WorldCat Identities
Fri Mar 21 17:13:05 2014 UTClccn-no940427570.12Superfreakonomics global cooling, patriotic prostitutes, and why suicide bombers should buy life insurance /0.230.93The impact of school choice on student outcomes : an analysis of the Chicago public schools /61833919Steven_Levittno 940427573744402Levits, StīvensLevitt, S. D. 1967-Levitt, Steven.Levitt, Steven 1967-レヴィット, スティーヴン・Dlccn-n97855643Dubner, Stephen J.ivecrenc-national bureau of economic researchNational Bureau of Economic Researchlccn-no2011012663Romano, Chris1978-prolccn-no2011011655Troutwine, Chad1968-prolccn-n82078609O'Meara, Danprolccn-no2010181373Green Film Companylccn-nr93014576Gibney, Alexausdrtviaf-78807394Grady, Rachelausdrtviaf-78807387Ewing, Heidi E.ausdrtlccn-no2004105275Spurlock, Morgan1970-ausdrtLevitt, Steven D.MiscellaneaFilm adaptationsHumorPopular worksEconomics--Sociological aspectsEconomics--Psychological aspectsLevitt, Steven DEconomic manUnited StatesDubner, Stephen JSocial institutions--Economic aspectsEconomics--Study and teachingDrug traffic--Economic aspectsPunishment in crime deterrence--Econometric modelsCaliforniaNarcotics--Economic aspectsGangs--Social aspectsDrinking and traffic accidentsCriminal statisticsAcademic achievementIllinois--ChicagoSchool choiceInternational economic relationsCultureSocial structureDrinking and traffic accidents--Econometric modelsAlcoholCrime and raceDiscrimination in criminal justice administrationRacismEconomicsPolitical corruption--Economic aspectsChicago Public SchoolsSociologyRace relationsCreative ability in technologyTechnological innovationsJuvenile correctionsTraffic accidentsRisk assessment--Econometric modelsLaw and economicsCriminal law--Economic aspectsPopular cultureSentences (Criminal procedure)19671984199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201422622154804330HB74.P8ocn166269588ocn780741664ocn804412212ocn723571284ocn800569748ocn7531816328122100ocn057207630book19840.22Levitt, Steven DFreakonomics : a rogue economist explores the hidden side of everythingHumorPopular worksWhich is more dangerous, a gun or a swimming pool? What do schoolteachers and sumo wrestlers have in common? Why do drug dealers still live with their moms? How much do parents really matter? What kind of impact did Roe v. Wade have on violent crime? These may not sound like typical questions for an economist to ask--but Levitt is not a typical economist. He studies the stuff and riddles of everyday life--from cheating and crime to sports and child rearing--and his conclusions regularly turn the conventional wisdom on its head. The authors show that economics is, at root, the study of incentives--how people get what they want, or need, especially when other people want or need the same thing. In this book, they set out to explore the hidden side of everything. If morality represents how we would like the world to work, then economics represents how it actually does work.--From publisher description+-+K786825155448153ocn317925384book20090.20Levitt, Steven DSuperfreakonomics : global cooling, patriotic prostitutes, and why suicide bombers should buy life insuranceMiscellaneaFrom the Publisher: Freakonomics was a worldwide sensation, selling more than four million copies. Now Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner return with SuperFreakonomics.... SuperFreakonomics challenges the way we think all over again, with such questions as: How is a street prostitute like a department-store Santa? What's the best way to catch a terrorist? What do hurricanes, heart attacks, and highway deaths have in common? Are people hardwired for altruism or selfishness? Can eating kangaroo save the planet? Levitt and Dubner mix smart thinking and great storytelling like no one else, whether investigating a solution to global warming or explaining why the price of oral sex has fallen so drastically+-+3204335155200525ocn059007300rcrd19930.14Levitt, Steven DFreakonomics a rogue economist explores the hidden side of everythingWhich is more dangerous, a gun or a swimming pool? What do schoolteachers and sumo wrestlers have in common? Why do drug dealers still live with their moms? How much do parents really matter? What kind of impact did Roe v. Wade have on violent crime? These may not sound like typical questions for an economist to ask - but [one of the authors of this book] is not a typical economist. He studies the stuff and riddles of everyday life - from cheating and crime to sports and child rearing - and his conclusions regularly turn the conventional wisdom on its head. The authors show that economics is, at root, the study of incentives - how people get what they want, or need, especially when other people want or need the same thing. In this book, they set out to explore the hidden side of everything. If morality represents how we would like the world to work, then economics represents how it actually does work. -http://www.booksinprint.com+-+28612251556032ocn317925379rcrd20090.14Levitt, Steven DSuper freakonomics [global cooling, patriotic prostitutes and why suicide bombers should buy life insurance]MiscellaneaWhether investigating a solution to global warming or explaining why the price of oral sex has fallen so drastically, Levitt and Dubner mix smart thinking and great storytelling to show how people respond to incentives+-+20843351554326ocn462823813file20090.12Levitt, Steven DSuperfreakonomics global cooling, patriotic prostitutes, and why suicide bombers should buy life insuranceNew York Times bestselling authors Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner return with more iconoclastic insight and observations in this long-awaited follow-up to their blockbuster Freakonomics. In 2005, Freakonomics exploded in the culture, forever changing our understanding of how the world works, how we really make decisions--even how we name our children+-+72386225853243905ocn427865547rcrd20090.12Levitt, Steven DSuperfreakonomics [global cooling, patriotic prostitutes and why suicide bombers should buy life insurance]Miscellanea"Steven Levitt, professor of economics at the University of Chicago, and author Stephen Dubner have again teamed together to apply economic reasoning to a wide range of real-world questions. As with the original Freakonomics, SuperFreakonomics is largely based upon the research of Professor Levitt, who has tackled problems inside and outside the field of economics"--Book's website+-+01386225853242345ocn075409403book20060.14Levitt, Steven DFreakonomics : [un economista políticamente incorrecto explora el lado oculto de lo que nos afecta]¿Qué resulta más peligroso, una pistola o una piscina? ¿Por qué continúan los traficantes de drogas viviendo con sus madres? Quizás éstas no sean las típicas preguntas que formula un economista, pero el autor no es un economista típico. Es un especialista que estudia la esencia y los enigmas de la vida cotidiana y cuyas conclusiones, con frecuencia, ponen patas arriba la sabiduría convencional. A través de ejemplos prácticos y una sarcástica perspicacia, Levitt y su coautor demuestran que la economía, en el fondo, representa el estudio de los incentivos: el modo en que las personas obtienen lo que desean, o necesitan, especialmente cuando otras personas desean o necesitan lo mismo. Este libro singular analiza el trasfondo de muchas de nuestras decisiones cotidianas demostrando que las leyes económicas pueden explicar el porqué de muchas de nuestras acciones; literalmente redefine el modo en que vemos el mundo.--Desde la descripción de la editorial+-+276071119320122ocn192006352book20050.28Levitt, Steven DFreakonomicsWhich is more dangerous, a gun or a swimming pool? What do schoolteachers and sumo wrestlers have in common? Why do drug dealers still live with their moms? How much do parents really matter? What kind of impact did Roe v. Wade have on violent crime? These may not sound like typical questions for an economist to ask--but Levitt is not a typical economist. He studies the stuff and riddles of everyday life--from cheating and crime to sports and child rearing--and his conclusions regularly turn the conventional wisdom on its head. The authors show that economics is, at root, the study of incentives--how people get what they want, or need, especially when other people want or need the same thing. In this book, they set out to explore the hidden side of everything. If morality represents how we would like the world to work, then economics represents how it actually does work.--From publisher description+-+27607111931996ocn462882722book20100.14Levitt, Steven DSuperfreakonomics : enfriamiento global, prostitutas patrióticas y por qué los terroristas suicidas deberían contratar un seguro de vidaWhether investigating a solution to global warming or explaining why the price of oral sex has fallen so drastically, Levitt and Dubner mix smart thinking and great storytelling to show how people respond to incentives+-+293129258516313ocn040515766book19970.86Donohue, John JThe impact of race on policing, arrest patterns, and crimeRace has long been recognized as playing a critical role in policing. In spite of this awareness, there has been virtually no previous research attempting to quantitatively analyze the issue. In this paper, we examine the relationship between the racial composition of a city's police force and the racial patterns of arrests and crime. Increases in the number of minority police are associated with significant increases in arrests of whites, but have little impact on arrests of non-whites. Similarly arrests of non-whites, but do not systematically affect the number of white arrests. The race of police officers has a less clear-cut impact on crime rates. It appears that own-race policing may be more effective in reducing property crime, but no systematic differences are observed for violent crime. These results are consistent either with own-race policing leading to fewer false arrests or greater deterrence. In either case, own-race policing appears more "efficient" in fighting property crime1623ocn166269588visu20060.3320-20Steven Levitt and Stephen Dubner talk about the many relationships they discovered which involve economics and social characteristics of our current civilization. The two economists use interviews and statistical analysis to reveal their often surprising results14911ocn690485477book20090.21Levitt, Steven DSuperFreakonomicsMiscellaneaVerhandelingen over de drijfveren van mensen in het dagelijkse leven en de vaak verrassende economische gevolgen daarvan+-+254444862532414212ocn041067042book19970.90Levitt, Steven DEstimating the effect of alcohol on driver risk using only fatal accident statisticsMeasuring the relative likelihood of fatal crash involvement for different types of drivers would seem to require information on both the number of fatal crashes by driver type and the fraction of drivers on the road falling into each category. In this paper, however, we present a methodology for measuring fatal crash likelihood that relies solely on fatal crash data. The key to our identification strategy is the hidden richness inherent to two-car crashes. Crashes involving two drinking drivers are proportional to the square of the number of drinking drivers on the road; crashes with one drinking and one sober driver increase linearly in the number of drinking drivers. Imposing a limited set of assumptions (e.g. independence across crashes, equal mixing on the roads), we are able to estimate both the likelihood of causing a fatal crash and the fraction of drivers of each type on the road. Our estimates suggest that drivers with alcohol in their blood are at least eight times more likely to cause a fatal crash; legally drunk drivers pose a risk at least 15 times greater than sober drivers. Males, young drivers, and drivers with bad past driving records are all more dangerous, but the impact of these other factors is far less than that of alcohol14113ocn039680894book19980.88Levitt, Steven DAn economic analysis of a drug-selling gang's financesWe analyze a unique data set detailing the financial activities of a drug-selling street gang on a monthly basis over a four-year period in the recent past. The data, originally compiled by the gang leader to aid in managing the organization, contain detailed information on both the sources of revenues (e.g. drug sales, extortion) and expenditrues (e.g. costs of drugs sold, weapons, tribute to the central gang organization, wages paid to various levels of the gang). Street-level drug dealing appears to be less lucrative than is generally though. We estimate the average wage in the organization to rise from roughly $6 per hour to $11 per hour over the time period studied. The distribution of wages, however, is extremely skewed. Gang leaders earn far more than they could in the legitimate sector, but the actual street-level dealers appear to earn less than the minimum wage throughout most of our sample, in spite of the substantial risks associated with such activities (the annual violent death rate in our sample is 0.07), There is some evidence consistent both with compensating differentials and efficiency wages. The markup on drugs suggests that the gang has substantial local market power. Gang wars appear to have an important strategic component: violence on another gang's turf shifts demand away from that area. The gang we observe responds to such attacks by pricing below marginal cost, suggesting either economic punishment for the rival gang or the presence of switching for users that makes market share maintenance valuable. We investigate a range of alternative methods for estimating the willingness of gang members to accept risks of death, all of which suggest that the implicit value that gang members place on their own lives is very low13912ocn037898721book19970.88Levitt, Steven DJuvenile crime and punishmentOver the last two decades the punitiveness of the juvenile justice system has declined" substantially relative to the adult courts. During that same time period juvenile violent crime" rates have grown almost twice as quickly as adult crime rates. This paper examines the degree to" which those two empirical observations are related, finding that changes in relative punishments" can account for 60 percent of the differential growth rates in juvenile and adult violent crime" between 1978 and 1993. Juvenile offenders appear to be at least as responsive to criminal" sanctions as adults. Moreover, sharp changes in criminal involvement with the transition from" the juvenile to the adult court suggest that deterrence, rather than simply incapacitation important role. There does not, however, appear to be a strong relationship between the" punitiveness of the juvenile justice system that a cohort faces and the extent of criminal" involvement for that cohort later in life13711ocn039084843book19980.88Kessler, Daniel PUsing sentence enhancements to distinguish between deterrence and incapacitationIt is typically difficult to differentiate empirically between deterrence and incapacitation since both are a function of expected punishment. In this paper we demonstrate that the introduction of sentence enhancements (i.e. increased punishments that are added on to prison sentences that would have been served anyway) provides a direct means of measuring deterrence. Because the criminal would have been sentenced to prison anyway, there is no additional incapacitation effect from the sentence enhancement in the short-run. Therefore, any immediate decrease in crime must be due to deterrence. We test the model using California's Proposition 8 which imposed sentence enhancements for a selected group of crimes. In the year following its passage, crimes covered by Proposition 8 fell by more than 10 percent relative to similar crimes not affected by the law, suggesting a large deterrent effect. Three years after the law comes into effect, eligible crimes have fallen roughly 20-40 percent compared to non-eligible crimes. This large deterrent effect suggests that sentence enhancements, and may be more cost-effective than is generally thought1218ocn063761937rcrd20050.13Levitt, Steven DFreakonomics [a rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything]Which is more dangerous, a gun or a swimming pool? What do schoolteachers and sumo wrestlers have in common? Why do drug dealers still live with their moms? How much do parents really matter? What kind of impact did Roe v. Wade have on violent crime? These may not sound like typical questions for an economist to ask--but Levitt is not a typical economist. He studies the stuff and riddles of everyday life--from cheating and crime to sports and child rearing--and his conclusions regularly turn the conventional wisdom on its head. The authors show that economics is, at root, the study of incentives--how people get what they want, or need, especially when other people want or need the same thing. In this book, they set out to explore the hidden side of everything. If morality represents how we would like the world to work, then economics represents how it actually does work.--From publisher description+-+094584069611512ocn045157187book20000.93Cullen, Julie BerryThe impact of school choice on student outcomes : an analysis of the Chicago public schoolsCurrent education reform proposals involve improving educational outcomes through forms of market-based competition and expanded parental choice. In this paper, we explore the impact of choice through open enrollment within the Chicago Public Schools (CPS). Roughly half of the students within CPS opt out of their assigned high school to attend other neighborhood schools or special career academies and magnet schools. Access to school choice dramatically increases student sorting by ability relative to neighborhood assignment. Students who opt out are more likely to graduate than observationally similar students who remain at their assigned schools. However, with the exception of those attending career academies, the gains appear to be largely spurious driven by the fact that more motivated students are disproportionately likely to opt out. Students with easy geographical access to a range of schools other than career academies (who presumably have a greater degree of school choice) are no more likely to graduate on average than students in more isolated areas. We find no evidence that this finding can be explained by negative spillovers to those who remain that mask gains to those who travel. Open enrollment apparently benefits those students who take advantage of having access to vocational programs without harming those who do not11113ocn044741016book20000.93Duggan, Mark GWinning isn't everything : corruption in sumo wrestlingAlthough the theoretical literature on corruption is well developed, empirical work in this area has lagged because it has proven difficult to isolate corrupt behavior in the data. In this paper, we look for evidence of corruption in an unlikely place: the highest echelons of Japanese sumo wrestling. This paper provides strong statistical evidence documenting match rigging in sumo wrestling. A non-linearity in the incentive structure of promotion leads to gains from trade between wrestlers on the margin for achieving a winning record and their opponents. We show that wrestlers win a disproportionate share of the matches when they are on the margin. Increased effort can not explain the findings. Winning on the bubble is more frequent when the two competitors have met often in the past. Success on the bubble tends to rise over the course of a wrestler's career, but declines in his last year, consistent with the game theoretic predictions. Wrestlers who are victorious when on the bubble lose more frequently than would be expected the next time they meet that opponent, suggesting that part of the payment for throwing a match is future payment in kind. Systematic differences across wrestling stables suggest that the stables play a role in facilitating the corruption. In times of increased media scrutiny, the match rigging disappears1067ocn173720568book20080.66Economics of criminal law+-+683279093610723ocn676839491visu20110.20Levitt, Steven DFreakonomicsFilm adaptationsThe highly anticipated film version of the phenomenally bestselling book about incentives-based thinking by renowned economists Steven Levitt and Stephen Dubner. Like the book, the film examines human behavior with provocative and sometimes hilarious case studies, bringing together a dream team of filmmakers responsible for some of the most acclaimed and entertaining documentaries in recent years31ocn700415986file20090.53SuperFreakonomics with Levitt and DubnerIn this ABC News program, SuperFreakonomics authors Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner give the concept of cause and effect a whack on the head. In a whirlwind round of 20 questions, Levitt and Dubner make forays into the worlds of business, education, health care, environmental science, and psychology to shed light on how a doctor's necktie can harm patients, why emergency rooms should be located at airports, how lasers could reduce the spread of malaria, a connection between the birth control pill and fewer teachers in America's public schools, a disconnect between locally grown produce and carbon emissions, how a garden hose to the stratosphere could cool down the Earth, the enticing economics of being a high-end call girl, and much, much more31ocn700411472file20060.56Freakonomics with Levitt and DubnerHow do people get what they want? The most primal aim of economics is to find answers to that blunt but telling question-something at which Steven D. Levitt has proved particularly adept. In this ABC News program, Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner, coauthors of the best-selling book Freakonomics, reason out points of convergence between beauty pageant contestants and crack dealers, abortion and prison, children's car seats and DVD players, consumers and tamarin monkeys, and black straight-A students and Hollywood celebrities. Whether a person is likely to give more to a charity if the person collecting for it is attractive is also considered11ocn830029837visu20120.47Ewing, Heidi EFreakonomics le filmFilm adaptationsDocumentaire. Le documentaire Freakonomics est l'adaptation éponyme du livre de Steven Levitt et Stephen Dubner. Publié en 2005, Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything rassemble plusieurs articles sur l'économie américaine en y mêlant habilement de nombreuses références à la culture populaire+-+K786825155+-+K786825155Fri Mar 21 15:25:34 EDT 2014batch40700