminist critics view Edna Pontellier, the protagonist in Kate Chopin's novel The Awakening, as the prototype of the New Woman in search of independence from the patriarchal constraints that suffocate her, including sexual rules and restrictions. Most of these critics frame Edna in a traditional heterosexual world. Although The Awakening overtly focuses on male-female relationships, Edna's relationships with her women friends are more varied, nuanced, and comprehensive than those with men. I argue that Edna's desires are not purely heterosexual which is revealed through several secondary characters in the novel, and that Chopin employs safer heterosexual themes, plots and conventions as a protective cover for the more dangerous, subversive topics which lie underneath. I will show that Edna Pontellier and The Awakening can and should be viewed more queerly with the term queer being defined as "whatever is at odds with the normal, the legitimate, the dominant."
Hazards, negligence, and abuse in the apparel manufacturing industry : labor conditions from 1910-2015 by Emma Peterson( )

2 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This study was designed to identify apparel workplace hazards in factories all over the world. Identifying harmful conditions through qualitative content analysis using New York Times articles from the year 1910 until 2015 uncovered common themes in workplace hazards with the objective of ridding factories of harmful conditions to preemptively ensure the safety of workers. The data was documented in a timeline which highlights incident location, date, and conditions, as well as consequences such as injury rate and costs. Results revealed incidents occurring in countries going through the industrialization process and showed how these locations changed over time. The results of this study will help the fashion industry identify conditions that lead to harm and prevent future incidents, as well as further academic studies on ethics in the workplace
The Disney-fication of disability the perpetuation of Hollywood stereotypes of disability in Disney's animated films by Stephanie R Kirkpatrick( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In society today it is considered wrong to use or believe truth in stereotypes in regards to ones race, sex or religion; however, a majority of society is unaware of the constant presence of disability stereotypes in television and film today. Is it because many people are not exposed to disability personally or is it because the media has consistently presented the public with certain images that have been ingrained into society's beliefs and ideas? This analysis takes a deeper look at the use and consistent perpetuation of such stereotypes with a focus on Disney's animated films."--abstract
Perceived racism as a predictor of psychological well-being in southeast Asian American college students by Maiko Xiong( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perceived racism and psychological well-being among Southeast Asian American college students. In specific, the relationships between the frequency of racism experiences and how much the racism experiences bothered the participants, and demographic factors including gender, generational status, and college grade level were investigated. A total of 201 self-identified Southeast Asian Americans were included in the final analysis. These subjects completed two instruments, the Daily Life Experience subscale that measured perceived racism and the Depression-Happiness Scale that measured both positive and negative cognitions and affect. Subjects also provided responses about their generational status, gender, and college level status. The instrument data were analyzed using correlation analysis and multiple linear regressions. Regression analyses revealed that perceived racism and the demographic factors differentially predicted psychological well-being. By examining variations in participants' experiences of racism and how much they attribute the racism experience as bothersome, this study highlights individual differences within this group and provides evidence that racism is a complex process for Southeast Asian Americans. These results are discussed in detail herein. Implications of the findings along with the limitations of the study are presented. Recommendations of future research are also described
The nature of nature : space, place, and identity on the Appalachian Trail by Vanessa Ann Klein( Book )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The purpose of this study was to examine nature experiences; how these experiences in nature impact place-making and in turn are impacted by place; why someone would choose to engage in an intense nature experience (in connection with significant life experiences); how people connect to nature and what their construction of nature is; and how knowledge is generated during an informal nature experience. A naturalistic inquiry methodology was selected to explore how Appalachian Trail thru-hikers experience and connect to nature, what prior nature experiences and formative influences led them to undertake a long-term outdoor experience, and the relationships between space, place, identity, and power. To address this purpose, I collected data from 18 Appalachian Trail thru-hikers via in-depth semi-structured interviews, observation field notes, and an autoethnographic research journal. The results of this research included a number of emergent findings. The emergent themes fell into the following categories: awareness of nature, identifying as a participant or observer in nature, power over nature, power of nature, social experiences, nature experiences, learning, significant life experiences, formative influences, reasoning, relationships with nature, bounding/bordering nature, conceptions of nature, place-making, and evolving identities. The results are presented in this dissertation in support of an argument for environmental education scholars and practitioners to attend to varying constructions of nature as a space, as well as how identity shapes experience and place-making
Cracking behavior of structural slab bridge decks by Anil Patnaik( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bridge deck cracking is a common problem throughout the United States, and it affects the service life of concrete bridges. Several departments of transportation (DOTs) in the United States prefer using continuous span structural (CSS) slab bridges without stringers over typical four-lane highways or steams. The primary objective of this project is to study the cracking behavior of CSS slab bridges. Recent inspections of such bridges in Ohio revealed permanent cracks as wide as 0.14 in. under dead load alone. These measured crack widths are more than 15 times the maximum limit recommended in ACI 224R-01 for bridge decks exposed to de-icing salts. Measurements using digital image correlation revealed that the cracks widened under truck loading, and in some cases, the cracks did not fully close after unloading. This report also includes details of an experimental investigation. Prism tests revealed that the concrete specimens with epoxy-coated bars (ECB) develop first crack at smaller loads, and develop larger crack widths compared to the corresponding specimens with uncoated (black) bars. Slab tests revealed that the specimens with longitudinal ECB developed first crack at smaller loads, exhibited wider cracks and a larger number of cracks, and failed at smaller ultimate loads compared to the corresponding test specimens with black bars. To investigate a preventive measure, slab specimens with basalt MiniBar or polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete were included in the test program. These specimens exhibited higher cracking loads, smaller crack widths, smaller mid-span deflections and higher ultimate failure loads compared to the slab specimens without fiber. Merely satisfying the reinforcement spacing requirements given in AASHTO or ACI 318-11 is not adequate to limit cracking below the ACI 224R-01 recommended maximum limit, even though all the relevant design requirements are otherwise met. Addition of fiber to concrete without changing any steel reinforcing details is expected to cost-effectively reduce the severity and extent of cracking in reinforced concrete bridge decks
A case study of first grade meaning making in a technology rich environment by Jaclyn Prizant Gordon( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The purpose of this study was to describe first grade meaning making in a technologically rich classroom environment and to explore the ramifications of technology on early literacy learners. Currently, few in depth research studies have examined meaning making in a technologically rich classroom setting, especially with first grade students in an urban setting. Over the past 50 years, the literacy community has investigated issues central to the meaning making process, including whether meaning resides solely in the text or in a transactional relationship between the text, reader, and the context. Today this sociopsycholinguistic view of meaning making supported through a constructivist theoretical framework has been further impacted by technology and the new literacies. In response to the growing force of technology in the lives of young students, this study wanted to describe literacy behaviors of these students by documenting student behaviors as they engaged and interacted with a range of literacy activities. Ultimately, the study sought to investigate how students used these opportunities to make meaning. The results of this study were based upon data gathered in support of the following research questions that guided the study: (1) what kinds of interaction happen when a teacher purposely constructs an environment using technology in a first grade classroom; (2) how do students use these interactions to make meaning? These research questions were analyzed through a qualitative single case study methodology. Data collection included classroom observations, interviews, student artifacts, and pertinent classroom documents. This study employed the use of QSR* NVivo 7 computer software to manipulate the data. The analysis of the data began with an a priori code structure derived from a review of the research literature and evolved through a reiterative reading of the data from which themes emerged. The findings from the study detailed three types of interactions used by students in the technologically rich classroom environment for meaning making. These included interactions with 1) the print environment, 2) the "real-world" environment, and 3) the technology environment. Through these interactions students were found to make meaning in three ways; specifically, through 1) social construction, 2) experience-based inquiry and interpretation, and 3) multimodal encounters. Throughout the study, the three types of interactions were rarely seen as distinct from one another but rather were often viewed working in confluence. Further analysis of the data revealed that all three types of interactions included two pervasive features: 1) opportunities for social collaboration and 2) the incorporation of multiliteracies. Moreover, this study recognized the potential impact of a technologically rich instructional environment on students' meaning making through the new literacies. Results of this study suggest that a curriculum that actively incorporates the new literacies may provide a powerful framework for classroom instruction."--Abstract
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